Tao Xin

Tao Xin
Beijing Normal University | bnu · Institute of Developmental Psychology

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98
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Publications

Publications (98)
Article
Multidimensional computerized adaptive testing (MCAT) using mixed-format items holds great potential for the next-generation assessments. Two critical factors in the mixed-format test design (i.e., the order and proportion of polytomous items) and item selection were addressed in the context of mixed-format bifactor MCAT. For item selection, this a...
Article
Mathematics teachers’ teaching beliefs play an important role in instructional practices and students’ achievement. In China, transmissive teaching beliefs were prevalent before 2001. Since then, a student-centered concept has been advocated in the national curriculum reform; however, few studies have assessed contemporary Chinese mathematics teach...
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Cyberbystanders are generally defined as witnesses of cyberbullying performed through electronic media. They might support the perpetrator (reinforcer), help the victim (defender), or do nothing (outsider). Limited research has investigated the different roles of cyberbystanders and the factors that influence their behavior. This study aimed to adv...
Article
The upgrade educational information technology triggered by COVID‐19 has shaped a new educational order and new educational forms. As a result, traditional educational measurement is now facing a systematic transformation, that is, from the Assessment of Learning (AoL) to Assessment for Learning (AfL), and finally to Assessment as Learning (AaL). B...
Article
Learning progressions can reflect students’ continuous in-depth thinking development paths, and their establishment is an iterative process from the construction of hypothetical learning progressions to the verification of that hypotheses. Considering the limitations of the existing verification method of learning progressions based on a rule space...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate the features of only child status related to physical health, mathematics achievement, and school feelings and expectations from a different perspective. A representative sample of 91,619 Grade 4 students with an average age of 10.4 ± 0.7, among which 28,631 were only children, were assessed. We used propensity score...
Article
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This paper re-validates middle school students' learning progression of the concept of buoyancy (Gao et al., 2020) by using two-time point data. The previous study developed a four-level learning progression based on data collected at a single time point using cross-sectional design. This single-time-point model of learning progression calls for a...
Article
The present study examined the reciprocal relations among mathematics interest (MI), mathematics anxiety (MA), mathematics self-efficacy (MSE) and mathematics achievement of primary school students. Based on longitudinal data from 2789 participants, general latent variable modeling framework was used to explore reciprocal effects. The results indic...
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As one of the important research areas of cognitive diagnosis assessment, cognitive diagnostic computerized adaptive testing (CD-CAT) has received much attention in recent years. Measurement accuracy is the major theme in CD-CAT, and both the item selection method and the attribute coverage have a crucial effect on measurement accuracy. A new attri...
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This paper re-validates middle school students' learning progression of the concept of buoyancy by using two-time point data. A previous study developed a four-level learning progression based on data collected at a single time point. This model of learning progression calls for further validation through a longitudinal design focusing on changes i...
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Although classification accuracy is a critical issue in cognitive diagnostic computerized adaptive testing, attention has increasingly shifted to item exposure control to ensure test security. In this study, we developed the binary restrictive threshold (BRT) method to balance measurement accuracy and item exposure. In addition, a simulation study...
Article
The information matrix or its inverse variance–covariance matrix for the maximum likelihood estimates of model parameters in diagnostic classification models plays a key role in statistical inference. Although both the item and structural parameters should be contained in the calculation of the information matrix simultaneously, previous studies ha...
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Nowadays, automated essay evaluation (AEE) systems play an important role in evaluating essays and have been successfully used in large-scale writing assessments. However, existing AEE systems mostly focus on grammar or shallow content measurements rather than higher-order traits such as ideas. This paper proposes a new formulation of graph-based f...
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Bayesian networks (BNs) can be employed to cognitive diagnostic assessment (CDA). Most of the existing researches on the BNs for CDA utilized the MCMC algorithm to estimate parameters of BNs. When EM algorithm and gradient descending (GD) learning method are adopted to estimate the parameters of BNs, some challenges may emerge in educational assess...
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Self-efficacy plays a crucial role in an individual’s success. This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the general self-efficacy scale (GSES-C) for senior elementary school students using item response theory. A total of 568 students—271 boys and 297 girls aged 10 to 14 years (M = 11.81, SD = .69)—were recruite...
Article
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Social media fatigue (SMF), which refers to social media users’ tendency to withdraw from social media because of feeling overwhelmed, is closely related to individuals’ social life and well-being. Many studies focused on understanding SMF and exploring its enablers and influences. However, few pieces of research administered a standard measurement...
Article
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Calibration errors are inevitable and should not be ignored during the estimation of item parameters. Items with calibration error can affect the measurement results of tests. One of the purposes of the current study is to investigate the impacts of the calibration errors during the estimation of item parameters on the measurement accuracy, average...
Article
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Studies have rarely investigated the association between extrinsic motivation and social media fatigue. This study aims to examine the mediating role of Fear of missing out (FOMO) and problematic social media use in the association between extrinsic academic motivation and social media fatigue. A total of 399 college students (43% males) completed...
Article
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How to effectively evaluate students' essays based on a series of relatively objective writing criteria has always been a topic of discussion. With the development of automatic essay scoring, a key question is whether the writing quality can be evaluated systematically based on the scoring rubric. To address this issue, we used an innovative set of...
Article
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As previous researchers have found, like other parts of the world, depression is prevalent among middle school teachers in China. The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) has been widely used to detect depression among workers in different careers all over the world and has shown good scale properties but inconsistent factor structures. To examine...
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Many previous studies have discussed the influence of extrinsic factors (e.g. living environment) on academic achievement of children from western China. The present study focused on four non-cognitive factors, self-educational aspiration, self-efficacy, instrumental motivation, and anxiety, which could affect mathematics achievement. The purpose o...
Article
Most computerized adaptive testing (CAT) programs do not allow item review due to a decrease in estimation precision and aberrant manipulation strategies. In this article, a block item pocket (BIP) method that combines the item pocket method with the successive block method to realize reviewable CAT was proposed. A worst-case but still reasonable a...
Article
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The estimation of high-dimensional latent regression item response theory (IRT) models is difficult because of the need to approximate integrals in the likelihood function. Proposed solutions in the literature include using stochastic approximations, adaptive quadrature, and Laplace approximations. We propose using a second-order Laplace approximat...
Article
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We applied latent class analysis and the rule space model to verify the cumulative characteristic of conceptual change by developing a learning progression for buoyancy. For this study, we first abstracted seven attributes of buoyancy and then developed a hypothesized learning progression for buoyancy. A 14-item buoyancy instrument was administered...
Article
Many previous studies have discussed the influence of extrinsic factors (e.g. living environment) on academic achievement of children from western China. The present study focused on four non-cognitive factors, self-educational aspiration, self-efficacy, instrumental motivation, and anxiety, which could affect mathematics achievement. The purpose o...
Article
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We propose a new method that balances attribute coverage for short-length cognitive diagnostic computerized adaptive testing (CD-CAT). The new method uses the attribute discrimination index (ADI-based method) instead of the number of items that measure each attribute [modified global discrimination index (MGDI)-based method] to balance the attribut...
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The study examined the dimensionality and psychometric properties of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) criteria for heroin use disorder in a clinical sample of Chinese adolescents using item response theory approach. We examined 168 adolescents aged 14.8–17.9 years, who were in treatment for heroin use disor...
Article
Aberrant response has an important impact on item parameter estimation, individuals’ evaluation, and other statistical analysis. There are various types of aberrant response behaviors in educational and psychological tests, like sleeping, guessing, and plodding. Random response is the most common one. The purpose of this research was to clarify the...
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This paper explores how personality factors affect substance use disorders (SUDs) using explanatory item response modeling (EIRM). A total of 606 Chinese illicit drug users participated in our study. After removing the cases with missing values on the covariate measures, a final sample of 573 participants was used for data analysis. The Diagnostic...
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This study investigated the effects of social-emotional competency on pupils' academic achievement, academic emotions and attitudes, and interpersonal relationships. Participants were 7106 fourth-grade and fifth-grade students in western China. The results were: (1) social-emotional competency positively predicted pupils' academic achievement (incl...
Article
Purpose: To summarize the framework and development procedure of the China National Assessment of Education Quality - Physical Education & Health in 2015 (CNAEQ-PEH 2015), an authoritative and evidence-based national surveillance protocol developed by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China for Grade 4 and Grade 8 students. Me...
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As a class of discrete latent variable models, cognitive diagnostic models have been widely researched in education, psychology, and many other disciplines. Detecting and eliminating differential item functioning (DIF) items from cognitive diagnostic tests is of great importance for test fairness and validity. A Monte Carlo study with varying manip...
Article
The large-scale internal migration from countryside to city over the past 30 years has transformed China’s demographic, social, economic, and educational landscapes. There were approximately 35.81 million children below age 18 living with their migrant parents in urban cities without local registration of permanent residence (Hukou). Migrant childr...
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We investigated the mediating roles of anger and hostility in the relationship between social support and moral disengagement. Participants were 315 college students who completed the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Aggression Questionnaire to assess anger and hostility, and the Moral Disengagement Questionnaire. Multiple mediation analysis res...
Article
Multidimensional computerized adaptive testing (MCAT) based on the bifactor model is suitable for tests with multidimensional bifactor measurement structures. Several item selection methods that proved to be more advantageous than the maximum Fisher information method are not practical for bifactor MCAT due to time-consuming computations resulting...
Article
This article is an overview of the National Assessment of Education Quality (NAEQ) of China in reading, mathematics, sciences, arts, physical education, and moral education at Grades 4 and 8. After a review of the background and history of NAEQ, we present the assessment framework with students’ holistic development at the core and the design for e...
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The performance of the limited-information statistic M 2 for diagnostic classification models (DCMs) is under-investigated in the current literature. Specifically, the investigations of M 2 for specific DCMs rather than general modeling frameworks are needed. This article aims to demonstrate the usefulness of M 2 in hierarchical diagnostic classifi...
Article
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This study aims to investigate the effect of different item exposure controlling strategies on item selection methods in the context of multidimensional computerized adaptive testing (MCAT). Additionally, this study aims to examine to what extend the restrictive threshold (RT) and the restrictive progressive (RPG) exposure methods suppress the item...
Article
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Diagnostic classification models (DCMs) have been widely used in education, psychology, and many other disciplines. To select the most appropriate DCM for each item, the Wald test has been recommended. However, prior research has revealed that this test provides inflated Type I error rates. To address this problem, the authors propose to replace th...
Article
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Two new methods to estimate the asymptotic covariance matrix for marginal maximum likelihood estimation of cognitive diagnosis models (CDMs), the inverse of the observed information matrix and the sandwich-type estimator, are introduced. Unlike several previous covariance matrix estimators, the new methods take into account both the item and struct...
Article
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In the past decades, the longitudinal approach has been remarkably and increasingly used in the investigations of children's cognitive development. Recently, many researchers have started to realize the importance and necessity of examining measurement invariance for any further longitudinal analysis. However, there are few empirical studies demons...
Article
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We used the Rule Space Model, a cognitive diagnostic model, to measure the learning progression for thermochemistry for senior high school students. We extracted five attributes and proposed their hierarchical relationships to model the construct of thermochemistry at four levels using a hypothesized learning progression. For this study, we develop...
Article
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In spite of the growing interest in the methods of evaluating the classification consistency (CC) indices, only few researches are available in the field of applying thesemethods in the practice of large-scale educational assessment. In addition, only few studies considered the influence of practical factors, for example, the examinee ability distr...
Article
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To link scores of different test booklets from the same cycle to the same scale, large-scale international educational assessment programs mainly use concurrent calibration to estimate item parameters. Plausible values are used as students’ability scores. The equating designs and methods are relatively consistent across different assessment program...
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p>Multiple-choice item is wildly used in psychological and educational test. The present study investigated that if a multiple-choice item have an advantage than a dichotomous item on ability evaluation.An item response model,nested logitmodel (NLM),was used to fit the multiple-choice data. Both simulation study and empirical study indicated that t...
Article
In applications of item response theory (IRT), an estimate of the reliability of the ability estimates or sum scores is often reported. However, analytical expressions for the standard errors of the estimators of the reliability coefficients are not available in the literature and therefore the variability associated with the estimated reliability...
Article
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Writing assessments are an indispensable part of most language competency tests. In our research, we used cross-classified models to study rater effects in the real essay rating process of a large-scale, high-stakes educational examination administered in China in 2011. Generally, four cross-classified models are suggested for investigation of rate...
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We report the development and validation of a scale to measure online shopping addiction. Inspired by previous theories and research on behavioral addiction, the Griffiths's widely accepted six-factor component model was referred to and an 18-item scale was constructed, with each component measured by three items. The results of exploratory factor...
Article
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Multidimensional computerized adaptive testing (MCAT) has received increasing attention over the past few years in educational measurement. Like all other formats of CAT, item replenishment is an essential part of MCAT for its item bank maintenance and management, which governs retiring overexposed or obsolete items over time and replacing them wit...
Article
. Random response is a very common aberrant response behavior in personality tests and may negatively affect the reliability, validity, or other analytical aspects of psychological assessment. Typically, researchers use a single person-fit index to identify random responses. This study recommends a three-step person-fit analysis procedure. Unlike t...
Article
We develop a latent variable selection method for multidimensional item response theory models. The proposed method identifies latent traits probed by items of a multidimensional test. Its basic strategy is to impose an \(L_{1}\) penalty term to the log-likelihood. The computation is carried out by the expectation–maximization algorithm combined wi...
Article
The current study focuses on developing the learning progression of number sense for primary school students, and it applies a cognitive diagnostic model, the rule space model, to data analysis. The rule space model analysis firstly extracted nine cognitive attributes and their hierarchy model from the analysis of previous research and the mathemat...
Article
An alarming number of students drop out of junior high school in developing countries. In this study, we examine the impacts of providing a social–emotional learning (SEL) program on the dropout behavior and learning anxiety of students in the first two years of junior high. We do so by analyzing data from a randomized controlled trial involving 70...
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There has been debate regarding the factor structure of the Children's Coping Strategies Scale (CCSS); in most previous studies there were different subscales, representing coping strategies. However, according to the theoretically multidimensional construct of coping, coping consists of an adaptive process and uses the lowest possible level of cop...
Article
The fit of cognitive diagnostic models (CDMs) to response data needs to be evaluated, since CDMs might yield misleading results when they do not fit the data well. Limited-information statistic M 2 and the associated root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA2) in item factor analysis were extended to evaluate the fit of CDMs. The findings sugg...
Article
Multidimensional computerized adaptive testing(MCAT) is based on the multidimensional item response theory and computerized adaptive testing. It can not only assess the examinees' multidimensional ability, but also improve the measurement accuracy and test efficiency of cognitive diagnostic assessment. Hence, there will be a wild area for the appli...
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A local equating method of cognitively diagnostic modeled observed score was introduced to address the problem of equating without anchor test as well as the satisfaction of equating criteria. The criterion of test construct was redefined on attribute level. Then, a true family of equating transformations given attribute mastery pattern was derived...
Article
The authors explored the effects of drifting common items on vertical scaling within the higher order framework of item parameter drift (IPD). The results showed that if IPD occurred between a pair of test levels, the scaling performance started to deviate from the ideal state, as indicated by bias of scaling. When there were two items drifting wit...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the developmental trajectory and patterns of physical aggression and relational aggression over time, and also to examine the gender differences of the three-year developmental process as well as the impact of the developmental trajectory on mental health. Design/methodology/approach – Particip...