Sylvie Marleau

Sylvie Marleau
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Faculty of Pharmacy

PhD

About

87
Publications
4,893
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2,123
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1993 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
Full-text available
Drug delivery systems such as liposomes are widely used to stabilize and increase the plasma half-life of therapeutics. In this article, we have investigated two strategies to increase the half-life of deoxyribonuclease I, an FDA-approved enzyme used for the treatment of cystic fibrosis, and a potential candidate for the reduction of uncontrolled i...
Article
Polymer nanoparticles (NPs) are extensively studied as drug delivery systems for various therapeutic indications, including drug and imaging agent delivery to the brain. Despite intensive research, their toxicological profile has yet to be fully characterized. In particular, the more subtle effects of nanomaterials on inflammatory processes have sc...
Article
Growth hormone-releasing peptide-6 (GHRP-6) is part of a group of small synthetic peptides with potent GH-releasing activity that have gained attention in the last two decades by virtue of their cyto- and cardioprotective effects. Despite numerous preclinical studies highlighting the potential cardiovascular benefits of GHRP-6, confirmation of clin...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims Scavenger receptor class B member 3, also known as cluster of differentiation-36 (CD36) receptor, is involved in the uptake and accumulation of modified lipoprotein in macrophages, driving atherosclerosis progression. Azapeptide analogs of growth hormone-releasing peptide-6 (GHRP-6) have been developed as selective CD36 ligands...
Article
Aim: Diabetes is a conventional risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and myocardial infarction (MI) is the most common cause of death among these patients. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and atherosclerosis have impaired ability to suppress activated T-cells (i.e. reduced immunopotency)....
Article
Full-text available
In subretinal inflammation, activated mononuclear phagocytes (MP) play a key role in the progression of retinopathies. Little is known about the mechanism involved in the loss of photoreceptors leading to vision impairment. Studying retinal damage induced by photo-oxidative stress, we observed that cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36)-deficient mic...
Article
Full-text available
Over 1 million cases of scorpion stings are estimated every year, whereas current treatment is limited to antivenom serum combined with supportive therapy. Tityus serrulatus scorpion venom (TsV) is composed of diverse molecules, including toxins that induce a catecholamine storm and mediate classical symptoms of scorpion envenomation. However, the...
Article
Full-text available
Unacylated ghrelin (UAG), the most abundant form of ghrelin in circulation, has been shown to exert cardioprotective effect in experimental cardiopathies. The present study aimed to investigate the cardioprotective effect of a linear bioactive fragment of UAG against myocardial ischemia-induced injury and dysfunction in C57BL/6 wild type mice and t...
Article
Full-text available
The retention of lipoprotein particles in the intima, in particular to glycosaminoglycan side chains of proteoglycans, is a critical step in atherosclerosis initiation. Administration of chP3R99, a chimeric mouse/human monoclonal antibody inducing an anti-idiotypic network response against glycosaminoglycans was previously shown to prevent atherosc...
Article
CD36 is a multiligand receptor involved in lipid metabolism. We investigated the mechanisms underlying the cardioprotective effect of CP-3(iv), an azapeptide belonging to a new class of selective CD36 ligands. The role of CP-3(iv) in mediating cardioprotection was investigated because CD36 signaling leads to activation of peroxisome proliferator-ac...
Article
Full-text available
Atherosclerosis, the underlying pathology of most cardiovascular diseases, is triggered by the retention of apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins in the arterial wall through electrostatic interactions with glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side chains of proteoglycans. Previously, we reported the antiatherogenic properties of the chimeric monoclon...
Article
Subendothelial retention of apoB-containing lipoproteins by interaction with glycosaminoglycan-side chains of proteoglycans is considered the key initiating step of atherogenesis. Previously, we characterized the antiatherogenic properties of the chimeric mAb chP3R99, which binds sulfated GAG, inhibits LDL-chondroitin sulfate (CS) association, and...
Article
Atherogenesis is associated with the early retention of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) in the arterial intima by interaction with glycosaminoglycan (GAG)-side chains of proteoglycans. Retained LDL undergo reactive oxygen species-mediated oxidation. Oxidized LDL trigger oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation, contributing to atherosclerosis developm...
Article
Aim-Subendothelial retention of LDL by interaction with glycosaminoglycan-side chains of proteoglycans is considered the key initiating process of atherogenesis. We aimed to investigate the anti-atherosclerotic effect of vaccination with chP3R99, a chimeric mAb that recognize sulfated glycosaminoglycans, in a chronic model of atherosclerosis. Metho...
Article
QRFP (RFamide) peptides are neuropeptides involved in food intake and adiposity regulation in rodents. We have previously shown that QRFP-43 (43RFa) and QRFP-26 (26RFa) inhibited isoproterenol (ISO)-induced lipolysis in adipocytes. However, the antilipolytic signaling pathways activated by QRFP peptides have not been investigated. In the present st...
Article
Full-text available
Histoplasma capsulatum (Hc) induces a pulmonary disease in which leukotrienes promote activation and recruitment of effectors cells. It is also well-recognized that leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and platelet-activating factor (PAF) induce leukocyte recruitment to inflammatory sites. We investigated the impact of pulmonary Hc infection on PMN migration to a...
Article
Atherosclerosis is the main underlying cause of ischemic heart disease and related acute cardiovascular complications, including myocardial infarction and stroke. In view of the failure of statins to demonstrate a beneficial effect in all patients, exhaustive research efforts have unfold into different research avenues, in close relation to the inc...
Article
Full-text available
Insufficient oxygen delivery to organs leads to tissue dysfunction and cell death. Reperfusion, although vital to organ survival, initiates an inflammatory response that may both aggravate local tissue injury and elicit remote organ damage. Polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) trafficking to remote organs following ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) is asso...
Article
Full-text available
Pyroglutamylated RF-amide peptide (QRFP) is involved in the regulation of food intake, thermogenesis, adipogenesis and lipolysis. The expression of QRFP in adipose tissue is reduced in diet-induced obesity, a mouse model in which plasma concentrations of endotoxins are slightly elevated. The present study investigated the role of metabolic endotoxe...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: The CD36 selective ligand, EP 80317, features potent anti-atherosclerotic and hypocholesterolemic effects that are associated with an increase in macrophage cholesterol efflux through the activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-liver X receptor α (LXRα)-ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter pathway. Cholesterol efflux...
Article
Objective: The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is associated with the early retention of low-density lipoproteins that are trapped in the extracellular matrix of the arterial intima by interaction with glycosaminoglycan side chains of proteoglycans. Mutant mouse/human chimeric antibodies of the murine monoclonal antibody P3, which react with N-gly...
Article
Full-text available
The CD36 receptor plays an important role in facilitating fatty acid transport to the heart. The present study aimed to assess whether EP 80317, a selective synthetic peptide ligand of CD36, is cardioprotective in a murine model of myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion (MI/R) injury. Mice were pretreated with daily subcutaneous injections of EP 8031...
Article
The activation of G protein-coupled receptor 103 (GPR103) by its endogenous peptidic ligands, QRFPs, is involved in the central regulation of feeding by increasing food intake, body weight, and fat mass after intracerebroventricular injection in mice. However, the role of GPR103 in regulating peripheral metabolic pathways has not yet been explored....
Article
Full-text available
Activation of toll-like receptors (TLRs) and polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) accumulation at infection sites are critical events of host defense. The involvement of leukotriene (LT) B(4) and platelet-activating factor (PAF) in TLR ligand-induced activation of inflammatory cell functions is essentially unknown. Using an in vitro model of human PMN...
Article
Full-text available
Histoplasma capsulatum (Hc) is a facultative, intracellular parasite of worldwide significance. Infection with Hc produces a broad spectrum of diseases and may progress to a life-threatening systemic disease, particularly in individuals with HIV infection. Resolution of histoplasmosis is associated with the activation of cell-mediated immunity, and...
Article
Full-text available
Growth hormone-releasing peptides (GHRPs) as CD36 selective ligands feature potent anti-atherosclerotic activity that is associated with an upregulation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma)-liver X receptor alpha (LXRalpha)-ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter pathway. However, the mechanism involved in PPARgamma ac...
Article
Full-text available
CD36 has been shown to associate with non-receptor Src kinases to activate mitogen-activated protein kinases and trigger cytoskeletal remodelling, important events in foam cell formation and macrophage migration. Yet, its role in regulating circulating mononuclear phagocyte trafficking to atherosclerotic lesions has not been investigated. The aim o...
Article
Full-text available
A critical role for leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) and/or platelet-activating factor (PAF) in regulating polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) trafficking to inflammatory sites has been reported in a number of experimental inflammatory models. In vitro, newly synthesized LTB(4) and PAF were shown to act in an autocrine/paracrine or intracrine fashion to enhance...
Conference Paper
Neutrophil (PMN) trafficking from circulation to inflammatory sites is a key event of acute inflammation. Leukotriene (LT) B4 is one of the most potent chemoattractant and activator of PMN and stimulates endothelial cells to promote transendothelial migration of PMN. Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is also a potent activator of both PMN and endoth...
Article
To assess the effect of short-term treatment with GH on left ventricular contractility and remodeling, after the development of heart failure in cardiomyopathic hamsters (CMH). Two groups of 200-day-old UM-X7.1 CMH received daily subcutaneous injections of recombinant bovine (rb) GH (1mg/kg/day) or 0.9% NaCl for 40 days. Golden Syrian hamsters (GSH...
Article
Full-text available
Macrophages play a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by accumulating cholesterol through increased uptake of oxidized low-density lipoproteins by scavenger receptor CD36, leading to foam cell formation. Here we demonstrate the ability of hexarelin, a GH-releasing peptide, to enhance the expression of ATP-binding cassette A1 and G1...
Article
A bidimensional HPLC system combining steric gel exclusion and reverse phase ODS columns for determination of theophylline in serum is reported. Factors involved in the development of the method and its performance are discussed. This technique is a practical alternative for the determination of theophylline levels in serum without any clean up pro...
Article
Ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathies are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. Cardiomyopathies of primary origin, and more specifically the dilated form of the disease, have been associated with a number of gene defects in cytoskeletal, membrane, and sarcomeric proteins. Cardiomyopathies of secondary...
Article
Full-text available
CD36, a type B scavenger receptor expressed on macrophages, appears to play a major role in fatty streak formation through scavenging oxidatively modified lipoproteins in the arterial wall. We tested the hypothesis that EP 80317, a novel CD36 ligand derived from the growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide family but devoided of any GH releasing activ...
Article
Full-text available
The GHRPs (growth hormone-releasing peptides) are a class of small synthetic peptides known to stimulate GH release through binding of a G-protein-coupled receptor (designated GHS-R). We have found that hexarelin, a hexapeptide member of the GHRPs, binds to another protein identified as CD36, a scavenger receptor that is expressed in various tissue...
Article
Full-text available
PGs and leukotrienes (LTs) mediate cardinal signs of inflammation; hence, their enzymes are targets of current anti-inflammatory therapies. Products of arachidonate 15-lipoxygenases (LO) types I and II display both beneficial roles, such as lipoxins (LXs) that stereoselectively signal counterregulation, as well as potential deleterious actions (i.e...
Article
Full-text available
In view of the potentially beneficial effect of GH on ventricular function of humans suffering from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, we undertook a study to evaluate the optimal time to initiate treatment with GH and its duration in UM-X7.1 cardiomyopathic hamsters (CMH). GH (1 mg/kg.d) therapy was initiated either in the early or late (30 and 16...
Chapter
Growth hormone secretagogues (GHS) consist of a series of small enkephalin derived peptides identified as growth hormone-releasing peptides (GHRPs) (Bowers, 1993) and non-peptidyl derivatives modeled from GHRPs (Smith et al., 1997). To this class of compounds is recently added a new member, ghrelin, an endogenous 28 amino acid polypeptide isolated...
Article
The intestinal permeability of hexarelin and EP 51389, two growth hormone releasing hexa- and tri- peptide analogues, was assessed in vitro with side-by-side diffusion chambers in the apical-to-basolateral (AP-to-BL) and in the basolateral-to-apical (BL-to-AP) direction using excised rat jejunal segments. The effect of EP 51389 on P-glycoprotein (P...
Article
Full-text available
To assess the effect of hypoxemia on the responses of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) during an inflammatory response, rats were maintained in a low F1O2 atmosphere (9% O2) or room air for 12 h before intrathoracic injection of carrageenin or intradermal injections of agonists. After 4 h, hypoxemic rats had 50% more circulating PMN in blood and...
Article
A sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay for a novel luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone (LHRH) agonist, [2-Me-D-Trp6, DesGly10]LHRH ethylamide (meterelin), was developed for documenting the pharmacokinetic parameters of this peptide following its intravenous (iv) and subcutaneous (sc) administration in dogs. The assay was also used for monitori...