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Research in different domains has shown that people categorize oneself and others as ingroup ("us") and outgroup ("them") members, resulting in group-based stereotyping and attribution errors that may adversely affect social behaviour. To determine whether such patterns also exist in road traffic, we conducted an experimental web-based survey using...
Progressive penalty system and road safety; Estimated safety effects of progressive fines for repeated speeding offences A traffic offence is typically more heavily penalized if it comes with a greater risk. As one exceeds the limit – for driving speed or blood alcohol content – to a greater extent, the fine one gets is higher. Repeat offences also...
The evaluation of campaigns aimed at improving road safety is still the exception rather than the rule. Because of this, ineffective campaigns and campaign techniques are allowed to continue to be utilised without question, while new methods of behaviour modification are often ignored. Therefore, the necessity and advantages of formally evaluating...