Teresa Escalante

Teresa Escalante
University of Costa Rica | UCR · Instituto Clodomiro Picado (ICP)

PhD

About

67
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
Viperid snakebite envenoming is often characterized by a venom-induced consumption coagulopathy due to the procoagulant effect of venom components, resulting in the alteration of clotting laboratory tests. There is a growing trend to use rotational thromboelastometry in the assessment of clotting disturbances in a variety of pathologies, although i...
Article
Full-text available
A global strategy, under the coordination of the World Health Organization, is being unfolded to reduce the impact of snakebite envenoming. One of the pillars of this strategy is to ensure safe and effective treatments. The mainstay in the therapy of snakebite envenoming is the administration of animal-derived antivenoms. In addition, new therapeut...
Article
Snakebite envenoming is a neglected tropical disease affecting millions of people every year, especially in vulnerable rural populations in the developing world. Viperid snakes cause envenomings characterized by a complex pathophysiology which includes local and systemic hemorrhage due to the action of snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs). The pa...
Article
Skeletal muscle regeneration is impaired after myonecrosis induced by viperid snake venoms, but the mechanisms behind such poor regenerative outcome are not fully understood. This study compared the changes in basement membrane (BM) components in mouse skeletal muscle in two different scenarios of muscle injury: (a) injection of Bothrops asper veno...
Article
Clinical manifestations of envenomings by bites of the viperid snakes Bothrops asper and Daboia russelii show marked differences. Both venoms elicit the typical effects induced by viperid venoms (local tissue damage, bleeding, coagulopathies, shock). In addition, envenomings by D. russelii are characterized by a high incidence of acute kidney injur...
Article
Full-text available
The variable domain of New Antigen Receptors (vNAR) from sharks, present special characteristics in comparison to the conventional antibody molecules such as: small size (12–15 kDa), thermal and chemical stability and great tissue penetration, that makes them a good alternative source as therapeutic or diagnostic agents. Therefore, it is essential...
Article
Abrogation of the hemorrhagic activity of BaP1, a PI Snake Venom Metalloproteinase (SVMP) from the venom of Bothrops asper, was achieved by the substitution of residues in the first part of the Ω loop surrounding the active site by the corresponding residues of a structurally-similar non-hemorrhagic PI SVMP from a related venom. Previous studies by...
Article
Full-text available
Skin blistering as a result of snakebite envenomation is characteristic of some bites, however little is known regarding the mechanism of blister formation or the composition of the blister fluid. In order to investigate if blister fluid proteomes from humans suffering snakebite envenomation could provide insights on the pathophysiology of these sk...
Article
Full-text available
Snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) and snake venom serine proteinases (SVSPs) are among the most abundant enzymes in many snake venoms, particularly among viperids. These proteinases are responsible for some of the clinical manifestations classically seen in viperid envenomings, including hemorrhage, necrosis, and coagulopathies. The objective...
Article
Full-text available
Envenomings by some populations of the Russell’s viper (Daboia russelii) are characterized by a systemic capillary leak syndrome (CLS) which causes hemoconcentration, and is associated with the severity of envenoming. We adapted a model of CLS in mice by assessing hemoconcentration. The venom of D. russelii from Pakistan, but not that of another vi...
Article
Introduction: Metalloproteinases play key roles in health and disease, by generating novel proteoforms with variable structure and function. Areas covered: This review focuses on the role of endogenous (ADAMs, ADAMTS and MMPs) and exogenous metalloproteinases in various disease conditions, and describes the application of mass spectrometry-based p...
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Full-text available
The stability, binding, and tissue penetration of variable new-antigen receptor (VNAR) single-domain antibodies have been tested as part of an investigation into their ability to serve as novel therapeutics. V13 is a VNAR that recognizes vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF165). In the present study V13 was used as a parental molecule into...
Article
Snakebite envenoming by viperid species, and by some elapids, is characterized by a complex pattern of tissue damage at the anatomical site of venom injection. In severe cases, tissue destruction may be so extensive as to lead to permanent sequelae, with serious pathophysiological, social and psychological consequences. Significant advances have be...
Article
Full-text available
Snakebites represent an important public health problem, with a great number of victims with permanent sequelae or fatal outcomes, particularly in rural, agriculturally active areas. The snake venom metalloproteases (SVMPs) are the principal proteins responsible for some clinically-relevant effects, such as local and systemic hemorrhage, dermonecro...
Article
Full-text available
The precise mechanisms by which Snake Venom Metalloproteinases (SVMPs) disrupt the microvasculature and cause haemorrhage have not been completely elucidated, and novel in vivo models are needed. In the present study, we compared the effects induced by BaP1, a PI SVMP isolated from Bothrops asper venom, and CsH1, a PIII SVMP from Crotalus simus ven...
Article
Full-text available
Viperid snakebite envenomation is characterized by inflammatory events including increase in vascular permeability. A copious exudate is generated in tissue injected with venom, whose proteomics analysis has provided insights into the mechanisms of venom-induced tissue damage. Hereby it is reported that wound exudate itself has the ability to induc...
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Full-text available
Snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) play key biological roles in prey immobilization and digestion. The majority of these activities depend on the hydrolysis of relevant protein substrates in the tissues. Hereby, we describe several isoforms and a cDNA clone sequence, corresponding to PII SVMP homologues from the venom of the Central American pi...
Article
Full-text available
Author The local pathology induced by viperid snakes is characterized by a complex of alterations as consequence of direct and indirect effects of the toxins present in the venom, as well as the host response to tissue damage, and constitutes a dynamic process of degenerative and reparative events. The pathogenesis of local effects induced by Both...
Data
Intracellular proteins identified in wound exudates collected from mice at 1, 6 and 24 h after injection of B. asper venom. (PDF)
Data
Coagulation factors identified in wound exudates collected from mice at 1, 6 and 24 h after injection of B. asper venom. (PDF)
Data
List of all proteins identified in wound exudates collected from mice at 1, 6 and 24 h after injection of B. asper venom. (PDF)
Data
Membrane proteins identified in wound exudates collected from mice at 1, 6 and 24 h after injection of B. asper venom. (PDF)
Data
Serum proteinase inhibitors identified in wound exudates collected from mice at 1, 6 and 24 h after injection of B. asper venom. (PDF)
Article
The historical development of discoveries and conceptual frames for understanding the hemorrhagic activity induced by viperid snake venoms and by hemorrhagic metalloproteinases (SVMPs) present in these venoms is reviewed. Histological and ultrastructural tools allowed the identification of the capillary network as the main site of action of SVMPs....
Article
Author Summary Local and systemic hemorrhage are typical manifestations of envenomings by viperid snakes. Hemorrhagic activity is due to the action of snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) in the microvasculature, especially in capillaries. There are large differences in the hemorrhagic potential of SVMPs, depending on their domain composition. Th...
Article
The potency of antivenoms is assessed by analyzing the neutralization of venom-induced lethality, and is expressed as the Median Effective Dose (ED50). The present study was designed to investigate the pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for lethality induced by the venom of Bothrops asper, in the experimental conditions used for the evaluati...
Article
A new homodimeric PII metalloproteinase, named BlatH1, was purified from the venom of the Central American arboreal viperid snake Bothriechis lateralis by a combination of anion-exchange chromatography, hydrophobic interaction chromatography, and gel filtration. BlatH1 is a glycoprotein of 84 kDa. The mature protein contains a metalloproteinase dom...
Article
Unlabelled: Bothrops pirajai snake venom was analyzed by a proteomic strategy. Proteins were separated by RP-HPLC, followed by SDS-PAGE, in-gel tryptic digestion, identification by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry, and assignment to known protein families by similarity. Proteins belonging to six families were found in B. pirajai venom, including ab...
Article
Introduction: Viperid snakebite envenomings are characterized by muscle necrosis and a deficient regenerative response. Methods: Homogenates from gastrocnemius muscles of mice injected with the venom of the snake Bothrops asper or with 2 tissue-damaging toxins were added to cultures of C2C12 myogenic cells. Myoblasts proliferation and fusion wer...
Article
Proteomic analysis of wound exudates represents a valuable tool to investigate tissue pathology and to assess the therapeutic success of various interventions. In this study, the ability of horse-derived IgG and F(ab')(2) antivenoms to neutralize local pathological effects induced by the venom of the snake Bothrops asper in mouse muscle was investi...
Article
Full-text available
Hemorrhage is a clinically important manifestation of viperid snakebite envenomings, and is induced by snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs). Hemorrhagic and non-hemorrhagic SVMPs hydrolyze some basement membrane (BM) and associated extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Nevertheless, only hemorrhagic SVMPs are able to disrupt microvessels; the mech...
Article
Hemorrhage is one of the most significant effects in envenomings induced by viperid snakebites. Damage to the microvasculature, induced by snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs), is the main event responsible for this effect. The precise mechanism by which SVMPs disrupt the microvasculature has remained elusive, although recent developments provide...
Article
Tissue damage analysis by traditional laboratory techniques is problematic. Proteomic analysis of exudates collected from affected tissue constitutes a powerful approach to assess tissue alterations, since biomarkers associated with pathologies can be identified in very low concentrations. In this study we proteomically explore the pathological eff...
Article
Both serine and metalloproteinases have been shown to play the role of toxins in the venoms of many snakes. Determination of the natural protein substrates of these toxins is an important feature in the toxinological characterization of these proteinases. Furthermore, characterization of their peptide bond specificity is of value for understanding...
Article
The study of snake venom-induced local tissue pathology has been predominantly based on experimental designs and concepts that view tissue alterations from a dichotomous, homogeneous and reductionist perspective. Experimental observations, however, indicate that cells and extracellular matrix are affected by venoms and toxins in a complex and heter...
Article
In light of the complexity of wound tissue, proteomic analysis may not clearly reveal the nature of the wound or the processes involved in healing. However, exudate associated with wounds may provide a "window" on cellular events leading to the development of the wound and/or its healing. In this investigation we performed proteomic analysis on wou...
Article
Envenomations by Bothrops asper are often associated with complex and severe local pathological manifestations, including edema, blistering, dermonecrosis, myonecrosis and hemorrhage. The pathogenesis of these alterations has been investigated at the experimental level. These effects are mostly the consequence of the direct action of zinc-dependent...
Article
Moderate and severe envenomations by the snake Bothrops asper provoke systemic alterations, such as systemic bleeding, coagulopathy, hypovolemia, hemodynamic instability and shock, and acute renal failure. Systemic hemorrhage is a typical finding of these envenomations, and is primarily caused by the action of P-III snake venom metalloproteinases (...
Article
Viperid snakebite envenomation induces blistering and dermonecrosis. The pathological alterations induced by a snake venom metalloproteinase in the skin were investigated in a mouse ear model. Metalloproteinase BaP1, from Bothrops asper, induced rapid edema, hemorrhage, and blistering; the latter two effects were abrogated by preincubation with the...
Article
The hemorrhagic activity characteristic of viperid snake envenomations is due to the action of venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) on the capillary vessel basement membrane (BM). This study compared the action of two SVMPs on BM in vitro (degradation of Matrigel) and in vivo (immunohistochemical assessment of BM markers in mouse gastrocnemius muscle)....
Article
Full-text available
The effects of blood flow interruption on the ultrastructural alterations induced by a snake venom hemorrhagic metalloproteinase on skeletal muscle capillary endothelial cells were studied. Saline solution or the metalloproteinase BaP1, from the venom of Bothrops asper, was injected into the gastrocnemius muscles of mice with normal blood flow perf...
Article
To assess the indirect effects of snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMP) on host tissue local necrosis, we investigated the effect of the SVMP jararhagin on the gene expression profiles of human fibroblasts in vitro and mouse tissue in vivo. Two functional classes of up-regulated proteins, cell death and inflammatory disease were identified as being...
Article
Thrombocytopenia and platelet dysfunction occur in patients bitten by Bothrops sp snakes in Latin America. An experimental model was developed in mice to study the effects of B. asper venom in platelet numbers and function. Intravenous administration of this venom induces rapid and prominent thrombocytopenia and ex vivo platelet hypoaggregation. Th...
Article
Zinc-dependent metalloproteinases are responsible for the hemorrhagic activity characteristic of viperid snake venoms. Snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) are classified in various groups (P-I-IV), according to their domain composition. P-III SVMPs, comprising metalloproteinase, disintegrin-like and cysteine-rich domains, exert more potent hemor...
Article
Full-text available
The peptidomimetic hydroxamate metalloproteinase inhibitor batimastat (BB-94) was assessed for its ability to neutralize the systemic effects (lethality, hemorrhage and coagulopathy) induced by the venom of Bothrops asper, the most important snake from a medical standpoint in Central America. Batimastat inhibited lethality when a venom challenge do...
Article
The ability of the P-I metalloproteinase BaP1, isolated from the venom of the snake Bothrops asper, to induce systemic bleeding, thrombocytopenia and defibrinogenation was assessed in an experimental mouse model. Intravenous administration of BaP1 caused neither systemic bleeding nor any evidence of pathology in lungs, kidneys, liver, heart and bra...
Article
Jararhagin is the most important hemorrhagic component in the venom of the snake Bothrops jararaca, a species of medical importance in South America. It is a P-III zinc-dependent metalloproteinase comprising catalytic, disintegrin-like, and cysteine-rich domains. Jararhagin injected intravenously into mice induced rapid and prominent bleeding in th...
Article
Full-text available
Envenomations by the snake Bothrops asper are characterized by prominent local tissue damage (i.e. myonecrosis), blistering, hemorrhage and edema. Various phospholipases A2 and metalloproteinases that induce local pathological alterations have been purified from this venom. Since these toxins induce a conspicuous inflammatory response, it has been...
Article
Thrombocytopenia occurs in a number of patients bitten by Bothrops asper, a species responsible for the majority of snakebites in Central America and southern Mexico. In this work we describe the isolation of a new platelet-aggregating protein, named aspercetin, from the venom of B. asper, which induces thrombocytopenia in mice. Isolation was carri...
Article
Bothrops asper is responsible for approximately half of the snakebite envenomations in Central America. Despite its medical relevance, only the venom of Costa Rican populations of this species has been studied to some detail, and there is very little information on intraspecies variability in venom composition and toxicity. Venom of B. asper from G...
Article
Bothrops asper is responsible for approximately half of the snakebite envenomations in Central America. Despite its medical relevance, only the venom of Costa Rican populations of this species has been studied to some detail, and there is very little information on intraspecies variability in venom composition and toxicity. Venom of B. asper from G...
Article
Full-text available
The effectiveness of the chelating agent CaNa2EDTA and the peptidomimetic matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor batimastat (BB-94) to inhibit local tissue damage induced by Bothrops asper snake venom was studied in mice. Both compounds totally inhibited proteolytic, hemorrhagic, and dermonecrotic effects, and partially reduced edema-forming activity,...
Article
Batimastat (BB-94), a synthetic hydroxamate peptidomimetic matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, was tested for its ability to inhibit proteolytic and toxic effects induced by BaP1, a 24-kDa hemorrhagic metalloproteinase isolated from the venom of Bothrops asper, the medically most important snake species in Central America and southern Mexico. Batim...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Obtain a new drug for snake bites accidentes.