Tariq Aftab

Tariq Aftab
Aligarh Muslim University | AMU · Department of Botany

PhD

About

169
Publications
45,453
Reads
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2,341
Citations
Introduction
Our research interests include physiological, proteomic, and molecular studies in crop and medicinal and plants under challenging environmental conditions.
Additional affiliations
July 2016 - May 2017
Michigan State University
Position
  • Visiting Scientist
September 2014 - present
Aligarh Muslim University
Position
  • Professor
January 2014 - September 2014
Jamia Hamdard University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
December 2007 - March 2012

Publications

Publications (169)
Article
Nickel (Ni) toxicity has a wide range of metabolic effects on plants, and various anatomical and morphological modifications occur that consequently diminish growth and productivity of plants. Different means of nutrient delivery in plants are being used to combat the harmful effects of Ni stress. The purpose of this study was to determine how the...
Article
Soil contamination by toxic metals is a major health issue that could be partly solved by using genetically-modified plants. For that, the recently developed technique of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) has created a new dimension in genetic engineering. CRISPR was first found as a part of the adaptive immune syst...
Chapter
Cytotoxicity is an endogenous and/or exogenous effect of metals/metalloids that leads to cell death. Excessive amounts of elements, such as Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, Zn, Pb, Cd, Hg, and As are main threats to plants. They are exposed to many stress factors including chemical compounds and radiation affecting their seed germination, seedling growth...
Chapter
Nutrient recycling from soil to fauna is determined by the flora for maintaining an ideal food chain and ecological balance which is solely dependent on nutrient availability and uptake from soils in an optimum quantity after maintaining specific physiological pathways. Some soil physicochemical properties and excess availability of nonessential me...
Chapter
The consumption of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) is increasing as the global population grows. These types of emerging pollutants consist of various groups of drugs used in veterinary, agricultural practices, cosmetics, and human health, such as analgesics, hormones, antibiotics, etc. Because of the incapability of physical tre...
Chapter
As part of the biosphere, soil plays an important role in food production and environmental sustainability. The increase in population and with it the increase of scientific and technical knowledge and the expansion of industries without observing environmental issues and standards have caused environmental pollution and disturbed the balance of th...
Book
Full-text available
Metals and Metalloids in Soil-Plant-Water System examines the impact of metal/metalloid contamination on the plant life cycle, as well as microbes present in soil. Highlighting uptake and translocation, the book also examines antioxidant, photosynthesis and growth characteristics of plants grown in metal contaminated soil. Beginning with an introdu...
Chapter
Molecular farming is a research-based application of biotechnology that uses genetically engineered crops to produce proteins and chemicals for pharmaceutical and other commercial reasons. It has gained popularity over the last two decades due to its potential benefits. The terms molecular farming, bio-farming, molecular pharming, phyto-manufacturi...
Chapter
The exotic universe of plant molecular farming has developed into a versatile and dynamic technology in the recombinant protein market, particularly in the pharmaceutical sector. This emergence of the plant-based recombinant protein factories has been possible due to the development of high-end production facilities, the emergence of transient expr...
Chapter
Plants have been employed as a source of therapeutic products since the dawn of time, and many of today’s pharmaceuticals are produced directly or indirectly from them. For example, Artemisia annua, a medicinal plant containing bioactive compounds with pleiotropic biological properties, is one of the important sources of artemisinin, a potent anti-...
Chapter
Plants create a variety of compounds, including secondary metabolites with a variety of forms and bioactive capabilities. These products have a long history of being extensively used in the cosmeceutical, pharmaceutical, and food industries, besides being involved in the response of plants to different environmental cues (Maeda, 2019). However, due...
Chapter
The recombinant pharmaceutical protein industry is massive and quickly expanding, with the most significant pharmaceutical firms indicating that these medicines are generating more income than small-molecule pharmaceuticals (Goodman, 2009). Generally, these pharmaceutical compounds are manufactured using bacterial or mammalian cell-based systems, p...
Chapter
Plant molecular farming uses a range of plant systems for the generation of important and effective recombinant proteins. There are several alternatives accessible when it comes to selecting the plant expression system, ranging from the choice of plant and expression vector to the promoter that will be employed. Depending upon the choice of these o...
Article
Full-text available
Melatonin and polyamines have been broadly found in multiple physiological processes and in diverse abiotic stresses faced by plants. In various plant species, melatonin-induced regulation of polyamine metabolism has been reported to play a critical role in the manifestation of stress tolerance mechanisms. Exogenous melatonin pretreatment has been...
Article
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We investigated the stimulatory and/or inhibitory role of exogenous SA in alleviating the salt stress (250, 500 mM NaCl) in Pennisetum giganteum (Giant Juncao) through coordinated induction of redox homeostasis, ionic fux, and bioactive compounds. Salt stress radically impaired root and shoot (growth, fresh, and dry biomass as well as tolerance i...
Book
Metabolic engineering is usually defined as the re-routing of one or more enzymatic reactions to generate new compounds, increase the production of existing compounds, or facilitate the degradation of compounds. Metabolic engineering is chiefly focused on metabolic intermediates or products, such as starch, vitamin E, amino acids, and enzymes. Meta...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable use of nanoparticles (NPs) in agricultural sector requires knowledge of probable harmful impacts of NPs and the crop’s life cycle. Delivery pathways of NPs play an important role in NPs uptake in plants. The foliar pathway of NPs uptake, translocation and accumulation is even less documented than the soil to root pathway. In this study,...
Book
Full-text available
Hazardous and Trace Materials in Soil and Plants: Sources, Effects and Management explores the latest advancements in reducing, avoiding, and eliminating soil contaminants that challenge the health and safety of agricultural crops. The combined impacts of climate change and industrialization have led to increased and diversified threats to the heal...
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Heavy metal pollution is of increasing global concern as it adversely impacts different spheres including pedosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and humansphere. Cadmium (Cd) contamination of agriculture soil has become a thoughtful challenge across the globe due to uncontrolled anthropogenic activities, limiting agricultural productivity and disturbi...
Chapter
Being stalkless organism, agricultural crops are constantly confronted by environmental stresses such as heavy metals (HMs) which severely affect the growth, productivity and thus yield losses. To minimize the HMs-induced phytotoxic effects and improve the HM tolerance by plants, the utilization of beneficial elements such as selenium (Se) as antio...
Chapter
The growth and development of plants are affected by the adverse effect of environmental stresses including drought, salinity, high temperature, and toxic metal accumulation. Under environmental stresses, cell oxidative damage of plants generally occurs as a consequence of the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). While tolerant plants c...
Article
Frequently changing environmental conditions pose unwarranted threat to plants life and impose serious penalties in terms of arrested growth, metabolism and ultimately the yield. Being rooted, plants cannot avoid the stresses but equipped well to survive and produce. Among the stress modulatory responses, an isoprenoid phytohormone abscisic acid (A...
Book
Full-text available
This edited book highlights the molecular basis of various enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, defense mechanisms and adaptation strategies employed by plants to avoid the stressful conditions. Special focus is given to gene expression, omics and other latest technologies such as CRISPR-Cas mediated genome editing applications for defense rel...
Article
Full-text available
Artemisia annua is a medicinal plant particularly known for the production of a sesquiterpene lactone artemisinin; a specialty metabolite known for its efficacy in the treatment of malaria by killing different strains of Plasmodium falciparum due to radicals released upon the cleavage of its endoperoxide motif. Considering these facts and the immen...
Chapter
Full-text available
Presently, there seems to be an increase in interest in cultivating medicinal plants across the globe. Medicinal plants offer huge potential to be grown on contaminated sites to recover soil health, in addition to oil production and eco-tourism, to address the rising demand for pharmaceuticals, essential oils, and bioenergy. In the present chapter,...
Article
Boron (B) is an essential micronutrient, crucial for the growth and development of crop plants. However, the essential to a toxic range of B in the plant is exceptionally narrow, and symptoms develop with a slight change in its concentration in soil. The morphological and anatomical response, such as leaf chlorosis, stunted growth, and impairment i...
Book
Full-text available
One of the great challenges in the near future will be the sustainable production of medicinal plants under increasing adverse effects of climate change. A combination of adverse demographic factors and climatological perturbations is expected to impact food and pharmaceutical production globally. Despite the induction of several tolerance mechanis...
Article
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Salinity stress is the major abiotic stress that affects crop production and productivity as it has a multifarious negative effect on the growth and development of the plant. Salinity stress stimulates the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which is toxic to cells at higher concentrations. At lower concentrations, these molecules help in...
Article
Full-text available
Salinity stress is a chief abiotic hindrance affecting crop productivity and yield particularly in arid and semi-arid regions across the globe. Plants have evolved a network of physiological and molecular mechanisms to cope with salinity stress. The complex and multi-faceted nature of salinity tolerance involve several mechanisms and a comprehensiv...
Chapter
Climate change implies some alterations in the natural system and as a result, both the human being and natural system face challenges. The cumulative effect of all abnormalities in climatic parameters causes hindrances to plants also. Perhaps the best test within recent memory as transformative biologists is to foresee how to plant populaces will...
Chapter
The abiotic stresses such as unfavorable temperature, drought, flood, salinity, and heavy metal stress are considered as major factors causing a huge impression on crop growth and productivity. The abiotic stresses can reduce as much as 50% of benefits for some important crops in the world through altering the physiological, morphological, biochemi...
Chapter
Extreme events of abiotic stress conditions such as high temperatures, prolonged drought, salinity, metal toxicity, intense rains, flooding, frost, and low temperatures affect the productivity of crops as well as significantly affect plants and soil microorganisms. The composite and active connections between microorganisms and plant roots during a...
Chapter
Gamma-irradiated polysaccharides have proved potent plant growth promoters based on previous studies. Since, vetiver is known to possess miraculous therapeutic properties, it seemed valuable to study if performance of vetiver could be improved by soil application of gamma-irradiated sodium alginate. The study comprised of a pot experiment on vetive...
Chapter
All the plants are surrounded by a specific set of biotic and abiotic factors. Any significant change in these factors contributes to stress and hampers plant growth and productivity. To minimize the crop damage, various plant growth elicitors have been used over the time. In this regard, natural polysaccharides (carrageenan, sodium alginate, and c...
Chapter
Soil serves as a nutrient reactor and foundation for the physical support to the plant growth and development thus ensuring food security for the ever-growing global population but being a universal sink, soil put up with the significant burden of a variety of soil contaminants. Further, the unprecedented speed of urbanization and industrialization...
Chapter
Rapid industrialization and urbanization practices have posed a serious threat to water and agricultural soils, therefore, harming global crop productivity and posing serious concern to food security. In large the heavy metals (HMs) such as zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), etc. when present in low amount are essential for plant m...
Chapter
Full-text available
Strigolactones (SLs) constitute a group of carotenoid-derived phytohormones with butenolide moieties. These hormones are involved in various functions, including regulation of secondary growth, shoot branching and hypocotyl elongation, and stimulation of seed germination. Root and shoot extracts of various plant species, including Arabidopsis, have...
Article
Full-text available
Postharvest pericarp browning (PB) drastically affects acceptability and marketability of litchi fruits. This study was aimed to assess the effect of vacuum infiltrated hydrogen sulfide (H2S) (1 and 2 mM) on pericarp browning associated metabolism and overall quality of litchi fruit during cold storage. Results revealed that H2S (2 mM) significantl...
Article
Full-text available
The main focus of this manuscript was to highlight the efficacy of seedling priming with 0.06 mM sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a potent NO donor in the alleviation of salt-induced oxidative and ionic stress in Vigna radiata. Treatment of seedlings with 100 mM NaCl reduced their overall growth and severely affected the basic growth and physiological p...
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Nitric oxide (NO) is a free-radical gasotransmitter signaling molecule associated with a varied spectrum of signal trans-duction pathways linked to inducing cross-adaptation against abiotic stresses. It has crucial roles from seed germination to plant maturity, depending upon its cellular concentration. The functional cross-talk of NO among differe...
Article
Arsenic (As), recognized as a toxic metalloid globally, has posed a serious threat to soil, plants and aquatic resources. Arsenic restrain fundamental processes of plant grown under the As-contaminated soil which are the worst sufferers for their sustenance. Thus, various scientific strategies are being continuously employed for reducing the soil A...
Article
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) has emerged as a potential regulator of plant defence against different abiotic stresses. As a climacteric fruit, banana undergoes oxidative stresses shortly after harvest, resulting in faster ripening and senescence. This work examines the effects of vacuum infiltrated H2S on ripening inhibition of banana. • Banana fruits w...
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With No Lysine kinases (WNKs) are a distinct family of Serine/Threonine protein kinase with unique arrangement of catalytic residues in kinase domain. In WNK, an essential catalytic lysine requisite for attaching ATP and phosphorylation reaction is located in subdomain I, instead of subdomain II, which is essentially a typical feature of other Ser/...
Book
Full-text available
Plant Growth Regulators in Agriculture presents current PGR discoveries and advances for agricultural application, providing a comprehensive reference for those seeking to apply these tools for improved plant health and crop yield. Climate change exerts adverse effects on agricultural crop productivity. As demand for agricultural crops and improved...
Chapter
As sessile organisms, plants are constantly exposed to diverse environmental conditions. Abiotic stresses can be considered as the most severe adverse conditions that plants may face. Among them drought stress is responsible for great amounts of lost in production and this scenario is expected to be more frequent as we are facing global temperature...
Chapter
Major abiotic stresses such as heat, drought, salinity, heavy metal, light, pesticide, and cold are considered the great threat for the food and environmental security of the increasing population. During abiotic stresses, re-active oxygen species (ROS) is produced in the plants' cell that leads to inhabit physio-biochemical process of affected pla...
Chapter
Trigonella foenum graecum L. contains several nutritionally and pharmaceutically important bioactive constituents particularly trigonelline and diosgenin and imparts immense economic value to the plant making it a promising medicinal legume. Fenugreek bears anti-diabetic, anticancerous, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, emollient, laxative, antihyperch...
Article
Full-text available
Strigolactones (SLs) constitute a group of carotenoid-derived phytohormones with butenolide moieties. These hormones are involved in various functions, including regulation of secondary growth, shoot branching and hypocotyl elongation, and stimulation of seed germination. SLs also control hyphal branching of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and me...
Article
The application of nanotechnology in agriculture includes the use of nanofertilizers, nanopesticides, and nanoherbicides that enhance plant nutrition without disturbing the soil texture and protect it against microbial infections. Thus, nanotechnology maintains the plant's health by maintaining its soil health. The use of nanoparticles (NPs) in agr...
Book
Full-text available
Heavy Metal Toxicity in Plants: Physiological and Molecular Adaptations highlights the various metal induced impacts on plants and adaptation strategies employed to avoid these stressful conditions. The volume comprise the chapters from the different areas ranging from latest biotechnological to omics approaches. This comprehensive volume emphasiz...
Chapter
Plant growth-promoting activity of radiation-processed chitosan has been widely investigated by several researchers. Taking a step further, different fractions of irradiated chitosan (ICH), separated by column chromatography, were assessed for their effect on growth, physiology, and yield attributes of Java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt...
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Natural polysaccharides have always been exploited for their higher biocompatibility and biodegradability. Chitin is one such natural polysaccharide that has superior bioactivities and is considered the second most abundant biopolymer in nature. While chitosan is the partially deacetylated derivative of chitin, chitooligosaccharides (COS) are the d...
Article
Full-text available
Salt stress tolerance of crop plants is a trait with increasing value for future food production. In an attempt to identify proteins that participate in the salt stress response of barley, we have used a cDNA library from salt-stressed seedling roots of the relatively salt-stress-tolerant cv. Morex for the transfection of a salt-stress-sensitive ye...
Chapter
Application of oligomers of irradiated sodium alginate (ISA) has been reported beneficial for the growth and development of various medicinal aromatic plants. A step forward, a pot experiment was conducted to test the effect of foliar application of different fractions of ISA on lemongrass [Cymbopogon flexuosus (Steud.) Wats] with an aim to find ou...
Chapter
Eucalyptus citriodora Hook. is extremely valued for its essential oil. The establishment of plantations of Eucalyptus from seedlings relies on successful seed germination. Since germination could be vital stage within the life cycle of plants. Application of oligomers of low molecular mass on plants brings considerable numerous changes in biologica...
Chapter
A miscellany of the medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) have been tasted and tested for their valuable use in food and medicine and decades of research has elucidated their imperative role in the maintenance of finest human health. The mounting interest in MAPs is endorsed to their bioactive compounds with diverse chemical scaffolds and miscellane...
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Full-text available
Abiotic stressors, such as drought, heavy metals, and high salinity, are causing huge crop losses worldwide. These abiotic stressors are expected to become more extreme, less predictable, and more widespread in the near future. With the rapidly growing human population and changing global climate conditions, it is critical to prevent global crop lo...
Article
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Key message: Plant stress responses are extremely sophisticated which implicate changes at the cellular, physiological and transcriptome levels by activating specific gene expression related to the challenges faced by plants.
Article
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Cadmium (Cd) is a prevalent, non-essential, carcinogenic, and hazardous heavy metal that reduces plant productivity and capacity of arable land area around the globe. In the present substrate-based pot study, seedlings of Brassica napus 180015 were grown equidistantly in the spiked-substrate medium for 60 days under increasing concentrations of Cd...
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Full-text available
Key message Interactions of phytohormone signaling pathways and their crosstalk with the different intermediates of cell signaling cascades regulate the molecular stress responses in plants.
Article
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Nickel (Ni), an essential micronutrient and a prime component of the plant enzyme urease, has an indispensable role in plants. Triacontanol (TRIA) is a conspicuous plant growth regulator in agriculture, which proved advantageous in enhancing the overall production of plants. Therefore, an experiment was laid down to understand the effects of Ni tox...
Article
Full-text available
The present study is aimed to elucidate the effects of concomitant application of irradiated carrageenan (IC) oligomers and salicylic acid (SA) on Artemisia annua L. varieties, viz. “CIM-Arogya” (tolerant) and “Jeevan Raksha” (sensitive) exposed to arsenic (As) stress. Artemisia annua has been known for its sesqui-terpene molecule artemisinin, whic...