Teresa Cuerdo

Teresa Cuerdo
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Department of Construction

PhD Architect at Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

About

46
Publications
5,181
Reads
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169
Citations
Introduction
PhD Architect (U. Seville), MSc in Sustainable Cities and Buildings (U. Seville), MSc in Building Energy (Ind. Engineering School, U. Extremadura), MSc in Gamification and Transmedia Narratives. Interest in interactions among built environment, society, environment and health. Broad spectrum researcher profile (quantit-qualit). From technical (solar air conditioning prototyping), to sociological concerns and motivations (f.i. COVID-19, housing and habitability project). Open to collaborations.
Additional affiliations
May 2009 - December 2020
Spanish National Research Council: Eduardo Torroja Institute for Construction Sciences (IETcc-CSIC)
Position
  • Architect
Education
October 1998 - September 2007
Universidad de Sevilla. Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura
Field of study
  • Building Engineering, Construction, Building facilities, Sustainability, Structures, Urban Planning, Heritage.

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
In the wake of the pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, and promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO), many governments urged the population to stay at home. For this reason, practically all human activity took place inside the houses. As an exploratory study, during the national lockdown, an online questionnaire about households an...
Article
Full-text available
EU funding agency for research and innovation networks (www.cost.eu). COST Actions help connect research initiatives across Europe and enable scientists to grow their ideas by sharing them with their peers. ENGAGER brings together a diverse and extensive body of stakeholders to help understand and address the energy poverty challenge. ENGAGER consi...
Article
Full-text available
Many countries chose to establish social distancing as lockdowns after the COVID-19 outbreak. Households had to adapt their day-today lifestyles to new circumstances, affecting routines and time dedication to tasks. This national study was carried out to find out how the confinement by COVID-19 affected Spanish households on the perceived habit cha...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
An online nationwide survey during COVID-19 lockdown offered relevant information on housing and household's characteristics of 383 people over 55.
Article
Full-text available
In Spain, the COVID-19 confinement was carried out in the spring of 2020. All non-essential activities were temporarily suspended. This brought with it the adaptation to home office (telework), still emerging in Europe, and more in Spain. Although the response in general has been positive, the conditions to which families have been subjected to tel...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the situation that prevailed in 12 dwellings located on the outskirts of Madrid during Spain's state of emergency. How did 24/7 occupation affect the quality of indoor air and power consumption patterns? The mixed method used (surveys and instrumental monitoring) pragmatically detected the variation in consumption, comfort and...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic and the precautionary measures applied globally (lockdowns and curfews) have impacted homes, including work. Working from home (WFH) has emerged as a growing trend in the post-pandemic era. The research question was: Are our homes ready for teleworking? To respond, a national prospective mixed approach was launched for Spanish...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Muñoz-González, C.; Ruiz-Jaramillo, J.; Cuerdo-Vilches, T.; Joyanes-Díaz, M.D.; Montiel Vega, L.; Cano-Martos, V.; Navas-Martín, M.Á. Natural Lighting in Historic Houses during Times of Pandemic. The Case of Housing in the Mediterranean Climate. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7264. https://
Article
Full-text available
Following the 2020 confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic, housing has become the only safe place and this has exposed inequity in habitability. This research on the reality of confined households and the perception of their homes in the Mexican republic is based on a mixed participatory study, combining quantitative and qualitative approaches. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tras declararse la pandemia global (COVID-19), se establece el confinamiento nacional como medida de salud pública, relegando a los hogares españoles durante tres meses a permanecer en un único lugar, centro neurálgico de la actividad humana. Este “experimento” social ha supuesto un gran reto para la vivienda. El confinamiento ha generado en los ho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This presentation introduces the project itself, and the main aim: the resilience of homes in times of COVID-19, giving some general results from the projects, as keys to get better houses for the post-covid era.
Article
Full-text available
During spring 2020, the world was shocked at the imminent global spread of SARS-CoV-2, resorting to measures such as domestic confinement. This meant the reconfiguration of life in an unusual space; the home. However, not all households experienced it in the same way; many of them were vulnerable. A general increase in energy consumption and discom...
Article
Full-text available
Confinement was adopted globally as a containment measure to face the COVID pandemic declared by WHO on March 2020. In Spain, the State of Alarm was established for three months. This implied the interruption of educational activities, having a higher incidence for children, since teaching would not be resumed until the following academic year, in...
Technical Report
Full-text available
La crisis sanitaria actual ha puesto en evidencia las carencias existentes en nuestras viviendas, lo que ha provocado tomar conciencia, con una rapidez inaudita, de la poca flexibilidad y falta de espacio de la gran mayoría de ellas. Según el Observatorio de la Vivienda del Gobierno Vasco, el 70% del parque de viviendas del País Vasco tiene una ant...
Article
Full-text available
Esta publicación de divulgación científica recoge las principales cuestiones de actualidad vinculadas a la crisis sanitaria por COVID-19, empeorada por la ola de frío tras el Filomena, y las consecuencias de empeoramiento de la situación de pobreza energética en colectivos sociales vulnerables. La publicación está disponible en este enlace: https...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus pandemic has led countries to confine the population to minimize the impact of COVID-19. This measure has meant that households permanently and continuously shared the domestic space, during the validity period of the public health measure. The way of living the experience has been very different according to the socioeconomic chara...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
An online nationwide survey during COVID-19 lockdown, photos and open-ended questions by voluntary respondents were collected.
Article
Full-text available
The confinement by COVID-19 has meant a re-reading of housing for Spanish households, resulting in the only available and safe space to carry out daily activity. This complex phenomenon has generated a completely different way of inhabiting it, as well as of relating to domestic spaces. For this reason, the home perception and its characteristics m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Estudio que analiza la realidad vivida por pacientes crónicos y sus entornos, en las viviendas, durante el confinamiento por COVID-19. Se analizaron fotografías y testimonios escritos relativos a sus viviendas y la experiencia en ellas. Publicado en la revista Paraninfo Digital. 2020; 14(32): e32075o. Disponible en: http://ciberindex.com/c/pd/e32...
Article
Estudio [COVID-HAB-PAC]: un enfoque cualitativo sobre el confinamiento social (COVID-19), vivienda y habitabilidad en pacientes crónicos y su entorno.
Preprint
Full-text available
Como consecuencia de la emergencia sanitaria actual asociada a la COVID-19, se decretó el pasado 14 de marzo, el Estado de Alarma. Durante tres meses, esto hizo a la población española permanecer en confinamiento, de forma permanente y preventiva en la vivienda. Esto afectó además al teletrabajo, entre otras tareas inusuales o minoritarias con resp...
Presentation
Full-text available
Webinar sobre Ventilación en Edificios Docentes (2020). Decálogo sobre cómo actuar para evitar la transmisión COVID-19 en Edificios Docentes no Universitarios, para la Comunidad de Madrid.
Article
Full-text available
This policy brief is part of the ENGAGER 2017-2021 Action, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). COST is a funding agency for research and innovation networks. COST Actions help connect research initiatives across Europe and enable scientists to grow their ideas by sharing them with their peers. ENGAGER brings together...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Con el comienzo del nuevo curso, muchas son las incertidumbres sobre un posible contagio por COVID-19, y la eficacia de las medidas a adoptar en las aulas. La crisis sanitaria del coronavirus ha evidenciado deficiencias en múltiples aspectos. Una de ellas es la habitabilidad de los edificios. Tanto viviendas, como no residenciales, son objeto de co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This scientific-technical report (in spanish) summarizes the current research carrying out by the Interdisciplinary Tematic Platform (PTI) on Global Health, created under the COVID-19 circumstances by different institutions belonging to the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). It is a comprehensive analysis on the main aspects covered by scien...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Recientemente, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) ha reconocido de forma explícita la transmisión de la COVID-19 por vía aérea. La progresiva entrada de personas en recintos cerrados por trabajo u ocio, en pleno verano, y el uso de instalaciones de climatización genera cierta desconfianza y miedo por una posible propagación del virus.
Article
Full-text available
El aire acondicionado y la COVID-19 en espacios interiores: recomendaciones para generar entornos más seguros. A medida que avanza la pandemia por COVID-19, vamos conociendo más sobre las vías de transmisión del SARS-CoV-2. La Sociedad Estadounidense de Ingenieros de Calefacción, Refrigeración y Aire Acondicionado (ASHRAE), ya declaraba respecto a...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is raising the length and intensity of the warm season in the academic year, with a very significant impact on indoor classroom conditions. Increasingly frequent episodes of extreme heat are having an adverse effect on school activities, whose duration may have to be shortened or pace slackened. Fitting facilities with air conditioni...
Raw Data
Full-text available
En esta presentación se dan los resultados preliminares para Madrid municipio, solicitados por el Ayuntamiento de Madrid, en el contexto del Proyecto [COVID-HAB].
Technical Report
Full-text available
Durante la crisis sanitaria de COVID-19, gran parte de la población española se ha visto en la necesidad de teletrabajar desde casa. El teletrabajo bien planteado incrementa la productividad y la satisfacción general. Sus efectos sobre la salud parecen ser generalmente más positivos que negativos. Esta modalidad ya era tendencia en España, esporádi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Con la crisis sanitaria de la COVID-19, la vivienda se ha convertido en refugio seguro y único espacio de convivencia, trabajo, ocio y desarrollo de actividades ordinarias y extraordinarias para todos los miembros del hogar. Pero la experiencia no está resultando igual de agradable para todos. Esta pandemia ha reabierto viejos debates, como las car...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumen: Las directrices europeas sobre eficiencia energética en edificios existentes fomentan soluciones de alta eficiencia, rentables económicamente, para convertirlos en Edificios de Energía Casi Nula (EECN, en inglés nZEB) protegiendo su valor patrimonial, así como adaptándolos a sistemas inteligentes, que permitan obtener información dinámica...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Actualmente, las técnicas y métodos existentes para diagnosticar y rehabilitar energéticamente los edificios aún no consideran al usuario un interlocutor activo de sus propias necesidades con respecto al edificio, puesto que resulta incómodo e imprevisible. Sin embargo, este puede ofrecer interesantes claves sobre deficiencias en el día a día de su...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumen: El programa Horizonte 2020 establece que al menos el 20% de la energía consumida por los edificios provenga de fuentes renovables. La industria solar fotovoltaica ofrece un gran potencial para su uso directo en la climatización de los edificios. El objetivo de este trabajo es divulgar los resultados experimentales obtenidos con un generado...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A partir del análisis diagnóstico y las propuestas de mejora efectuadas previamente de forma grupal por usuarios de un edificio singular de Madrid, se desarrolla una propuesta de App móvil gamificada que permita a los usuarios del edificio voluntariamente implicarse y comprometerse en la gestión energética del edificio, utilizando la cultura corpor...
Thesis
Full-text available
La cuestión energética ha sido objeto de estudio en las últimas décadas debido a la progresiva escasez de recursos naturales, especialmente fósiles, y otros efectos nocivos medioambientalmente, como el calentamiento global o el efecto invernadero. Para reducir el consumo de energía y recursos y realizarlo de forma eficiente, se han venido desarroll...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the 80th anniversary of IETcc-CSIC, a proposal for the rehabilitation of the 1953 building is made. The analysis of the main building’s energy performance concludes that it is not energy efficient. Energy efficiency improvement measures based on European directives are proposed, It is recommended to incorporate them step by step, starti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Con el objetivo puesto en una rehabilitación energética eficiente, se detalla una metodología para la evaluación de las demandas de calefacción y refrigeración del edificio principal del Instituto Eduardo Torroja. A partir del análisis del estado actual del edificio se proponen medidas pasivas de mejora de la envolvente térmica. Se analiza su reper...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Este trabajo contempla el proceso de selección de los sistemas constructivos innovadores con Documento de Idoneidad Técnica, para un posible uso en la rehabilitación de fachadas de vivienda social deteriorada, tomando en cuenta los diferentes criterios de valoración de los sistemas constructivos (DIT, DITE/ETE, DITplus). También se presenta la meto...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El marco normativo del Código Técnico de la Edificación ha marcado un antes y un después en relación a las simulaciones informáticas como instrumentos metodológicos reconocidos para la justificación de sus documentos básicos. Programas como LIDER o CALENER constituyen hoy por hoy herramientas de trabajo eficaces para múltiples profesionales que, de...

Questions

Questions (18)
Question
Many people defines their profile as Senior Researcher, in order to give some information about them, communicate them to the Academia, etc. But depending on the field, the Assessment Bodies, or even the country or region, these achievements needed to become a Senior Researcher could differ from each other. What are, under your point of view/expertise, those achievements to become a Sr. Researcher? F. i: is it defined by the numbers of papers published, project fundings obtained? if so, how many? ...and so on.
Thank you in advance,
Dr. Teresa Cuerdo
Question
The activity has been concentrated in dwellings when governments and Health authorities invited people to stay-at-home by COVID-19.
This could result in an increase of domestic energy consumption, due to habit changes and routines by home presence.
However, this is just a nuanced suggestion, cause it could depend on the household composition, nature of pre-pandemic habits (including work status), and other contingencies, such as the continuous presence of minors during the confinement, for instance.
Which is your experience? Do you have some scientific evidence/findings on energy-consumption patterns in your region?
Thank you in advance,
Dr. Teresa Cuerdo
Question
Despite COVID-19 pandemic has generated and diversified the profile of teleworkers somehow, invited by lockdowns (according to duty characteristics and job availability), there are hardly any studies on home-workspace features, and the quality of them. But, if this seems to be an increasing trend, we should put our focus in finding out if people have their housing ready to assume this (new) activity, for many of them. Moreover, all stakeholders should assume their responsibilities to promote hybrid working, with all the warranties of well-being for the worker, with the proper impact on companies.
Why do you believe it is happening?
Question
Telework is a question of socio-economic status (education level, access to certain jobs with a minimum of qualification, etc). On the contrary, blue collars or essential workers are not able to choose, and their tasks are not able to be developed from home.
Do you think, according to evidence, that telework skyrocketed by the COVID-19 pandemic, has diversified the teleworker profile, allowing more people for remote working, and opening the spectrum of jobs to do it?
Thank you in advance,
Dr. Teresa Cuerdo
Question
Each six months, Impact Factor (IF) is revised for all the indexed journals. Observing the evolution, for instance on Built Environment, Engineering, and other non-medical (nor healthcare) fields, it seemed to have experienced greater increases those journals where Special Issues related to COVID-19 impacts (social, economic, behavioral, etc) have been well-received and contributed for academics and researchers.
Do you agree? Did your head journal experience a great increase in IF and it could be (at least at part) attributable to COVID-19 call for papers? Did you experience on the contrary not to be increased enough or what expectable, and maybe the reason was not to have launche any COVID-19 issue? Do you think it is not relevant or related?
Thank you in advance,
Dr. Teresa Cuerdo
Question
The COVID-19 pandemics has provoked a crisis in many countries, where a great part of the population have suffered a shortage of incomes, loosing their jobs, having to care for children/people with dependency, or, in the best of the scenarios, conciliating work-family aspects with remote work.
But, has COVID-19 worsened the existent gender gap? have you contributed with any piece of research about that issue? if so, which were your results? what did your findings suggest?
Thank you in advance,
Dr. Teresa Cuerdo
Question
Lockdowns have forced home-schooling and working from home, so this situation has resulted in the need of a good (broadband) internet connection, and the availability of digital resources, enough to face those tasks from housing.
What do you think? Are we facing a new digital divide, from COVID-19 outbreak?
Question
During lockdowns, people had to stay at home 24/7, forcing them to spend their time in home conditions, wether they were good for their well-being and health, or not.
One of those condition was the over-exposure to the internal thermal comfort, or its lack.
Besides, many people have lost their incomes, or saw how it decreased, so it was hard for most of them to face energy-bill payment.
What do you think about this situation? Is it possible that COVID-19 have increased the number of people suffering (hidden) energy poverty, and worsening the situation of energy poor?
Question
When working at home, and assessing/choosing your home workspace, which of its features did you consider the most (either in positive, or negative: I am asking for your priorities, not necessarily for your real experience at home). Did you valued the lighting, room sizing, workarea sizing, the temperature, the air quality, the absence of noise, good connection... any other? maybe did you value most other subjective aspects, such as privacy, isolation (or sharing space) from other family members, etc? any other? none?
Please, tell me your experience. Be as detailed as possible in your exposition.
Thank you in advance.
Dr. Teresa Cuerdo
Question
During COVID-19 lockdowns, people have to stay at home for long time, even 24/7. Permanence indoors, together with the uncertainty lived in this period, and the presence of the whole household nucleus, could lead to a different perspective of the housing by its owners/tenants. What has your experience been? Did you perceive your domestic environment as a comfortable, liveable and nice space to live this experience? or on the contrary it did not adjust to your requirements? Did it respond to the resilience needed? Have confinement inspired any change? Have you thought about moving? If so, Why?
Thank you in advance,
Dr. Teresa Cuerdo.
Question
Smart Home Ecosystems have been developed and boosted in last years, supported by popular prices of (and user-friendly) internet assistants such as Alexa, Siri or Google. What are the latest trends (ICTs, IoT devices, appliances, applications of AI, etc) in Smart Homes?
Thank you in advance,
Dr. Teresa Cuerdo
Question
Vets are healthcare professionals. They have experience in coronavirus and zoonosis, preventing in most cases that diseases to be transmitted to humans. However, at least in some countries, such as Spain, their role has not seemed to have been publicly recognized around SARS-CoV-2, having left them aside from experts' committees and with it, their potentially relevant contributions.
Which is your (scientific) point of view? Have they been part , in your country, of national committees and/or giving some advice to policy-makers, authorities, and decisors, for this pandemic?
Thank you in advance.
Dr. Teresa Cuerdo

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (9)
Project
The aim is to exchange experience in diagnosing and proposing habitability improvements, through sustainable and affordable architectural and technical solutions, which allow housing to face adaptation to Climate Change and other extreme scenarios, such as health emergencies or disasters, with resilience. that involve confinement//El objetivo es intercambiar experiencia en la diagnosis y propuesta de mejoras de la habitabilidad, a través de soluciones arquitectónicas y técnicas sostenibles y asequibles, que permitan afrontar con resiliencia la adaptación al Cambio Climático de la vivienda y a otros escenarios extremos, como emergencias sanitarias o desastres que impliquen confinamiento.
Project
Dear Colleagues, We spend around 90% of our time indoors, so the quality of these spaces affects both health and well-being. As recognized by the WHO, the design, performance and maintenance of buildings impacts the health of their occupants, potentially generating or worsening diseases. Overexposure to inappropriate indicators of indoor environmental quality (IEQ), such as thermal comfort, indoor air quality, noise, or the lack of daylight, conditions the quality of peoples’ life in the short, medium and long term, especially for vulnerable people. Other factors, such as ergonomics or safety of use, can also affect well-being when carrying out different daily tasks both in the home, workplace, schools, etc. Identifying, detecting and preventing health risks linked to buildings is therefore a priority to mitigate unwanted effects and multiple related impacts. Furthermore, extreme weather events and other health emergencies can cause even more devastating effects on people, as research has shown during the current COVID-19 pandemic. It is necessary to devise strategies and implement policies in that way. This Special Issue aims to provide selected contributions on advances in relevance, interaction and impacts between the built environment and society, regarding health and well-being. Potential topics include, but are not limited to: Basic habitability for all. Housing and the built environment as social determinants of inequities in health. Indoor Environmental Quality (higrothermal comfort, natural and artificial lighting, indoor air quality and noise insulation). Indicators, monitoring, assessment and impacts on health. Energy poverty/insecurity in households, vulnerability and effects. Inclusive buildings; adaptation of homes to the elderly, people with disabilities and other social segments; accessibility, prevention of falls, etc. Urban and rural territories: design, habitability, planning and adaptations to challenges. Protection of the built environment against extreme climate events, and phenomena such as the heat urban island. Remote work from home, risk factors, ergonomics, associated factors. Housing and public health: chronicity, indicators related to epidemiological and domiciliary surveillance and monitoring, measures of social isolation, etc. Adequacy of the housing stock for health requirements. Public policy requirements and regulations. Dr. Teresa Cuerdo-Vilches Dr. Carmen Maria Muñoz-González Dr. María Luisa Gómez-Jiménez Guest Editors Manuscript Submission Information Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website. Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI. Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions. Keywords housing buildings habitability comfort IEQ social adaptation public policy health emergency You can find more info at: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/built_environment_on_health
Project
The main aim of this international expert network is to gather transdisciplinar knowledge on elders, housing and biotechnology. From a user-centered approach, academia, practitioners and researchers build an exchange space of this knowledge, with cutting-edge contributions in order to make advance in this field, from law, building construction, healthcare, economics and data science/computation.