Tetsuya Yomo

Tetsuya Yomo
East China Normal University | ECNU · Department of Computer Science & Technology

About

604
Publications
29,767
Reads
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7,152
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2016 - present
East China Normal University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • www.ibis.ecnu.edu.cn
May 1991 - February 2016
Osaka University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (604)
Article
Lipid giant vesicles represent a versatile minimal model system to study the physicochemical basis of lipid membrane fusion. Membrane fusion processes are also of interest in synthetic cell research, where cell-mimicking behavior often requires dynamically interacting compartments. For these applications, triggered fusion compatible with transcript...
Article
Full-text available
The morphology of primitive cells has been the subject of extensive research. A spherical form was commonly presumed in prebiotic studies but lacked experimental evidence in living cells. Whether and how the shape of living cells changed are unclear. Here we exposed the rod-shaped bacterium Escherichia coli to a resource utilization regime mimickin...
Article
Full-text available
Bacterial growth curves, representing population dynamics, are still poorly understood. The growth curves are commonly analyzed by model-based theoretical fitting, which is limited to typical S-shape fittings and does not elucidate the dynamics in their entirety. Thus, whether a certain growth condition results in any particular pattern of growth c...
Article
Full-text available
A population’s growth rate is determined by multiple ‘life history traits’. To quantitatively determine which life history traits should be improved to allow a living organism to adapt to an inhibitory environment is an important issue. Previously, we conducted thermal adaptation experiments on the RNA bacteriophage Qβ using three independent repli...
Article
Ultraviolet (UV) mutagenesis is a widely used technique to increase bacterial mutation rates in laboratory experiments. UV mutagenesis requires fine regulation of UV dose, because the number of dead cells increases exponentially as the dose increases. Ignoring this hazard can cause extinction of UV-exposed populations. Therefore, an automated syste...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Bacterial growth is an important topic in microbiology and of crucial importance to better understand living cells. Bacterial growth dynamics are quantitatively examined using various methods to determine the physical, chemical or biological features of growing populations. Due to methodological differences, the exponential growth rate...
Article
Full-text available
A major challenge in constructing artificial cells is the establishment of a recursive genome replication system coupled with gene expression from the genome itself. One of the simplest schemes of recursive DNA replication is the rolling-circle replication of a circular DNA coupled with recombination. In this study, we attempted to develop a replic...
Article
Full-text available
Automation is a useful strategy to make laborious evolutionary experiments faster and easier. To date, several types of continuous flow reactors have been developed for the automated evolutionary experiments of viruses and bacteria. However, the development of a flow reactor applicable to compartmentalized in vitro self-replication systems is still...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bacterial growth is an important topic in microbiology and of crucial importance to better understand living cells. Bacterial growth dynamics are quantitatively examined using various methods to determine the physical, chemical or biological features of growing populations. Due to methodological differences, the exponential growth rate, which is a...
Article
Living cells reorganize their gene expression through regulatory machineries in response to external perturbations. The contribution of the regulation to the noise in gene expression is of great interest. In this study, we evaluate the contribution of both native and foreign regulations to the extrinsic noise in gene expression. We analyzed the gen...
Article
Full-text available
Construction of a complex artificial self-replication system is challenging in the field of in vitro synthetic biology. Recently, we developed a translation-coupled RNA replication system, wherein an artificial genomic RNA replicates with the Qβ RNA replicase gene encoded on itself. The challenge is to introduce additional genes into the RNA to dev...
Data
Primer sequences used for strain construction. (PDF)
Data
Construction of essential gene complementing plasmid. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
The amount of natural resources in the Earth’s environment is in flux, which can trigger catastrophic collapses of ecosystems. How populations survive under nutrient-poor conditions is a central question in ecology. Curiously, some bacteria persist for a long time in nutrient-poor environments. Although this survival may be accomplished through cel...
Article
Full-text available
To elucidate the dynamic features of a biologically relevant large-scale reaction network, we constructed a computational model of minimal protein synthesis consisting of 241 components and 968 reactions that synthesize the Met-Gly-Gly (MGG) peptide based on an Escherichia coli-based reconstituted in vitro protein synthesis system. We performed a s...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on a global comparative view of the genomic and environmental contributions to genome-wide transcriptional activity in Escherichia coli. As known, a genome is not simply a collection of genes. Both genetic and external perturbations disturb chromosomal organisation and lead to reorganisation of the expression profile in relatio...
Article
Full-text available
The mystery of the origin of life can be divided into two parts. The first part is the origin of biomolecules: under what physicochemical conditions did biomolecules such as amino acids, nucleotides, and their polymers arise? The second part of the mystery is the origin of life-specific functions such as the replication of genetic information, the...
Conference Paper
In modern communication systems, noise represents the source of errors that disturb useful information signals for communication. In biological systems, however, noise plays important roles for their functions. In this position paper, we point out that, in designing and engineering molecular communication systems, noise may be removed as in traditi...
Article
Adaptation to various environments is a remarkable characteristic of life. Is it limited to extant complex living organisms, or is it possible for a simpler self-replication system? In this study, we address this question using a translation-coupled RNA replication system, which comprises a reconstituted translation system and an RNA genome encodin...
Article
Cell membranes inhibit the diffusion of intracellular materials, and compartment size can strongly affect intracellular biochemical reactions. To assess the effect of the size of microcompartments on intracellular reactions, we constructed a primitive cell model consisting of giant liposomes and a translation-coupled RNA replication (TcRR) system....
Article
We have established a translation-coupled RNA replication system within a cell-like compartment, and conducted an experimental evolution of the RNA molecules in the system. Then, we obtained a time series of occurrence frequencies of 91 individual genotypes through random sampling and next-generation sequencing. The time series showed a complex clo...
Article
To date, various cellular functions have been reconstituted in vitro such as self-replication systems using DNA, RNA, and proteins. The next important challenges include the reconstitution of the interactive networks of self-replicating species and investigating how such interactions generate complex ecological behaviors observed in nature. Here, w...
Article
This paper describes packet fragmentation and reassembly to achieve reliable molecular communication among bio-nanomachines. In the molecular communication described in this paper, a sender bio-nanomachine performs packet fragmentation, dividing a large molecular message into smaller pieces and embedding into smaller molecular packets, so that mole...
Article
We maintained a translation-coupled RNA replication (TcRR) in water-in-oil emulsion in a continuous flow stirring-tank reactor (CSTR) configuration. In micro-sized water droplets, the genetic information encoded in RNA was translated into a RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, which in turn replicated the original RNA. We supplied the fresh substrate for...
Article
Full-text available
Although challenging, the construction of a life-like compartment via a bottom-up approach can increase our understanding of life and protocells. The sustainable replication of genome information and the proliferation of phospholipid vesicles are requisites for reconstituting cell growth. However, although the replication of DNA or RNA has been dev...
Article
Full-text available
A series of Escherichia coli strains with varied genomic sequences were subjected to high-density microarray analyses to elucidate the fitness-correlated transcriptomes. Fitness, which is commonly evaluated by the growth rate during the exponential phase, is not only determined by the genome but is also linked to growth conditions, e.g., temperatur...
Article
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Background: Evolution optimizes a living system at both the genome and transcriptome levels. Few studies have investigated transcriptome evolution, whereas many studies have explored genome evolution in experimentally evolved cells. However, a comprehensive understanding of evolutionary mechanisms requires knowledge of how evolution shapes gene ex...
Article
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Qβ replicase, an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of bacteriophage Qβ, uses single-stranded RNA as a template to synthesize the complementary strand. A single-stranded RNA template may contain rigid secondary structures, such as long stems, intermolecular double-stranded RNA regions. Presently, the effect of the size of such double-stranded regions on...
Article
Mutators with increased mutation rates are prevalent in various environments and have important roles in accelerating adaptive evolution. Previous studies on mutator strains of microorganisms have shown that some mutators have constant mutation rates, whereas others exhibit switchable mutation rates depending on nutritional conditions. This suggest...
Article
Full-text available
Distinctive survival strategies, specialized in regulation and in quality control, were observed in thermal adaptive evolution with a laboratory Escherichia coli strain. The two specialists carried a single mutation either within rpoH or upstream of groESL, which led to the activated global regulation by sigma factor 32 or an increased amount of Gr...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic and phenotypic diversity are the basis of evolution. Despite their importance, however, little is known about how they change over the course of evolution. In this study, we analyzed the dynamics of the adaptive evolution of a simple evolvable artificial cell-like system using single-molecule real-time sequencing technology that reads an en...
Article
Full-text available
Bacterial cells have a remarkable ability to adapt to environmental changes, a phenomenon known as adaptive evolution. During adaptive evolution, phenotype and genotype dynamically changes; however, the relationship between these changes and associated constraints is yet to be fully elucidated. In this study, we analyzed phenotypic and genotypic ch...
Article
Full-text available
Microorganisms in nature are constantly subjected to a limited availability of resources and experience repeated starvation and nutrition. Therefore, microbial life may evolve for both growth fitness and sustainability. By contrast, experimental evolution, as a powerful approach to investigate microbial evolutionary strategies, often targets the in...
Article
Full-text available
A significant challenge in the field of in vitro synthetic biology is the construction of a self-reproducing cell-free translation system, which reproduces its components, such as translation proteins, through translation and transcription by itself. As a first step for such construction, in this study we expressed and evaluated the activity of 20...
Article
Self-replicating biomolecules, subject to experimental evolution, exhibit hyper mutation rates where the genotypes of most offspring have at least a one point mutation. Thus, we formulated the evolutionary dynamics of an asexual self-replicator population with a finite population size and hyper mutation rate, based on the probability density of fit...
Article
Full-text available
Single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) is the simplest form of genetic molecule and constitutes the genome in some viruses and presumably in primitive life-forms. However, an innate and unsolved problem regarding the ssRNA genome is formation of inactive double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) during replication. Here, we addressed this problem by focusing on the seconda...
Article
Full-text available
Lipid vesicles, in particular Giant Unilamellar Vesicles (GUVs), have been increasingly important as compartments of artificial cells to reconstruct living cell-like systems in a bottom-up fashion. Here, we report shape transformations of lipid vesicles induced by polyethylene glycol-lipid conjugate (PEG lipids). Statistical analysis of deformed ve...
Article
Full-text available
The molecular clock of neutral mutations, which represents linear mutation fixation over generations, is theoretically explained by genetic drift in fitness-steady evolution or hitchhiking in adaptive evolution. The present study is the first experimental demonstration for the molecular clock of neutral mutations in a fitness-increasing evolutionar...
Article
Full-text available
Bioinspired network control is a promising approach for realizing robust network controls. It relies on a probabilistic mechanism composed of positive and negative feedback that allows the system to eventually stabilize on the best solution. When the best solution fails due to environmental fluctuation, the system cannot keep its function until the...
Article
Methanosarcina species pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase (PylRS) attaches Pyl to its cognate amber suppressor tRNA. The introduction of two mutations (Y384F/Y306A) into PylRS was previously shown to generate a mutant, designated LysZ-RS, that was able to attach N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine (LysZ) to its cognate tRNA. Despite the potential of LysZ derivati...
Article
Full-text available
All living organisms have a genome replication system in which genomic DNA is replicated by a DNA polymerase translated from mRNA transcribed from the genome. The artificial reconstitution of this genome replication system is a great challenge in in vitro synthetic biology. In this study, we attempted to construct a transcription- and translation-c...
Article
Membrane proteins perform their functions within or on the lipid membrane, and lipid compositions are known to affect membrane protein integration and activity. Recently, the geometric aspect of membrane curvature was shown to play an important role in membrane protein behavior. Certain membrane proteins are known to sense the curvature of the memb...
Article
In α-complementation, inactive N-terminal (α-domain) and C-terminal (ω-domain) fragments of β-galactosidase associate to reconstitute the active protein. To date, the effect of α-domain size on α-complementation activity has not been systematically investigated. In this study, we compared the complementation activities of α-domains of various sizes...
Article
Full-text available
We have developed a method to enable in vitro directed evolution that can be applied to membrane proteins. This method, termed liposome display, uses liposomes as compartments in which membrane proteins are synthesized and as scaffolds for membrane protein integration. Thus, the synthesized membrane proteins are displayed on the surface of the lipo...
Article
Aptazymes are artificially synthesized ribozymes that catalyze reactions in response to ligand binding. Certain types of aptazymes can be utilized as RNA-based regulators of gene expression. These aptazymes contain a sequestered ribosome-binding site (rbs) and release the rbs through self-cleavage in response to ligand binding, inducing the express...
Article
Full-text available
Gene rewiring is a common evolutionary phenomenon in nature that may lead to extinction for living organisms. Recent studies on synthetic biology demonstrate that cells can survive genetic rewiring. This survival (adaptation) is often linked to the stochastic expression of rewired genes with random transcriptional changes. However, the probability...
Article
Full-text available
Background In bacteria, cell size affects chromosome replication, the assembly of division machinery, cell wall synthesis, membrane synthesis and ultimately growth rate. In addition, cell size can also be a target for Darwinian evolution for protection from predators. This strong coupling of cell size and growth, however, could lead to the introduc...
Preprint
Bacterial cells have a remarkable ability to adapt and evolve to environmental changes, a phenomenon known as adaptive evolution. Adaptive evolution can be explained by phenotypic changes caused by genetic mutations, and by phenotypic plasticity that occur without genetic alteration, although far less is known about the contributions of the latter....
Article
So-called mutators emerge when mismatch repair and proofreading mechanisms are defective. Mutators not only accelerate the accumulation of mutations that are beneficial for adaptation but also cause a large number of deleterious mutations that are disadvantageous for cell growth. However, such growth defects may be compensated by nutrient availabil...
Article
Gaussian process regression (GPR) is one of the non-parametric methods and has been studied in many fields to construct a prediction model for highly non-linear system. It has been difficult to apply it to a real-time task due to its high computational cost but recent high-performance computers and computationally efficient algorithms make it possi...
Article
Genetic evolutionary mechanisms employed by protolife developed without accompanying regulatory mechanisms for the amounts of genetic material in protocells. When many copies of genetic material are present, inactive copies generated by mutations are not effectively excluded through phenotypic selection. We demonstrate a model of gene evolution ini...
Article
The gene expression in a clonal cell population fluctuates significantly, and its relevance to various cellular functions is under intensive debate. A fundamental question is whether the fluctuation is a consequence of the complexity and redundancy in living cells or an inevitable attribute of the minute microreactor nature of cells. To answer this...
Article
Recently, many researchers have attempted to construct artificial cell models using a bottom-up approach in which various biochemical reactions that involve a defined set of molecules are reconstructed in cell-like compartments, such as liposomes and water-in-oil droplets. In many of these studies, the cell-like compartments have acted only as cont...