Tara S Behrend

Tara S Behrend
Purdue University | Purdue · Department of Psychological Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy

About

95
Publications
51,587
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2,970
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Publications

Publications (95)
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of research across multiple disciplines has aimed to better understand the phenomenon of job search. However, little empirical research has examined the combined content and structure of the job search literature to accumulate programmatic knowledge. Unfortunately, this has resulted in redundancies and isolated advances that harm our...
Article
Full-text available
Vocational interest measurement has long played a significant role in work contexts, particularly in helping individuals make career choices. A recent meta‐analysis indicated that interest inventories have substantial validity for predicting career choices. However, traditional approaches to interest inventory scoring (e.g., profile matching) typic...
Article
Full-text available
Electronic performance monitoring (EPM), or the use of technological means to observe, record, and analyze information that directly or indirectly relates to employee job performance, is a now ubiquitous work practice. We conducted a comprehensive meta‐analysis of the effects of EPM on workers (K = 94 independent samples, N = 23,461). Results provi...
Article
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Using responses from a large respondent-initiated online survey, we find that the career interests of many current and aspiring computer scientists in the United States diverge from a popular and official depiction of computer scientists’ interests used for career and workforce development worldwide. Distinct profiles of career interests emerged fr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Electronic performance monitoring (EPM), or the use of technological means to observe, record, and analyze information that directly or indirectly relates to employee job performance, is a now ubiquitous work practice. We conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis of the effects of EPM on workers (K = 94 independent samples, N = 23,461), while taking...
Article
There is an ongoing debate over the extent to which women “opt out” and/or are “pushed out” of various occupations ( Kossek et al., 2017 ). To advance this debate, we explore the correspondence of women’s interests in stereotypically masculine work activities with the work activities of their occupations/occupational-aspirations. We examine 42,631...
Article
Virtual interviews have become ubiquitous, yet research on the psychological effects of their technological characteristics remains sparse. Many practitioners caution that malfunctions that commonly occur during interviews may negatively influence interviewers’ perceptions of an applicant. This concern is heightened for some groups of applicants, p...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using data from a large self-initiated online survey, we find that the career interests of many current and aspiring computer scientists diverge from the official profile of computer scientists established and promoted by the U.S. government – specifically that from the Department of Labor’s Occupational Information Network (O*NET). Five distinct p...
Preprint
Full-text available
Educational virtual environments (EVEs) are defined by their immersiveness and fidelity to real-life scenarios. EVEs are associated with positive learning outcomes, but research has largely not explored the psychological processes underlying these outcomes. We present two studies that explore this phenomenon in welding skills training. Study 1 prov...
Preprint
The rapid pace at which technology changes creates a challenge for I-O psychologists, who often conduct hypothetico-deductive research. In this article, we examine technology research in the I-O psychology community by asking three questions: “Why should I-O psychologists study new technologies?,” “How timely is I-O psychologists’ technology resear...
Preprint
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Focal article in upcoming issue of Industrial Organizational Psychology
Preprint
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Commentary to be published in forthcoming Issue of Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice
Article
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In the social and cognitive sciences, crowdsourcing provides up to half of all research participants. Despite this popularity, researchers typically do not conceptualize participants accurately, as gig-economy worker-participants. Applying theories of employee motivation and the psychological contract between employees and employers, we hypothesize...
Article
The development of inclusive STEM high schools that have no academic admission requirements has been a national goal in the United States. However, there is no umbrella organization that gives guidance for structuring such schools. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a self‐assessment using critical components of successful inclus...
Preprint
Electronic performance monitoring (EPM) is a ubiquitous organizational practice often used to increase productivity and discourage negative behaviors in a wide variety of jobs and industries. The conventional wisdom regarding employee reactions to EPM is that it leads to negative attitudes and behavioral reactions, but several recent studies have f...
Chapter
This chapter accomplishes three primary goals. First, we review the history of technologies that have been influential in the world of work, from the abacus to innovations of present day. We then identify eight characteristics that describe modern technologies: power, portability, usability, networking, encryption, ubiquity, immersion, and predicti...
Article
Full-text available
Big data and artificial intelligence (AI) have become quite compelling-and relevant, ideally-to organizations and the consulting services that help manage them. Researchers and practitioners in industrial-organizational psychology (IOP) and human resource management (HRM) can add significant value to big data and AI by offering their substantive ex...
Article
Full-text available
Electronic performance monitoring (EPM) refers to the use of technological means to observe, record, and analyze information that directly or indirectly relates to job performance. The last comprehensive review of the EPM literature was published in 2000. Since 2000, dramatic advances in information technologies have created an environment in which...
Preprint
Full-text available
Electronic performance monitoring (EPM) refers to the use of technological means to observe, record, and analyze information that directly or indirectly relates to job performance. The last comprehensive review of the EPM literature was published in 2000. Since 2000, dramatic advances in information technologies have created an environment in which...
Article
Many individuals perceive digital monitoring to be an inherently negative practice that invades privacy, but recent research suggests that it has positive effects for workers under certain circumstances. This review expands upon existing digital monitoring frameworks by adopting a psychological perspective to explain individual and contextual varia...
Article
Full-text available
Decision-making researchers purport that a novel cognitive ability construct, cognitive reflection, explains variance in intuitive thinking processes that traditional mental ability constructs do not. However, researchers have questioned the validity of the primary measure because of poor construct conceptualization and lack of validity studies. Pr...
Article
The fit of a person with a vocation, or person-vocation (P-V) fit, is important for workers and is a central concept in vocational psychology. Multiple theories in vocational psychology undergird an understanding of P-V fit, including the circular model of vocational interests and social cognitive career theory (SCCT). However, it is unclear whethe...
Article
Full-text available
Person-vocation fit across the world of work: Evaluating the generalizability of the circular model of vocational interests and social cognitive career theory across 74 countries Abstract The fit of a person with a vocation, or person-vocation (P-V) fit, is important for workers and is a central concept in vocational psychology. Multiple theories i...
Article
Full-text available
Organizations are increasingly using electronic surveillance to observe their employees’ behavior. This controversial practice has yet-unknown effects on employee behavior or attitudes. We seek to examine the effects of electronic surveillance on contextual performance, drawing from the perspective of psychological reactance theory. Data were colle...
Article
The Cambridge Handbook of Technology and Employee Behavior - edited by Richard N. Landers February 2019
Article
The Cambridge Handbook of Technology and Employee Behavior - edited by Richard N. Landers February 2019
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to expand the nomological network of a relational efficacy construct, transpersonal efficacy, and examine its effect on attitudes and behaviors important for team performance. The authors identify several antecedents to transpersonal efficacy, including task interdependence, agreeableness and conscientiousness....
Article
Decision-making competence (DMC) has potential utility in incrementally predicting decision-making behavior relative to general mental ability (g). However, prior research presents an incomplete depiction of the degree to which these two constructs overlap. This paper evaluated both theoretical and empirical discriminant validity evidence for DMC....
Preprint
Decision-making competence (DMC) has potential utility in incrementally predicting decision-making behavior relative to general mental ability (g). However, prior research presents an incomplete depiction of the degree to which these two constructs overlap. This paper evaluated both theoretical and empirical discriminant validity evidence for DMC....
Article
Academics sometimes forget that the purpose of a university is to educate : our students, our local communities, each other, and the world. Although each university is unique in its constituency, all share the charge to generate knowledge for the protection and benefit of the public good. The goal of an academic should be to beneficially impact soc...
Article
Full-text available
In industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology, much like in the organizational sciences more broadly (Hambrick, 2007), we have a bit of an addiction to theoretical models. It is commonly assumed that developing new theory is the most valuable way to solve pressing research problems and to drive our field forward (Mathieu, 2016). However, this assum...
Article
Full-text available
Inclusive STEM high schools (ISHSs) can be viewed as opportunity structures for students underrepresented in STEM. By opportunity structures, we mean an education that provides not only access to high quality STEM curriculum and instruction or “opportunity to learn,” but also the capacity to create learning environments where students can build STE...
Article
This study explores the concept of person-environment (PE) fit. There has been a push recently to move beyond unidimensional definitions of fit and to consider fit at a variety of dimensions and levels of the environment simultaneously, which has led to questions about how this multidimensional construct should be conceptualized. Specifically, is f...
Article
Full-text available
Although technology-mediated selection interviews have become more prevalent in practice, research on this phenomenon has failed to keep pace. One pressing need is to understand the dimensions upon which technology-mediated interviews might differ from one another. Particular aspects of synchronous video technology may negatively affect interviewee...
Poster
MTurk is a common source of research participants, yet little is known about consequences of different payment strategies. A multiwave experiment established that pay affects performance, satisfaction, retention, and data quality in crowdsourcing environments. In addition to pay, researchers must pay attention to the unique demands of MTurk workers...
Article
Full-text available
Big data and artificial intelligence (AI) have become quite compelling—and relevant, ideally—to organizations and the consulting services that help manage them. Researchers and practitioners in industrial-organizational psychology (IOP) and human resource management (HRM) can add significant value to big data and AI by offering their substantive ex...
Article
Full-text available
Chamorro-Premuzic, Winsborough, Sherman, and Hogan (2016) note that new talent signals recently adopted by organizations are related to older selection and assessment methods. Drawing this connection between old and new technologies is helpful; however, viewing new technology as either shiny new objects or a brave new world creates a false dichotom...
Article
Full-text available
Research suggests that the structure of trainee reactions is captured with as few as one or as many as eleven dimensions. It is commonly understood that reactions contain both affective and cognitive components. To date, however, training research focuses largely on affective reactions that range from pleasant to unpleasant (i.e., valence). Here, w...
Article
Full-text available
This instrumental case study of Manor New Tech High (MNTH) provides insight and understanding of a trend in U.S. education to create new STEM schools and increase the achievement of students underrepresented in STEM. MNTH was an inclusive, STEM-focused high school, in Manor, Texas. The creation of the school was stimulated by a statewide Texas STEM...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present a logic model that explains the success of eight “exemplar” inclusive STEM high schools located in seven states. The schools were selected for their track records of success, especially for students underrepresented in STEM. Using a conceptual framework that included ten critical components, we condu...
Article
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The use of technology such as telephone and video has become common when conducting employment interviews. However, little is known about how technology affects applicant reactions and interviewer ratings. We conducted meta-analyses of 12 studies that resulted in K = 13 unique samples and N = 1,557. Mean effect sizes for interview medium on ratings...
Article
Self-efficacy is clearly important for learning. Research identifying the most important sources of self-efficacy beliefs, however, has been somewhat limited to date in that different disciplines focus largely on different sources of self-efficacy. Whereas education researchers focus on Bandura's original sources of enactive mastery, vicarious expe...
Article
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Guzzo, Fink, King, Tonidandel, and Landis (2015) provide a clear overview of the implications of conducting research using big data. One element we believe was overlooked, however, was an individual-level perspective on big data; that is, what impact does this sort of data collection have on the individuals being studied? As psychologists, the ethi...
Conference Paper
Nationwide, only 17% of community college students go on to complete a bachelor's degree within six years of enrolling at a community college and even a fewer number in the STEM fields. Community college students are more likely to be non-traditional, who are coincidentally comprised mostly of members of underrepresented groups. In this work, we ex...
Article
Full-text available
Sampling strategies have critical implications for the validity of a researcher's conclusions. Despite this, sampling is frequently ignored in research methods textbooks, during the research design process, and in the reporting of our journals. This lack of guidance often leads reviewers and journal editors to consider sampling using simple rules o...
Article
Full-text available
This response to Perna et al. provides an alternate approach to research on massive open online courses (MOOCs). We argue that a student-centered, theory-driven conceptualization and methodological approaches allow us to move beyond descriptive statistics and into a deeper understanding of MOOC learners. Examples using a teacher development MOOC ar...
Article
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Purpose We sought to provide empirical insight and develop theory for a new organizational phenomenon: remote proctoring for Internet-based tests. We examined whether this technology is effective at decreasing cheating and whether it has unintended effects on test-taker reactions, performance, or selection procedures. Design/methodology/approach...
Article
This study examines the extent to which a sense of calling affects career choice attitudes. Drawing from social cognitive career theory, the study tested the extent to which calling is related to career outcome expectations, interests, and goals. Participants were asked to identify a job that they wanted to perform and completed a questionnaire ass...
Article
Rural schools face challenges that are often different than nonrural schools. Resource constraints are particularly acute in rural schools, and they struggle to offer advanced courses and extracurricular programs. The purpose of this paper is to present a descriptive, instrumental case study of an inclusive rural science, technology, engineering, a...
Article
Purpose – Rich, interactive media are becoming extremely common in internet recruitment systems. The paper investigates the role of media richness in applicants’ ability to learn information relevant to making an application decision. The authors examine these relationships in the context of two competing theories, namely media richness theory and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this study was to advance learner control as a psychological construct by reexamining its dimensionality and effects on learning and reactions in the context of technology-delivered training. Design/methodology/approach Learners (n=384) completed a 2-h web-based Microsoft Excel training. The amount of instructional and schedu...
Article
Research shows that technological characteristics influence important outcomes of Internet recruitment, such as organizational attractiveness perceptions. This is thought to be the result of more positive perceptions about the technology. However, few studies acknowledge the role of pre-use cognitions on post-use technology perceptions and recruitm...
Article
Full-text available
Historically, the mission of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) schools emphasized providing gifted and talented students with advanced STEM coursework. However, a newer type of STEM school is emerging in the United States: inclusive STEM high schools (ISHSs). ISHSs have open enrollment and are focused on preparing underrepres...
Article
Recognizing gaps in our present understanding of leader apologies, this investigation examines how followers appraise leader apologies and how these perceptions impact work-related outcomes. Results indicate that followers who viewed their leader as trustworthy or caring before a leader wrongdoing were more likely to perceive their leader’s apology...
Article
Recognizing gaps in our present understanding of leader apologies, this investigation examines how followers appraise leader apologies and how these perceptions impact work-related outcomes. Results indicate that followers who viewed their leader as trustworthy or caring before a leader wrongdoing were more likely to perceive their leader’s apology...
Article
Full-text available
co-principal investigators). OSPrI (Multiple Instrumental Case Studies of Inclusive STEM-focused High Schools: Opportunity Structures for Preparation and Inspiration) is funded by the National Science Foundation (DRL-1118851). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the positio...
Article
Although blatant expressions of sexism in the American workforce appear on the decline, many researchers note that discrimination is not disappearing but is instead becoming more subtle and ambiguous. Drawing from Sue et al.'s construct of microaggressions, which examines manifestations of prejudice ranging from subtle to overt, the present researc...
Article
Web-based training is frequently used by organizations as a convenient and low-cost way to teach employees new knowledge and skills. As web-based training is typically unproctored, employees may be held accountable to the organization by computer software that monitors their behaviors. The current study examines how the introduction of electronic p...
Article
Learner control is a widely touted and popular element of e-learning, both in the educational and organizational training domains. In this chapter, we explore the concept of learner control, highlighting its multidimensional and psychological nature. We examine the theoretical basis for the effects of learner control on learning and engagement. Nex...
Article
It is increasingly common for people engaging in computer–mediated interactions to be accompanied by a digital avatar that represents them. Little is known, however, about how these avatars influence others’ impressions. We examine this question in the context of employment interviews. It is well known that attractive job candidates are afforded an...
Article
I-O researchers are constantly seeking sources for large and representative participant samples. A relatively new option which has seen growing use is Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk; www.mturk.com). MTurk is an online marketplace connecting two groups: requesters offering payment for completion of human intelligence tasks (HITs) and workers willin...