Sylvester Black

Sylvester Black
The Ohio State University | OSU · Division of Transplantation Surgery

M.D. Ph.D. FACS

About

154
Publications
10,977
Reads
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1,360
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - present
The Ohio State University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2012 - May 2019
The Ohio State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
June 2010 - July 2012
University of Toronto
Position
  • Fellow

Publications

Publications (154)
Article
Background: Use of livers donated after circulatory death (DCD) is one way to expand the donor pool. Our center has aggressively incorporated use of DCD liver grafts into practice. We examined our center and national outcomes as well as national DCD liver utilization. Methods: Liver transplants performed at our center and nationally from 11/2016...
Article
Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) increases the pool of suitable organs for transplant by facilitating assessment and repair at normothermia, thereby improving identification of quality of marginal organs. However, there exists no current objective approach for assessing total organ edema. We sought to evaluate the use of electrical impedance as a metr...
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Background & Aims Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a leading cause of acute liver failure, and treatment of DILI remains a challenge. MG53 is a muscle-derived tissue-repair protein that circulates in the bloodstream whose physiological role in protection against DILI has not been examined. Methods Recombinant MG53 protein (rhMG53) was administe...
Article
Bariatric surgery (BS) was proved safe in carefully selected patients with compensated cirrhosis (CC). However, limited data exist on differential impact of bariatric surgery type on clinical outcomes and health care utilization. This retrospective study utilizes the 2010–2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database. We included obese adults with CC who u...
Article
Objectives: We studied the trends and various outcomes, including the readmission rates, healthcare utilization, and complications among live liver donors (LLD) in the US. Methods: We queried the National Database from 2010 to 2017 for all LLDs. The primary outcomes were 30- and 90-day readmission rates. The secondary outcomes included healthcar...
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Objectives: Liver allograft shortage has necessitated greater use of donations after circulatory death. Limited data are available to compare recipients' health care utilization for donation after circulatory death versus brain death. Materials and methods: Liver transplant data for our center from November 2016 until May 2019 were obtained (208...
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Introduction and objectives The success of direct-acting antivirals (DAA) has transformed the management of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and has led to the expansion of the deceased donor organ pool for liver transplantation. Material and methods We present a single center retrospective review of liver transplantations performed on HCV-serone...
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Introduction Lung injury has several inciting etiologies ranging from trauma (contusion and hemorrhage) to ischemia reperfusion injury. Reflective of the injury, tissue and cellular injury increases proportionally with the injury stress and is an area of potential intervention to mitigate the injury. This study aims to evaluate the therapeutic bene...
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Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive disease that leads to eventual loss of endocrine and exocrine function. Total pancreatectomy and islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) is a treatment option for patients with CP; however, predicting postoperative metabolic outcomes remains elusive. In this single-center retrospective study, we report pre-TPIAT...
Article
Dyskeratosis congenita, a rare genetic disorder typified by progressive bone marrow failure, is classically characterized by the triad of abnormal skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy, and oral leukoplakia; however, it is a multisystem disease. Although hepatic involvement occurs in about 7% of patients with dyskeratosis congenita, end-stage liver dis...
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Reduction of early hospital readmissions is a declared goal in the United States economic and quality improvement agenda. A retrospective study was performed using the Nationwide Readmissions Database from 2010 to 2014. Our primary aim was to study the rate of early readmissions and its predictors in liver transplant recipients (LTRs). Our secondar...
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PurposePrevious reports suggest an increased mortality in cirrhotic patients undergoing bariatric surgery (BS). With advancements in management of BS, we aim to study the trends, outcomes, and their predictors in patients with cirrhosis undergoing BS.Materials and MethodsA retrospective study was performed using the National Database from 2008 to 2...
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Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) poses a unique challenge in liver transplant. The management of PVT differs according to the extent of thrombosis. Anastomosis of a donor portal vein to a varix is a viable option when an adequate size varix is identified on preoperative imaging or intraoperatively. Here, we describe our experience in two liver transpla...
Article
Background Lung transplant ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is typified by toxic metabolites and oxygen free radicals leading to worse graft function. Catalase is an enzyme involved in oxidative-stress detoxification. We hypothesize that direct delivery of highly concentrated polyethylene glycol-catalase (PEG-CAT) during normothermic ex-vivo lung...
Article
Primary nonfunction is a rare but lethal complication that occurs in a small number of liver transplants. When primary nonfunction occurs, the only definite treatment is retransplant; however, another liver might not be readily available at that time. Hence, a surgeon should be aware of the various options available at hand for patient care during...
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Immediate Post-Operative Insulin Requirements may Predict Metabolic Outcome after Total Pancreatectomy and Islet Autologous Cell Transplant (TPIAT) Introduction: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive disease that leads to eventual loss of endocrine and exocrine function. Patients with CP experience abdominal pain, which in some instances can b...
Article
Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is increasingly used to treat and assess lungs before transplant. Minimizing ventilator induced lung injury (VILI) during EVLP is an important clinical need, and negative pressure ventilation (NPV) may reduce VILI compared with conventional positive pressure ventilation (PPV). However, it is not clear if NPV is intrins...
Article
Patients with glycogen storage diseases pose unique management challenges to clinicians.These challenges are exacerbated wheneverthey undergo surgery as the basic anomaly in their glycogen storage pathways make them susceptible to organic acidosis, which may in turn complicate their preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative course. Because of...
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Background Evidence of geographical differences in liver transplantation (LT) outcomes has been proposed as a reason to include community characteristics in risk adjustment of transplant quality metrics. However, consistency and utility of rankings in LT outcomes for counties have not been demonstrated. Aims We sought to evaluate the utility of co...
Article
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver malignancy worldwide and a major cause of cancer-related mortality for which liver resection is an important curative-intent treatment option. However, many patients present with advanced disease and with underlying chronic liver disease and/or cirrhosis, limiting the proportion of patients wh...
Article
Background: Meeting the metabolic demands of donor livers using normothermic ex vivo liver perfusion (NEVLP) preservation technology is challenging. The delta opioid agonist [D-Ala2, D-Leu5] enkephalin (DADLE) has been reported to decrease the metabolic demand in models of ischemia and cold preservation. We evaluated the therapeutic potential of D...
Article
Objectives: The benefits of transplant are shown as the difference in survival posttransplant versus that shown if the patient had remained on the wait list. Serum sodium was added to improve prediction. We sought to revisit the question of which Model for End-Stage Liver Disease-Sodium score threshold corresponded to a predicted benefit of liver...
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Introduction and aim: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a common complication in cirrhotics and is associated with an increased healthcare burden. Our aim was to study independent predictors of 30-day readmission and develop a readmission risk model in patients with HE. Secondary aims included studying readmission rates, cost, and the impact of readm...
Article
Background: Ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) can occur during liver surgery. Endogenous catalase is important to cellular antioxidant defenses and is critical to IRI prevention. Pegylation of catalase (PEG-CAT) improves its therapeutic potential by extending plasma half-life, but systemic administration of exogenous PEG-CAT has been only mildly t...
Chapter
Liver abscess is an uncommon entity that over the past 100 years has seen changes in demographics, etiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Traditionally it has been useful to think of hepatic abscesses in two broad categories: those of bacterial origin, otherwise known as pyogenic liver abscess (PLA), and those of parasitic origin primarily caused by E...
Article
Objectives: Large spontaneous splenorenal shunts can result in portal vein steal syndrome and is a risk factor for portal vein thrombosis after orthotopic liver transplant. Disconnection of these shunts by left renal vein ligation has been suggested as a potential technique for improving portal venous flow and mitigating risk of portal vein thromb...
Article
Combined liver-lung transplantation (CLLT) is a rare, life-saving procedure to treat concomitant lung and liver disease. There have been 93 combined lung and liver transplantations performed in the United States since 1994. Techniques include both lung first and liver first sequential transplants with selective extracorporeal circulation of either...
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Introduction En bloc liver-kidney transplantation can be difficult with renal artery variations for which the risk of multiple anastomoses can outweigh the benefits. Presentation of case This report is the first to describe an en bloc liver-kidney transplantation using a donor kidney with double renal arteries. The indication for a combined liver-...
Article
Introduction and aim. Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a common complication in cirrhotics and is associated with an increased healthcare burden. Our aim was to study independent predictors of 30-day readmission and develop a readmission risk model in patients with HE. Secondary aims included studying readmission rates, cost, and the impact of readmi...
Article
Introduction: The early readmission in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis leads to enormous burden on healthcare utilization. Methods: Retrospective cohort study using the 2013 and 2014 Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) was conducted. Patients with diagnoses of cirrhosis and at least one feature of decompensation were included. The...
Article
Background: The Appalachian region is medically underserved and characterized by high morbidity and mortality. We investigated disparities among patients listed for liver transplantation (LT) in wait-list outcomes, according to residence in the Appalachian region. Methods: Data on adult patients listed for LT were obtained from the United Networ...
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Hepatic parenchymal disease, including chronic viral hepatitis, has traditionally been considered a relative contraindication to islet transplantation as the islets are infused into the recipient's liver. We present a case study of a patient with treated chronic hepatitis C infection (HCV) who safely received an autologous islet transplant followin...
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Introduction Cystoisospora belli (previously Isospora belli) is a parasitic protozoan of the human gastrointestinal system. It rarely causes symptoms in immunocompetent hosts but can cause severe diarrhea in immunocompromised patients, with a rate of recurrence and risk of dissemination. Gallbladder infections are however rare. The treatment of cho...
Article
Background: The objective of the current study was to define the incidence, as well as time course of mortality within the first year after liver transplantation. Methods: Data on adult, first-time liver transplant recipients transplanted between February 2002 and June 2016 were obtained from the United Network for Organ Sharing. Results: Amon...
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Despite significant improvements in outcomes after liver transplantation, many patients continue to die on the waiting list, while awaiting an available organ for transplantation. Organ shortage is not only due to an inadequate number of available organs, but also the inability to adequately assess and evaluate these organs prior to transplantation...
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There is a significant shortage of liver allografts available for transplantation, and in response the donor criteria have been expanded. As a result, normothermic ex vivo liver perfusion (NEVLP) has been introduced as a method to evaluate and modify organ function. NEVLP has many advantages in comparison to hypothermic and subnormothermic perfusio...
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Background: Health insurance coverage changes for many patients after liver transplantation, but the implications of this change on long-term outcomes are unclear. Aims: To assess post-transplant patient and graft survival according to change in insurance coverage within 1 year of transplantation. Methods: We queried the United Network for Org...
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Introduction Domino liver transplantation (DLT) utilizes the explanted liver of one liver transplant recipient as a donor graft in another patient. While there may be unique risks associated with DLT, it is unclear if DLT has less favorable long term outcomes than deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT). We used a propensity score matching appr...
Article
Background: Existing risk adjustment models for solid organ transplantation omit socioeconomic status (SES). With limited data available on transplant candidates' SES, linkage of transplant outcomes data to geographic SES measures has been proposed. We investigate the utility of county SES for understanding differences in pediatric kidney transpla...
Article
Blood group B candidates, many of whom represent ethnic minorities, have historically had diminished access to deceased donor kidney transplantation (DDKT). The new national kidney allocation system (KAS) preferentially allocates blood group A2/A2B deceased donor kidneys to B recipients to address this ethnic and blood group disparity. No study has...
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AIM To examine the effect of center size on survival differences between simultaneous liver kidney transplantation (SLKT) and liver transplantation alone (LTA) in SLKT-listed patients. METHODS The United Network of Organ Sharing database was queried for patients ≥ 18 years of age listed for SLKT between February 2002 and December 2015. Post-transp...
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Background: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a palliative procedure frequently used in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We examined the national inpatient trends of TACE and related outcomes in the United States over the last decade. Methods: We utilized the National Inpatient Sample (2002 to 2012) and performed tr...
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Introduction: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) can be associated with significant bleeding requiring multiple blood product transfusions. Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is a point-of-care device that has been used to monitor coagulation during OLT. Whether it reduces blood loss/transfusions during OLT remains controversial. Materials...
Article
Introduction: Increasing incidence of lifelong obesity and associated nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in younger birth cohorts may have contributed to growing incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the USA. Yet, the contribution of cohort effects to trends in HCC incidence is unclear. Methods: Using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology,...
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Background: High-risk donor allografts increase access to liver transplant, but potentially reduce patient and graft survival. Aims: It is unclear whether the risk associated with using marginal donor livers is mitigated by increasing center experience. Methods: The United Network for Organ Sharing registry was queried for adult first-time liv...