Tetsuo Satoh

Tetsuo Satoh
Chiba University · Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Ph.D.

About

288
Publications
9,471
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5,632
Citations
Citations since 2016
0 Research Items
1189 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
aggressive life
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
Position
  • Showa University
Position
  • Japan
Education
April 1961 - March 1966
Hokkaido University
Field of study
April 1951 - March 1955
Toyama University
Field of study

Publications

Publications (288)
Chapter
IntroductionPlasma β-Glucuronidase as a Novel Biomarker for Organophosphate Exposure in RatsPlasma β-Glucuronidase as a Novel Human Biomarker for Anticholinesterase Pesticide Exposure in the Malaysian PopulationDevelopment of a Simple Quantitative Determination of Urinary Metabolites of OPs and the Relationship between BG Activity and Urinary Metab...
Chapter
IntroductionStructure and Catalytic Mechanism of CarbE IsozymesGene Structure and Regulation of CarbE IsozymesGenetic PolymorphismConclusions References
Chapter
IntroductionRole of Acetylcholinesterase and Mechanism of Cholinergic NeurotransmissionEffects of Organophosphates and Carbamates on AcetylcholinesteraseEffects on Release, Synthesis, and Storage of AcetylcholineEffects on Acetylcholine ReceptorsEffects on Neuroactivities Other than the Cholinergic SystemConclusions AcknowledgmentsReferences
Article
The recent finding that acrylamide (AA), a genotoxic rodent carcinogen, is formed during the frying or baking of a variety of foods raises human health concerns. AA is known to be metabolized by cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) to glycidamide (GA), which is responsible for AA's in vivo genotoxicity and probable carcinogenicity. In in-vitro mammalian ce...
Article
We evaluated a novel three-dimensional primary culture system using micro-space plates to determine the expression levels of 61 target (drug-metabolizing enzymes, transporters, and nuclear receptors) mRNAs in human hepatocytes. We measured mRNA expression levels of many target genes in four lots of cryopreserved human hepatocyte primary cells after...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian carboxylesterase (CES or Ces) genes encode enzymes that participate in xenobiotic, drug, and lipid metabolism in the body and are members of at least five gene families. Tandem duplications have added more genes for some families, particularly for mouse and rat genomes, which has caused confusion in naming rodent Ces genes. This article d...
Article
This review covers current developments in molecular-based studies of the structure and function of carboxylesterases. To allay the confusion of the classic classification of carboxylesterase isozymes, we propose a novel nomenclature and classification of mammalian carboxylesterases on the basis of molecular properties. Mechanisms of the regulation...
Article
Acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activities in blood are widely used as the biomarkers for organophosphorus insecticide (OP) exposure. In the present study, we conducted a cross-sectional study to evaluate plasma beta-glucuronidase (BG), a sensitive biomarker candidate for OP exposure, BChE activities and urinary dialkyl phosph...
Article
This review covers current developments in molecular-based studies of the structure and function of carboxylesterases. To allay the confusion of the classic classification of carboxylesterase isozymes, we have proposed a novel nomenclature and classification of mammalian carboxylesterases on the basis of molecular properties. In addition, mechanism...
Article
Pairs of forward and reverse primers and TaqMan probes specific to each of 23 human solute carrier 35 (SLC35) transporters were prepared. The mRNA expression level of each target transporter was analyzed in total RNA from single and pooled specimens of adult human tissues (adipose tissue, adrenal gland, bladder, bone marrow, brain, cerebellum, colo...
Article
Pairs of forward and reverse primers and TaqMan probes specific to each of 19 drug-metabolizing enzymes (cytochrome P450s, UDP-glucuronosyltransferases, glutathione S-transferases, and sulfotransferases) and 5 transporters (ABC and SLC transporters) in the cynomolgus monkey were prepared. The expression level of each target mRNA was analyzed in tot...
Article
This study investigated the changes in the mRNA levels of the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1), multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1), and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) following exposure to the prototypical microsomal enzyme inducers rifampicin (Rif), dexamethasone (Dex), and omepr...
Chapter
The use of the human S9 fraction in mutagenicity testing systems may be valuable for evaluating the mutagenicity of chemicals in humans. When using a crude human liver S9 fraction, which is obtained following the centrifugation of the tissue homogenate for 20 min at 9000g, in the Ames test, we may sometimes find contaminating bacterial colonies and...
Article
We investigated the change of the mRNA levels of sulfotransferase and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms by the prototypical microsomal enzyme inducers rifampicin (Rif), dexamethasone (Dex), and omeprazole (Ome) in primary cultures of cryopreserved human and cynomolgus monkey hepatocytes. Real-time RT-PCR analysis was performed using primers and...
Article
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of treatment with the prototypical inducers rifampicin (Rif), dexamethasone (Dex), and omeprazole (Ome) on the mRNA levels of drug-metabolizing enzymes in primary cultures of cryopreserved human, cynomolgus monkey, and rat hepatocytes. Analysis was performed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR using...
Article
Activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and specific binding of [(3)H]quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB), [(3)H]pirenzepine (PZP) and [(3)H]AF-DX 384 to muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) preparations in the striatum, hippocampus and cortex of rats were determined 1, 6 and 11 days after the last treatment with an organophosphate DDVP, a carbamate...
Article
A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the effects of acute and chronic pesticide exposure on the plasma beta-glucuronidase enzyme activity among five patients of acute pesticide poisoning in Tengku Ampuan Rahimah Hospital, Klang, 230 farmers in the MADA area, Kedah and 49 fishermen in Setiu, Terengganu. The duration of pesticide expo...
Article
One of the major challenges facing toxicology is to bridge the gap between animal research and risk assessment in man. In this meeting, the genetic polymorphism of drug metabolizing enzymes in relation to drug toxicity will be described.
Article
This review covers current developments in molecular-based studies of the structure and function of carboxylesterases. To allay the confusion of the classic classification of carboxylesterase isozymes, we have proposed a novel nomenclature and classification of mammalian carboxylesterases on the basis of molecular properties. In addition, mechanism...
Article
The mRNA induction of various transporters by rifampicin (Rif), dexamethasone (Dex) and omeprazole (Ome) was investigated in primary cultures of cryopreserved human and rat hepatocytes. Analysis was performed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR using primers and TaqMan probes. In primary cultures of human hepatocytes, mRNA levels of MDR and MRP1 were...
Article
Quantitative real-time RT-PCR was used to investigate the effects of prototypical drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers rifampicin (Rif), dexamethasone (Dex), and omeprazole (Ome) on mRNA expression levels of the housekeeping genes beta-actin (ACTB), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), beta-glucuronidase (GUSB), hypoxanthine phosphoribosy...
Article
The mouse carboxylesterase 2 isozyme, mCES2, is thought to play important roles in lipid metabolism and is expressed in the liver, kidney, and small intestine at high levels. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanisms controlling this tissue-specific expression of mCES2, and demonstrated that hepatocyte nuclear factor-4alpha (HNF-4alpha) c...
Article
The mRNA levels of human cytochrome P450 (CYP)2Cs and CYP3As in primary cultures of freshly isolated human hepatocytes were assessed after exposure to NO-1886 and rifampicin, a typical inducer of CYP3As. mRNA levels were analyzed by real-time RT-PCR using an ABI PRISM 7700 Sequence Detector system. Exposure to NO-1886 for 24 hr at a concentration o...
Article
This article reports on a keynote lecture at the 10th International Congress of Toxicology sponsored by the International Union of Toxicology and held on July 2004. Current developments in molecular-based studies into the structure and function of cholinesterases, carboxylesterases, and paraoxonases are described. This article covers mechanisms of...
Article
Egasyn-beta-glucuronidase complex is located at the luminal site of liver microsomal endoplasmic reticulum. When organophosphorus insecticides (OP) are incorporated into the liver microsomes, they become tightly bound to egasyn, a carboxylesterase isozyme, and subsequently, beta-glucuronidase (BG) is dissociated and released into blood. Consequentl...
Article
Full-text available
A large and extensive body of data on the use of human liver S9 fractions in the Salmonella mutagenicity test (Ames test) is presented; the data were obtained from a collaborative study by JEMS/BMS (Bacterial Mutagenicity Test Study Group) members and the Human and Animal Bridging Research Organization (HAB). In this study, the mutagenicity of 58 c...
Article
Full-text available
Inhibitory effects of desipramine (DMI) on rat and human CYP2D enzymes were studied using bufuralol (BF) 1''-hydroxylation as an index. Inhibition was examined under the following two conditions: 1) DMI was co-incubated with BF and NADPH in the reaction mixture containing rat or human liver microsomes or yeast cell microsomes expressing rat CYP2D1,...
Article
Carboxylesterases (CESs) play important roles in the metabolism of many ester-drugs. In the present study, we identified and characterized dexamethasone-induced methylprednisolone hemisuccinate (MPHS) hydrolase in rat liver microsomes. Intraperitoneal injection of dexamethasone resulted in a significant increase in the level of MPHS hydrolase activ...
Article
Human microsomes and hepatocytes obtained from non-transplantable livers of brain-dead donors are very useful in predicting the in vivo metabolism of xenobiotics in humans. Fresh liver specimens obtained from therapeutic liver resection are also useful for research in cases where non-transplantable livers are not readily available. In the present s...
Article
Mouse carboxylesterase 2 (mCES2), a microsomal acylcarnitine hydrolase, is thought to play some important roles in fatty acid (ester) metabolism, and it is therefore thought that the level of transcription of the mCES2 gene is under tight control. Examination of the tissue expression profiles revealed that mCES2 is expressed in the liver, kidney, s...
Article
Several mouse carboxylesterase (CES) isozymes have been identified, but information about their roles in drug metabolism is limited. In this study, we purified and characterized a mouse CES1 isozyme that was induced by di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. Purified mouse CES1 shared some biological characteristics with other CES isozymes, such as molecular...
Article
We studied the changes in the bispectral index (BIS) of 22 patients during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) under propofol and succinylcholine anesthesia. BIS values (mean+/-SD) were 94+/-4 before anesthesia, 51+/-15 before ECT, 49+/-20 after ECT, and 60+/-17 at complete re-awakening. The BIS values at re-awakening were significantly different from...
Article
Using a primer set designed on the cDNA encoding the known marmoset cytochrome P450 2D19 (CYP2D19), a cDNA encoding a novel CYP2D enzyme (CYP2D30) was cloned from the liver of a female marmoset bred at Kyoto University (KYU). In addition, a cDNA encoding CYP2D19 was cloned from the liver of a female marmoset bred at Kagoshima University (KAU). CYP2...
Article
Kampo (Japanese herbal) medicines, produced by combining multiple crude drugs, almost all of plant origin but with some of animal or mineral origin, contain great many substances. Since Kampo medicine results from the combination of many substances, their effect is a combination of the various interactions of the constituent substances. It has been...
Article
A relatively large amount of human liver tissue was required to determine the exact activity of human hepatic CYP3A. Although, the quantity of available human liver tissue samples is limited. We measured levels of CYP3A4 mRNA by RT-PCR with a radiolabeled primer specific for CYP3A4 and compared mRNA expression with CYP3A4 protein level and metaboli...
Article
There are several reports on use of a temporary IVC filter (T-IVC-F) in patients with deep vein thrombosis. They conclude that the preoperative insertion of a T-IVC-F is useful to prevent intraoperative pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). But there is no report on preoperative insertion of T-IVC-F not preventing PTE in perioperative period. We experie...
Article
It has been reported that a unipolar pacemaker is more sensitive to electromagnetic interference (EMI) than a bipolar pacemaker. However, we experienced cases in which electrosurgery device interfered with a bipolar pacemaker, but not with a unipolar pacemaker during TUR-P. It has been suggested that EMI occurs to a bipolar pacemaker depending on s...
Article
Anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under hypobaric pneumoperitoneum was given to a pregnant woman in 28th week of gestation. Anesthesia was induced by administering thiopental(5 mg.kg-1) and vecuronium (0.1 mg.kg-1). The lungs were artificially ventilated with oxygen, nitrous oxide, and low concentrations of sevoflurane to maintain the end...
Article
Cyclin D1 is a key protein involved in cell cycle regulation. A common A870G single nucleotide polymorphism in exon 4 of the cyclin D1 gene (CCND1) has an effect on the transcription of two different cyclin D1 mRNAs. Association of the genetic polymorphism of A870G of CCND1 with several cancer risks has been reported. We performed a case-control st...
Article
To identify the peroxisome proliferator-inducible acylcarnitine hydrolase in C57BL/6 mice, acylcarnitine hydrolase was purified to homogeneity using column chromatography. The purified enzyme, named ACH M1, had a subunit molecular weight of 60kDa. ACH M1 could hydrolyze classical carboxylesterase (CES) substrates as well as palmitoyl-dl-carnitine a...
Article
Among 210 medicinal prescriptions used in present-day Japan, the clinical uses and the acute, chronic and mutagenic toxicity study of 16 Kampo (Japanese herbal) medicines are summarized. These Kampo medicines are classified into two categories; eight prescriptions containing Bupleurum root (Bupleurum falcatum L.) such as Sho-saiko-to and Saiko-keis...
Article
We report 3 patients who developed a sudden unpredicted increase in bispectral index (BIS) value during propofol and fentanyl anesthesia. The patients were induced with propofol 2-mg.kg-1 and fentanyl 2-micrograms.kg-1 and muscle relaxation was obtained by vecuronium 0.12-mg.kg-1. During induction of anesthesia, BIS value went down to below 50 in a...
Article
A gas chromatograph-mass spectrometric assay has been developed for the quantitation of cotinine, the major metabolite of nicotine, in human urine. Extraction or condensing procedure was not required and the method reduced time involved in sample preparation. The analytes were separated on the fused-silica capillary column. The operating conditions...
Article
Pairs of forward and reverse primers and TaqMan probes specific to each human cytochrome P450 isoform were prepared. Analysis of the mRNA level of each CYP isoform in total RNA from pooled specimens of various human organs was performed by real-time reverse transcription PCR using an ABI PRISM 7700 sequence detector system. The expression of CYP3A4...
Article
The purpose of the present study was to examine the inter-individual variation in the mutagenicity of chemicals using a variety of human S9 fractions. For this purpose, three procarcinogens, 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), benzo[a]pyrene (BP), and dimethylnitrosamine (DMN), were selected for the Ames test and their mutagenicity was ex...
Article
A cDNA was cloned from Japanese monkey liver mRNA by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using oligonucleotide primers based on the marmoset cytochrome P450 2D19 (CYP2D19) nucleotide sequence. The full-length cDNA encoded a 497 amino acid protein (designated CYP2D29) that is 96, 91, and 88% homologous to human CYP2D6, cynomolgu...
Article
A new HPLC method was developed using a chiral column to efficiently separate four 1"-hydroxybufuralol (1"-OH-BF) diastereomers that are major metabolites of bufuralol (BF). Employing this method, we examined diastereomer selectivity in the formation of 1"-OH-BF from BF racemate or enantiomers in four individual samples of human liver microsomes. T...
Article
To evaluate the effect of perioperative intravenous administration of flurbiprofen, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, on the postoperative pain after minor ear, neck and nose surgery, eighty patients were randomly allocated into three groups. Control group of 40 patients, received a placebo. The second group (n = 20) received 1 mg.kg-1 flurbip...
Article
The effect of the additional administration of midazolam or flumazenil on bispectral index (BIS) during propofol anesthesia was investigated in 22 scheduled surgical patients. Midazolam 10 or 30 micrograms.kg-1, or flumazenil 6 or 12 micrograms.kg-1 was injected to the patients to evaluate their effect on BIS after achieving steady state of hypnosi...
Article
A 66-yr-old man was scheduled for colon resection under general anesthesia. There were no findings suggesting difficulty of airway management. After induction of anesthesia, manual ventilation via a facemask was suboptimal, but increased fresh gas flow improved it. At direct laryngoscopy after achieving muscular relaxation, the arytenoids and epigl...
Article
This article reports on a symposium sponsored by the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and held at the April 2001 Experimental Biology meeting. Current developments in molecular-based studies into the structure and function of cholinesterases, carboxylesterases, and paraoxonases are described. This article covers mecha...
Article
A method for gas chromatograph-mass spectrometric assay has been developed for the quantitation of flurbiprofen in human plasma. Extraction or condensing procedure was not required and the method reduced time involved in sample preparation. The analytes were separated on the fused-silica capillary column. The operating conditions were: injector, 25...
Article
Unlabelled: Clonidine premedication reduces the intraoperative requirement for opioids and volatile anesthetics. Clonidine also reduces the induction dose of IV anesthetics. There is no information, however, regarding the effect of oral clonidine premedication on the propofol blood concentrations required for loss of consciousness, and the interac...
Article
We investigated the effect of normobaric oxygen inhalation on the level of interstitial dopamine and its metabolites in in vivo brain striatum of awake, free moving rats using microdialysis techniques. Rats were implanted a microdialysis probe to the right striatum of the brain and administered pure oxygen for 1 hour, and dialysates from the probe...
Article
A 52-year-old man without history of angina pectoris underwent emergent abdominal surgery for acute abdomen. General anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane, nitrous oxide and fentanyl. The depth of anesthesia during surgery was considered adequate for the stimuli, but the patient developed ECG abnormality repeatedly finally followed by short run...
Article
Unlabelled: To investigate the effects of oral clonidine premedication on emergence from propofol/fentanyl anesthesia, we studied 72 healthy male patients who were undergoing elective orthopedic surgery: the Control group, the 2.5 microg/kg Clonidine group, and the 5.0 microg/kg Clonidine group (n = 24 each). Nothing was administered to the Contro...
Article
The present study investigated the effect of halothane on acetylcholine (ACh) and dopamine (DA) release from the rat striatum. Halothane decreased DA release in a concentration-dependent manner, while increased ACh release. In our previous investigation, a volatile anesthetic, halothane, inhibited DA release from the rat striatal slices in a concen...
Article
Measurement of Carboxylesterase (CES) Activities (Masakiyo Hosokawa, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan and Tetsuo Satoh, Biomedical Research Institute, Chiba, Japan). Mammalian carboxyesterase (CES) efficiently catalyzes the hydrolysis of a variety of ester- and amide-containing chemicals. CES is involved in detoxification or metabolic activation of v...
Article
Flumazenil has been reported to produce a partial benzodiazepine-agonist-like effect in some psychopharmacological examinations. This study investigated the effect of flumazenil on the hypnotic activity of propofol in 60 men scheduled for minor surgical procedures done under spinal anesthesia. After a steady state of spinal anesthesia had been reac...
Article
Using in vitro superfusion techniques and electrical field stimulation, a volatile anesthetic, halothane, decreased impulse-dependent vesicular release, but did not affect amphetamine-induced cytoplasmic release of dopamine (DA) from the rat striatal slice preparations loaded with [3H]-DA. Contrary to previous in vivo studies, halothane at concentr...
Article
Introduction: In preliminary studies on the Ames test using human liver S9 fractions, we found that the crude human S9 fractions, obtained following centrifugation of the tissue homogenate for 20 min at 9000 x g, were not always sterile. When this was the case, the S9 fractions were often accompanied by an increased number of colonies above the no...
Article
In order to explore the effect of normobaric oxygen on the extracellular level of dopamine and its metabolites, oxygen (30, 60 and 90%) was administered to freely moving rats after the animals had been pretreated with either monoamineoxidase (MAO)-A and -B inhibitors (0.1 or 1 mg kg−1 of clorgyline, 1 or 10 mg kg−1 of selegiline and 75 mg kg−1 parg...
Article
To clarify the reason for the high acyl-CoA hydrolase (ACH) activity found in dog liver microsomes, the ACH was purified to homogeneity using column chromatography. The purified enzyme, named ACH D1, exhibited a subunit molecular weight of 60 KDa. The amino terminal amino acid sequence showed a striking homology with rat liver carboxylesterase (CES...
Article
The mammalian carboxyle sterase comprise a multigene family, the gene products of witch are localized in the endoplasmic reticulumo f many tissues. These enzymes efficiently catalyze the hydrolysis of a variety of drugs or prodrugs containing ester- and amide-bond to the respective free acids and alcohol. Since ester derivatives of therapeutic agen...
Article
We studied the biotransformation of haloperidol, bromperidol and their reduced forms by human liver microsomes. Nifedipine oxidation (CYP3A) activity correlated significantly with N-dealkylation rates of haloperidol and bromperidol and oxidation rates of their reduced forms, while neither ethoxyresorufin O-deethylation (CYP1A2) activity nor dextrom...
Article
Study objective: To evaluate and compare cardiovascular responses to a new method of orotracheal intubation incorporating TV monitoring, with conventional orotracheal intubation via rigid blade laryngoscopy. Design: Prospective single-blind study. Setting: Operating room of a medical college hospital. Patients: 90 ASA physical status I and I...
Article
We sought to determine the optimal concentration of nitrous oxide (N2O) for inflating endotracheal tube cuffs, to avoid overinflation and air leaks. Female patients undergoing endotracheal intubation (inner diameter 7.5 mm) during anesthesia with 67% N2O were randomly assigned to five groups of 25 subjects each, in which cuffs were inflated with 0%...
Article
Microsomal and cytosolic phenacetin deacetylase activities were examined in human liver and kidneys. Kinetic properties of the activities were also studied in human liver microsomes. Phenacetin deacetylase activity was predominantly localized in the liver microsomal fraction. The specific activities of phenacetin deacetylation in liver cytosol and...
Article
Purpose. In our previous microdialysis study, sevoflurane or isoflurane anesthesia significantly decreased the extracellular level of dopamine in rat striatum in vivo. On the other hand, other investigators demonstrated that halothane anesthesia either increased or did not affect the extracellular dopamine level. To explore the differences among th...
Article
We investigated the influence of acetaminophen (APAP), an analgesic and hepatotoxic agent, on the immune system in mice. The activity of serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase was markedly increased by about 200 fold compared to that of the vehicle control following intraperitoneal injection of 400 mg/kg of APAP. In vivo antibody-producing responses t...
Article
Serious intoxications and incidences due to misuse of organophosphorus insecticides (OP) have been reported for over three decades. In this meeting I am talking about the following three topics. (1) Epidemiological studies on the use of OP in Japan, Taiwan and Thailand. The National Research Institute of Police Science (NRIPS) in Japan has publishe...