Tao ni

Tao ni
University of Oxford | OX · Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine

Doctor of Philosophy

About

26
Publications
3,876
Reads
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492
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - June 2016
University of Oxford
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2015 - October 2016
University of Oxford
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2009 - July 2012
Nankai University
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
Carboxysomes are a family of bacterial microcompartments in cyanobacteria and chemoautotrophs. They encapsulate Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) and carbonic anhydrase catalyzing carbon fixation inside a proteinaceous shell. How Rubisco complexes pack within the carboxysomes is unknown. Using cryo-electron tomography, we de...
Preprint
Perforin-2 (PFN2, MPEG1) is a key pore-forming protein in mammalian innate immunity restricting intracellular bacteria proliferation. It forms a membrane-bound pre-pore complex that converts to a pore-forming structure upon acidification; but its mechanism of conformational transition has been debated. Here we used cryo-electron microscopy, tomogra...
Article
Perforin-like proteins (PLPs) play key roles in mechanisms associated with parasitic disease caused by apicomplexans parasites Plasmodium and Toxoplasma. The T. gondii PLP1 (TgPLP1) mediates tachyzoite egress from cells, while the five Plasmodium PLPs carry out various roles in the life cycle of the parasite and with respect to the molecular basis...
Preprint
Carboxysomes are a family of bacterial microcompartments in cyanobacteria and chemoautotrophs. It encapsulates carbonic anhydrase and Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) catalysing carbon fixation inside a proteinaceous shell. How Rubisco packs into the carboxysomes is unknown. Using cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram av...
Article
Cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging (STA) has developed rapidly in recent years. It provides structures of macromolecular complexes in situ and in cellular context at or below subnanometer resolution and has led to unprecedented insights into the inner working of molecular machines in their native environment, as well as their functi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Perforin-like proteins (PLPs) play key roles in the mechanisms associated with parasitic disease caused by apicomplexans such as Plasmodium (malaria) and Toxoplasma. The T. gondii PLP1 (TgPLP1) mediates tachyzoite egress from cells, while the five Plasmodium PLPs carry out various roles in the life cycle of the parasite and with respect to the mole...
Article
The viral capsid plays essential roles in HIV replication and is a major platform engaging host factors. To overcome challenges in study native capsid structure, we used the perfringolysin O to perforate the membrane of HIV-1 particles, thus allowing host proteins and small molecules to access the native capsid while improving cryo-electron microsc...
Article
Full-text available
Since the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, there have been intense structural studies on purified viral components and inactivated viruses. However, structural and ultrastructural evidence on how the SARS-CoV-2 infection progresses in the native cellular context is scarce, and there is a lack of comprehensive knowledge on the SARS-CoV-2 replica...
Article
Full-text available
How thylakoid membranes are generated to form a metabolically active membrane network and how thylakoid membranes orchestrate the insertion and localization of protein complexes for efficient electron flux remain elusive. Here, we develop a method to modulate thylakoid biogenesis in the rod-shaped cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 by...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, there have been intense structural studies on purified recombinant viral components and inactivated viruses. However, structural and ultrastructural evidence on how the SARS-CoV-2 infection progresses in the frozen-hydrated native cellular context is scarce, and there is a lack of comprehensive knowled...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, there have been intense structural studies on purified recombinant viral components and inactivated viruses. However, investigation of the SARS-CoV-2 infection in the native cellular context is scarce, and there is a lack of comprehensive knowledge on SARS-CoV-2 replicative cycle. Understanding the gen...
Article
Full-text available
The mature retrovirus capsid consists of a variably curved lattice of capsid protein (CA) hexamers and pentamers. High-resolution structures of the curved assembly, or in complex with host factors, have not been available. By devising cryo-EM methodologies for exceedingly flexible and pleomorphic assemblies, we have determined cryo-EM structures of...
Article
CryoET Data Collection and Subtomogram Averaging Using EmClarity - Tao Ni, Peijun Zhang
Article
Full-text available
Perforin-2 (MPEG1) is thought to enable the killing of invading microbes engulfed by macrophages and other phagocytes, forming pores in their membranes. Loss of perforin-2 renders individual phagocytes and whole organisms significantly more susceptible to bacterial pathogens. Here, we reveal the mechanism of perforin-2 activation and activity using...
Article
Full-text available
Coxsackievirus A10 (CV-A10) is responsible for an escalating number of severe infections in children, but no prophylactics or therapeutics are currently available. KREMEN1 (KRM1) is the entry receptor for the largest receptor-group of hand-foot-and-mouth disease causing viruses, which includes CV-A10. We report here structures of CV-A10 mature viru...
Article
Full-text available
Toxoplasma and Plasmodium are the parasitic agents of toxoplasmosis and malaria, respectively, and use perforin-like proteins (PLPs) to invade host organisms and complete their life cycles. The Toxoplasma gondii PLP1 (TgPLP1) is required for efficient exit from parasitophorous vacuoles in which proliferation occurs. We report structures of the memb...
Article
Full-text available
Pore-forming proteins play critical roles in pathogenic attack and immunological defence. The membrane attack complex/perforin (MACPF) group of homologues represents, with cholesterol-dependent cytolysins, the largest family of such proteins. In this review, we begin by describing briefly the structure of MACPF proteins, outlining their common mech...
Article
Full-text available
Kindlins co-activate integrins alongside talin. They possess, like talin, a FERM domain comprising F0-F3 subdomains, but with a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain inserted in the F2 subdomain that enables membrane association. We present the crystal structure of murine kindlin-3 PH domain determined at 2.23Å resolution and characterise its lipid bindi...
Article
Full-text available
Class A plexins (PlxnAs) act as semaphorin receptors and control diverse aspects of nervous system development and plasticity, ranging from axon guidance and neuron migration to synaptic organization. PlxnA signaling requires cytoplasmic domain dimerization, but extracellular regulation and activation mechanisms remain unclear. Here we present crys...
Article
Full-text available
The vertebrate-specific proteins astrotactin-1 and 2 (ASTN-1 and ASTN-2) are integral membrane perforin-like proteins known to play critical roles in neurodevelopment, while ASTN-2 has been linked to the planar cell polarity pathway in hair cells. Genetic variations associated with them are linked to a variety of neurodevelopmental disorders and ot...
Article
Full-text available
Modification of target molecules by ubiquitin or ubiquitin-like (Ubl) proteins is generally reversible. Little is known, however, about the physiological function of the reverse reaction, deconjugation. Atg8 is a unique Ubl protein whose conjugation target is the lipid phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Atg8 functions in the formation of double-membran...

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