Sylvain Lavelle

Sylvain Lavelle
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales | EHESS · Groupe de sociologie pragmatique et réflexive (GSPR)

PHD, Doctor of Philosophy, University of Paris-Sorbonne (IV)

About

36
Publications
2,841
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62
Citations
Introduction
Sylvain Lavelle currently works at the Groupe de sociologie pragmatique et réflexive (GSPR), École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. He is also the head of the Centre for Ethics, Technology and Society (CETS) at ICAM Paris. Sylvain does research in Philosophy of Technology and Engineering, Methodology of Research and Innovation, Ethics, Epistemology, Critical Thinking (Logic and Dialectics), Theory and Practice of Democracy.
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - December 2016
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales
Position
  • Philosophy, Epistemology, Ethics, Logic, Methodology

Publications

Publications (36)
Working Paper
Full-text available
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L'ambition d'une 'démocratisation de la démocratie' a été largement portée par le courant de la démocratie technique et dialogique. L'intérêt des modèles et dispositifs qu'il propose est de contrer les tendances à la confiscation du pouvoir et du savoir qu'entraîne la double délégation aux élus et aux experts. Cependant, pour fructueuse qu'ait pu ê...
Article
Le probleme de la connaissance herite du Theetete de Platon a ete pense dans l'analyse epistemique contemporaine depuis Gettier comme un probleme de justification de la croyance vraie. Or, l'analyse de la relation entre cognition et action permet d'etablir que connaitre c'est toujours agir, que ce soit en vue de la connaissance en tant que telle, p...
Article
It has been agreed upon, according to critical perspective, to distinguish the problems raised by scientific issues on the one hand and the problems raised by moral issues on the other. This distinction, at the genesis of theoretical ideology, postulates that experimental science is mere knowledge which, since it has nothing to do with action, cann...
Conference Paper
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The relation of words to objects is a key issue in the history of logic, especially after the analytic turn as initiated by Frege (Sinn und Bedeutung). It can be said that almost all the great philosophers of logic from Frege to Kripke had to deal with the issue of the sense / reference relation. A reference is basically the relation of one linguis...
Article
Full-text available
A paraître en version modifiée dans la Revue philosophique de Louvain Résumé : La philosophie témoigne dans l'ensemble de ses secteurs d'une attention et d'un intérêt croissants à l'égard de l'ordinaire. Il est possible de faire un pas de plus dans cette voie de recherche, déjà explorée par nombre de philosophes, de Wittgenstein à Cavell, en obliqu...
Preprint
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La philosophie est pour une large part une affaire de méthode, si l'on entend par là l'ensemble des règles, des procédures et des étapes qui guident le chemin de celui ou de celle qui s'engage dans cette voie. Mais les méthodes en philosophie sont multiples, et c'est déjà un travail important pour un apprenti philosophe de parvenir à identifier la...
Chapter
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The main challenge of technology is to facilitate the tasks and to transfer the functions that are usually performed by the humans to the non-humans. However, the pervasion of machines in everyday life requires that the non-humans are increasingly closer in their abilities to the ordinary thought, action and behaviour of the humans. This view merge...
Chapter
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The distinction of the Analytic and the Synthetic as well as the problem of the a priori synthetic judgment are an important topic in modern history of philosophy and logic. In Kant's Critique, the analytic is associated with the a priori and the synthetic with the a posteriori, and the distinction between the two is linked to the criteria of neces...
Preprint
The 2011 Japanese disaster often presented as a ‘new Chernobyl’ accumulated the effects of earthquake, tsunami and of the subsequent nuclear accident at Fukushima. In the light of this disaster, we review methodological rea- sons both from geophysical and philosophical perspectives that lead the scientific and technological communities to flawed co...
Article
Il existe au sein des théories et des pratiques de la gouvernance démocratique une tendance dominante qui trouve son origine dans la pensée dialogique contemporaine, celle de Habermas en particulier, et dans une moindre mesure, celle de Latour et Callon. Les modèles dialogiques se distinguent par le privilège qu’ils accordent à des degrés divers à...
Article
The 2011 Japanese disaster often presented as a ‘new Chernobyl’ accumulated the effects of earthquake, tsunami and of the subsequent nuclear accident at Fukushima. In the light of this disaster, we review methodological reasons both from geophysical and philosophical perspectives that lead the scientific and technological communities to flawed conc...
Chapter
In Ways of Worldmaking, Goodman examined the various ways of making worlds by comparing the activity of science with that of art. It is however regrettable that he did not regard the activity of engineering, thus viewed as a kind of technical art, as a genuine way of worldmaking. Engineering not only deals with the design and the production of tech...
Chapter
The elaboration of some paradigms of governance lies upon the opposition between the democratic and the non-democratic, namely, as will be shown and defined, the technocratic (skilled-based power), the ethocratic (virtue-based power), and the epistocratic (wisdom-based power). The point in this opposition is that, contrary to the democratic paradig...
Article
The elaboration of some paradigms of governance lies upon the opposition between the democratic and the non-democratic, namely, as will be shown and defined, the technocratic (skilled-based power), the ethocratic (virtue-based power), and the epistocratic (wisdom-based power). The point in this opposition is that, contrary to the democratic paradig...
Book
The more integrated technology becomes in our everyday lives and businesses, the more vital it grows that its applications are utilized in an ethical and appropriate way. Ethical Governance of Emerging Technologies Development combines multiple perspectives on ethical backgrounds, theories, and management approaches when implementing new technologi...
Chapter
Proceduralism has been a major philosophical stream that gathers some outstanding philosophers, such as John Rawls or Jürgen Habermas. The general idea of proceduralism, especially in the practical domains of morals, law and communication, comes from the need to provide some rational justifications to the rules, actions and decisions to be adopted...
Chapter
Radioactive waste, remaining radioactive for very long periods up to hundreds of thousands years, introduces a new time dimension never experimented in the field of risk management. This situation led for more than 10 years, to reflections on the societal and organisational mechanisms for the development of protection systems, able to cope with tho...
Conference Paper
One of the main problems of a contemporary ethics of technology and of the institutional structures of democratic governance enabling it to be implemented is the lack of an adequate ethics of collective action. More precisely there is a need for a ethics of co-responsibility - as opposed to an ethics of the individual role responsibility - in the f...
Article
Full-text available
Radioactive waste introduces a new time dimension in the field of risk management. This is why, for more than 10 years, there have been reflections on the societal and organisational mechanisms allowing a responsible management over the long term of the risk associated with radioactive waste. These reflections lead one to ask questions regarding in...
Book
International Federation for Information Processing The IFIP series publishes state-of-the-art results in the sciences and technologies of information and communication. The scope of the series includes: foundations of computer science; software theory and practice; education; computer applications in technology; communication systems; systems mode...
Article
Full-text available
1 ) dedicated to the governance of radioactive waste management, the issues of "long term governance" have been addressed by exploring the elements which can contribute to a better integration of the technical and societal time dimensions, taking into account technical, ethical, economic and organizational considerations. The originality of this pr...

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Project (1)
Project
En tension avec la tradition de la Critique (de Kant à Habermas), mon programme de recherche tente de rendre compte, de la logique à la politique, des méthodes et problèmes de la synthèse entre rationalités et acteurs multiples ("hétérologie"): Philosophie et méthode. De la logique de la recherche à l'humanité ordinaire - Programme de recherche 1 : "De la philosophie analytique à la philosophie synthétique" - Programme de recherche 2 : "Science, art et morale dans une société démocratique" (ICAM-CETS + EHESS-GSPR) - Programme de recherche 3 : "Cogniteur, For interne et externe et Ego/Alter" (EHESS-GSPR) - Programme de recherche 4 : "Changement humain et transition écologique" (ICAM-CETS) By challenging the tradition of the Critique (from Kant to Habermas), my research programe - from logic to politics - seeks to account for the methods and the problems of synthesis between multiple rationalities and actors ("heterology") : - Research programe 1 : "From analytic to synthetic philosophy" - Research programme 2 : "Science, art and morals in a democratic society" (ICAM-CETS + EHESS-GSPR) - Research program 3 : "Cognitor, Internal and external Self and Ego/Alter"(EHESS-GSPR) - Research Program 4 : "Human change and ecological transition"(ICAM-CETS)