Sylvane Faure

Sylvane Faure
Université Côte d'Azur · Laboratoire d'Anthropologie et de Psychologie Cognitives et Sociales (LAPCOS)

Professor of Neuropsychology

About

100
Publications
24,365
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480
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Introduction
Sylvane Faure currently works at University of Nice Sophia Antipolis. Sylvane does research in Neuropsychology, Cognitive Psychology and Experimental Psychology.
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
Università degli Studi di Genova
January 2000 - present
September 1999 - present
University of Nice Sophia Antipolis

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the links between attention, hand movements and eye movements when performed in different spatial areas. Participants performed a visual search task on a computer screen while preparing to press two keyboard keys sequentially with their index. Results showed that the planning of the manual sequence influenced the latency of the...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Cet article propose une synthèse des connaissances sur les troubles spécifiques de la motricité et du geste chez l'enfant, généralement qualifiés selon deux étiquettes diagnostiques : la dyspraxie développementale et le trouble de l'acquisition de la coordination (TAC). Après un bref rappel des principales notions, les controverses relatives...
Article
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Objective: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects the corpus callosum (CC), which plays a key role in interhemispheric coupling in high-demand conditions. Using 3D callosal measurements and a letter-matching paradigm, this 2-part study investigated the neural substrate of interhemispheric coupling in indi...
Article
The relationship between post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and focal epilepsy is poorly understood. It has been hypothesized that there is a complex and reciprocal potential reinforcement of the symptoms of each condition. In this study, we investigated whether there were PTSD‐specific brain changes in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Brain 18F‐FD...
Article
Full-text available
Visual search is a crucial, everyday activity that declines with aging. Here, referring to the environmental support account, we hypothesized that semantic contextual associations between the target and the neighboring objects (e.g., a teacup near a tea bag and a spoon), acting as external cues, may counteract this decline. Moreover, when searching...
Article
Anxiety and depression in epilepsy are strongly documented but post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is underestimated and poorly known. We studied the links between psycho-traumagenic events (TE), onset of epilepsy, and severity of PTSD symptoms in patients with epilepsy. The study included 54 patients with epilepsy and 61 controls. We used valida...
Chapter
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22 Apports des technologies numériques dans l'aide à l'apprentissage de la lecture 306 307 I. Principales spécificités de la technologie numérique Le succès de la technologie numérique dans le monde de l'éducation et de la cognition est dû aux caractéristiques de ces dispositifs qui concourent à optimiser les quatre piliers de l'appren-tissage selo...
Article
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Age-related differences in visual search have been extensively studied using simple item arrays, showing an attentional decline. Little is known about how aging affects attentional guidance during search in more complex scenes. To study this issue, we analyzed eye-movement behavior in realistic scene search. We examined age-related differences in t...
Article
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“Impairments in emotional information processing are frequently reported in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at a voluntary, explicit level (e.g., emotion recognition) and at an involuntary, implicit level (e.g., emotional interference). Most of previous studies have used faces with emotional expressions, rarely examining other impor...
Article
Nous avons la capacité de reconnaître très rapidement une scène visuelle, même présentée un très court instant. Cette capacité concerne le sens de la scène mais également l’émotion qu’elle véhicule. Cette revue critique présentera d’abord une synthèse des principales recherches menées sur les traitements des contenus sémantiques, puis sur les trait...
Article
Au fil de ces longs mois, épidémie, pandémie puis crise ont progressivement servi à qualifier le vécu d’un bouleversement majeur du quotidien et du rapport de l’individu au soi, aux autres, au monde. Certains changements pourraient influencer durablement les consciences collectives, les modes de penser et d’agir, les analyses et le rapport au réel...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Le groupe CHERPA* propose une réflexion sur l’importance des savoirs expérientiels (des patients essentiellement, mais aussi de ceux élaborés par les chercheurs et cliniciens en période de crise) et du partenariat-patient dans notre capacité à comprendre les effets de la pandémie Covid-19 et du confinement, accroître la résilience face au stress li...
Article
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Visual categorization improves when object-context associations in scenes are semantically consistent, thus predictable from schemas stored in long-term memory. However, it is unclear whether this is due to differences in early perceptual processing, in matching of memory representations or in later stages of response selection. We tested these thr...
Article
Le groupe CHERPA propose une réflexion sur l’importance des savoirs expérientiels (des patients essentiellement, mais aussi de ceux élaborés par les chercheurs et cliniciens en période de crise) et du partenariat-patient dans notre capacité à comprendre les effets de la pandémie Covid-19 et du confinement, accroître la résilience face au stress lié...
Article
La construction du schéma corporel est une étape essentielle pour l’élaboration de l’image de soi, ce qui revêt une importance majeure dans le contexte de certaines pathologies psychiatriques (ex. schizophrénie). Le protocole de Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI [1]) a permis de mettre en évidence l’apport essentiel des informations visuo-tactiles à cette...
Article
Maggio, C., Soubelet, A., Faure, S., & Fort, I. (2019). The relationships between perceived control and episodic memory in adulthood: a review. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 26(2), 222–243. ABSTRACT The goal of the current paper is to review the literature on the relationships between perceived control and episodic memory throughout adulth...
Article
We have a great ability to recognize complex, everyday visual scenes, even from very short presentations. This ability concerns the general meaning of the scene and the emotional content conveyed. The present review will first analyze previous research on how semantic information and emotional information within a scene are selected and represented...
Article
Full-text available
Many instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), like cooking and managing finances and medications, involve finding efficiently and in a timely manner one or several objects within complex environments. They may thus be disrupted by visual search deficits. These deficits, present in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) from its early stages, arise from i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ramzaoui, H., Faure, S., David, R., & Spotorno, S (2018). Perceptual guidance improves visual search in aging and in Alzheimer’s Disease: Evidence from eye-movement behavior within real-world scenes. The Alzheimer's Association International Conference, Chicago (États-Unis), 22-26 juillet. Abstract : Background: Elderly people and, especially, pat...
Article
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The present study investigated the nature and specificity of the gestural deficit in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Performance of children with DCD is compared with that of typically developing children across tasks and conditions that allow exploring distinct levels hypothesized by adult models of praxis processing. Thes...
Article
Perceived control refers to one’s perceived influence over outcomes or events. Perceptions of control have been assumed to be related to better memory performance and to slower rate of memory decline associated with aging. The goal of the current paper is to review the literature on the relationships between perceived control and episodic memory th...
Article
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Repeated apneas are associated with severe hypoxemia that may ultimately lead to loss of consciousness in some breath-hold divers. Despite increasing number of practitioners, the relationship between apnea-induced hypoxia and neurocognitive functions is still poorly understood in the sport of free diving. To shed light onto this phenomenon, we exam...
Poster
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We examined whether ocular information selection during inspection is a reliable indicator of subjective judgements of information relevance for the current task, and how the emotional content of an image affects eye-movement behaviour when it is either task relevant or irrelevant. Two groups of 16 participants viewed 72 scenes and 72 object images...
Poster
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Le Trouble du Spectre de l’Autisme (TSA) est défini par les classifications internationales (CIM-10 et DSM-5) comme un trouble neurodéveloppemental perturbant trois composantes : le langage, l’interaction sociale et le comportement (triade autistique). Nous avons choisi de développer un cadre thérapeutique intégrant la musicothérapie dans le dispos...
Poster
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In everyday life, we often search for different targets in the same environment. Our study utilised object arrays on cluttered tables in a real room, requiring older and young healthy adults to search for four targets in each table. Each target name was given only after the previous target had been found (four trials per table). We recorded oculomo...
Poster
Full-text available
We examined whether and how image’s semantics and emotion content interact during visual processing. In each trial, we briefly presented two emotional or neutral images (a scene context and an object), manipulating the semantic consistency and the emotional consistency of the pair. Participants categorised one image semantically or emotionally. Sem...
Article
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Aim: Praxis assessment in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is usually based on tests of adult apraxia, by comparing across types of gestures and input modalities. However, the cognitive models of adult praxis processing are rarely used in a comprehensive and critical interpretation. These models generally involve two systems:...
Poster
Full-text available
Efficient selection of targets is crucial in everyday activities across the lifespan. Studies reporting age-related decline have, however, typically utilised arrays of simple, unrealistic objects. Using real-world scenes, we investigated how reliability of scene semantics (consistent vs. inconsistent targets), target template specificity (name vs....
Article
A lot of studies provided the existence of attentional bias in individuals with post-traumatic stress-symptom (PTSS) or students with anxiety. However, results remain unclear concerning the type of alteration (vigilance or disengagement) and specificity of attentional bias (for negative information or trauma-related information). To address these i...
Article
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Look to the left, nowlook to the right, then to the left, to the right. . . This is essentially what is asked to the participants in the studies examining the effects of horizontal saccadic eye movements on cognitive performance, mainly on memory. It has been suggested that short (about 30 seconds) series of horizontal saccades preceding an episodi...
Poster
Previous research has demonstrated the importance of context-object associations in rapid scene categorisation, showing facilitation arising from semantic consistency. We aimed to disentangle the perceptual and representational bases of this effect, presenting briefly the context and the object within the same image (Experiment 1) or in two separat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Just like all the others specific learning disorders, dyspraxia is akey issue for public health and school performance. ‘‘Develop-mental dyspraxia’’ qualifies specific disturbances of gesture, i.e.the ability to produce a finalized action (goal-directed move-ment) and to use the objects[1,2]. Even if dyspraxia wasdescribed for decades, the value of...
Article
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The Simon effect usually refers to the observation that responding to a nonspatial feature of a stimulus is faster when the position of the stimulus (task-irrelevant) matches the position of the to-be-executed response. The Simon effect can disappear when the Simon task is preceded by a spatial compatibility task with an incompatible mapping. In th...
Article
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In common with all specific learning disorders, dyspraxia is a key issue for public health and school performance. Although dyspraxia has been described for many decades, consensus on the understanding of this disorder is far from being reached. Beyond an usual debate of terminology, the international literature offers different impairment levels u...
Poster
Introduction Information processing studies, such as attentional bias, help to distinguish anxious pathologies. If Vigilance and disengagement bias have been widely demonstrated in generalized anxiety and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), their existence has not been reported in non clinical sample with or without anxiety and/or PTSD symptoms....
Article
Computer use generally requires manual interactions with human-computer interfaces. This experiment aims at studying the influence of a manual preparation on co-occurring attention shifts on computer screen. Participants had to carry out a visual search task on a computer screen while simultaneously preparing to reach either a proximal or a distal...
Article
Full-text available
It has been proposed that cognitive reserve is supported by two neural mechanisms: neural compensation and neural reserve. The purpose of this study was to test how these neural mechanisms are solicited in aging in the context of visual selective attention processing and whether they are inter- or intra-hemispheric. Younger and older participants w...
Article
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Developmental dyspraxia: a review and discussion This paper provides a review of current knowledge in the field of specific motor coordination and gestural disorders in children, generally referred as two major diagnosis: developmental dyspraxia and Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). After few reminders of the main notions, we analyse the c...
Article
Cet article aborde la question des liens entre l’attention spatialeet la préparation motrice de gestes d’atteinte manuelle. Au coursd’une tâche de recherche visuelle, les participants se préparent àappuyer sur une des touches du pavé numérique et exécutent cegeste dès qu’ils ont détecté un intrus sur l’écran. Le dispositif expé-rimental permet de c...
Article
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Many studies show strong links between motor processes and attention. This paper aims at studying to what extent analysis of motor control specificities is specifically relevant to predict attentional shifts. During a visual search, participants prepared a two targets pointing sequence. Direction and size of these reaches were manipulated. Particip...
Article
Context: Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) arouse researchers' interest because they are frequent manifestations responsible for the suffering of patients and caregiuers. Apathy is the most frequent symptom. Literature review about the non-pharmacological treatment for BPSD indicates that some techniques, especially the resid...
Article
Full-text available
The cognitive reserve hypothesis proposes that the brain actively attempts to cope with age-related changes by using pre-existing cognitive networks (neural reserve) or enlisting compensatory processes (neural compensation). In a context of visual selective attention, the current study compared task-related activation with BOLD fMRI signals in youn...
Article
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Brain stimulation in neuropsychology: a panorama Several methods utilizing electric or magnetic stimulation of the brain in healthy or brain-damaged individuals allow us to study the relationship between the brain structure and functioning, on the one hand, and behaviour or cognitive functions, on the other. Surface or deep brain stimulations conce...
Article
What accounts for the Right Hemisphere (RH) functional superiority in visual change detection? An original task which combines one-shot and divided visual field paradigms allowed us to direct change information initially to the RH or the Left Hemisphere (LH) by deleting, respectively, an object included in the left or right half of a scene presente...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the links between spatial attention and reaching movement's motor preparation. During a visual search task, participants prepare to manually reach a button of the numeric keypad and execute it when they find an intruder on the screen. The experimental devices allowed us to control two directions: on the one hand, the direction...
Article
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Linking hemispheric visuospatial functions to the awareness of visual change We live in a world of multiple and continuous changes, which are decisive to give sense to our experience and organize our behavior. This review is devoted to the engagement of the cerebral hemispheres in the conscious perception of visual change when disturbances prevent...
Article
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The perceptual salience and semantic relevance of objects for the meaning of a scene were evaluated with multiple criteria and then manipulated in a change-detection experiment that used an original combination of one-shot and tachistoscopic divided-visual-field paradigms to study behavioural hemispheric asymmetry. Coloured drawings that depicted m...
Article
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Hemispheric specialization and interaction: from the impasse of studying sex differences to the avenue of research on sexual hormones The asymmetrical organization of the brain continues to fascinate people and to mobilize researchers. The possibility that this asymmetry differs between men and women and the attempt to describe its underlying facto...
Article
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Essentially supported by the corpus callosum, the interaction between the two hemispheres represents a flexible mechanism which allows both hemispheres to be coupled in the presence of more complex cognitive tasks. This adaptative mechanism allows the optimal distribution of cognitive processing between the two hemispheres. Thus, the division of pr...
Article
Full-text available
The first part of this article covers the main discoveries that led to the concept of hemispheric specialisation, from Egyptian antiquity to present times, through the pivotal XIXth century period that saw the attribution of specific cognitive functions to the left and right hemispheres. Next, this dichotomous conception of cerebral function, attri...
Article
The first part of this article covers the main discoveries that led to the concept of hemispheric specialisation, from Egyptian antiquity to present times, through the pivotal XIXth century period that saw the attribution of specific cognitive functions to the left and right hemispheres. Next, this dichotomous conception of cerebral function, attri...
Article
Full-text available
In Multiple Sclerosis (MS), one of the most frequent neurological diseases in young adults, cognitive dysfunctions have been under considered whereas their evolution may produce a fronto-sous-cortical deterioration and more than half of the MS patients present such dysfunctions. Nevertheless sensory evoked-potentials are classically used in this di...