Tarek Tawfik Amin

Tarek Tawfik Amin
Cairo University | CU · Faculty of Medicine

MD Public Health and Epidemiology
Professor of public health and epidemiology.

About

128
Publications
107,479
Reads
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2,248
Citations
Introduction
Interested in non-communicable disease epidemiology, cancer prevention, medical education and Psycho-social determinants of health.
Additional affiliations
March 2014 - present
Cairo University
Position
  • Principal Investigator
Description
  • Risk factors for diabetic foot ulcer among Egyptian Type 2 diabetic patients.
January 2010 - December 2012
Cairo University
August 2000 - present
Position
  • Epidemiology and biostatistics for undergraduate and post graduate medical students.
Education
April 1996 - May 2000
Cairo University
Field of study
  • Epidemiology

Publications

Publications (128)
Article
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Background: Tuberculosis is one of the most devastating infectious diseases worldwide. It constitutes a major global health problem infecting millions of people each year, with a particular heavier burden on the developing world. Objective: evaluating the cost effectiveness of incorporating Gene Xpert to sputum microscopy compared to sputum microsc...
Article
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Background: Globally, transport and unintentional injuries persist as leading preventable causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents. We sought to report comprehensive trends in injury-related mortality and morbidity for adolescents aged 10-24 years during the past three decades. Methods: Using the Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and...
Article
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Background Globally, transport and unintentional injuries persist as leading preventable causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents. We sought to report comprehensive trends in injury-related mortality and morbidity for adolescents aged 10-24 years during the past three decades.
Article
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Background This study aimed to assess perceptions and attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccines among medical students. Methods A consecutive convenient sample of 2100 university students representing the student’s union network were included using an electronic self-administered questionnaire. About 12 items were used to assess attitudes and acceptance...
Article
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Background: COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated the impact of a major public health emergency on mental health. Objective: To assess psychological impact among university students and train them to raise mental health awareness among their peers during the pandemic. Methods: This cross-sectional online survey was carried out over the period of July...
Article
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a significant public health threat. Therefore, the purpose of this survey was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and precautionary measures related to COVID-19 among college students.Methods: A convenient sample of 3263 volunteers responded to a self-administered electronic questionnaire during the period f...
Article
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Background and purpose: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) markedly contribute to morbidity and mortality of diabetic patients. Hence, this study was conducted to investigate the predictors of foot ulcers among Egyptian diabetic patients. Methods: A case-control study was conducted among 488 diabetic patients attending the inpatient departments and out...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic has become a significant public health threat. Therefore, the purpose of this survey was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and precautionary measures related to COVID-19 among college students. Methods A convenient sample of 3263 volunteers responded to a self-administered electronic questionnaire during the period f...
Article
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Background Chewing tobacco and other types of smokeless tobacco use have had less attention from the global health community than smoked tobacco use. However, the practice is popular in many parts of the world and has been linked to several adverse health outcomes. Understanding trends in prevalence with age, over time, and by location and sex is i...
Article
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Background Chewing tobacco and other types of smokeless tobacco use have had less attention from the global health community than smoked tobacco use. However, the practice is popular in many parts of the world and has been linked to several adverse health outcomes. Understanding trends in prevalence with age, over time, and by location and sex is i...
Research
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The role of guest facilitator involves responding to questions and comments posted by the course participants, most of whom are research scholars and early career researchers from around the world. Course duration: 6 April to 17 May 2021 (6 weeks).
Article
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Background Ending the global tobacco epidemic is a defining challenge in global health. Timely and comprehensive estimates of the prevalence of smoking tobacco use and attributable disease burden are needed to guide tobacco control efforts nationally and globally.
Article
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Objectives: Postnatal care (PNC) is an essential component of maternal care program. However, gap exists between high coverage with antenatal and natal care and low coverage with PNC in Egypt. Consequently, the current study was conducted to explore pattern of early PNC (after first day following delivery) among rural mothers. Methods: An explorato...
Article
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OBJECTIVES: The current study was conducted to assess the effect of an educational intervention on knowledge status and attitudes toward sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in a sample of women in reproductive age. METHODS: One group quasi-experimental study was conducted at one primary health care center in Egypt; included 200 women selected by...
Presentation
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The change in fertility in relation to Epidemics, historical pandemics and predisposing factors modulating the fertility patterns during epidemics.
Presentation
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Population of Egypt, demographic and characteristics. Historical analysis, current and future population of Egypt.
Technical Report
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A round 450 million women across 114 low and middle-income countries use contraceptives. A study conducted by the UN Population Fund in collaboration with Avenir Health, Johns Hopkins University in the United States, and Victoria University in Australia, anticipate that if the disruption of the health services and lockdowns continue for six months,...
Technical Report
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Crowding (index) and housing conditions can have deleterious effects on the development of dwellers starting from early childhood, these effects can recognized as social, Psychological and health-related.
Technical Report
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Dealing with Myths and misconceptions about the various family planning methods especially in rural and remote areas. Social marketing of family planning as a possible method to fill the unmet needs and combating myths and misconceptions shadowing family planning.
Technical Report
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Exploring interventions including legalization to control population growth in some countries including Turkey, Iran, Malaysia and Tunisia with comparison to the situation in Egypt.
Article
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Objectives: This study was carried out to analyze patient data both in retrospective and prospective design comparing the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (Euro SCORE II) and Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) risk models in Egyptian cardiac surgical patients. Methods: Computerized registries of all patients having cardiac surg...
Technical Report
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The value of schooling and education in shaping the women's age at marriage, future fertility preferences, infant and childhood deaths, and welfare of the whole community.
Technical Report
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The role of woman employment in shaping the fertility and impacted the population characteristics, its role in desired family size, age at marriage and empowerment. The income as a differential in determining number of children, investment in their education and health care.
Technical Report
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Exploring the possible contribution of the size and age structure of family in the development, severity and retention within the poverty cycle. evidence driven from several previous studies from several countries especially the developing pointed out that larger family especially those with children under 12 are more prone to poverty and remain th...
Technical Report
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Demographic Dividend in Egypt, the demographic gift, for how long it will last, how to harness this phenomena, what are the prerequisites to utilize the young through investment in provision of better educational skills, health care and job opportunities.
Presentation
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The importance and the basic functions of literature review, what are the types of literature (primary, secondary and tertiary) and the characteristics of each. Sources of literature (Published work, Books and Websites), the usefulness and limitations of each. What are most common formats of the published literature and the structure of each (orig...
Code
Facilitation of on line course "writing in the social science" conducted over 7 weeks by INASP, and AuthorAid UK with over 600 participants from nearly 55 countries.
Article
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Background: Egypt is one of the most populous countries in the Middle East and Africa. Evidence from developing countries revealed that increasing family planning use is associated with substantial declines in fertility and population growth. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of implementing a multisectoral intervention model on...
Presentation
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The concept of Open Science, the open movements, the definition of open data, with detailed description of the available open data sources and their value especially for researchers in the medical and health-related fields.
Presentation
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This is a list of the important medical bibliographic databases, how to strategically search for information with big section dedicated on searching the Pubmed and google scholar
Presentation
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Inferential Statistics, Good sample sampling error, probability distribution, estimation, central limit theorem, Hypothesis testing, type I and II error, tests of significance, testing normality and practical examples
Article
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Aims: to assess salivary glucose correlation with blood glucose and its accuracy in diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes. Materials and methods: A comparative study including 204 adults in 3 groups (104 type 2 diabetics, 50 prediabetics, 50 non-diabetic controls) aging 18-65 years. The participants were interviewed about their socio-demographic...
Presentation
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Research design, sources and type of bias, internal and external validity threats, and experimental study design
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Clinical trials designs basic structure, advantages and disadvantages of each.
Presentation
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Scientific writing, manuscript writing, including style, language and content
Presentation
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Introduction to Medical Statistics, importance and types of statistics used in the field of medicine, especial elaboration of the basic elements of descriptive statistics namely tables, graphs and measures of central tendency and scatter.
Presentation
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Community diagnosis setting the priorities for health needs in a given community based on several package of indicators
Presentation
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Research question evolution and criteria
Article
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Introduction: Screening for breast cancer (BC) is of low rate in Saudi Arabia; although it is provided in the country free of charge to the population. This cross-sectional study aimed at investigating the perceived barriers towards BC screening in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia.Participants and methods. A total of 816 adult Saudi women aged ≥ 30 years at...
Article
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Background : Cancer patients seek all possible options of effective therapies. In Africa 80% of the population had used complementary medicine (CM) at least once during cancer treatment course. Some CM products might pose health risks .In Egypt, studies regarding the use and motives behind CM among cancer patients are scarce if any. Objectives...
Article
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Introduction. Screening for breast cancer (BC) is of low rate in Saudi Arabia; although it is provided in the country free of charge to the population. This cross-sectional study aimed at investigating the perceived barriers towards BC screening in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia. Participants and methods. A total of 816 adult Saudi women aged ≥ 30 years at...
Article
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Background No previous studies had addressed the perceived risk of cervical cancer (CC) and its influence on screening practices and perceived barriers in Saudi Arabia. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on 506 randomly selected Saudi female secondary school teachers in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia to assess their level of knowledge about...
Article
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Background Physical inactivity is accountable for a sizable proportion of breast and colorectal cancers and other non-communicable diseases. The higher the individual’s awareness about the protective role of physical activity (PA) in reducing chronic disease, the greater the adoption of PA will be. Objectives To determine the level of leisure-time...
Article
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Female genital mutilation is an important issue of global interest. It has direct effect on women's health and violates their human rights. Millions of young women are affected by this harmful act especially in Africa and middle eastern countries. In Egypt the overall prevalence of FGM/C is 84.2%. Although a ministerial decree prohibited practitio...
Article
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Background: Increasing knowledge and awareness of cancer screening significantly influence health promotion behavior which could markedly reduce incidence rates. In many countries, health care providers are the principal source of information concerning cancer screening. This study was carried out to assess the level of knowledge concerning cancer...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Colon cancer screening (CRCS) uptake is markedly affected by public awareness of the disease. This study was conducted to assess levels of knowledge of CRC, to explore the pattern of CRCS uptake and identify possible barriers to screening among Saudis older than 50 years of age and primary care providers (PCPs) in Al Hassa region, Saud...
Article
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Introduction: All medical schools in Saudi Arabia have English as the primary official medium of instruction. Most of the high school education, however, is delivered in Arabic and hence the transition to an English based learning environment tends to be difficult for some students. Our study aims to correlate English language proficiency with acad...
Article
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Background and Aims: In recent years there has been a growing appreciation of the issues of career preference in medicine as it affects student learning and academic performance. Various factors influence the specialty choices of medical students. Some specialties tend to attract students more than others. One possible consequence of this would be...
Article
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Introduction: All medical schools in Saudi Arabia have English as the primary official medium of instruction. Most of the high school education, however, is delivered in Arabic and hence the transition to an English based learning environment tends to be difficult for some students. Our study aims to correlate English language proficiency with acad...
Article
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In Egypt, the latest Demographic and Health Survey in 2008 acknowledged that many Egyptian women are having more births than they consider ideal while the knowledge of family planning methods is universal among currently married women in Egypt. Almost all currently married women aged 15-49 knew about the pill, IUD, and injectable. Only 6% knew abou...
Article
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Background: There is paucity of studies defining the prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors in Saudi Arabia despite the surging epidemic of obesity, change in dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle. Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence of NCDs risk factors among employees at King Faisal Univers...
Article
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— In Egypt, the available information on STIs epidemiological status is limited and can't quantify the situation, guide program planning or assess the impact of interventions. STIs epidemiological data are largely driven from fragmented researches focusing chiefly on HIV-related aspects, with negligence of other STIs. The prevalence and incidence o...
Article
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— Improving maternal health as one of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG 5) is the least likely to be achieved in the developing low source African and some Asian countries. This review aimed at highlighting the situation of maternal and perinatal mortality in Egypt, with special emphasis on one of the common cause of maternal mortality nam...
Article
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Soaps and handwashes labeled as being "antibacterial" can be purchased from any supermarket, but these commercial products rarely mention the antimicrobial spectrum of activity. In the present study, we evaluated six commonly used "antibacterial" handwash solutions and five commonly used antibacterial toilet soaps to evaluate the spectrum of their...
Article
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Background: There is a scarcity of information about the proportion of the adult Saudi population that meet the recommended guidelines of physical activity (PA) to reduce cancer risk. Moreover, their awareness about the role of PA in cancer prevention is unclear. Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed at estimating the proportion of adult Sau...
Article
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Background: There is a scarcity of information about the proportion of the adult Saudi population that meet the recommended guidelines of physical activity (PA) to reduce cancer risk. Moreover, their awareness about the role of PA in cancer prevention is unclear. Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed at estimating the proportion of adult...
Data
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— to empower medical students and public health professional a radical approach should be adopted and pursued enabling them to acquire essential public health competencies with robust and adequate responses to national and global threats. This paper discusses the importance, evolution and educational methods essential to provide medical students wi...
Article
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Background: Researches who assess and explore the medical and education college students breast feeding (BF) attitudes and knowledge are lacking in Saudi Arabia. Objectives: The present study aimed to explore the attitudes and knowledge about BF of the undergraduate female medical and education students at Colleges of Medicine and Education, King...
Article
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Background: Researches who assess and explore the medical and education college students breast feeding (BF) attitudes and knowledge are lacking in Saudi Arabia. Objectives: The present study aimed to explore the attitudes and knowledge about BF of the undergraduate female medical and education students at Colleges of Medicine and Education, King F...
Data
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Antibiotic resistance is a serious problem in clinical medicine. Production of inactivating enzymes is one of the most common mechanisms by which different microorganisms can acquire resistance against several antimicrobial agents, especially β- lactams. Extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) mediate resistance against different broad spectrum ceph...
Article
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Introduction Antibiotic resistance is a serious problem in clinical medicine [1]. Production of inactivating enzymes is one of the most common mechanisms by which different microorganisms can acquire resistance against several antimicrobial agents, especially β-lactams. Extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) mediate resistance against different bro...
Article
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Using FRAX®, this study aimed at estimating 10-years probability of osteoporosis (OP)-related fractures and identifies those in need of OP treatment among primary care attendees in Saudi Arabia. Of those aged ≥ 60 years, 14.4 and 18.4 % scored probabilities for major and hip fractures respectively suggesting OP treatment. Predictors for receiving O...
Article
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Problem-based learning is being increasingly advocated by many medical schools as it is considered to be more effective in terms of developing life- long learning skills. While there are many studies which have evaluated students’ attitudes and perceptions towards PBL, there are no studies which have evaluated whether these perceptions change with...
Article
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We evaluated the use of a 4G smart phone for mobile teledermatology. A dermatologist took pictures of skin images with a mobile phone (8 Mpixel camera resolution) and made a face-to-face diagnosis. The images were transmitted to a second dermatologist who viewed them on a similar mobile phone and made an independent diagnosis for comparison. Images...
Article
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Many cases of congenital toxoplasmosis can be prevented provided that pregnant women following hygienic measures to avert risk of infection and to reduce severity of the condition if primary prevention failed. This descriptive exploratory study aimed to assess the risk behavior and knowledge related to toxoplasmoisis among Saudi pregnant women atte...
Article
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To study epidemiological trends related to cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Al Hassa, an endemic area in Saudi Arabia. This retrospective study included the spatial/temporal analysis of the reported cases of CL using the available surveillance database for the disease at the regional Vector Control Unit, from 2000 to 2010. The incidence of CL was de...
Article
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No previous studies have reported the knowledge of Saudi medical students about Standard Precautions (SPs) and infection control. The objectives of this study were to assess medical students' knowledge in clinical years at King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia about SPs' and to explore their attitudes toward the current curricular/training in provid...
Article
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Background: Mental health problems among college students represent an important and growing public health concern for which epidemiological data are needed. Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to estimate the prevalence of mental health problems among undergraduate college students at King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia and to determine...
Article
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Some 12.8 million in the age group 5-15 years are visually impaired from uncorrected or inadequately corrected refractive errors. In Saudi Arabia, the size of this public health problem is not well defined especially among primary schoolchildren. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess the prevalence and pattern of refractive errors...
Article
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Background: Mental health problems among college students represent an important and growing public health concern for which epidemiological data are needed. Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to estimate the prevalence of mental health problems among undergraduate college students at King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia and to determine...