Tal Simons

Tal Simons
Erasmus University Rotterdam | EUR · Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)

Professor

About

30
Publications
9,457
Reads
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1,741
Citations
Citations since 2017
8 Research Items
416 Citations
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Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
Considering recent theoretical discussions about the concept of moral legitimacy, this study advances our understanding of its performance consequences. Specifically, it uncovers the mediating role of moral legitimacy in the relationship between regulations and industry performance. Our analysis of the U.S. state-level data on regulations in a cont...
Article
The literature on authenticity of cultural production has systematically examined the perceived authenticity of both the producer and the cultural product, but not of the creative process. This study aims to address this lacuna, adopting Carroll and Wheaton’s typology of type and moral authenticity to examine how contemporary dance choreographers c...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper highlights that the strategic use of design, a competitive pattern typically associated with creative industries, those creating and trading meanings, also characterizes industries that produce functional or utilitarian goods not typically considered creative. The paper explores the origins of this phenomenon in the context of three indu...
Chapter
Full-text available
We explore the simultaneous influence of activist organizations and corporations on institutional change. Focusing on protests, campaign contributions, and lobbyists as the strategies used by activist organizations and corporations to influence institutional change, we study the dynamics between movements and counter-movements and their influence o...
Article
Full-text available
This study highlights the importance of communities in explaining organizational resistance to institutional pressures. Examining the active resistance of small bars to smoking regulations in 427 Dutch municipalities (communities), we argue that the likelihood of organizational resistance to institutional pressure from a powerful actor is affected...
Article
This study explores the simultaneous influence that social movement organizations (SMOs) and corporations have on institutional change. By studying the enactment of comprehensive smoking bans by US states between 2000 and 2012, the effect of protests and lobbying by SMOs and corporations on the enactment of tobacco control regulations is explored....
Article
This study investigates the relationship among institutional pressures, legitimacy, and performance. Specifically, it studies how tobacco control regulations impact tobacco companies’ legitimacy, and how does that in turn affect tobacco companies’ performance. Using data from the US tobacco industry between 1994 and 2010 yielded three major finding...
Article
Full-text available
With growing interest in the penalties associated with straddling market categories, it is important to develop a stock of evidence about the relative importance of consideration and valuation penalties in different empirical settings. In this chapter, we isolate the possible adverse implications for currently kosher Israeli wine producers that wer...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a theory of how new organizational forms penetrate local populations. We theorize that founders with pre-founding industry experience in non-local populations are more likely to adopt locally novel forms. Pre-founding experience within local and non-local industry populations should also allow organizations to reach larger size...
Article
The twin expectations of local imprinting and of organizational form inertia (Stinchcombe, 1965) make it difficult to see how we ever observe form changes within local populations of organizations. In this paper, we present a theory of new form invasion that features both local and non-local pre-founding industry experience as drivers of both organ...
Article
Full-text available
Research on recruiting has generally considered the effects of recruiting source on employee tenure or performance, and has argued that formal employment ads are inferior to informal sources, notably employee referrals. We test two dimensions for evaluating the effects of recruiting sources on the recruiting process—cost per new hire and yield rati...
Article
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This paper analyzes the founding rates of two types of Jewish agricultural cooperatives, the moshav and the kibbutz, to show how political ideology intersects with resource requirements to produce competition and mutualism between organizations. These two populations, which share ideology and a resource base, competed with each other. They both enj...
Article
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The kibbutz, once lauded as an exemplar of the Utopian organization, has been criticized recently as yet another illustration that socialist arrangements are inferior to capitalist ones. In this paper, we test a number of explanations of what happened to the kibbutz, using an analysis of the founding rate of the kibbutz population. We find support...
Article
Full-text available
Groups of organizations are pervasive, although there is little systematic knowledge about how they affect their members. We examine one dimension of the operation of organization groups, the transfer of experience. Our core argument is that organization groups may create benefits for their members, but problems for those outside the group. Within...
Article
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The order of authorship was randomly determined. Yael Parag provided resourceful
Article
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The kibbutz is the equivalent of a laboratory for organization science. Its scope of activities, which includes agricultural and industrial production, the socialization and education of children, management of communal consumption, and national defense, is broader than any other organization. It therefore demonstrates the potential to extend organ...
Article
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We investigate the effect of community-wide political and ideological interests on the failure rate of Israeli workers' cooperatives. Political order may be provided by the state or through membership in a federation. Independently, both conditions should reduce organizational failure, but when they coexist, the influence of the state should domina...
Article
Embedded ties between organizations facilitate vicarious learning by increasing the opportunity and motivation to share experience, and the capacity to communicate its meaning. They also form the basis of a moral economy within groups of tied organizations, where concrete resources are exchanged for compliance with other group interests. Our analys...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine how conflicting ideologies affect organizational practice. We theorize that the basic relationship between ideology and organization is moderated by social pressures and economic incentives that result from differences between the organization and its environment on issues of ideology. Using data from Israeli kibbutzim for...
Article
Full-text available
Using data collected from a sample of 50 academic departments over the years 1977-88, the authors test several hypotheses about the effects of departmental gender composition on faculty turnover. They find that as the proportion of women in a department grew, turnover among women also increased, confirming the prediction that increases in the relat...
Article
Full-text available
[discusses] intergroup dynamics that occur within larger organizational units / question of interest is how changes in the relative sizes of subgroups affect the relationships between the subgroups / social contact theories predict that relationships should improve as a minority subgroup increases in size, but competition theories predict the oppos...
Article
Full-text available
Working at home is often claimed to adversely affect employees' career progress, presumably because supervisors are inclined to negatively evaluate the performance of employees whose activities are not available to frequent observation. However, such claims are usually based on studies of supervisors' attitudes, not on direct evidence of the achiev...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Using institutional theory, social movement theory, and economic sociology we examine the dynamics of the actors’ struggles over the framing of the issues and their respective evolving strategies to advance their interests and protect their turf, as well as the struggle’s ensuing social, organizational and economic implications. Tobacco industry context.
Project
Uncovering processes of identity emergence, change and maintenance at multiple levels of analysis – individual, organization, field, and national, as exemplified in a creative sector organization (contemporary dance company).