Telmo Pereira

Telmo Pereira
Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa Luís de Camoes · Department of History

PhD
Professor in Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa | Invited Adjunct Professor in Instituto Politécnico de Tomar

About

155
Publications
34,676
Reads
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881
Citations
Citations since 2017
83 Research Items
618 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
Introduction
I study Prehistoric hunter-gatherer adaptation and lithic technology. I focus on the Middle Palaeolithic sequence and the Pleistocene/Holocene transition in Western Iberia. In the field, I do surveys, excavation, and raw material sampling. In the lab, I use lithic technology, raw material characterization, and experimental archaeology. Keywords: Palaeolithic Acheulean Mousterian Middle Paleolithic Lower Paleolithic Upper Paleolithic Mesolithic Epipaleolithic Hunter-gatherers Middle Stone Age
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa Luís de Camoes
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 2019 - April 2020
Polytechnic Institute of Tomar
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2014 - December 2018
Universidade do Algarve
Position
  • Associated resercher
Education
January 2007 - December 2010
Universidade do Algarve
Field of study
  • Prehistoric Archaeology
September 2005 - December 2006
Universidade do Algarve
Field of study
  • Theory and Methods of Archaeology
September 1998 - June 2001
University of Lisbon
Field of study
  • History - Archaeology

Publications

Publications (155)
Article
Full-text available
Resumo. Os primeiros estudos sobre as práticas funerárias pré e proto-históricas de Lafões remontam ao final do século XIX, mas são as “Antiguidades Pré-Históricas de Lafões”, da autoria de Amorim Girão, que fornecem a primeira visão de conjunto. A partir deste trabalho inicial a investigação tem sido irregular e centrada em cada um dos municípios...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout prehistory, landscapes were repeatedly subjected to both global and localized climatic fluctuations that changed the regional environments where human groups lived. This instability demanded constant adaptation and, as a result, the functionality of some sites changed over time. In this light, the western coast of Iberia represents an e...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
POST-GRADUATION: Experimental Archaeology in Prehistory and Protohistory
Presentation
To address firewood exploitation modalities to understand coastal adaptations is important to characterize the local landscapes and understand also the reliance on inland resources. Concerning hunter-gatherer communities’ inherent mobility and their growing reliance on marine resources during the Holocene, it is interesting to understand the role o...
Presentation
In 2021, a new palaeolithic panel with rock art engravings on a schist outcrop was unearthed in Ocreza river. At the vertical surface of the panel appear the outlines of at least three zoomorphic figures. The use of metamorphic rocks as surfaces for artistic representations is a common phenomenon at open air sites situated near rivers in Portugal....
Technical Report
Full-text available
2nd Newsletter of the COST Action Integrating neandertal Legacy: From Past to Present
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is the first issue of the iNEAL newsletter! With this issue, we are laying a flexible foundation for subsequent issues. We have structured the newsletter to inform you about the latest developments in the iNEAL project, to introduce you to projects, people and participating institutions or sites, and to recommend work that our members find int...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abrigo do Poço is a rock shelter located in the karstic canyon of Ribeira das Chitas in the River Lis basin (Central Portugal). The site has an Epipaleolithic occupation overlying a Solutrean occupation. Despite the multiple available resources in the vicinity, the main activity during the Upper Paleolithic occupation seems to have been the exploit...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumo As prospeções realizadas em Vouzela após os incêndios de 2017 identificaram uma mamoa inédita no Monte Cavalo. Referências antigas a um dólmen nesta área (entretanto desaparecido) suscitaram a sua escavação em 2019. Trata-se de uma mamoa de tipo cairn (15 m de diâmetro por 0,6 m de altura) com duas cistas (uma destruída) e uma estela gravada...
Method
Full-text available
Field methods for the 2020's field season in the Ocreza Valley.
Book
Full-text available
Finding common things from Portugal to Japan Pre-Historic and Proto-Historic societies developed different ways to bury dead people. One of the most distinctive way was offering them to earth using positive structures as artificial hills, such as tumuli, mounds, and kurgans, of circular shape. Even though it involves different rituals and geograph...
Book
Full-text available
This is a book especially dedicated to the general public and to students of Archaeology, History, Anthropology, Geology Heritage and other related fields explaining the archaeological investigation in the Neanderthal site Cobrinhos, and how it relates with human evolution, paleoenvironment, and the history of research about Neanderthals in Portuga...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This is a short description kurgan of the Tasmola of culture (8-5 centuries BC) that existed in Central Kazakhstan.
Article
Full-text available
Significance We report the remarkable discovery of an early Aurignacian occupation, ∼5,000 years older than any Upper Paleolithic site in westernmost Eurasia. The archaeological and radiocarbon data provide definitive evidence that modern humans were in western Iberia at a time when, if present at all, Neanderthal populations would have been extrem...
Article
On the Iberian Peninsula, abrupt climate shifts during the Late Pleistocene impacted human and natural systems. Our knowledge of human adaptive responses to these climatic perturbations has improved in recent years with the development of new radiocarbon techniques that have increased the temporal resolution of cultural chronologies. At the same ti...
Preprint
Full-text available
Conference Abstract and schedule Editor BioantTalks Conference Committee Vanessa Campanacho Telmo Pereira
Article
Africa is a key region to understand the emergence and evolution of humans and their distinctive cultural traits. Detailed information exists across the continent, but major areas still lack crucial evidence. One of the most under-represented regions in research about the Middle Stone Age (MSA) is Angola. The geographical position of Angola linking...
Article
Studying lithic raw material sourcing, processing and distribution is helpful when trying to reconstruct the territory, ecology, and cultural practices of Neanderthal groups. The use of multiple methods in such analyses allows for more refined characterizations to be made, helping to distinguish between materials better than any single method. Alth...
Article
Here we report the results of an integrated geoarchaeological survey to study Palaeolithic human settlement dynamics in the coastal region of Portuguese Estremadura. The region has been an important focus of human occupation across multiple glacial-interglacial cycles, including periods of well-documented abrupt climate instability during MIS 3 and...
Article
Full-text available
Depois do ar, a água é o elemento mais importante para a vida no Planeta e para os seres vivos que nele habitam. A quantidade de água no planeta Terra foi sempre a mesma, mas a quantidade em que ela esteve em cada estado (sólido, líquido, gasoso) não. Isso resultou de variações climáticas decorrentes da forma como o próprio planeta Terra gira à vol...
Presentation
Full-text available
O interesse arqueológico do local conhecido por Monte Cavalo, 3 km a poente de Vouzela, no atual parque industrial da vila, foi mencionado pela primeira vez em 1903 por L. Soares Valgode, um historiador local, que refere haver ali um “dólmen”. Mais tarde, A. de Amorim Girão dirá que o monumento terá “desaparecido sem deixar vestígios”, conclusão qu...
Article
Full-text available
Use-wear studies rely heavily on experiments and reference collections to infer the function of archeological artifacts. Sequential experiments, in particular, are necessary to understand how use-wear develops. Consequently, it is crucial to analyze the same location on the tool’s surface during the course of an experiment. Being able to relocate t...
Article
Full-text available
Navalmaíllo Rock Shelter is an Upper Pleistocene archaeological site in the Lozoya River Valley (Madrid, Spain) with a quartz-based Mousterian lithic assemblage. To understand the reasons behind an intense use of quartz over flint and quartzite, a mechanical experiment was carried out. Flakes from flint, quartzite, and local quartz were tested unde...
Article
Cobrinhos (Vila Velha do Ródão, central eastern Portugal) is a Mousterian site found during factory construction in 2014. This area is located in the Lower Tejo valley, which is characterized in terms of geomorphology by six river terraces, numbered downwards (T1 to T6), with Palaeolithic industries associated only with T4 to T6. Terrace T4 was rec...
Data
Video of the procedure to adhere the beads onto the sample. The video has been accelerated for convenience; the whole procedure was performed in approximately 2 min and 12 s.
Data
PDF export of the results of the ConfoMap template applied to all analyzed surfaces. Editable *.mnt files (which include the unprocessed surfaces) are available on Zenodo (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1479072)
Data
Descriptions of the ISO 25178-2 parameters applied to all surfaces. [The original file is in XLSX format but it is not allowed on RG. Feel free to ask for the raw data, or download them from Springer at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12520-019-00801-y]
Data
Descriptive statistics of ISO 25178-2 parameters on both microscopes. n = sample size, min = minimum, max = maximum, SD = standard deviation.
Data
Raw data, and R markdown scripts and HTML outputs of the statistical procedures. All files are available on Zenodo (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2578975).
Article
Full-text available
The onset of the Holocene is marked by new human ecological adaptations that are associated with the origins of the Mesolithic in the Atlantic Iberia coast. During the Mesolithic, shellmidden deposits become one of the most relevant and interesting prehistoric archeological contexts, interpreted has the result of intensive human ecological exploita...
Article
Full-text available
Reconstruction of Pleistocene environments and processes in the sensitive geographical location of westernmost Iberia, facing the North Atlantic Ocean, is crucial for understanding impacts on early human communities. We provide a characterization of the lowest terrace (T6) of the Lower Tejo River, at Vila Velha de Ródão (eastern central Portugal)....
Article
Full-text available
In 2015, several disarticulated human skeletal remains were identified in the top layers of the prehistoric site of Buraca da Moira Rock Shelter (Boa Vista, Leiria), during the archaeological excavation carried out under the scope of the EcoPLis — Human Occupations in the Pleistocene Ecotones of the River Lis project. The recovery of chert, constiq...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMO: Os artefactos em sílex dos dólmenes da Lapa da Meruje (Vouzela) e de Antelas (Oliveira de Frades), cuja construção se atribui aos inícios do IV milénio a.C., foram analisados por forma a providenciar uma primeira imagem abrangente das estratégias de exploração, circulação e utilização do sílex no megalitismo da região de Lafões, uma das sub...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cobrinhos is a Middle Paleolithic site found during the construction of a paper factory, in the winter of 2014, in Vila Velha do Ródão, Central inland Portugal. In this region, the staircase terraces has six steps (T1 to T6), but Paleolithic is only found in the T4, T5 and T6. The T4 is dated of ca. 340 ka to 155 ka, with Acheulean at the basal lev...
Poster
Full-text available
Fig 1. Poço Rockshelter. A: Location in the Iberian Peninsula. B: Location in the western coast with a 30 km range. Highlight for the continental platform in light blue, that was land during the most dry phases of the Pleistocene. Chert sources: a) XXX; b) XXX; c) XXX; d) XXX A B Perfil esquemático, voltado a Este, do Abrigo do Poço-2017 Legenda: C...
Article
Full-text available
Discovered in 1962, the Columbeira cave has a Mousterian sequence dated between 101 and 35 Ka (U-series) and between 28,900 and 18,000 BP 14C. Excavations recovered abundant lithic implements and provided rich assemblage of vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, birds and a remain of Homo neanderthalensis. In this work, authors present the taxon...
Article
Full-text available
Gruta da Furninha is a coastal cave in Jurassic limestones, of marine genesis, some 850m to the SE of Cabo Carvoeiro (Peniche, Portugal). Its entrance is to be found at ca. 15m of altitude in the middle of the cliff. A rich and diverse fossiliferous set of Late Pleistocene vertebrates, including birds, was found there; they are currently stored in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Caracterizam-se e interpretam-se os registos geomorfoló-gicos e sedimentares do Pliocénico e do Plistocénico do litoral de Peniche-Atouguia da Baleia (Portugal central). Foram identificadas e cartografadas superfícies de abrasão marinha aos: 33-36 m, vasta plataforma culminante, mas só preservada localmente e sobreposta por areias amarelas finas a...
Article
Full-text available
A construção da nova fábrica de papel Tissue, da empresa Paper Prime, S.A., em Vila Velha de Ródão, levou à identificação e escavação do sítio arqueológico Revelada 2. O sítio foi escavado até ao substrato geológico numa área superior a 170m2, tendo-se individualizado dezenas de unidades estratigráficas. Do espólio arqueológico recolhido constam ma...
Article
Full-text available
Enquadrado no projeto de investigação EcoPLis – Ocupação Humana Plistocénica nos Ecótonos do Rio Lis, o Abrigo da Buraca da Moira situa‑se no vale dos Murtórios (Leiria). O sítio corresponde a uma cavidade cársica seccionada por uma pedreira artesanal, com uma sequência com níveis holocénicos e plistocénicos bioturbados. Os níveis arqueológicos hol...
Article
Full-text available
Através dos registos geomorfológicos e sedimentares, os rios fornecem relevantes arquivos de mudanças paleoambientais, nomeadamente paleoclimáticas e paleogeográficas. As sucessões sedimentares melhor datadas são as mais importantes, com as idades numéricas dos respetivos dos eventos sedimentares, de fósseis e de materiais arqueológicos, obtidas po...
Chapter
Full-text available
The project EcoPLis - Human Occupations in the Pleistocene Ecotones of the River Lis started in central Portugal in 2015. It aims to understand the behavioural ecology of hominins during the Pleistocene in a region where sub-rectilinear rivers link the coast to the inland mountains through open riverine and canyon environments. This project is root...
Chapter
Classification of lithic assemblages from prehistoric sites in Portugal is usually made by macroscopic inspection. Thus, sound insights on sourcing and acquisition paths are lacking. In order to test previous classification attempts, we used portable X-ray fluorescence to analyse a sample of flint artefacts from the Cardial campsite of Cerradinho d...
Article
Full-text available
The cave-site of Gruta da Furninha is a coastal karstic cavity. In the late 19th century, excavation of the sedimentary infill of the cave allowed the identification of two lithostratigraphic units: a Holocene one dominated by sands, containing human bones and a Neolithic industry; and a Late Pleistocene one, containing a diverse set of fossils set...
Book
Full-text available
This collection presents state-of-the-art approaches to the use of inorganic raw materials in the period known as prehistory. It focuses on stone-tools, adornments, colorants and pottery from Europe, America and Africa. The chapters intimately merge archaeology, anthropology, geology, geography, physics and chemistry to reconstruct past human behav...
Chapter
Full-text available
The production and use of stone-tools have been seen as the greatest advance in humankind. Stone tool technology helped early hominines to gather more and better resources, compete with other animals and overpass dramatic environmental changes, creating the conditions for survival, adaptation and evolution. Thus, understanding the variability and o...
Method
Full-text available
EcoPLis 2017: Manual de campo EcoPLis 2017: Handbook of field work.
Article
Full-text available
There are multiple hypotheses for human responses to glacial cycling in the Late Pleistocene, including changes in population size, interconnectedness, and mobility. Lithic technological analysis informs us of human responses to environmental change because lithic assemblage characteristics are a reflection of raw material transport, reduction, and...
Data
Raw data. Includes specimen numbers. (XLSX)