Tamás Martos

Tamás Martos
University of Szeged · Department of Personality, Clinical and Health Psychology

Ph.D.

About

129
Publications
103,010
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1,065
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Introduction
I am interested in personality psychology (motivation) and family psychology, close relationships and family therapy. I run currently a research program, which focuses on the relational meaning of personal projects in couples.
Additional affiliations
February 2016 - April 2016
University of Szeged
Position
  • Senior Researcher
November 2008 - January 2016
Semmelweis University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2005 - December 2010
Semmelweis University

Publications

Publications (129)
Article
Full-text available
Investigations into the intimate relationships of sexual minorities are proliferating, but often adopt a deficit-oriented and US-centered perspective. In this tri-nation online study with sexual minority participants from Austria, Germany, and Switzerland (N = 571), we (i) assessed the construct validity of the German version of a well-known measur...
Preprint
Full-text available
Investigations into the intimate relationships of sexual minorities are proliferating, but often adopt a deficit-oriented and US-centered perspective. In this tri-nation online study with sexual minority participants from Austria, Germany, and Switzerland (N = 571), we (i) assessed the construct validity of the German version of a well-known measur...
Article
Full-text available
Background Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are highly prevalent and remain challenging in healthcare and medical education, along with the increase in the importance of intercultural issues regarding MUS. However, less is known about the challenges of professionally addressing patients with MUS in the interprofessional and intercultural contex...
Article
Full-text available
Background The construct of meaningful work (MW) has become the subject of various studies. Workers who experience MW have higher career and organizational commitment, report fewer days absent, and are characterized by a higher level of well-being. The aim of this study is to test a measure of MW, the Work and Meaning Inventory by Steger et al. Thi...
Article
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Personal projects represent a person’s pursuits in different life domains. The present study examines the orientations of adults’ personal projects and how these orientations are embedded in the dynamics of romantic relationships. Cross-sectional data from 249 married or cohabitating Hungarian heterosexual couples were collected (mean age 42 ± 10.7...
Article
ARTICLE IN HUNGARIAN! PLEASE DON'T ASK FOR ENGLISH MS. Introduction: The prevention of social anxiety alone and in the prevention of comorbid diseases is key. In the present research, we examine subclinical-level social anxiety from a previously understudied perspective, in its asso ciation with environmental self-regulatory strategies. We use the...
Article
Development of autonomous vehicles (AVs) is growing in a rapid rate, however, the most dominant barriers in their adoption seem to be rather psychological than technical. The present online survey study aimed to investigate which demographical and personality dimensions predict attitudes towards AVs on a Hungarian sample (N = 328). We demonstrated...
Article
Full-text available
Háttér és célkitűzések: Kutatásunk1 célja az átlagos és átlagostól eltérő fejlődésű gyermeket nevelő anyák szülőireziliencia-faktorainak személyorientált elemzése volt. A három szülői- reziliencia-faktor, amelynek mintázatait (profiljait) kerestük: a gyermek jellemzőinek isme- rete, az észlelt társas támogatottság, illetve a szülőség pozitív észlel...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A Családi Vállalatok Központ 2019 és 2021 között átfogó kutatást végzett a magyarországi családi vállalatok utódlásának jellemzőiről a Horváth Péter Alapítvány támogatásával. A kutatás elsősorban arra kereste a választ, hogy mely tényezők segítik és mely tényezők hátráltatják a vállalat családon belüli továbbadását, de emellett általános utódlási h...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A Családi Vállalatok Központ 2019 és 2021 között átfogó kutatást végzett a magyarországi családi vállalatok utódlásának jellemzőiről a Horváth Péter Alapítvány támogatásával. A kutatás elsősorban arra kereste a választ, hogy mely tényezők segítik és mely tényezők hátráltatják a vállalat családon belüli továbbadását, de emellett általános utódlási h...
Article
Full-text available
Háttér és célkitűzések Egészséggel kapcsolatos céljaink szoros összefüggést mutatnak egészség-magatartásunkkal, így ennek vizsgálata fiatal felnőtteknél kiemelten fontos, mivel a fiatal ekkor alakítja ki saját életstílusát. A megközelítő célok egy kívánt állapot elérésére, az elkerülő célok valamilyen kellemetlen állapottól való megszabadulásra von...
Article
Full-text available
Célkitűzés Az utóbbi évtizedek egyik legjelentősebb felsőoktatási problémája a nagyarányú hallgatói lemorzsolódás vagy a diploma nélküli kilépés. A jelenség megértéséhez többféle elméleti és módszertani megközelítést használtak a kutatók. Tanulmányunk célja, hogy áttekintést nyújtson a lemorzsolódás témában megjelenő cikkek szemléletmódjáról, fókus...
Article
Full-text available
Following the global outbreak of COVID-19 in March 2020, individuals report psychological distress associated with the “new normal”—social distancing, financial hardships, and increased responsibilities while working from home. Given the interpersonal nature of stress and coping responses between romantic partners, based on the systemic transaction...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are highly prevalent and remain challenging in healthcare and medical education, along with the increase in the importance of intercultural issues regarding MUS. However, less is known about the challenges of professionally addressing patients with MUS in the interprofessional and intercultural contex...
Article
Full-text available
A growing number of studies support the idea that academic performance is based on specific psychological resources and cognitive abilities. As early university dropout is a widespread problem, it is increasingly important to explore which psychological resources can enhance learning, academic motivation, and achievement during the transition from...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study we describe a context-sensitive, personal-projects-based approach to dyadic coping with stress which adapted the Dyadic Coping Inventory (DCI) for the assessment of dyadic coping strategies in stressful personal projects. In a cross-sectional study, 149 heterosexual Hungarian couples provided evaluations pertaining to their dya...
Article
We conducted a person-centered analysis of the Aspiration Index to identify subgroups that differ in the levels of their specific (wealth, fame and image, personal growth, relationships, community giving, and health) and global intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations. In a Hungarian (N = 3,370; 77% female; age: M = 23.57), an Australian (N = 1,632; 51%...
Chapter
Full-text available
Book chapter (written in Hungarian) about the Multidimensional Work Motivation Scale.
Article
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Háttér és célkitűzések A wulffi elméletet alapul vevő Kritika Utáni Vallásosság skála két dimenzión alapuló kiértékelése (Martos, Kézdy, Robu, Urbán és Horváth-Szabó, 2009) lehetőséget nyújt egy újfajta vallásosságtipológia létrehozására. Kutatásunk célja az volt, hogy a vallás iránti attitűdöket személyorientált statisztikai eljárások segítségével...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a person-centered analysis of the Aspiration Index to identify subgroups that differ in the levels of their specific (wealth, fame and image, personal growth, relationships, community giving, and health) and global intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations. In a Hungarian (N=3370; 77% female; age: M = 23.57), an Australian (N=1632; 51% femal...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Reliable and valid assessment of subjective risk perception is a crucial part of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and rehabilitation. Since the recently developed Attitudes and Beliefs about Cardiovascular Disease (ABCD) Risk Questionnaire complies with these requirements, the aim of the present study was to investigate the psycho...
Article
Full-text available
Háttér és célkitűzések A halogató viselkedés kutatásában egyre hangsúlyosabb szerepet kap a maladaptív passzív halogatás és a hatékony stratégiaként alkalmazható aktív halogatás elkülönítése. Tanulmányunk célja a Choi és Moran (2009) által kidolgozott Aktív-Passzív Halogatás Kérdőív magyar változatának (Szabó, 2012) pszichometriai tesztelése volt....
Article
Full-text available
Absztrakt Bevezetés: Számos tanulmány vizsgálta az emlőrákkal diagnosztizált nők kötődési stílusát, és az eddigi eredmények rámutatnak arra, hogy a betegek életminőségének és a gyógyulás optimális feltételeinek biztosítása érdekében fontos figyelembe venni a kötődési mintázat és a kapcsolati jellemzők közötti összefüggéseket is. Célkitűzés és módsz...
Article
Full-text available
Elméleti háttér : A párkapcsolati elégedettség a családi és a párkapcsolati működés egyik legtöbbet kutatott területe, fontos jelzője a párkapcsolatok stabilitásának és minőségének. A párkapcsolat minősége továbbá hatással van az általános jóllétre, a testi és lelki egészségre. Cél : Házas és együtt élő párok párkapcsolati működésének és elégedetts...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To explore the association between delivery-specific health-related control beliefs and preferred ways of delivery in nulliparous Hungarian women. Moreover, since data on delivery-specific control beliefs and delivery-related preferences of non-pregnant nulliparous women is lacking, the present study seeks to provide descriptive informatio...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death accounting for 4 million deaths per year in Europe. Psychosocial factors explain at least 25–40% of the disease’s prevalence beyond the well-known lifestyle factors. Isolation in adulthood is one of the main sources of chronic stress that raises the incidence of the disease. The low...
Article
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In this study, we aimed to review the literature on the relationship between religiosity and intimate relationship functioning. Since religious approaches put the relationship and the life of the couple in a broader perspective and give it a special character, religiosity may have a significant influence on the relationship of religious couples. Sc...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown unique benefits associated with both providing and receiving autonomy-support among same-sex friends (Deci et al. 2006). The present research examined the provision and receipt of two types of goal support from the viewpoints of the two partners in heterosexual couples (n = 247 Hungarian couples). The level of autonomy a...
Article
The aim of the study was to investigate the benefits of favourite physical places for well-being based on the idea of environmental self-regulation. It proposes that everyday favourite places are used as a “coping mechanism” to enhance subjective well-being through reflection, emotion regulation and withdrawal. We investigated the connection betwee...
Preprint
We conducted a person-centered analysis of the Aspiration Index to identify subgroups that differ in the levels of their specific (wealth, fame and image, personal growth, relationships, health, and community giving) and global intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations. In a Hungarian (N=3370; 77% female; age: M = 23.57), an Australian (N=1632; 51% femal...
Article
Full-text available
Past decades’ rapid development of technological innovations can ease individual’s everyday lives, but they can also convey a sense of frustration. The aim of the present study was to investigate attitudes toward technologies that are expected to become widespread in the near future. The Technology Readiness Index was administered to a sample of Hu...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental and emotional self-regulation skills play a critical role in promoting well-being of individuals and in encouraging healthy relationships. However, occurrence of chronic illness in one family member complicates routine dyadic coping processes for the couple. Additionally, according to environmental psychologists, self-regulation proce...
Article
Full-text available
Relational accounts of goal striving have barely considered dyadic coping as an element of the process, nor has dyadic coping research utilized the unique advantages of the goal construct (e.g., in form of personal project assessment) so far. Therefore, the primary aim of the present study was to explore stress and dyadic coping experiences associa...
Article
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Háttér és célkitűzések: A hétköznapi életben egyre nagyobb a jelentősége a technológiai fejlesztéseknek, miközben ezek megítélésében jelentős egyéni különbségek feltételezhetők. A Technológiára való Készenlét Indexe (Technology Readiness Index, TRI; Parasuraman, 2000), illetve a Technológia Alkalmazására való Hajlandóság kérdőíve (Technology Adopti...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to introduce the Mysticism Scale on a Hungarian population and to investigate the meaning and nature of reported mystical experiences (ME) from three different aspects: their associations with religious attitudes, the big five personality traits, and the need for cognitive closure. The sample consisted of 240 responden...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we examined loneliness and hope components as predictors of unhappy conditions (viz., anxious symptoms, depressive symptoms, & suicidal ideation) in young adults. The sample was comprised of 489 Hungarian college students. Results of conducting hierarchical regression analyses indicated that loneliness and hope pathways (but not hope...
Article
Full-text available
Employee well-being is increasingly recognized as a key aspect of individual and organizational performance. Optimistic mindset – conceptualized as explanatory style of interpretation of positive and negative events – is an important aspect of employee well-being. The present study aims to explore different types of explanatory styles in Hungarian...
Article
Full-text available
A legtöbb felnőtt ember életének jelentős részét képezi a munkavégzés, így az, hogy mi motiválja őket ebben, nagy szerepet játszik a mindennapjaikban. Kutatásunkban 1662 magyar munkavállaló munkahelyi motivációs mintázatait vizsgáltuk az öndetermináció elméletének tükrében. A Többdimenziós Munkamotiváció Skála (Gagné és mtsai, 2015) alskáláinak kla...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the associations between (a) the adult attachment in close relationships measured by attachment dimensions of avoidance and anxiety (Experiences of Close Relationships Inventory; Brennan, Clark, & Shaver, 1998), and (b) the intergenerational family patterns in terms of personal authority constructs (individuation, triangulat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The aim of the present study was to develop and psychometrically investigate a revised version of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scales for Labour and Delivery(MHLC-LD). The rationale for this development was the need to assess labour and delivery specific health-related control beliefs regardless of the respondent’s repro...
Article
Full-text available
A stresszel való egyéni megküzdés modelljei mellett mind elméleti, mind gyakorlati szempontból egyre inkább előtérbe kerülnek a megküzdés társas folyamatai. Elméleti összefoglalónkban ezért bemutatjuk a párkapcsolati stressz és megküzdés leírására létrejött különböző modelleket, ezek között a Kapcsolatfókuszú Megküzdési Modellt; a Rendszer-Tranzakc...
Article
Full-text available
Háttér és célok: A tanulmányban bemutatjuk a Grounded Theory (GT) módszertanának történeti és tudományfi lozófi ai alapjait, valamint ismertetjük a megközelítésen belül kialakult különböző irányzatok legfontosabb jellemzőit. A GT-módszertanon alapuló empirikus kutatások szemlézésével és értékelésével illusztráljuk a felhasználás lehetséges módjait....
Article
We examined hope and family support as predictors of suicide risk (viz., anxious symptoms, depressive symptoms, and suicide ideation) in a sample of 502 Hungarian college students. Results of hierarchical regression analyses indicated that the inclusion of family support provided further incremental validity in predicting all three indices of suici...
Article
Full-text available
Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 39, 235-262. (2017) While scientific interest in the relationship between psychotherapeutic praxis and spirituality is growing, there is still little knowledge on this topic, especially in an East Central European context. To explore how psychotherapists understand spiritual issues and experiences they encou...
Article
The present study investigated loneliness and optimism as predictors of suicide risk, specifically, depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation, in 457 Hungarian college students. Beyond the expected role of loneliness in suicide risk, being optimistic buffered the positive association between loneliness and suicide. The findings implicate the import...
Article
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In this paper we summarise the basic tenets of Self-Determination Theory (SDT). As a special occasion for this overview, we review two recently published edited books on relationship motiv ation (WEINSTEIN 2014) and work motivation (GAGNE 2014) because both of them rely extensively on SDT concepts and principles while they extend the conceptual fra...
Article
In this study, we examined loneliness and family support as predictors of suicide risk (viz., depressive symptoms and suicide ideation) in college students. The sample was comprised of 456 Hungarian college students. Results of conducting hierarchical regression analyses, controlling for sex and age, indicated that the inclusion of family support p...
Article
Full-text available
A specific model involving optimism and hope as predictors of suicide risk, namely, depressive symptoms and suicide ideation, was tested in a sample of 508 (242 male and 266 female) Hungarian college students. Beyond the distinct influence of the two predictors on both depressive symptoms and suicide ideation, optimism and hope were also hypothesiz...
Article
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Research on the explanatory style model of optimistic mindset has burgeoned in the la st decades. The present study presents the first examination of a new measure of the optimistic mindset, the MQ Test. The MQ Test u ses 3 6 persona l and work situations for prompting responses; however, it applies a situational judgment test approach. In the pres...
Article
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A tanulmány bemutatja az Alapellátás-fejlesztési Modellprogram egészségpszichológiai szolgáltatásainak eredményességvizsgálatát. Egészségpszichológiai szolgáltatásban részesült páciensek mintáján igazoltuk, hogy a beavatkozások után alacsonyabb depresszivitás és észlelt stressz, valamint fokozott jóllét érzés volt jellemző mind az egyéni mind a cso...
Article
We tested a model consistent with the notion that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness mediate the association between future orientation and suicide risk (viz., depressive symptoms & suicide ideation) in college students. The sample was comprised of 195 Hungarian college students. Results indicated that the negative associations fou...
Article
The present research examined the validity of the Hungarian Frequency of Suicidal Ideation Inventory (FSII-H). In Study 1, among 457 Hungarian college students, confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-factor model. In Study 2, among 241 Hungarian college students, FSII-H correlated positively with measures of suicide risk factors, and negative...
Chapter
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A fejezet bemutatja egy általános motivációs elmélet, az öndetermináció elméletének alapjait és legfontosabb témáit, kutatási eredményeit. Áttekintjük az alapvető pszichológiai szükségletek elméletét, valamint az extrinzik (anyagias) és intrinzik életcélokkal kapcsolatos kutatási eredményeket. A motiváció egyik fontos jellemzője a személy önszabály...
Article
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Írásunkban azt a kérdést vizsgáljuk, hogy van-e létjogosultsága, illetve milyen hatással működhet a szupervizor és szupervíziós csoport nélkül végzett önszupervízió. A szupervízió alapvető irányainak és elméleti kérdéseinek rövid áttekintésével keressük az önszupervízió helyét a szupervíziós iskolák rendszerében, elméletében és gyakorlatában. Kiind...
Article
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In well-being research the term happiness is often used as synonymous with life satisfaction. However, little is known about lay people’s understanding of happiness. Building on the available literature, this study explored lay definitions of happiness across nations and cultural dimensions, analyzing their components and relationship with particip...
Conference Paper
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Kivonat: A hang alapú tartalom személyre szabásához az elmúlt évek technikai fejlődése, elsősorban az okostelefonok és a mobilinternet elterjedése, megteremtette a technikai hátteret. Ennek megfelelően az lejátszási lista készítés (angol: " playlist generation ") fontos kutatási területté lépett elő. Jelen munka célja a kevert beszéd-zene lejátszás...
Chapter
In the present study we tested the efficacy of the technique of ‘self supervision with role reversal’ according to R. Krüger. The key question was whether this kind of self supervision has an effect on the relationship of a helper with her client. In an experimental efficacy study we compared the effect of two self supervision techniques: the SSRR...
Article
(the paper is in Hungarian - this is the English abstract) BACKGROUND: Nowadays the theme of unemployment and the given answers of it are up-to-date questions in psychology. In spite of this fact, the psychological methods measuring this phenomenon are often missing. That is why the Unemployment Stress Scale (USS) is presented in this article. Meth...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims. In the last three decades various self-administered procedures have become general in investigating the role of adult attachment in romantic relationships. The ASQ (Feeney et al., 1994) deserves special attention because in contrast to other measures it focuses not only on romantic relationships but on relationships generally i...