Tadhg Macintyre

Tadhg Macintyre
National University of Ireland, Maynooth | NUI Maynooth · Department of Psychology

PhD CPsychol. HPC Reg. Psychol
Scientific Coordinator GoGreenRoutes H2020 Project, Course Director MSc. Environmental Psychology, Keynote at FEPSAC2022

About

133
Publications
165,517
Reads
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1,817
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Tadhg E. MacIntyre afPSI CPsychol is an environmental psychologist coordinating the H2020 project GOGREEN ROUTES which promotes urban health across six European cities. In 2019 he co-authored "Physical Activity in Natural Settings: Green and Blue Exercise, and has published widely on methodological challenges of evaluating Nature based Solutions. He is a keynote speaker at FEPSAC 2022 on the topic of "Environmental Factors in Sport and Exercise: A nature-based Perspective, in Padova, Italy.
Additional affiliations
August 2012 - present
University of Limerick
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2002 - present
University College Dublin
Education
January 1997 - November 2006
University College Dublin
Field of study
  • Psychology
September 1993 - September 1996
University College Dublin
Field of study
  • Psychology: Imagery validation: How do we know that athletes are imaging during mental practice?
September 1988 - October 1993
University College Dublin
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (133)
Article
Full-text available
Mental health is a global societal challenge. Sport, more specifically, elite sport, offers a potential window into the mental health challenges of young people. We initiated this research topic by proposing that explanations for mental health disturbance in sport predominantly based on training load (e.g., mental health model, Raglin, 2001), overl...
Chapter
Motor imagery has been central to adzvances in sport performance and rehabilitation. Neuroscience has provided techniques for measurement which have aided our understanding, conceptualization and theorizing. Challenges remain in the appropriate measurement of motor imagery. Motor imagery continues to provide an impetus for new findings relating to...
Article
Full-text available
This multi-case study approach explores nature connectedness, resilience and attitudes towards the environment and sustainability among extreme sport performers. Uniquely, the participants in order to be advocates for sustainable sporting activity waived their anonymity. The achievements of the sample include channel swims, summitting Everest, ski-...
Article
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Being exposed to natural environments is associated with improved health and well-being, as these environments are believed to promote feelings of "being away" from everyday struggles, positive emotional reactions and stress reduction. Despite these positive effects, humanity is becoming increasingly more distanced from nature due to societal chang...
Article
Full-text available
Mental health in the workplace is a societal challenge with serious economical and human costs. Most prevalent mental disorders in the workforce (e.g., depression), however, are preventable. There is widespread agreement about the favorable effects of nature exposure and consequently, nature-based interventions (NBI) in the workplace have been prop...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Digital placemaking is a confusing term and its potential support to health and wellbeing through engagement with nature is little understood. This microtalk will focus on how digital placemaking and green spaces impact health and well-being. We aim to create digital placemaking toolkits for each Cultivating Cities from the GoGreenRoutes project. T...
Article
There is now ample evidence that motor imagery contributes to improve motor performance and promote motor learning and recovery. During the last decades, a large number of experimental studies and imagery frameworks were designed to determine the critical key components for effective imagery interventions. The extent to which athletes often move sl...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 outbreak has led to major restrictions globally, affecting people’s psychosocial health and their health behaviors. Thus, the purpose of this scoping review was to summarize the available research regarding the nature-health-association in the COVID-19 context. Keywords related to natural environments and COVID-19 were combined to cond...
Article
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Objective Official reports and anecdotal evidence suggest that people with power frequently put pressure on athletes to fix a match. Therefore, it is assumed that athletes may attribute their involvement to this pressure. The present study was designed to investigate the role that power, attributions and moral emotions may play in the decision to f...
Article
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In launching this Research Topic, our objective was to capture contemporary perspectives on the conceptualization and measurement of human-nature interactions, and advance future research perspectives. The ubiquitous nature of the challenge is exemplified by a diverse and expansive list of countries of our contributors, which ranges among 15 differ...
Article
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Psychological science faces a call to action researching the implications of the corona virus disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic. Rapid reviews have reported that maintaining rigorous research standards is a priority for the field, such as ensuring reliable and valid measurement, when investigating people’s experience of Covid-19 (O’Connor et al., 20...
Chapter
Self-regulation is described as the ability to successfully monitor and control one’s thoughts, feelings, and actions in accordance with the demands of a task. It involves change to bring one’s thinking and behaviour in line with often consciously desired standards and goals. Endurance athletes frequently attempt to control their thoughts and feeli...
Chapter
"Nature is something within which we flourish, so having it be more a part of our lives is critical, especially when we live and work in built environments." Richard M. Ryan There is ever more pressure on green space and nature in cities where most people live now and more will do so in the future. There is less opportunity for exercise in nature...
Chapter
Improved understanding of the benefits arising from participation in sport and exercise has led to increasing adoption of low-risk lifestyle behaviours. This is a significant positive social change which gyms can help to facilitate. However, their sustainability must be questioned, as well as the hidden health impacts that may be lurking within. Th...
Chapter
“I think that I shall never see A poem lovely as a tree” Joyce Kilmer One of the most memorable moments during childhood is our first visit to a natural green or blue space. Our recollections of climbing a tree immersed in nature can resonate for many years. Similarly, the first time one gets hit by an ocean wave provides a robust memory that has...
Chapter
“My business is to paint what I see, not what I know is there.” J.M.W Turner Lack of physical activity a major risk factor for global premature mortality and a large proportion of adults aged 18 years and over are insufficiently active worldwide. Therefore, there is an urgent need to tackle the problem of physical inactivity at a population leve...
Chapter
“Two world trends are powerfully reshaping human existence: the degradation…of large parts of the natural world, and unprecedented technological development. At the nexus of these two trends lies technological nature.” Kahn et al. (2009) With a focus on so-called immersive virtual environments, in this chapter we will explore ways in which techn...
Chapter
Full-text available
“We are like islands in the sea, separate on the surface but connected in the deep.” William James The concept of ‘Blue Mind’ coined by Wallace J. Nichols (2014) which has popularized water-based activities as a pathway to well-being and health provides a fitting backdrop for this chapter. The term refers to a “mildly meditative state characteri...
Chapter
Full-text available
"Research has shown that people with a greater sense of vitality don't just have more energy for things they want to do, they are also more resilient to physical illnesses. One of the pathways to health may be to spend more time in natural settings. “ Richard M. Ryan
Article
Full-text available
Background Research focused on mental health in sport has revealed a need to develop evidence-supported mental health practices that are sensitive to sport culture, particularly for non-elite athletes. A consensus statement was produced to assist effective mental health awareness in sport and guide programme implementation in this rapidly emerging...
Article
Background: Acquisition and consolidation of a new motor skill occurs gradually over long time span. Motor imagery (MI) and brain stimulation have been showed as beneficial approaches that boost motor learning, but little is known about the extent of their combined effects. Objective: Here, we aimed to investigate, for the first time, whether deliv...
Article
Action observation (AO) alone or combined with motor imagery (AO + MI) has been shown to engage the motor system. While recent findings support the potential relevance of both techniques to enhance muscle function, this issue has received limited scientific scrutiny. In the present study, we implemented a counterbalanced conditions design where 21...
Article
Full-text available
Resilience research is plagued with conceptual inconsistencies, particularly when considered across different contexts, not least because of the diversity of adverse situations across these contexts. We conducted a systematic review to examine current conceptualisations of resilience across the contexts of work and competitive sports. Utilising a s...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we explore the aforementioned paradigm shifts and how they offer an ave nue for new research. We first elucidate what precisely “ mental imagery,” the parent construct of motor imagery, is and explain the research milestones that have elucidated our understanding of this complex topic. The construct of motor imagery has become a th...
Article
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Resilience research is undergoing a shift away from trait approaches, acknowledging the inherent process and dynamism of stress interactions. Hill et al. (2018) suggest that to understand the iterative nature of the multifactorial resilience process, a dynamical systems approach needs to be used. We suggest that explaining resilience through Whette...
Article
Motor imagery has been central to advances in sport performance and rehabilitation. Neuroscience has provided techniques for measurement which have aided our understanding, conceptualization and theorizing. Challenges remain in the appropriate measurement of motor imagery. Motor imagery continues to provide an impetus for new findings relating to o...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Burnout has been shown to develop due to chronic stress or distress, which has negative implications for both physical and mental health and well-being. Burnout research originated in the “caring-professions.” However, there is a paucity of research which has focused specifically on how job demands, resources and personal characteristics a...
Article
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This study examined the metacognitive processes and attentional focus of recreational endurance runners. The emphasis was on understanding the metacognitive processes important to acquire, develop, and refine cognitive strategies in novice endurance exercise participants. The potential impact of metacognitive processes and cognitive strategies on l...
Article
There still is a lot of resistance to openly addressing mental health in sports like rugby and football where disclosing any psychological vulnerabilities may be seen as weakness (Bauman, 2016), and mental problems in sport are still stigmatized (MacIntyre et al., 2014). Understanding the causal relationships in developing mental problems and devel...
Article
The critical importance of the start phase in bicycle motocross (BMX) racing is increasingly acknowledged. Past experiments underlined that the internal lane of the starting gate provides a strong positional advantage. However, how lane position affects start performance and cognitive and somatic state anxiety remains unexplored. We examined the st...
Research
https://www.rte.ie/eile/brainstorm/2017/1207/925761-can-we-fix-it-how-to-stop-match-fixing-in-sport/
Article
Full-text available
Green exercise is defined as undertaking physical activity whilst being directly exposed to nature (Pretty et al., 2005; 2007). Pretty et al. (2003) were among the first wave of researchers to investigate the synergistic benefits of incorporating physical activity and exposure to the natural environment to produce positive psychological affect. Ove...
Article
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Background: Coaches are central to the development of the expert performer and similarly to continued lifelong participation in sport. Coaches are uniquely positioned to deliver specific technical and tactical instruction and mentoring programmes that support the psychological and social development of athletes in a challenging, goal-oriented and...
Article
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This paper considers the environmental impact on well-being and performance in elite athletes during Olympic competition. The benefits of exercising in natural environments are recognised, but less is known about the effects on performance and health in elite athletes. Although some Olympic events take place in natural environments, the majority oc...
Article
Full-text available
Self-regulation reflects an individual’s efforts to bring behavior and thinking into line with often consciously desired goals. During endurance activity, self-regulation requires an athlete to balance their speed or power output appropriately to achieve an optimal level of performance. Considering that both behavior and thinking are core elements...
Article
Full-text available
Well-being and mental health of psychologists and their clients can be strongly linked to the psychologists’ experience of work. We know from general theories of occupational health psychology that certain work factors will have a greater impact on well-being than others. Work engagement is positively related with occupational health, while burnout...
Article
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Purpose: To date there are no published studies directly comparing self-controlled and externally-controlled pace endurance tasks. However, previous research suggests pace control may impact on cognitive strategy use and effort perceptions. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of manipulating perception of pace control on a...
Article
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ELITE SPORT is increasingly a risky environment for athletes (Hughes & Leavey, 2012) and other stakeholders including, for instance, neophyte (Owton, Bond & Tod, 2014) and experienced practitioners (Lindsay, 2014), and athletic directors (Sullivan, Lonsdale & Taylor, 2014). In the previous issue, Martindale et al. (2014) rightly pose the question i...
Chapter
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Effective leadership is essential in any sports organisation, both in the boardroom and on the training pitch. Leadership in Sport is the first textbook to examine sports leadership in the round, across both management and coaching environments. It includes a dedicated section to underpinning core leadership theories, and employs a number of case s...
Conference Paper
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Purpose: This research examined the effectiveness of a psychological intervention to build hope, optimism and resilience (HORP) in rugby academies in Ireland. Rugby academies represent a unique working context whereby talented players are invited to a three-year internship, from which a small number are invited to join the national professional tea...
Research
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*Dr. Tadhg MacIntyre1, *Professor Judy Van Raalte2, *Professor Britt Brewer2, *Professor David Lavallee3, & *Professor Craig Mahoney4, *Professor Aidan Moran5, *Dr. Deirdre O’Shea6, & Hannah McCormack1 & Dr. Mark Campbell1 1PESS, University of Limerick 2 Psychology Dept., Springfield College 3 School of Sport, Stirling University 4University of the...
Article
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Objective: This study sought to investigate the dynamics of attentional focus and cognitive control during endurance activity from a metacognitive perspective. The study also intended to examine the situational factors which may influence cognitive strategy use by elite endurance runners. Design: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were utilised...
Article
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For over a century, psychologists have investigated the mental processes of expert performers - people who display exceptional knowledge and/or skills in specific fields of human achievement. Since the 1960s, expertise researchers have made considerable progress in understanding the cognitive and neural mechanisms that underlie such exceptional per...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction The present study aims to identify the impact of moderate Boxing drills (MBD) on cognitive performance and coordination abilities in Irish boxers. The study aims to measure the impact of the independent variable 'MBD' on the dependent variables 'cognitive performance & coordination abilities' on one experimental group of boxers.
Article
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Client-centred approaches are often highlighted in the performance environment but what precisely do we mean by consulting using this approach? Professional practice approaches typically assert that the expertise is held by the consultant whereas the alternate approach focuses on the expertise embedded in the environment and shared among coaches, m...
Article
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The Abu Dhabi Desert Challenge (ADDC) is one of the early rounds of the FIA and FIM world cross-country rally series. In 2014, 45 riders competed in the bike category and a total of 46 cars commenced the event. Vladamir Vasilyev, who became the second Russian driver to win the Desert Challenge, said afterwards that “This is definitely the most diff...
Article
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In The Winner Effect Ian Robertson shifts his focus to the social world and provides a neuroscientific account of the rise of power.
Article
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St Patrick’s Day, 17 March, is the Irish national holiday and is celebrated with equal enthusiasm in Dublin, Belfast, Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool and London. The Irish connection to Britain is well founded as it is based on our geographical proximity and complex political relationship over the centuries. As we celebrate the feast day of our patr...
Article
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After more than 35 years of investigation research on attentional focus in endurance activity is still mired by a lack of consensus. Specific challenges relate to the conceptualization of association and dissociation, and discrepancies in methodology, research design, and data collection techniques. This review addresses previously unresolved issue...
Article
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In Ireland, we always like to start a conversation with a scéal, the Gaelic word for story. While training in my local 50-metre swimming pool recently I noticed another swimmer in my lane. Curiously, they were only going 15m not 50m, swimming back and forth in the shallow end. They appeared quite anxious and frustrated with this. I asked them how t...
Article
Full-text available
Mental imagery is a popular cognitive simulation technique defined as “a symbolic sensory experience that may occur in any sensory mode” (Hardy et al., 1996, p.28). One of its key applications is in mental practice (also known as ‘motor imagery’) or the systematic use of mental imagery to rehearse skills covertly, without executing the movements in...