Sylvain Julien

Sylvain Julien
e-Zyvec

31.87
 · 
Ph.D.

About

52
Publications
8,870
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,293
Citations
Research Experience
September 2016 - present
e-Zyvec
Position
  • President
Description
  • Co-founder and entrepreneur in this Biotech start-up spin-off of University of Lille 1 and CNRS.
September 2014 - August 2016
INSERM
Position
  • Researcher
March 2011 - August 2014
Université de Lille
Position
  • Researcher
Education
September 2001 - November 2004
Université de Lille
Field of study
  • Science de la vie et de la santé (health and life sciences)

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Many solid cancers are hierarchically organized with a small number of cancer stem cells (CSCs) able to re‐grow a tumor, while their progeny lack this feature. Breast CSC are known to contribute to therapy resistance. The study of those cells is usually based on their cell‐surface markers like CD44high/CD24low/neg or their aldehyde dehydrogenase ac...
Poster
Full-text available
General presentation of e-Zyvec's technology, including bacterial Origin of replication optimization, ORF management, multiple cassette expression vectors construction.
Chapter
The Thomsen Friedenreich (TF) carbohydrate antigens are a group of short O-glycans overexpressed on most carcinomas that have been correlated with cancer progression and poor prognosis. Usually associated with immunosuppressive tumor environment, there is a number of potential immunotherapeutics against TF antigens have been developed, which compri...
Article
We read with interest the manuscript by June and colleagues published recently in Immunity in which they describe targeting of aberrantly glycosylated tumor-associated cell membrane mucin MUC1 using chimeric antigen receptor-engineered human T cells (Posey et al., 2016). In that study, the authors used a second generation 4-1BB costimulatory-molecu...
Article
Full-text available
The ST6GALNAC5 gene that encodes an α2,6-sialyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of α-series gangliosides, was previously identified as one of the genes that mediate breast cancer metastasis to the brain. We have shown that the expression of ST6GALNAC5 in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells resulted in the expression of GD1α ganglioside at the ce...
Article
Distant metastases account for the majority of cancer-related deaths in breast cancer. The rate and site of metastasis differ between estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and ER-positive tumours, and metastatic fate can be very diverse even within the ER-negative group. Characterisation of new pro-metastatic markers may help to identify patients with hi...
Article
Full-text available
Around 7-17% of metastatic breast cancer patients will develop brain metastases, associated with a poor prognosis. To reach the brain parenchyma, cancer cells need to cross the highly restrictive endothelium of the Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB). As treatments for brain metastases are mostly inefficient, preventing cancer cells to reach the brain could...
Article
Full-text available
H19 is a long non-coding RNA precursor of miR-675microRNA. H19 is increasingly described to play key roles in the progression and metastasis of cancers from different tissue origins. We have previously shown that the H19 gene is activated by growth factors and increases breast cancer cell invasion. In this study, we established H19/miR-675 ectopic...
Article
Gangliosides are essential compounds of the plasma membrane involved in cell adhesion, proliferation, and recognition processes, as well as in the modulation of signal transduction pathways. These functions are mainly supported by the glycan moiety, and changes in the structure of gangliosides occur under pathological conditions including cancers....
Article
Full-text available
α-Series gangliosides define a particular sub-class of glycosphingolipids containing sialic acid α2,6-linked to GalNAc residue that was isolated as a minor compound from the brain. The sialyltransferase ST6GalNAc V was cloned from mouse brain and showed α2,6-sialyltransferase activity almost exclusively for GM1b, to form GD1α and is considered as t...
Chapter
Sialic acids are nine-carbon acidic monosaccharides found in terminal position of glycan chains. The sialylation of cell surface glycoconjugates is frequently altered in cancers, resulting in the expression of sialylated tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens that are specific markers for this disease. Because sialylated glycans are involved in man...
Article
Full-text available
Macrophages are major cells of inflammatory process and take part in a large number of physiological and pathological processes. According to tissue environment, they can polarize into pro-inflammatory (M1) or alternative (M2) cells. Although many evidences have hinted to a potential role of cell-surface glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the functions o...
Article
The discovery of cancer stem cells (CSCs) fundamentally advanced our understanding of the mechanisms governing breast cancer development. However, the stimuli that control breast CSC self-renewal and differentiation have still not been fully detailed. We previously showed that nerve growth factor (NGF) and its precursor proNGF can stimulate breast...
Article
Full-text available
Gangliosides, the glycosphingolipids carrying one or several sialic acid residues, are located on the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane in glycolipid-enriched microdomains, where they interact with molecules of signal transduction pathways including receptors tyrosine kinases (RTKs). The role of gangliosides in the regulation of signal transduct...
Article
Full-text available
Sialyl-Tn is a carbohydrate antigen overexpressed in several epithelial cancers, including breast cancer, and usually associated with poor prognosis. Sialyl-Tn is synthesized by a CMP-Neu5Ac:GalNAcalpha2,6-sialyltransferase: CMP-Neu5Ac: R-GalNAcalpha1-O-Ser/Thr alpha2,6-sialyltransferase (EC 2.4.99.3) (ST6GalNAc I), which transfers a sialic acid re...
Article
Full-text available
Distant metastasis account for about 90 % of cancer associated deaths, and yet the oncology field is cruelly lacking tools to accurately predict and/or prevent metastasis. Distant metastasis occurs when circulating tumor cells interact with the endothelium of distant organs and extravasate from the blood vessel into the surrounding tissue. Selectin...
Article
Full-text available
Recent data have underlined a possible role of GD3 synthase (GD3S) and complex gangliosides in Estrogen Receptor (ER) negative breast cancer progression. Here, we describe the main transcript of the GD3S coding gene ST8SIA1 expressed in breast tumors. We characterized the corresponding core promoter in Hs578T breast cancer cells and showed that est...
Article
Full-text available
Aberrant glycosylation is a common feature of malignant change. Changes in mucin-type O-linked glycosylation in breast cancer can result in the expression of truncated core 1-based sialylated glycans rather than the core 2-based glycans observed in normal mammary epithelium cells. This has been shown, in part, to be due to changes in the expression...
Article
Full-text available
Aberrant glycosylation is a common feature of malignant change. Changes in mucin type O-linked glycosylation in breast cancer can result in the expression of truncated core 1-based sialylated glycans rather than the core 2-based glycans observed in normal mammary epithelium cells. This has been shown in part to be due to changes in the expression o...
Article
Full-text available
Sialyl-Tn antigen (STn) is a short O-glycan containing a sialic acid residue a2,6-linked to GalNAca-O-Ser/Thr. The biosynthesis of STn is mediated by a specific sialyltransferase termed ST6GalNAc I, which competes with O-glycans elongating glycosyltransferases and prevents cancer cells from exhibiting longer O-glycans. While weakly expressed by fet...
Article
Full-text available
The glycome acts as an essential interface between cells and the surrounding microenvironment. However, changes in glycosylation occur in nearly all breast cancers, which can alter this interaction. Here, we report that profiles of glycosylation vary between ER-positive and ER-negative breast cancers. We found that genes involved in the synthesis o...
Data
Full-text available
Supplementary Table 1. Description of MUC1 glycoforms printed onto the slides. Table describing the glycopeptides printed onto the microarrays used to screen the large cohorts.
Data
Full-text available
Supplementary Figure 3. Clinical characteristics of the 395 breast cancer patients who donated sera for the study. Time to metastasis of the breast cancer cohort related to clinical tumour size, lymph nodes positivity, age at diagnosis and tumour grade.
Data
Full-text available
Supplementary Figure 4. Expression of B3GNT6 in breast cancers. qRT-PCR of B3GNT6 in 58 primary breast cancers.
Data
Full-text available
Supplementary Figure 1. Lectin and mAb binding to 48-well 20mer glycoform array. Staining of arrays with glycoform-specific lectins and antibodies for glycopeptide array quality control.
Data
Full-text available
Supplementary Figure 2. Comparison of binding to 20mer MUC1 core3 and 60mer core3 of autoantibodies. Binding to MUC1 20mer (1TR) and MUC1 60mer (3TR) of individual sera.
Article
Full-text available
Detection of serum biomarkers for early diagnosis of breast cancer remains an important goal. Changes in the structure of O-linked glycans occur in all breast cancers resulting in the expression of glycoproteins that are antigenically distinct. Indeed, the serum assay widely used for monitoring disease progression in breast cancer (CA15.3), detects...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in glycosylation are common in malignancy, and as almost all surface proteins are glycosylated, this can dramatically affect the behavior of tumor cells. In breast carcinomas, the O-linked glycans are frequently truncated, often as a result of premature sialylation. The sialyltransferase ST3Gal-I adds sialic acid to the galactose residue of...
Article
Full-text available
The disialoganglioside G(D3) is overexpressed in ∼50% of invasive ductal breast carcinoma, and the G(D3) synthase gene (ST8SIA1) displays higher expression among estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer tumors, associated with a decreased overall survival of breast cancer patients. However, no relationship between ganglioside expression and breast...
Article
Full-text available
Glycosylation changes that occur in cancer often lead to the expression of tumour-associated carbohydrate antigens. In breast cancer, these antigens are usually associated with a poor prognosis and a reduced overall survival. Cellular models have shown the implication of these antigens in cell adhesion, migration, proliferation and tumour growth. T...
Article
Changes in cell surface glycosylation are common modifications that occur during oncogenesis, leading to the over-expression of tumour-associated carbohydrate antigens (TACA). Most of these antigens are sialylated and the increase of sialylation is a well-known feature of transformed cells. In breast cancer, expression of TACA such as sialyl-Lewis(...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in the composition of glycans added to glycoproteins and glycolipids are characteristic of the change to malignancy. Sialyl-Tn (STn) is expressed by 25-30% of breast carcinomas but its expression on normal tissue is highly restricted. Sialyl-Tn is an O-linked disaccharide that can be carried on various glycoproteins. One such glycoprotein M...
Article
Full-text available
The outermost layer of all immune cells, the glycocalyx, is composed of a complex mixture of glycoproteins, glycolipids and lectins, which specifically recognize particular glycan epitopes. As the glycocalyx is the cell's primary interface with the external environment many biologically significant events can be attributed to glycan recognition. Fo...
Article
Full-text available
MUC1 is a highly attractive immunotherapeutic target owing to increased expression, altered glycosylation, and loss of polarity in >80% of human cancers. To exploit this, we have constructed a panel of chimeric Ag receptors (CAR) that bind selectively to tumor-associated MUC1. Two parameters proved crucial in optimizing the CAR ectodomain. First, w...
Article
Full-text available
To fulfil their function as APCs, dendritic cells (DC) and their precursors need to travel from blood to the peripheral tissues and, upon activation, migrate from tissues to draining lymph nodes. Because O-glycans play a role in T cell trafficking, we investigated the O-glycosylation profile of human monocyte-derived DC. Sialyl-Lewis(x) (sLe(x)), a...
Article
Full-text available
Pmel17 is a melanocyte/melanoma-specific protein that is essential for the maturation of melanosomes to form mature, fibrillar, and pigmented organelles. Recently, we reported that the less glycosylated form of Pmel17 (termed iPmel17) is sorted via the plasma membrane in a manner distinct from mature Pmel17 (termed mPmel17), which is sorted directl...
Article
Full-text available
Sialyl-Tn is a carbohydrate antigen overexpressed in several epithelial cancers, including breast cancer, and usually associated with poor prognosis. Sialyl-Tn is synthesized by a CMP-Neu5Ac:GalNAcalpha2,6-sialyltransferase: CMP-Neu5Ac: R-GalNAcalpha1-O-Ser/Thr alpha2,6-sialyltransferase (EC 2.4.99.3) (ST6GalNAc I), which transfers a sialic acid re...
Article
Full-text available
Based on BLAST analysis of the human and mouse genome databases using the human CMP sialic acid; alpha2,8-sialyltransferase cDNA (hST8Sia I; EC 2.4.99.8), a putative sialyltransferase gene, was identified on human chromosome 10. The genomic organization was found to be similar to that of hST8Sia I and hST8Sia V. Transcriptional expression analysis...
Article
Sialyl-Tn is a carbohydrate antigen overexpressed in several epithelial cancers including breast cancer, and usually associated with poor prognosis. Sialyl-Tn is synthesized by a CMP-Neu5Ac: GalNAc alpha2,6-sialyltransferase: ST6GalNAc I, which catalyzes the transfer of a sialic acid residue in alpha2,6-linkage to the GalNAcalpha1-O-Ser/Thr structu...
Article
BLAST analysis of the human and mouse genome sequence databases using the sequence of the human CMP-sialic acid:beta-galactoside alpha-2,6-sialyltransferase cDNA (hST6Gal I, EC2.4.99.1) as a probe allowed us to identify a putative sialyltransferase gene on chromosome 2. The sequence of the corresponding cDNA was also found as an expressed sequence...
Article
blast analysis of the human and mouse genome sequence databases using the sequence of the human CMP-sialic acid:β-galactoside α-2,6-sialyltransferase cDNA (hST6Gal I, EC2.4.99.1) as a probe allowed us to identify a putative sialyltransferase gene on chromosome 2. The sequence of the corresponding cDNA was also found as an expressed sequence tag of...
Chapter
Sialyl-Tn antigen (STn) is a short O-glycan containing a sialic acid residue 2,6-linked to GalNAc-O-Ser/Thr. This disaccharide is thought to be biosynthesised by a specific CMP-Neu5Ac: GalNAc 2,6-sialyltransferase termed ST6GalNAc I. ST6GalNAc I compete with O-glycans elongating glycosyltransferases and prevent cancer cells to exhibit longer O-g...
Article
Full-text available
Sialyl-Tn antigen (STn) is a cancer associated carbohydrate antigen over-expressed in several cancers including breast cancer, and currently associated with more aggressive diseases and poor prognosis. However, the commonly used breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231, T47-D and MCF7) do not express STn antigen. The key step in the biosynthesis of STn...
Article
The human genome encodes probably more than 20 different sialyltransferases involved in the biosynthesis of sialylated glycoproteins and glycolipids but to date only 15 different human sialyltransferase cDNAs have been cloned and characterized. Each of the sialyltransferase genes is differentially expressed in a tissue-, cell type-, and stage-speci...
Chapter
Full-text available
Sialylated oligosaccharides of glyco¬proteins and glycolipids have been implicated in many biological processes such as cell-cell interaction and cell migration, in connection with physiological and pathological processes such as lymphocyte trafficking and cancer metastasis. The human genome encodes probably more than 20 different sialyltransferase...

Questions and Answers

Question & Answers (6)

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
I have co-founded a start up in molecular biology. We are providing services in genetic engineering. Exploiting our proprietary DNA assembly technology, we are partnering with researchers to create sophisticated tailor-made DNA vectors and smart-up their research.