Tariq A. Alalwan

Tariq A. Alalwan
University of Bahrain · Department of Biology

PhD

About

38
Publications
12,802
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
331
Citations
Introduction
Tariq A. Alalwan currently works at the Department of Biology, University of Bahrain. He does research in nutrition and nutrition-related problems and interventions. His most recent publication is Phenotypes of Sarcopenic Obesity: Exploring the Effects on Peri-Muscular Fat, the Obesity Paradox, Hormone-Related Responses and the Clinical Implications.

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Full-text available
The scientific literature has demonstrated that glutamine is one of the main beneficial amino acids. It plays an important role in gut microbiota and immunity. This paper provides a critical overview of experimental studies (in vitro, in vivo, and clinical) investigating the efficacy of glutamine and its effect on gut microbiota. As a result of thi...
Article
Full-text available
Sarcopenic obesity combines the words sarcopenia and obesity. This definition of obesity should be better differentiated between visceral and subcutaneous fat phenotypes. For this reason, this review lays the foundation for defining the subcutaneous and the visceral fat into the context of sarcopenia. Thus, the review aims to explore the missing li...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine changes in planning, selecting, and preparing healthy foods in relation to personal factors (time, money, stress) and social distancing policies during the COVID-19 crisis. Methods: Using cross-sectional online surveys collected in 38 countries worldwide in April-June 2020 ( N = 37,207, Mage 36.7 SD 14.8, 77% women), we compa...
Article
Full-text available
This review aims to define the effectiveness of the ketogenic diet (KD) for the management of sarcopenic obesity. As the combination of sarcopenia and obesity appears to have multiple negative metabolic effects, this narrative review discusses the effects of the ketogenic diet as a possible synergic intervention to decrease visceral adipose tissue...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cancer is an irregular proliferation of cells that starts with a gene mutation that alters cellular function, is triggered by several factors, and can be inherited or acquired. The aim of this review is to discuss the anticancer activity of basil and its components' strength, focusing on its implication in cancer prevention and treatme...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a multifactorial condition characterized by a complex interrelation between genetic and environmental factors that heighten the risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality. It is hypothesized that diet may play an important role in the regulation of metabolic syndrome factors and influence the pr...
Article
Background: The severe, acute respiratory syndrome COVID-19 that was first reported in China in December 2019 quickly became a global pandemic that has resulted in over 100 million infections and more than 2 million deaths. Study design: This study aimed to assess the awareness level of university students regarding the possibility of becoming i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The classic ketogenic diet (cKD) has been used worldwide as an effective therapy for children with drug-resistant epilepsy. However, there have been no studies performed in Middle Eastern countries in order to assess the efficacy, side effects, predictors of cKD response and factors mostly associated with diet adherence. This study aims...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed the Eastern Mediterranean Region's food system's fragility posing severe challenges to maintaining healthy sustainable lifestyle. The aim of this cross-sectional study (N = 13,527 household's family members, mean age: 30.3 ±11.6, 80% women) is to examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on food consumption patt...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluate various factors affecting energy drink consumption among Bahraini youth (from the ages of 15 through 24 years old). Moreover, this study aimed to assess the participant's level of knowledge about the contents of energy drinks. Design: A cross-sectional study Setting: Kingdom of Bahrain Methods: The cross-sectional study was c...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine changes in planning, selecting, and preparing healthy foods in relation to personal factors (time, money, stress) and social distancing policies during the COVID-19 crisis. Methods: Using cross-sectional online surveys collected in 38 countries worldwide in April-June 2020 (N = 37,207, Mage 36.7 SD 14.8, 77% women), we compa...
Article
Full-text available
This research aimed to assess the effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF) on different dimensions, namely calorie intake, fullness and hunger sensations, mental health, body weight, waist circumference (WC), quality of sleep, body composition, hydration and nutritional status among female students at the University of Bahrain. A prospective s...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A study has been performed in overweight and obese subjects to assess the effects of adiposity and inflammation indicators on dysmetabolic biomarkers via red cell distribution width (RDW) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV), taking into account pro-antioxidant balance. Methods: Data from 166 overweight subjects were analyzed by a path...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to assess the agreement between the appendicular skeletal muscle index (ASMI) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) using a single frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) to assess criteria. Moreover, we used the European working group on sarcopenia in older people 1 (EWGSOP1), EWGSOP2, and the Tengvall equation to est...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging literature suggests that diet plays an important modulatory role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) through the management of inflammation and oxidative stress. The aim of this narrative review is to evaluate the evidence collected up till now regarding optimum diet therapy for IBD and to design a food pyramid for these patients. The pyra...
Article
Full-text available
Nutritional problems are an important part of rehabilitation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. COPD patients often present with malnutrition, sarcopenia, and osteoporosis with possible onset of cachexia, with an inadequate dietary intake and a poor quality of life. Moreover, diet plays a pivotal role in patients with COPD t...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides a critical overview of experimental studies in vitro, in humans, and in animals that evaluated the efficacy of Berberine and its effect on management of obesity and the related metabolic consequences. As a result of this review, we summarized the effects of Berberine in different models and the related mechanism of actions. In p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study aimed to analyse the impact of des-acyl and acyl ghrelin (AG) on a wide range of muscular and metabolic markers and in order to discover the possible relationships and interactions of des-acylated ghrelin (DAG) on eating disorders. Materials & Methods: A total of 88 subjects (64 women and 24 men, with a mean age of 43 years a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study aimed to assess the effects of supplementation with H. Parviflora at 9 mg + 200 mg of fructo-oligosaccharides on weight loss, body composition, hydration and satiety parameters. Methods: A randomized blinded controlled trial was conducted in a sample of 30 overweight and obese patients (5M;25F). Patients were randomly assi...
Article
Full-text available
Musculoskeletal disorders in aging and pain are closely connected because of multiple mechanisms leading to loss of mobility and autonomy. Pain is predictive of diability and worsening frailty and the strength of this relationship increases with the severity of pain. This study presents a systematic review of randomized controlled trials, cross sec...
Article
Full-text available
Sarcopenia is defined as a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength and it is diagnosed by measurements of muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance. Sarcopenia affects quality of life and is associated with several adverse health effects. Muscle decline is aggravated by a sedentar...
Article
Full-text available
Dates have a low glycemic index and are a source of antioxidants but, nevertheless, contain more than 70% sugar. This study aims to assess the effects of date consumption (three dates daily) on glycemic profile (HbA1c), body mass index (BMI), quality of life, and lipid profile, including total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HD...
Article
Despite advances in medicine and numerous agents that counteract pain, millions of patients continue to suffer. Attention has been given to identify novel botanical interventions that produce analgesia by interacting with nociceptive-transducing channels. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the actual knowledge of Acmella oleracea (...
Article
Full-text available
Plasma fatty acids (FAs) and oxidant status contribute to the etiology of sarcopenia in the elderly concurring to age-related muscle loss and elderly frailty through several mechanisms including changes in FA composition within the sarcolemma, promotion of chronic low-grade inflammation, and insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to determin...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose. The purpose of this review was to identify the best solution for rapid and noninvasive diagnosis and long-term monitoring of patients affected by inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases, colon and gastric cancer, obesity in correlation to diet, and breast milk to evaluate exposure to VOCs in women and infants. Methods. This review included...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to characterise the rice germ from the nutritional point of view. The latest laboratory methods for evaluation of macronutrients and micronutrients have been used. Rice germ has a high protein content (18 g per 100 g of edible product) with considerable amounts of essential amino acids (mainly lysine, histidine and valine),...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To assess the efficacy of a hypocaloric low-carbohydrate diet in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Design: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Setting: Istituto Santa Margherita, University of Pavia, Italy. Method: Patients were enrolled based on the following criteria: both genders, age 30-85, Caucasian origin, BMI between...
Article
Full-text available
Given that the transition to university is a stressful experience, the present study aimed to assess how emotions affect eating behavior among students from the University of Bahrain. This was a cross-sectional study on 169 undergraduates, aged 17 to 36 years (average age, 20 ± 3 years), who completed an online survey that included questions based...
Article
Full-text available
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis in the world and is characterized by pain, various disabilities and loss of quality of life. Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is recommended as first-line therapy. CS of non-animal origin is of great interest for safety and sustainability reasons. This study aims to investigate the anti-inflammatory...
Article
Yogurt is a good source of probiotics, calcium, and proteins, but its content of vitamin D is low. Therefore, yogurt could be a good choice for vitamin D fortification to improve the positive health outcomes associated with its consumption. The primary aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of vitamin D-fortif...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objective: Often micronutrient deficiencies cannot be detected when patient is already following a long-term gluten-free diet with good compliance (LTGFDWGC). The aim of this narrative review is to evaluate the most recent literature that considers blood micronutrient deficiencies in LTGFDWGC subjects, in order to prepare dietary sup...
Article
Medicinal plants have long been used by Bahrainis to combat a wide spectrum of diseases. To the best of the authors knowledge, this is the first quantitative ethnobotanical study of the country, aimed to quantify the ethnobotanical knowledge of ten native medicinal plants commonly used by herbalists for treating various common ailments in Bahrain....
Article
Full-text available
Salmonellosis is one of the major public health concerns in Bahrain as it has increased rapidly during the past few years. This study aims to determine the prevalence of salmonellosis in children and the possible risk factors such as age, geographical area, nationality, gender, unsafe drinking water, infant born weight and gastrointestinal disease....
Article
Full-text available
We compare bioimpedance analysis (BIA) with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in the assessment of free fat mass (FFM), fat mass (FM) and percentage of body fat under different conditions in relation to age categories, hydration parameters, body mass index (BMI) and sarcopenia. A cross-sectional analysis of body composition was estimated by BI...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The aim of the present study was to assess the general knowledge and practice of local herbalists regarding the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments. Methods: The study utilized a pre-structured questionnaire to collect data. The sample consisted of 41 well-known, established and active herbalists in Bahrain. Re...
Article
Full-text available
Background Traditional foods are an important part of Bahraini culture, identity, and heritage. The aim of this study was to document plant-based traditional foods and beverages consumed by local Bahrainis. Methods Traditional knowledge of plants used as food and beverage was obtained through 76 personal interviews of knowledgeable informants usin...
Poster
Full-text available
Flavonoids represent an important class of plant polyphenolics that are known for their widespread occurrence in the human diet. Interest in the possible health-promoting effects of flavnoids has increased due to their various bioactive properties. Onion (Allium cepa L.) is rich in quercetin, a flavonoid found in plant foods almost exclusively as g...

Network

Cited By