Takashi Yamano

Takashi Yamano
Kyoto University | Kyodai · Graduate School of Biostudies

About

51
Publications
6,700
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1,385
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2011 - present
Kyoto University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Full-text available
Background Land plants respond to drought and salinity by employing multitude of sophisticated mechanisms with physiological and developmental consequences. Abscisic acid-mediated signaling pathways have evolved as land plant ancestors explored their habitats toward terrestrial dry area, and now play major roles in hyperosmotic stress responses in...
Article
Photosynthetic organisms are exposed to various environmental sources of oxidative stress. Land plants have diverse mechanisms to withstand oxidative stress, but how microalgae do so remains unclear. Here, we characterized the Chlamydomonas reinhardtii bZIP transcription factor BLZ8, which is highly induced by oxidative stress. Oxidative stress tol...
Article
Most microalgae overcome the difficulty of acquiring inorganic carbon (Ci) in aquatic environments by inducing a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM). In the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, two distinct photosynthetic acclimation states have been described under CO2-limiting conditions (low-CO2, LC, and very low-CO2, VLC). LC-inducible protein B...
Article
Full-text available
Microalgae induce a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) to overcome CO2-limiting stress in aquatic environments by coordinating inorganic carbon (Ci) transporters and carbonic anhydrases (CAs). Two mechanisms have been suggested to facilitate Ci uptake from aqueous media: Na+-dependent HCO3− uptake by solute carrier (SLC) family transporters and acce...
Article
Full-text available
The advent of image-activated cell sorting and imaging-based cell picking has advanced our knowledge and exploitation of biological systems in the last decade. Unfortunately, they generally rely on fluorescent labeling for cellular phenotyping, an indirect measure of the molecular landscape in the cell, which has critical limitations. Here we demon...
Article
Full-text available
Aquatic photosynthetic organisms induce a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) to overcome the difficulty of acquiring inorganic carbon under CO2-limiting conditions. As part of the CCM, the CO2-fixing enzyme Rubisco is enriched in the pyrenoid located in the chloroplast, and, in many green algae, several thick starch plates surround the pyrenoid to f...
Article
Full-text available
The microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii accumulates triacylglycerols (TAGs) in lipid droplets under stress conditions, such as nitrogen starvation. TAG biosynthesis occurs mainly at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and requires fatty acid (FA) substrates supplied from chloroplasts. How FAs are transferred from chloroplast to ER in microalgae was unkn...
Article
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Full-text available
The elucidation of lipid metabolism in microalgae has attracted broad interest, as their storage lipid, triacylglycerol (TAG), can be readily converted into biofuel via transesterification. TAG accumulates in the form of oil droplets, especially when cells undergo nutrient deprivation, such as for nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), or sulfur (S). TAG bi...
Article
Intelligent image-activated cell sorting (iIACS) is a machine-intelligence technology that performs real-time intelligent image-based sorting of single cells with high throughput. iIACS extends beyond the capabilities of fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) from fluorescence intensity profiles of cells to multidimensional images, thereby enab...
Article
Full-text available
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is caused by the stress-induced accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER. Here, we identified proteins and lipids that function downstream of the ER stress sensor INOSITOL-REQUIRING ENZYME1 (CrIRE1) that contributes to ER stress tolerance in Chlamydomonas (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii). Treatment with the ER stress...
Article
Full-text available
Motile cilia are microtubule-based organelles that play important roles in most eukaryotes. Although axonemal microtubules are sufficiently stable to withstand their beating motion, it remains unknown how they are stabilized while serving as tracks for axonemal dyneins. To address this question, we have identified two uncharacterized proteins, FAP4...
Preprint
Motile cilia are microtubule-based organelles that play important roles in most eukaryotes. Although it is known that microtubules in cilia are sufficiently stable to withstand their beating motion, it remains unknown how they are stabilized while serving as tracks for axonemal dynein and intraflagellar transport. To address this question, we ident...
Article
Full-text available
Many aquatic algae induce a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) associated with active inorganic carbon transport to maintain high photosynthetic affinity using dissolved inorganic carbon even in low-CO2 (LC) conditions. In the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a Ca2+-binding protein CAS was identified as a novel factor regulating the expression...
Article
Full-text available
A fundamental challenge of biology is to understand the vast heterogeneity of cells, particularly how cellular composition, structure, and morphology are linked to cellular physiology. Unfortunately, conventional technologies are limited in uncovering these relations. We present a machine-intelligence technology based on a radically different archi...
Data
Generation of the CSL-HA strain. (A) Schematic representation of the CSL-HA gene. Black and gray boxes represent the CDS and UTRs, respectively. (B) Complementation of the csl phenotype by CSL-HA. csl mutant was transformed with CSL-HA gene. Data are collected and shown as Fig 6B, 6C and 6D. (C) Western blot analysis of CSL-HA. Cells of asynchronou...
Article
Aquatic photosynthetic organisms, including the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, induce a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) to maintain photosynthetic activity in CO2-limiting conditions by sensing environmental CO2 and light availability. Previously, a novel high-CO2-requiring mutant, H82, defective in the induction of the CCM, was isolated....
Article
The supply of inorganic carbon (Ci; CO2 and HCO3 (-)) is an environmental rate-limiting factor in aquatic photosynthetic organisms. To overcome the difficulty in acquiring Ci in limiting-CO2 conditions, an active Ci uptake system called the CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) is induced to increase CO2 concentrations in the chloroplast stroma. An ATP...
Article
Full-text available
Although microalgae accumulate triacylglycerol (TAG) and starch in response to nutrient-deficient conditions, the regulatory mechanisms are poorly understood. We report here the identification and characterization of a kinase, TAG accumulation regulator 1 (TAR1), which is a member of the yeast Yak1 subfamily in the dual-specificity tyrosine-phospho...
Data
Subcellular localization of endogenous LCIB and LCIC in parental strain cells and abl mutants. Parental strain cells and abl mutants were grown in low-CO2 (LC) conditions, and subcellular localization of LCIB and LCIC was analyzed using an indirect immunofluorescence assay, as described previously (Yamano et al. 2010). DIC, differential image contr...
Article
Full-text available
Aquatic microalgae induce a carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM) to maintain photosynthetic activity in low-CO2 (LC) conditions. Although the molecular mechanism of the CCM has been investigated using the single-cell green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, and several CCM-related genes have been identified by analyzing high-CO2 (HC)-requiring mutants...
Article
Full-text available
The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii acclimates to low-CO2 (LC) conditions by actively transporting inorganic carbon (Ci) into the cell, resulting in an increase in photosynthetic efficiency. This mechanism is called the carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM), and soluble protein LCIB is essential for the CCM. LCIB is localized in the...
Article
Full-text available
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is widely used to study many biological processes including biofuel production. Here, we present a rapid transformation technique for cell-walled Chlamydomonas strains without cell-wall removal using a square electric pulses-generating electroporator. This method could be applied to transformation of other industrially use...
Article
When CO2 supply is limited, aquatic photosynthetic organisms induce a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) and acclimate to the CO2-limiting environment. Although the CCM is well studied in unicellular green algae such as Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, physiological aspects of the CCM and its associated genes in multicellular algae are poorly understood....
Article
Full-text available
The carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM) is essential to support photosynthesis under CO2-limiting conditions in aquatic photosynthetic organisms, including the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The CCM is assumed to be comprised of inorganic carbon transport systems that, in conjunction with carbonic anhydrases, maintain high levels of CO2 aro...
Article
Aquatic photosynthetic organisms can acclimate to the variable and limiting availability of CO(2) by operation of carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM) that allows them to optimize carbon acquisition for photosynthesis. The CCMs of both eukaryotic alga and cyanobacteria function to facilitate CO(2) assimilation, when inorganic carbon (Ci; CO(2) and/...
Article
Full-text available
Acclimation to varying CO2 concentrations and light intensities is associated with the monitoring of environmental changes by controlling genetic and physiological responses through CO2 and light signal transduction. While CO2 and light signals are indispensable for photosynthesis, and these environmental factors have been proposed as strongly asso...
Article
Full-text available
Y chromosomes are different from other chromosomes because of a lack of recombination. Until now, complete sequence information of Y chromosomes has been available only for some primates, although considerable information is available for other organisms, e.g., several species of Drosophila. Here, we report the gene organization of the Y chromosome...
Article
Full-text available
Photosynthetic acclimation to CO2-limiting stress is associated with control of genetic and physiological responses through a signal transduction pathway, followed by integrated monitoring of the environmental changes. Although several CO2-responsive genes have been previously isolated, genome-wide analysis has not been applied to the isolation of...
Article
Full-text available
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii acclimates to CO2-limiting stress by inducing a set of genes for a carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM). This set includes the gene Cah1, which encodes a periplasmic carbonic anhydrase. Although physiological aspects of CO2response have been extensively studied, regulatory components, such as transcription factors involved...

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