Takashi Hasebe

Takashi Hasebe
Nippon Medical School · Department of Biology

Ph. D.

About

50
Publications
4,183
Reads
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1,005
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - March 2022
Nippon Medical School
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
April 2012 - March 2014
Nippon Medical School
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
April 2006 - March 2012
Nippon Medical School
Position
  • Senior Assistant Professor

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
During amphibian metamorphosis which is triggered by thyroid hormone (TH), the small intestine is extensively remodeled from the larval to adult form. In the Xenopus laevis intestine, some of the larval epithelial cells dedifferentiate into adult stem cells, which newly form the adult epithelium similar to the mammalian one. We have previously show...
Article
Full-text available
In the Xenopus laevis intestine during metamorphosis, stem cells appear and generate the adult epithelium analogous to the mammalian one. We have previously shown that connective tissue cells surrounding the epithelium are essential for the stem cell development. To clarify whether such cells correspond to mammalian Foxl1-expressing mesenchymal cel...
Article
In the intestine during metamorphosis of the frog Xenopus laevis, most of the larval epithelial cells are induced to undergo apoptosis by thyroid hormone (TH), and under continued TH action, the remaining epithelial cells dedifferentiate into stem cells (SCs), which then newly generate an adult epithelium analogous to the mammalian intestinal epith...
Article
During amphibian intestinal remodeling, thyroid hormone (TH) induces adult stem cells, which newly generate the absorptive epithelium analogous to the mammalian one. We have previously shown that hyaluronan (HA) is newly synthesized and plays an essential role in the development of the stem cells via its major receptor CD44 in the Xenopus laevis in...
Article
Full-text available
Amphibians provide an ideal model to study the actions of thyroid hormone (TH) in animal development because TH signaling via two TH receptors, TRα and TRβ, is indispensable for amphibian metamorphosis. However, specific roles for the TRβ isoform in metamorphosis are poorly understood. To address this issue, we generated trβ-disrupted Xenopus tropi...
Article
In the amphibian intestine during metamorphosis, thyroid hormone (TH) induces some larval epithelial cells to dedifferentiate into stem cells, which generate the adult epithelium analogous to the mammalian intestinal epithelium. We have previously shown that the canonical Wnt signaling pathway is involved in adult epithelial development in the Xeno...
Article
Full-text available
In Xenopus laevis intestine during metamorphosis, the larval epithelial cells are removed by apoptosis, and the adult epithelial stem cells appear concomitantly. They proliferate and differentiate to form the adult epithelium. Thyroid hormone (TH) is well established to trigger this remodeling by regulating the expression of various genes including...
Article
Full-text available
During amphibian intestinal remodeling, thyroid hormone (TH) induces some larval epithelial cells to dedifferentiate into adult stem cells, which newly generate the absorptive epithelium analogous to the mammalian epithelium. To clarify molecular mechanisms underlying adult epithelial development, we here focus on TH response genes that are associa...
Article
Full-text available
Intestinal remodeling during amphibian metamorphosis has long been studied as a model for the formation of the adult organs in vertebrates, especially the formation of adult organ-specific stem cells. Like all other processes during metamorphosis, this process is controlled by thyroid hormone (T3), which affects cell fate and behavior through trans...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims Amphibian intestinal remodeling, where thyroid hormone (T3) induces some larval epithelial cells to become adult stem cells analogous to the mammalian intestinal ones, serves as a unique model for studying how the adult stem cells are formed. To clarify its molecular mechanisms, we here investigated roles of non-canonical Wnt si...
Article
Full-text available
In mice and humans, the androgen receptor (AR) gene, located on the X chromosome, is not known to be involved in sex determination. In the Japanese frog Rana rugosa the AR is located on the sex chromosomes (X, Y, Z and W). Phylogenetic analysis shows that the AR on the X chromosome (X-AR) of the Korean R. rugosa is basal and segregates into two clu...
Article
The study of the epithelium during development in the vertebrate intestine touches upon many contemporary aspects of biology: the formation of the adult stem cells essential for the life-long self renewal, the balance of stem cell activity for renewal vs. cancer development, to name a few. While extensive analyses have been carried out on the prope...
Article
Full-text available
The mammalian intestine has long been used as a model to study organ-specific adult stem cells, which are essential for organ repair and tissue regeneration throughout adult life. The establishment of the intestinal epithelial cell self-renewing system takes place during perinatal development when the villus-crypt axis is established with the adult...
Article
Full-text available
Intestinal remodeling during amphibian metamorphosis resembles the maturation of the adult intestine during mammalian postembryonic development when the adult epithelial self-renewing system is established under the influence of high concentrations of plasma thyroid hormone (T3). This process involves de novo formation and subsequent proliferation...
Article
In the amphibian intestine during metamorphosis, most of the larval epithelial cells undergo apoptosis, whereas a small number of them survive. These cells dedifferentiate into stem cells through interactions with the microenvironment referred to as "stem cell niche" and generate the adult epithelium analogous to the mammalian counterpart. Since al...
Article
During Xenopus laevis metamorphosis, Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is directly induced by thyroid hormone (TH) at the transcription level as one of the earliest events in intestinal remodeling. However, the regulation of other components of this signaling pathway remains to be analyzed. Here, we analyzed the spatiotemporal expression of Patched (Ptc)-1, Smo...
Article
Full-text available
Adult organ-specific stem cells are essential for organ homeostasis and repair in adult vertebrates. The intestine is one of the best-studied organs in this regard. The intestinal epithelium undergoes constant self-renewal throughout adult life across vertebrates through the proliferation and subsequent differentiation of the adult stem cells. This...
Article
In the Xenopus laevis intestine during metamorphosis, which is triggered by thyroid hormone (TH), the adult epithelium develops and replaces the larval one undergoing apoptosis. We have previously shown that progenitor/stem cells of the adult epithelium originate from some differentiated larval epithelial cells. To investigate molecular mechanisms...
Article
A Xenopus laevis homolog of nucleophosmin/nucleoplasmin3 (NPM3), no29, has been previously identified as a thyroid hormone (TH)-response gene during TH-induced metamorphosis. X. laevis has another NPM3 homolog (npm3) in the pseudo-tetraploid genome, whereas X. tropicalis possesses one ortholog in the diploid genome. To assess the possible roles of...
Article
In the amphibian intestine during metamorphosis, stem cells appear and generate the adult absorptive epithelium, analogous to the mammalian one, under the control of thyroid hormone (TH). We have previously shown that the adult stem cells originate from differentiated larval epithelial cells in the Xenopus laevis intestine. To clarify whether TH si...
Article
Full-text available
The intestinal epithelium undergoes constant self-renewal throughout adult life across vertebrates. This is accomplished through the proliferation and subsequent differentiation of the adult stem cells. This self-renewal system is established in the so-called postembryonic developmental period in mammals when endogenous thyroid hormone (T3) levels...
Article
The mechanisms that regulate the size-related morphologies of various blood vessels from the aorta to capillary vessels are still poorly understood. In this study, we evaluate the involvement of regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1), a regulatory protein in the calcineurin/NFAT signal transduction pathway, in vascular morphology to gain further insigh...
Article
Full-text available
During amphibian metamorphosis, the larval tissues/organs rapidly degenerate to adapt from the aquatic to the terrestrial life. At the cellular level, a large quantity of apoptosis occurs in a spatiotemporally-regulated fashion in different organs to ensure timely removal of larval organs/tissues and the development of adult ones for the survival o...
Article
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a superfamily of Zn(2+)-dependent proteases that are capable of cleaving the proteinaceous component of the extracellular matrix (ECM). The ECM is a critical medium for cell-cell interactions and can also directly signal cells through cell surface ECM receptors, such as integrins. In addition, many growth factor...
Data
Identification of vinyl sulfone reaction products. A) The table indicates SENP proteins positively identified by mass spectrometric analysis in the first column, with GenBank acquisiton numbers (second column) and their predicted molecular mass (third column). For each protein, we indicate the number of predicted peptides found within the sample th...
Data
Rabbit SENP5 antibody recognizes in vitro translated Flag-SENP5. In vitro translated Flag-SENP5 was subjected to immunoprecipitation from XEEs using antibodies against the Flag or non-specific IgG. The purified proteins were subjected to SDS-PAGE and Western blotting using anti-Flag antibodies (left panel) or affinity purified rabbit anti-SENP5 ant...
Article
Full-text available
SUMO proteins are small ubiquitin-related modifiers. All SUMOs are synthesized as propeptides that are post-translationally cleaved prior to conjugation. After processing, SUMOs become covalently conjugated to cellular targets through a pathway that is similar to ubiquitination. Ubiquitin like protein proteases/Sentrin specific proteases (Ulp/SENPs...
Article
We have produced and characterized improved transgenic reporter lines for detection of Cre recombinase activity during Xenopus development. Improvements include choice of fluorophores, which make these Cre reporter lines generally suitable for lineage tracing studies. We also include data for several new parameters affecting survival and transgenes...
Article
Full-text available
In the amphibian intestine during metamorphosis, de novo stem cells generate the adult epithelium analogous to the mammalian counterpart. Interestingly, to date the exact origin of these stem cells remains to be determined, making intestinal metamorphosis a unique model to study development of adult organ-specific stem cells. Here, to determine the...
Article
Full-text available
Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) acts as a transcription coactivator for nuclear receptors through histone H4 R3 methylation. The in vivo function of PRMT1 is largely unknown. Here we investigated the role of PRMT1 in thyroid hormone (T3) receptor (TR)-mediated transcription in vivo during vertebrate development. By using intestinal rem...
Article
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) was previously shown to be involved in the larval-to-adult remodeling of the Xenopus laevis intestine. While Shh is transcriptionally regulated by thyroid hormone (TH), the posttranscriptional regulation of Shh signaling during intestinal remodeling is largely unknown. In the present study, we focused on a role of the pan-hedge...
Article
The organogenesis of the digestive tract proceeds according to the positional information along the cephalo-caudal, dorsal-ventral and left-right axes of the embryonic body and the radial axis of the tract during development. Among them the radial axis, which corresponds to the crypt-villus axis in the adult small intestine, is essential for a rapi...
Article
Interactions between cells and extracellular matrix (ECM), in particular the basement membrane (BM), are fundamentally important for the regulation of a wide variety of physiological and pathological processes. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) play critical roles in ECM remodeling and/or regulation of cell-ECM interactions because of their ability t...
Article
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a pivotal role in development and/or pathogenesis through degrading extracellular matrix (ECM) components. We have previously shown that Xenopus MMP-9 gene is duplicated. To assess possible roles of MMP-9 and MMP-9TH in X. laevis intestinal remodeling, we here analyzed their expression profiles by in situ hybri...
Article
Full-text available
Intestinal metamorphosis in anurans is an excellent model system for studying post-embryonic tissue remodeling and organ development in vertebrates. This process involves degeneration of the larval or tadpole form of its primary functional tissue, the simple tubular epithelium through apoptosis or programmed cell death. Concurrently, adult epitheli...
Article
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a large family of extracellular or membrane-bound proteases. Their ability to cleave extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins has implicated a role in ECM remodeling to affect cell fate and behavior during development and in pathogenesis. We have shown previously that membrane-type 1 (MT1)-MMP [corrected] is coexpres...
Article
During amphibian larval-to-adult intestinal remodeling, progenitor cells of the adult epithelium actively proliferate and differentiate under the control of thyroid hormone (TH) to form the intestinal absorptive epithelium, which is analogous to the mammalian counterpart. We previously found that TH-up-regulated expression of bone morphogenetic pro...
Article
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteases capable of degrading various components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Among them, the membrane type MMP-1 (MT1-MMP) has been shown to participate in the activation of MMP gelatinase A (GelA), suggesting that they may function together in development and pathogenesis. Here, we have...
Article
Anuran amphibians, animals that spend a terrestrial life after metamorphosis, exhibit a marked development of hindlimbs during and after metamorphosis. In order to see whether changes occur in the muscle protein components in the course of postmetamorphic development, we subjected gastrocnemius muscle extracts from growing froglets to two-dimension...
Article
Mechanisms of hemoglobin transition during bullfrog metamorphosis were investigated by labeling red blood cells from larvae (L-RBC) and from froglets (A-RBC) with a fluorescent dye, PKH26. The life span of the labeled L-RBC in systemic circulation was significantly shorter when they were injected into the animals at the metamorphic climax, compared...
Article
Red blood cells (RBC) of the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) contain larval-type hemoglobin (Hb) during the larval period. At the beginning of metamorphosis, RBC containing adult-type Hb appear and two types of RBC coexist in the systemic circulation. During the metamorphic climax, RBC with larval-type Hb disappear from the circulation and, simultaneou...

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