Tahar Slimani

Tahar Slimani
Cadi Ayyad University | UCAM · Department of Biology - Laboratory Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics. Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Marrakech

PhD

About

137
Publications
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Publications

Publications (137)
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have reported declines in lizard populations associated with local warming trends and alteration of thermal niches. These studies suggest that there are some key physiological and behavioural parameters that determine the sensitivity of each species to the local context of global warming. The Atlas Dwarf Lizard, Atlantolacerta andrea...
Article
Although dietary studies are essential to design effective conservation strategies for amphibians, non-invasive studies using microscopy assessment of faecal material are known to have limitations. We assessed the use of DNA metabarcoding to determine diet in the Moroccan painted frog Discoglossus scovazzi. Nineteen families of insects were identif...
Article
Full-text available
Experimentally assessing the preferred body temperature (T pref) of ectothermic animals is important to understand thermal adaptation. In lizards, this variable is usually estimated by measuring body temperature in thermal gradients. To quantify the extent to which different experimental setups influence the inferred T pref values we submitted 65 i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Pelobates varaldii has been listed as Endangered because this species has an area of occupancy (AOO) calculated from available locality data as being 60 km2, its population is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat. Although the true area of occupancy is probably larger as additional localiti...
Technical Report
Full-text available
IUCN assessment report of the North African Green Frog, Pelophylax saharicus
Technical Report
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IUCN assessment report of the Algerian Ribbed Newt, Pleurodeles nebulosus
Technical Report
Full-text available
IUCN assessment report of the Moorish Toad, Sclerophrys mauritanica
Article
Lizard species may differ in their ecophysiology due to adaptation, plasticity and/or phylogeny. In restrictive environments, ecophysiological differences of species living in sympatry are expected to reveal long-term evolutionary responses to the abiotic environment while competitive interactions should be limited. These influences can be disentan...
Article
An adequate understanding of the relationship between amphibians and their habitat has been among the main challenges in herpetology in recent decades, particularly given the role of global change in the rapid declines of this group worldwide. Using the Artificial Neural Networks approach (ANN), we examined the environmental factors determining the...
Article
Two satellite DNAs (satDNAs) have been isolated and characterized from three populations of Atlantolacerta andreanskyi. One satDNA (AAN-TaqI) has been isolated here from the first time. It is characterized by a tendency to AT enrichment (AT = 54.2%) and monomer length ranging from 187 to 199 bp. FISH experiments showed that this element occurs in s...
Article
Full-text available
One common approach to assigning conservation priorities during the current biodiversity crisis is to identify and direct efforts to high profile, vulnerable taxa, and important biodiversity areas. We addressed the first issue by assessing the comparison between conservation status and habitat suitability under differing climate change scenarios fo...
Chapter
La présente étude réalisée dans la Sebkhat d’Imlili s'insère dans cette perspective et a eu pour objectifs : (1) d’établir la liste des reptiles présents dans la Sebkhat et ses environs immédiats et (2) d’identifier les espèces clés dans la zone avec une caractérisation de leurs habitats et une évaluation des menaces potentielles.
Article
Full-text available
Climatic conditions changing over time and space shape the evolution of organisms at multiple levels, including temperate lizards in the family Lacertidae. Here we reconstruct a dated phylogenetic tree of 262 lacertid species based on a supermatrix relying on novel phylogenomic datasets and fossil calibrations. Diversification of lacertids was acco...
Article
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The age structure and growth of the Moroccan Painted Frog (Discoglossus scovazzi Camerano, 1878) in a population living in the High Atlas at the upper altitudinal limit of the species’ range was estimated for the first time by skeletochronology. Individual age was determined by counting the lines of arrested growth (LAGs) from cross-sections of the...
Article
Full-text available
North Africa is a climatically and topographically complex region with unique biotic assemblages resulting from the combination of multiple biogeographic realms. Here, we assess the role of climate in promoting intra-specific diversification in a Palearctic relict, the North African fire salamander, Salamandra algira, using a combination of phyloge...
Article
Freshwater turtles are long-lived sedentary organisms used as biological sentinels to assess anthropogenic perturbations in freshwater-ecosystems; notably because pollutants tend to accumulate in their tissues. Pollution has detrimental effects in sea turtles, but studies in freshwater turtles have provided contrasted results: several species have...
Article
Full-text available
The chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a generalist pathogen that affects many amphibian species and responsible of chytridiomycosis, considered as the main causes of species deaths and populations declines worldwide. The chytrid fungal pathogen has been first described in North Africa in 2011 by our research group. The present w...
Article
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Release calls of Pelobates varaldii Pasteur and Bons (1959) are described quantitatively based on airborne recordings obtained from 4 males and 12 females from a population of the extreme north of its range. The calls are sequences of pulsed notes with a variable number of pulses per note. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report on th...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, IMO-TaqI satDNA, previously isolated in several species of Lacertidae, was isolated and characterized from four species of the genus Lacerta and three of the genus Timon. The aim was to gain further insights into the evolutionary dynamics of this satDNA, its occurrence among lacertids and to understand if it plays any role in sex chr...
Article
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Mercury (Hg) is a toxic contaminant present in most aquatic ecosystems. High concentrations pose serious threats to organisms and to human health. Because previous studies focused on few countries, environmental hazard due to Hg contamination remains obscure in many geographic areas, and for example limited information is available in North Africa....
Article
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Acanthodactylus lineomaculatus is now regarded as an ecotype of A. erythrurus with which it has been recently synonymized. Despite the wide range of A. erythrurus, karyological data for this species are scarce and limited to classical cytogenetic studies carried out in individuals from only 2 locations (central Spain and Spanish enclave of Melilla...
Article
Full-text available
The nearly complete mitogenomes of the two species of North African Atlas geckos, Quedenfeldtia moerens and Q. trachyblepharus were assembled from anchored hybrid enrichment data and RNAseq data. Congruent assemblies were obtained for four samples included in both datasets. We recovered the 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, and two rRNA genes...
Article
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We provide an overview of the history of Moroccan snake charming, and then we describe the current state of snake charming performances in Morocco, drawing from observations, interviews, and analysis of published materials. Because Marrakesh represents the most prominent centre of snake charming in the country, this paper provides detailed informat...
Article
Full-text available
Various puncture routes, veins, arteries, heart, are used to take blood in animals. For anatomical reasons, differences in blood composition are expected among puncture sites. However, this issue has been rarely assessed and contrasted results have been reported: strong effects of puncture site versus a lack of effect. We captured free-ranging fres...
Article
Temperature plays a crucial role for ectotherm performance and thus for fitness. Terrestrial ectotherms, including reptiles, regulate their body temperature mainly by behavioural means. At high altitude, however, thermal constraints make precise thermoregulation costly. The cost-benefit model of lizard thermoregulation predicts that thermally chall...
Article
Full-text available
We assessed the genetic variation of 47 Moroccan populations of the North African water frog ( Pelophylax saharicus) using partial sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene (COI). All 239 samples belonged to the main haplotype clade previously identified from Morocco, with no haplotypes of the Algerian/Tunisian clades among o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Several natural products present in plant extracts have been evaluated for their effectiveness as insecticides. The insecticidal properties of Alliaceae have been reported; among these, Garlic and onion, plants with varied biological properties, which contains benefits molecules responsible for pest potential control of alliaceae. The purpose of th...
Article
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Questionnaires are important tools for assessing attitudes regarding conservation issues. However, they are not easily comparable and their reliability has been insufficiently assessed. We examined factors influencing responses to open- and closed-ended questions about animal conservation to more than 600 schoolchildren (9 years old on average). We...
Article
Insecticidal properties of Alliaceae are widely known, they are plant with varied biological properties. Garlic and onion are known for their positive effect on health, including the prevention of cardiovascular disease and some digestive cancers. These health benefits molecules are also responsible for pest potential control of Alliaceae. With the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Insecticidal properties of Alliaceae are widely known, they are plant with varied biological properties. Garlic and onion are known for their positive effect on health, including the prevention of cardiovascular disease and some digestive cancers. These health benefits molecules are also responsible for pest potential control of Alliaceae. With the...
Article
Full-text available
We estimated age structure and some life-history traits in a population of Barbarophryne brongersmai at the northern border of the distribution area of this species by using skeletochronology to establish individual age and age at sexual maturity. Maturity was reached at 2-4 years in males and 3-5 years in females, which was late relatively to smal...
Article
Full-text available
Painted frogs (Discoglossus) contain five to six species of Western Palearctic anurans that are mainly distributed in allopatry. We here provide the first comprehensive assessment of the phylogeography of the Moroccan species D. scovazzi and geographically characterize its contact zone with D. pictus in Eastern Morocco. Discoglossus scovazzi shows,...
Conference Paper
Insecticidal properties of Alliaceae are widely known, they are plant with varied biological properties. Garlic and onion are known for their positive effect on health, including the prevention of cardiovascular disease and some digestive cancers. These health benefits molecules are also responsible for pest potential control of Alliaceae. With the...
Article
Full-text available
Painted frogs (Discoglossus) contain 5-6 species of Western Palearctic anurans that are mainly distributed in allopatry. We here provide the first comprehensive assessment of the phylogeography of the Moroccan D. scovazzi and geographically characterize its contact zone with D. pictus in Eastern Morocco. Discoglossus scovazzi shows, in general, a w...
Article
Full-text available
Les régions sahariennes et présahariennes du Maroc sont rarement concernées par les études d'inventaire de leurs faunes scorpioniques. Des investigations dans la région d'Oued Eddahab Lagouira, en décembre 2012, nous ont permis d'inventorier deux espèces de scorpions appartenant à la famille des Buthidae, Androctonus amoreuxi (Audouin, 1826) et But...
Data
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Résumé – Dans le cadre des missions de connaissances scientifiques portées par l'initiative-PIM (ini-tiative pour les Petites Îles de Méditerranée), nous avons mené un inventaire herpétologique de l'archi-pel de Mogador (Essaouira, Maroc) en juin 2010. Nos observations ont mis en évidence la présence de trois espèces de reptiles : Tarentola maurita...
Article
Full-text available
The persistence of marked phenotypic variation within species is evolutionarily puzzling.We uncovered remarkable variation in throat colouration in a high-altitude gecko (Atlas Day Gecko, Quedenfeldtia trachyblepharus) endemic to the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco. Orange, yellow, and white variants were found in approximately equal proportions in...
Data
Full-text available
Marrakech (MA). Courriel : slimani@ucam.ac.ma 3) Unité de Recherche sur la Reproduction et le Développement des Arthropodes Terrestres : Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Boîte 4, 7 quai Saint Bernard, 75005 Paris (FR). Courriel : roland.stockmann@wanadoo.fr Résumé Microbuthus fagei Vachon, 1949, comme tous les micro-scorpions au Maroc, possède une...
Article
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A road-killed Egyptian Nightjar (Caprimulgus aegyptius) was observed at some 100 Km West of Awserd on 29 November 2012. This is the first ever record in the Moroccan Atlantic Sahara. Elsewhere in Morocco, there are two other likely records of birds in late October, one at Barrage Rgabi and the other near Assa. We suggest that these observations may...
Article
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For cultural reasons and due to the narrow vision of environmental policy makers, most conservation efforts focus on a few charismatic species and consequently neglect the majority of others under threat; many unpopular species are even killed in large numbers with little concern. Redressing this bias through educational programs is therefore impor...
Article
Full-text available
Effective and targeted conservation action requires detailed information about species, their distribution, systematics and ecology as well as the distribution of threat processes which affect them. Knowledge of reptilian diversity remains surprisingly disparate, and innovative means of gaining rapid insight into the status of reptiles are needed i...
Article
Full-text available
New southern limit for the common chameleon Chamaeleo chamaeleon (Reptilia, Chamaeleonidae) in Morocco. Widely distributed in the northern half of Morocco, the common chameleon occupies all bioclimatic zones ranging from subhumid to arid; it extends further south in the Saharan zone, especially along the South Atlantic coast of Morocco. The souther...