Sylvia Nürnberger

Sylvia Nürnberger
Medical University of Vienna | MedUni Vienna · Universitätsklinik für Unfallchirurgie

PhD

About

96
Publications
16,457
Reads
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1,608
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - present
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Experimental and Clinical Traumatology
Position
  • Head of the morphology lab

Publications

Publications (96)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) on bone microstructure as well as the bone-tendon-interface and the musculo-tendinous transition zone to explain the previously shown improved biomechanics in a degenerative rotator cuff tear animal model. This study hypothesized that biomechanica...
Article
Full-text available
Cartilage damage typically starts at its surface, either due to wear or trauma. Treatment of these superficial defects is important in preventing degradation and osteoarthritis (OA). Biomaterials currently used for deep cartilage defects lack appropriate properties for this application. Therefore, we investigated photo-crosslinked methacrylamide-mo...
Article
Due to their capacity to differentiate into the chondrogenic lineage, adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (ASC) are a promising source of therapeutically relevant cells for cartilage tissue regeneration. Their differentiation potential, however, varies between patients. In our study, we aim to stimulate ASC towards a more reliable chondrogenic pheno...
Article
Reconstruction of bone defects and compensation of deficient repair mechanisms represent important goals within the field of regenerative medicine and require novel safe strategies for translation into the clinic. A non-viral osteogenic gene therapeutic vector system ('hybrid vectors') was generated, combining an improved bone morphogenetic protein...
Article
Full-text available
Background In spite of advances in the treatment of cartilage defects using cell and scaffold-based therapeutic strategies, the long-term outcome is still not satisfying since clinical scores decline years after treatment. Scaffold materials currently used in clinical settings have shown limitations in providing suitable biomechanical properties an...
Article
Full-text available
With respect to potential applications in healthcare, pharmacy, the bonding industry, and cosmetics, biological adhesives produced from various animals are of high interest. A large number of species in the family Ixodidae produce an adhesive substance called attachment cement. This study focuses on the detailed investigation of the amino acid comp...
Article
Decellularized tissue matrices are promising substrates for tissue generation by stem cells to replace poorly regenerating tissues such as cartilage. However, the dense matrix of decellularized cartilage impedes colonisation by stem cells. Here, we show that digestion of elastin fibre bundles traversing auricular cartilage creates channels through...
Article
Full-text available
Microcomputed tomography ( μ CT) is widely used for the study of mineralized tissues, but a similar use for soft tissues is hindered by their low X-ray attenuation. This limitation can be overcome by the recent development of different staining techniques. Staining with Lugol’s solution, a mixture of one part iodine and two parts potassium iodide i...
Article
Full-text available
The prerequisite for a successful clinical use of autologous adipose-tissue-derived cells is the highest possible regenerative potential of the applied cell population, the stromal vascular fraction (SVF). Current isolation methods depend on high enzyme concentration, lysis buffer, long incubation steps and mechanical stress, resulting in single ce...
Article
Biomaterials currently in use for articular cartilage regeneration do not mimic the composition or architecture of hyaline cartilage, leading to the formation of repair tissue with inferior characteristics. In this study we demonstrate the use of “AuriScaff”, an enzymatically perforated bovine auricular cartilage scaffold, as a novel biomaterial fo...
Preprint
Microcomputed tomography (μCT) is widely used for the study of mineralized tissues but a similar use for soft tissues is hindered by their low X-ray attenuation. This limitation can be overcome by the recent development of different staining techniques. Staining with Lugol’s solution, a mixture of one part iodine and two parts potassium iodide in w...
Article
Full-text available
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of disability and represents a major socio-economic burden. Despite intensive research, the molecular mechanisms responsible for the initiation and progression of OA remain inconclusive. In recent years experimental findings revealed elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a major fac...
Article
Full-text available
There is continual demand for animal models that allow a quantitative assessment of angiogenic properties of biomaterials, therapies, and pharmaceuticals. In its simplest form, this is done by subcutaneous material implantation and subsequent vessel counting which usually omits spatial data. We have refined an implantation model and paired it with...
Chapter
Cartilage, at all sites of our body, has limited intrinsic capacity to repair. There are numerous methods to use when repairing cartilage, and the preferred method depends on the location of the cartilage defect, whether it is the nose, the ear, the airway, or a certain site in the joint. Different cell types with chondrogenic capacities are being...
Article
Full-text available
Background The postoperative course after arthroscopic superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) repair using suture anchors is accompanied by a prolonged period of pain, which might be caused by constriction of nerve fibres. The purpose was to histologically investigate the distribution of neurofilament in the superior labrum and the long head...
Article
Full-text available
The majority of ticks in the family Ixodidae secrete a substance anchoring their mouthparts to the host skin. This substance is termed cement. It has adhesive properties and seals the lesion during feeding. The particular chemical composition and the curing process of the cement are unclear. This review summarizes the literature, starting with a hi...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an ultrashort pulsed laser (USPL) (1064 nm, 20 ps, 100 kHz) with different laser fluences (F, 4, 6, 8 J/cm²) and pulse overlaps (PO, 0, 50%) on human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLs) behavior. Dentin samples were ablated with USPL with different combinations of fluences and pulse overlaps; some samples...
Poster
Prior and during their blood meal, salivary glands of ticks produce a sticky secretion called cement. This cement is a proteinaceous substance that rapidly hardens when secreted. The main function of this adhesive is to support the attachment of the ticks’ mouthparts to the vertebrate host. Since the cement and its adhesive properties are still lar...
Article
Full-text available
Melanoma inhibitory activity (MIA) affects the differentiation to hyaline cartilage and can inhibit the osteogenic potential of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). The aim of this study was to investigate if MIA also inhibits the osteogenic potential of BMP-2 in human articular chondrocytes during redifferentiation,...
Data
Minimal data set. Minimal data set for each gene and the GAG/DNA. (PDF)
Data
Vote-signed-at-20150303. Statement of the Ethics Board of the University of Vienna. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Background Cell-based therapies with autologous adipose tissue–derived cells have shown great potential in several clinical studies in the last decades. The majority of these studies have been using the stromal vascular fraction (SVF), a heterogeneous mixture of fibroblasts, lymphocytes, monocytes/macrophages, endothelial cells, endothelial progeni...
Article
Background: Matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) has been an effective therapy for large, full-thickness cartilage lesions for years. However, little is known about how graft maturation is affected by characteristics of transplanted chondrocytes. Purpose: To investigate the influence of gene expression of chondrocytes...
Chapter
Articular cartilage is the clinically most relevant hyaline cartilage since frequently damaged by trauma or abuse but without any intrinsic potential to regenerate. It covers the ends of the bones and allows frictionless movement due to its stiff and elastic properties. The biomechanics and consecutive function of articular cartilage are determined...
Article
One of the mainstays of facial rejuvenation strategies is volume restoration which can be achieved by autologous fat grafting. In our novel approach, we treated the adipose tissue harvest site with extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in order to improve the quality of the regenerative cells in situ. The latter was demonstrated by characterizin...
Article
Full-text available
The present study reports for the first time the presence of giant crystals in mitochondria of equine chondrocytes. These structures show dark contrast in TEM images as well as a granular substructure of regularly aligned 1–2 nm small units. Different zone axes of the crystalline structure were analysed by means of Fourier transformation of lattice...
Article
Salamanders have evolved a wide variety of antipredator mechanisms and behavior patterns, including toxins and noxious or adhesive skin secretions. The high bonding strength of the natural bioadhesives makes these substances interesting for biomimetic research and applications in industrial and medical sectors. Secretions of toxic species may help...
Poster
Tick attachment cement, produced by the tick salivary glands prior and during feeding, is a proteinaceous substance that rapidly hardens when secreted. It is suggested that the main function of the adhesive is to strengthen the attachment by the ticks’ mouthparts to the vertebrate host. However, the cement and its adhesive properties are still larg...
Article
Background aims: Lipedema is a hormone-related disease of women characterized by enlargement of the extremities caused by subcutaneous deposition of adipose tissue. In healthy patients application of autologous adipose tissue-derived cells has shown great potential in several clinical studies for engrafting of soft tissue reconstruction in recent...
Article
Gene-activated matrix (GAM)-based therapeutics for tissue regeneration are limited by efficacy, the lack of spatiotemporal control and availability of target cells, all of which impact negatively on their translation to the clinic. Here we describe an advanced ultrasound-responsive GAM containing target cells that facilitates matrix-assisted sonopo...
Article
Full-text available
Natural extracellular matrix (ECM) derived biomaterials from decellularized allogenic tissues are of increasing interest for tissue engineering since their structure and composition provide a complexity that is not achievable with current manufacturing techniques. The prerequisite to bring allogenic tissue from bench to bedside as a functional biom...
Article
Introduction: Proangiogenic prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) inhibitors represent a novel approach to stimulate tissue regeneration. Diabetes mellitus involves the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Here we evaluated the impact of AGEs on the response of human pulp tissue to the PHD inhibitor L-mimosine (L-MIM) in monolayer cultures o...
Article
Statement of significance: In the US alone more than 1million vascular grafts are needed in clinical practice every year. Despite severe disadvantages, such as donor site morbidity, autologous grafting from the patient's own arteries or veins is regarded as the gold standard for vascular tissue repair. Besides, strategies based on synthetic or nat...
Article
Full-text available
Three-dimensional (3D) printing offers versatile possibilities for adapting the structural parameters of tissue engineering scaffolds. However, it is also essential to develop procedures allowing efficient cell seeding independent of scaffold geometry and pore size. The aim of this study was to establish a method for seeding the scaffolds using pho...
Article
Background: Whether the composition of palatal connective tissue grafts (CTGs) varies depending on donor site or harvesting technique in terms of relative amounts of fibrous connective tissue (CT) and fatty/glandular tissue (FGT) is currently unknown and is histologically assessed in the present study. Methods: In 10 fresh human cadavers, tissue...
Article
Full-text available
Scaffolds are widely used to reconstruct cartilage. Yet, the fabrication of a scaffold with a highly organized microenvironment that closely resembles native cartilage remains a major challenge. Scaffolds derived from acellular extracellular matrices are able to provide such a microenvironment. Currently, no report specifically on decellularization...
Article
Lentiviral transduction is a highly efficient DNA delivery method for RNA interference applications. However, obtaining high lentiviral titers of shRNA and miRNA encoding vectors is challenging, since shRNA and miRNA cassettes have been shown to reduce lentiviral titers. In this study, we compare four commercially available packaging mixes and two...
Article
Fibrin biomatrices have been used for many years for hemostasis and sealing and are a well-established surgical tool. The objective of the present study was to compare two commercially available fibrin biomatrices regarding the effect of their thrombin concentration on keratinocytes and wound healing in vitro and in vivo.Keratinocytes showed signif...
Article
Tissue-engineered constructs are promising to overcome shortage of organ donors and to reconstruct at least parts of injured or diseased tissues or organs. However, oxygen and nutrient supply are limiting factors in many tissues, especially after implantation into the host. Therefore, the development of a vascular system prior to implantation appea...
Article
Human amniotic membrane (hAM) represents a tissue that is well established as biomaterial in the clinics with potential for new applications in regenerative medicine. For tissue engineering (TE) strategies, cells are usually combined with inductive factors and a carrier substrate. We have previously recognized that hAM represents a natural, preform...
Article
Full-text available
Silkworm's silk is natural biopolymer with unique properties including mechanical robustness, all aqueous base processing and ease in fabrication into different multifunctional templates. Additionally, the nonmulberry silks have cell adhesion promoting tri-peptide (RGD) sequences, which make it an immensely potential platform for regenerative medic...
Article
Full-text available
Fibrinogen concentrate is increasingly considered as a hemostatic agent for trauma patients experiencing bleeding. Placing a venous access is sometimes challenging during severe hemorrhage. Intraosseous access may be considered instead. Studies of intraosseous infusion of coagulation factor concentrates are limited. We investigated in vivo recovery...
Article
AimTo assess the pro-angiogenic and pro-inflammatory capacity of the dentine-pulp complex in response to the prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor L-mimosine in a tooth slice organ culture model.MethodologyHuman teeth were sectioned transversely into 600 μm thick slices and cultured in medium supplemented with serum and antibiotics. Then pulps were stimulat...
Article
Full-text available
An irreversible loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue in patients after tumor removal or deep dermal burns makes soft tissue engineering one of the most important challenges in biomedical research. The ideal scaffold for adipose tissue engineering has yet not been identified though biodegradable polymers gained an increasing interest during the last...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Several patient- and defect-specific factors influencing clinical outcomes after matrix-associated chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) have been identified, including the patient's age, location of the defect, or duration of symptoms before surgery. Little is known, however, about the influence of cell-specific characteristics on clinic...
Article
Human amniotic membrane (hAM) is a tissue containing cells with proven stem cell properties. In its decellularized form it has been successfully applied as nerve conduit biomaterial to improve peripheral nerve regeneration in injury models. We hypothesize that viable hAM without prior cell isolation can be differentiated towards the Schwann cell li...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many surgical haemostatic agents are available which aim to reduce morbidity and mortality of bleeding, as well as associated costs. We used qualitative techniques to compare the effectiveness of two topical gelatine-based haemostatic agents in a porcine liver trauma model. Methods: We compared the activity of Floseal? (with human or bo...
Article
Full-text available
Our aim was to evaluate the impact of cryopreservation, cultivation time and patient's age on the expression of specific chondrogenic markers in Hyalograft® C transplants. Gene expression of chondrocyte markers [collagen type I (COL1A1), COL2A1, aggrecan, versican, melanoma inhibitory activity (MIA) and interleukin (IL)-1β] was analysed in cartilag...
Article
Background Tissue engineering of articular cartilage has always been a major focus of interest in regenerative medicine. Despite considerable progress, and some of the strategies being at a routine clinical stage, the real breakthrough in cartilage repair with satisfying long-term clinical results, has still not been achieved. Methods This review p...
Article
Following vascular injury or activation, endothelial cells (ECs) partici-pate in the modulation of haemostasis and fibrinolysis. Viscoelastic tests (VETs) are a potent bedside monitoring tool that reports hae-mostatic parameters in real time. However, VETs neglect the influence of the surrounding endothelium. Our aim was therefore to establish an a...
Article
Treatment of cartilage defects poses challenging problems in human and veterinary medicine, especially in horses. This study examines the suitability of applying scaffold materials similar to those used for human cartilage regeneration on equine chondrocytes. Chondrocytes gained from biopsies of the talocrural joint of three horses were propagated...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that systemic inflammatory response (SIR) often causes liver dysfunction. The aim of this study was to identify the most susceptible to SIR intracellular compartment in liver. We analyzed morphology, ultrastructure, proteome, and expression of relevant genes in livers of rats subjected to endotoxic shock. Histological examination r...