Syu-Jyun Peng

Syu-Jyun Peng
National Chiao Tung University | NCTU · National Chiao Tung University

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33
Publications
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193
Citations
Introduction

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Full-text available
Post-stroke seizure (PSS) can have a strong negative impact on functional recovery after stroke. Researchers have identified numerous risk factors of PSS; however, the relationship between infarction location and PSS remains unclear. We recruited patients who presented with an acute cerebral infarction between 2012 and 2017 and suffered from seizur...
Article
Objective: The goal of the study was to define and quantify brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) compactness and to assess its effect on outcomes after Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for unruptured bAVMs. Methods: Unsupervised machine learning with fuzzy c-means clustering was used to differentiate the tissue constituents of bAVMs on T2-weig...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) present variably and epileptic seizures are the most common symptom. The factors contributing to cavernoma-related epilepsy (CRE) and drug resistance remain inconclusive. The outcomes of CRE after different treatment modalities have not yet been fully addressed. This study aimed to characterize th...
Article
Full-text available
Letter fluency task (LFT) is a tool that measures memory, executive function, and language function but lacks a definite cutoff value to define abnormalities. We used the optical signals of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to study the differences in power and connectivity between the high-functioning and low-functioning participants w...
Article
Objectives To investigate structural connectivity after total callosotomy. Methods Deterministic fiber tracking (tractography) of whole brain white matter was performed on 13 epilepsy patients pre- and post-callosotomy. The analysis of structural connectivity was based on graph theory and network-based analysis with a focus on the inter- and intra...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Brain cortico-subcortical connectivity has been investigated in epilepsy using the functional MRI (MRI). Although structural images cannot demonstrate dynamic changes, they provide higher spatial resolution, which allows exploration of the organization of brain in greater detail. Methods We used high-resolution brain MRI to study the...
Article
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Purpose: 18F-FDG PET is widely used in epilepsy surgery. We established a robust quantitative algorithm for the lateralization of epileptogenic foci and examined the value of machine learning of 18F-FDG PET data in medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) patients. Patients and methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent surgery for...
Article
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The limited accuracy of cerebral infarct detection on CT images caused by the low contrast of CT hinders the desirable application of CT as a first-line diagnostic modality for screening of cerebral infarct. This research was aimed at utilizing convolutional neural network to enhance the accuracy of automated cerebral infarct detection on CT images...
Article
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Seizures are the most common presentation in patients with cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs). Based on the hypothesis that the volume or proportion of gray matter (GM) displaced by CCMs is associated with the risk of seizure, we developed an algorithm by which to quantify the volume and proportion of displaced GM and the risk of seizure. Imag...
Article
OBJECTIVE Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is a common treatment modality for vestibular schwannoma (VS). The ability to predict treatment response is important in patient counseling and decision-making. The authors developed an algorithm that can automatically segment and differentiate cystic and solid tumor components of VS. They also investigated...
Article
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Objective: The neuromodulatory effects of focused ultrasound (FUS) have been demonstrated in animal epilepsy models; however, the safety and efficacy of FUS in humans with epilepsy have not been well established. Patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) undergoing stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) provide an opportunity to investigate the ne...
Article
Purpose Our purpose was to determine whether the coverage of brain parenchyma within the 12 Gy radiosurgical volume (V12) correlates with the development of radiation-induced changes (RICs) in patients with unruptured cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) after undergoing stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Methods and Materials This study condu...
Article
Full-text available
Ketogenic diet therapies (KDTs) are widely used treatments for epilepsy, but the factors influencing their responsiveness remain unknown. This study aimed to explore the predictors or associated factors for KDTs effectiveness by evaluating the subtle changes in brain functional connectivity (FC) before and after KDTs. Segments of interictal sleep e...
Article
This is the first study to use functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to investigate how the lateralization of the epileptogenic zone affects the reconfiguration of task-related network patterns. Eleven left fronto-temporal epilepsy (L-FTE) and 11 right fronto-temporal epilepsy (R-FTE), as well as 22 age- and gender-matched controls, were en...
Article
Background: We proposed an algorithm to automate the components within the identification of components within the nidus of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) which may be used to analyze the relationship between its diffuseness and treatment outcomes following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Objectives: to determine the impact of the...
Article
Objective: The semiology of cingulate gyrus epilepsy is varied and may involve the paracentral area, the adjacent limbic system, and/or the orbitofrontal gyrus. Invasive electroencephalography (iEEG) recording is usually required for patients with deeply located epileptogenic foci. This paper reports on the authors' experiences in the diagnosis an...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeGamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is a non-invasive procedure for the treatment of brain metastases. This study sought to determine whether radiomic features of brain metastases derived from pre-GKRS magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be used in conjunction with clinical variables to predict the effectiveness of GKRS in achieving local tum...
Article
Purpose: Sporadic hemiplegic migraine (SHM) is characterized by a prolonged motor aura that accompanies a migraine attack, and its underlying pathophysiology remains unclear. Functional image during the event can help to explore the mechanism. Case report: We report a finding of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in a 1...
Article
Objective: To assess the sensitivity and specificity of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) nidal component identification and quantification using an unsupervised machine learning algorithm and to evaluate the association between intervening nidal brain parenchyma and radiation-induced changes (RICs) after stereotactic radiosurgery. Methods: Fully...
Article
Objective To investigate whether interhemispheric functional connectivity (FC) recovers in the first year after total callosotomy. Methods Eight epilepsy patients undergoing total callosotomy were recruited. Resting‐state functional magnetic resonance imaging was acquired before and after surgery. The precallosotomy and postcallosotomy interhemisp...
Article
Full-text available
Background Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is a common treatment for cerebral arterio-venous malformations (AVMs), particularly in cases where the malformation is deep-seated, large, or in eloquent areas of the brain. Unfortunately, these procedures can result in radiation injury to brain parenchyma. The fact that every AVM is unique in its vascula...
Article
OBJECTIVE In this study, the authors investigated high-frequency oscillation (HFO) networks during seizures in order to determine how HFOs spread from the focal cerebral cortex and become synchronized across various areas of the brain. METHODS All data were obtained from stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) signals in patients with drug-resistant te...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Convulsive motor activity is a clinical manifestation of secondarily generalized seizures evolving from different focal regions. The way in which the motor seizures present themselves is not very different from most of the generalized seizures in and between epilepsy patients. This might point towards the involvement of motor-related cort...
Article
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The corpus callosum (CC) plays an important role in generalization of seizure activity. We used resting-state function magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to investigate the regional and interregional functional connectivity of CC in patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative and secondarily generalized seizures. We measured the multi...
Article
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Structural and functional abnormalities in the thalamocortical network in primary generalized epilepsies or mesial temporal lobe epilepsy have recently been identified by voxel-wise analyses of neuroimaging. However, evidence is needed regarding the profiles of the thalamocortical network in patients with secondarily generalized seizures from focal...
Article
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To investigate whether there is any change in the subcortical gray matter of patients with neocortical focal epilepsy without visible magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities. MRI morphometric parameter data from 24 patients and 29 neurologically normal controls were analyzed. All of the MRI scans were reported to have no any anomaly. Differe...
Article
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White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) of presumed vascular origin are common in ageing population, especially in patients with acute cerebral infarction and the volume has been reported to be associated with mental impairment and the risk of hemorrhage from antithrombotic agents. WMHs delineation can be computerized to minimize human bias. However,...
Article
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Background Although many studies have found abnormalities in subcortical grey matter (GM) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy or generalised epilepsies, few studies have examined subcortical GM in focal neocortical seizures. Using structural and tensor magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we evaluated subcortical GM from patients with extratempora...
Article
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To investigate white matter (WM) abnormalities in neocortical epilepsy, we extract supratentorial WM parameters from raw tensor magnetic resonance images (MRI) with automated region-of-interest (ROI) registrations. Sixteen patients having neocortical seizures with secondarily generalised convulsions and 16 age-matched normal subjects were imaged wi...
Article
Full-text available
Determination of the volumes of acute cerebral infarct in the magnetic resonance imaging harbors prognostic values. However, semiautomatic method of segmentation is time-consuming and with high interrater variability. Using diffusion weighted imaging and apparent diffusion coefficient map from patients with acute infarction in 10 days, we aimed to...
Patent
Full-text available
An endoscopic navigation method includes the steps of: receiving an image from an endoscopic navigation system; performing image classification to determined whether the image is usable; performing a first image process on the image to filter out dark areas of the image to produce a first processed image; performing a first determination procedure...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a method of automatically measuring peritoneum thickness in ultrasound images. In our previous work, a method of manually selecting the region of interest (ROI) area has been developed. To achieve an automatic ROI area selection, two phases: Gaussian high-pass filtering and bilateral filtering, are used in the proposed method. I...

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