Sylvain Kubicki

Sylvain Kubicki
Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) | LIST · Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN)

Arch. Dr. in Architecture

About

124
Publications
37,208
Reads
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1,111
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2007 - March 2020
Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST)
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • As a Senior Research and Technology Associate I am involved with the management of R&D projects, in close collaboration with the industry and the whole construction sector, in Luxembourg and Europe, as well as the development of new research proposals.
Education
September 2013 - November 2016
University of Lorraine
Field of study
  • Architecture Science
September 2012 - June 2013
École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture Nancy
Field of study
  • Architecture

Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Full-text available
The development of new climate change policies has increased the motivation to reduce energy use in buildings, as reflected by a stringent regulatory landscape. The construction industry is expected to adopt new methods and strategies to address such requirements, focusing primarily on reducing energy demand, improving process efficiency and reduci...
Article
Full-text available
As the Architecture, Engineering and Construction sector is embracing the digital age, the processes involved in the design, construction and operation of built assets are more and more influenced by technologies dealing with value-added monitoring of data from sensor networks, management of this data in secure and resilient storage systems underpi...
Article
The building sector accounts for 40% of the total energy consumption in the EU. It faces great challenges to meet the goal of transforming the existing building stocks into near zero-energy buildings by 2050. The development of Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) schemes in the EU provides a powerful and comprehensive information tool to quantitat...
Article
The Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) model is extensively used by current thermal comfort standards, such as ASHRAE 55 and ISO 7730, despite its discrepancy in predicting Thermal Sensation (TS). The implicit assumption is that PMV can be applied for predicting TS of a large population. Our statistical analysis of a subset of ASHRAE global database of ther...
Article
In the last years, BIM has gained interest across the construction sector in Europe. 3D coordination, i.e. the task aiming at comparing several 3D models in order to reduce problems and conflicts, is often identified as a new mission. It is associated with the authoring, use and quality control in relation with the management of digital information...
Conference Paper
The market of smart building solutions aiming at improving the comfort, well-being and health of occupants, but also the inclusiveness and accessibility of the building to people with more specific needs is growing. More and more smart solutions, as well as standards, certifications and public regulations are currently being developed, but a more g...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although more assessment and certification schemes aimed at buildings appear on the market, professionals always face the same challenges: information scarcity and data flow interruptions. It therefore becomes crucial to rigorously assess the information workflows associated with built assets in order to help deliver the subsequent assessment servi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper reviews the state-of-the art research in life cycle assessment (LCA) applied to buildings. It focuses on current research trends, and elaborates on gaps and directions for future research. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted to identify current research and applications of LCA in buildings. The proposed review m...
Chapter
Full-text available
Engaging citizens in urban planning has the potential to generate effective ideas to reinvent our cities. Particularly, designing easy to grasp and effective tools for co-creating meaningful urban spaces remains a significant challenge and an emerging need. Such tools that can involve the community in an intelligent manner are in strong demand. It...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The construction industry is experiencing a technological transition towards Digital Twins from a static digital information environment to a more dynamic one, enriched with real-time sensing and Artificial Intelligence support. This paper describes a method for leveraging a building digital twin for monitoring the indoor environmental quality and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As our society is becoming increasingly interconnected, the construction industry is faced with unparalleled needs for digital infrastructure as it is beginning to adopt sophisticated cyber-physical integra-tions, known as Digital Twins. Previous work on BIM and cyber-physical systems within the construction sec-tor as well as from nearby engineeri...
Chapter
PMV (Predicted Mean Vote) model is currently the most extensively used method for thermal sensation (TS) evaluation. However, the model is criticized for not being able to account for human thermal preferences and expectations. In response to these limitations, the adaptive model was developed to factor in behavioural, psychological and physiologic...
Chapter
The Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) model is extensively used by current thermal comfort standards, such as ASHRAE 55 and ISO 7730, despite its discrepancy in predicting Thermal Sensation (TS). The implicit assumption is that PMV can be applied for predicting TS of a large population. Our statistical analysis of a subset of ASHRAE global database of ther...
Article
Full-text available
In this workshop we discussed the progress and results of six Horizon 2020 projects—INSTRUCT, BIMEET, The nZEB Roadshow, TRAIN4SUSTAIN, HP4All, and BUSLeague—about how to increase the number of skilled building professionals and/or blue-collar workers across the building design, operation, and maintenance value chain (designers, architects, enginee...
Chapter
Urban planning design process in general is a manual process based on the expertise of professionals addressing the design, exploitation and use of land spaces. Starting by manual sketching configurations do not allow the evaluation of the design performance. Parametric modelling approach, and algorithmic thinking, are currently helping in controll...
Chapter
This paper proposes a transdisciplinary research for the conceptual definition of a building. It is based on the concept of Service-oriented Product-Service System (PSS) applied to buildings. Existing kinds of PSS are about service(s) integration whereas Service-Oriented PSS is about product(s) integration. The product definition and design aims to...
Chapter
The tedious process of linking product and process models, particularly at higher levels of detail makes the exploration of multiple construction management strategies prohibitive, especially when looking at the collaboration and social aspects of 4D review meetings (decision making features of support systems, taking into account the behaviour of...
Article
Synchronous collaboration sessions within the context of 4D BIM position construction professionals into a complex socio—technical system. This system includes hardware, software, people, and broader community aspects. This article strictly focuses on the ontology representation of synchronous collaboration sessions with collocated collective decis...
Article
Full-text available
Construction industry has a wide impact to our built environment. It plays a vital role for governments and supports in both developed and developing economies. The industry supports economic growth of a nation through various trades and activities as well as provides new jobs. It is one of the largest industrial sectors that has a projected output...
Article
“Demand Response” energy management of thermal grids requires consideration of a wide range of factors at building and district level, supported by continuously calibrated simulation models that reflect real operation conditions. Moreover, cross-domain data interoperability between concepts used by the numerous hardware and software is essential, i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a newly constructed smart low carbon district energy network in Belval, Luxembourg. The district was the site for the largest steelworks in Luxembourg and currently a majority of the site is renovated into a new modern community with university, research institutes, banks, shopping malls, hotels and residential apartments. The w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Stakeholders use 4D modelling during construction to coordinate project data and collaborate effectively. The collaborative sessions between project stakeholders have a complex dynamic. This research was conducted under the scope of the 4DCollab project, which aims to improve 4D BIM supported Synchronous Collaboration Sessions (SCS) by adopting a u...
Conference Paper
Information modelling for the construction industry can address the fragmentation, multitude of professions and companies that often require collaboration and data exchange. Construction projects involve various professions, including design teams, contractors, facility managers, product manufacturers and suppliers, user associations, clients and i...
Conference Paper
Construction industry has a wide impact to our built environment. It plays a vital role for governments and supports in both developed and developing economies. The industry supports economic growth of a nation through various trades and activities as well as provides new jobs. It is one of the largest industrial sectors that has a projected output...
Conference Paper
The term participation has been used to define different activities, such as civil debate, communication, consultation, delegation, self-help construction, political decisions. However, participation in design started from the idea that individuals whom being affected by a design project must contribute to the design process. Recently, designers ha...
Conference Paper
There is increased interest in complying with the new regulations and policies associated with the climate change. In particular industries such as the AEC (Architecture, Engineering and Construction) industry seek to find new strategies and practices for facilitating sustainability but also new regulations to improve efficiency at the building lev...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Construction industry has a wide impact on the socioeconomic development of any nation. It employs a large number of population and contributes to a nation's built wealth-buildings and infrastructure. In contrast, this sector has an adverse environmental impact and is responsible for high energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, resource consumption,...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing carbon emissions and addressing environmental policies in the construction domain has been intensively explored with solutions ranging from energy efficiency techniques with building informatics to user behavior modelling and monitoring. Such strategies have managed to improve current practices in managing buildings, however decarbonizing...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
LEAN Management is rapidly gaining interest in the construction industry, while stakeholders have to improve productivity and efficiency of building processes. Such management methods and principles proved to be useful in other sectors (e.g. automotive), and most of the feedbacks in construction projects are positive, although it is recognized that...
Article
Full-text available
The population of Luxembourg today is 576.000 inhabitants, but with the addition of 174.684 workers commuting every day from Belgium, France and Germany, that number increases to 750.684. Considering and addressing the challenges that Luxembourg will face by 2060, as a country of 1.1 million residents, it is imperative today to anticipate and plan...
Article
Full-text available
The paper addresses computational design as a key technological asset in the development of the smart city. In particular, the research targets context-aware adaptation to usage requirements at urban fragment level. Indeed, cities’ policy makers have to take into account many factors in a development policy, such as situational, technical or human-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper addresses the feedback of BIM implementation in construction projects. An analysis method, named BIMetric, is proposed to answer the requirements of a French ministerial organization: PUCA (Plan Urbanisme Construction et Architecture). It aims to widely identify BIM maturity of practi-tioners involved in construction projects, as well as...
Conference Paper
BIM (Building Information Modeling) is a new paradigm, which changes the way facilities are designed, built and managed. It is now recognized that implementing BIM in AEC (Architecture, Engineering and Construction) projects implies both organizational and technological challenges. The benefits of BIM are also well described in scientific and profe...
Conference Paper
The paper addresses computational design as a key technological asset in the development of the smart city. In particular, the research targets context-aware adaptation to usage requirements at urban fragment level. Indeed, cities’ policy makers have to take into account many factors in a development policy, such as situational, technical or human-...
Article
Full-text available
La mission de « coordination du BIM » n'est aujourd'hui pas encore clairement définie, parce qu'elle est utilisée suivant divers points de vue.
Article
Full-text available
4D modeling has been an applied research area for around two decades since the first seminal works in the nineties. In the last years, a number of case studies have been published both for demonstrating the various applications of 4D and for assessing technological propositions. However, in most papers only little place is given to the particular c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
N-dimensional BIM models integrate many aspects of Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) projects information. These models are well structured and allow users to practically query them, however they are more and more combined with other data sources, provided e.g. by Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Building Automation Systems (BAS...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many situations related to natural environment and human activities increase the risk related to housing and create a demand for rapid post-disaster solutions. The solutions implemented by both the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the local and national organizations should fulfill the requirements of the temporarily displaced populations....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
4D modeling has been an applied research area for around two decades since the first seminal works. In the last years, a number of case studies have been published both for demonstrating the various applications of 4D and for assessing technological propositions. However, in most papers only little place is given to the particular content of 4D mod...
Conference Paper
The work presented in this paper is part of a more comprehensive one which aims to propose appropriate natural user interactions to support collaborative decision making in synchronous 4D simulation. It presents the issue and previous works on natural user interfaces in 4D simulation. It also introduces a first prototype and a 4D case study from a...
Book
Full-text available
La recherche relatée dans cet article contribue à renforcer la compréhension des apports de la simulation 4D dans un projet de construction. Elle met en évidence également l'importance de la visualisation d'un modèle 4D, et par extension d'une maquette numérique BIM, suivant les usages qui sont développés dans un projet. La conception de vues 4D/BI...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The construction sector of Luxembourg is a particular trans-national market, where companies, methods, regulations and equipment are largely influenced by France, Germany and Belgium practices. As in other countries, IT seems to play a major role in sectorial innovation as a mean for improving competitiveness of companies and efficiency of projects...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article proposes a metamodel to describe the use context of collaborative 4D modeling in Architecture, Engineering and Construction. While interaction with three-dimensional models has been extensively discussed in the literature, the interaction principles with the fourth dimension are much less treated. It is indeed a challenging issue accor...
Article
Full-text available
As organizations operate under a highly dynamic business world, they can only survive by optimizing their business processes (BPs) and outsourcing complementary functionality to their core business. To this end, they adopt service-orientation as the underlying mechanism enabling BP optimization and evolution. BPs are now seen as business services (...
Article
4D simulations are useful to support many aspects of construction project planning. With the success of Building Information Modeling (BIM) and because construction planning is largely collaborative, there is an increasing interest for the collaborative use of 4D simulation. Visualization is very important in any simulation activity and it is impor...
Conference Paper
Planning is crucial in the success of construction projects and 4D/nD simulation is an innovative approach to improve it. Because construction planning is mainly a collaborative activity, the collaborative use of 4D/nD simulation is growing in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC), following the implementation of Building Information...
Conference Paper
Practitioners of the construction sector require improved Information Technology (IT) Services to support their collaborative work. In usual service design processes, business experts gather requirements and collaborate with designers (e.g. Software Engineers or HCI experts) through modeling phases to develop adapted solutions. Our main hypothesis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes a transdisciplinary research for the conceptual definition of a building. It is based on the concept of Service-oriented Product-Service System (PSS) applied to buildings. Existing kinds of PSS are about service(s) integration whereas Service-Oriented PSS is about product(s) integration. The product definition and design aims to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In a brief, the functional diagram comprises information related to activities and flows at an abstract level. It serves as a basis for architects to develop their architectural concept. Brief is therefore a first requirements processing proposed by the programmer, constraining architect’s solution space. Issue is that this processing is only relat...
Article
Full-text available
4D CAD is more and more used in construction education curricula. The main interest of this technology is its ability to simulate real sequencing of construction tasks in order to confront the student with real-life construction management issues. This article presents a course for architects and construction engineers. It describes the teaching of...
Conference Paper
4D/nD simulations are increasing the quality of project management in the construction industry and many attempts are made to enable their collaborative use. However, many limitations still exist, in particular the lack of adaptation of the proposed visualization to the requirements of business users. As collaboration in construction projects requi...
Article
Full-text available
Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Nancy, France. RÉSUMÉ. Le LUCID-ULg et l'ENSA de Nancy organisent depuis cinq années le Studio Digital Collaboratif. Il s'agit d'un atelier de conception architecturale collaboratif à distance. Plusieurs groupes réunissant entre quatre et six étu-diants liégeois et nancéiens, conçoivent un projet architectural...
Article
Full-text available
L'activité de conception/construction est fortement collective. Son assistance par des outils numériques se confronte à la complexité et à la particu-larité des processus collectifs mis en oeuvre dans un projet architectural. La proposition d'outils adaptés à ce contexte singulier de coopération nécessite une compréhension soutenue et pérenne des p...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we introduce and illustrate a systematic and rigorous approach for the elicitation and the modelling of assurance requirements inherent to business services offered by a service system. The approach is based on guidelines provided by the ISO 15504 norm which is applicable for the assessment of any type of process in order to check its...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mobile applications become more and more used in both private and professional activities. Innovation through mobile services specification and prototyping becomes a major trend in construction sector research. The project presented in this paper aims both at demonstrating the interest of mobile technologies for assisting building construction coor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Visualization of the cooperation context is an important issue, especially when applied to complex and unstable collective activities, as it is the case in the field of Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC). With the aim of assisting cooperative construction projects it is important to propose business services and user views adapted to...
Conference Paper
Organizations now resort to service-orientation as it enables them to quickly create and offer new business services (BSs) or optimize existing ones. In many cases, organizations must cooperate to offer such services so as to concentrate only on their core business. An initial phase to the design of a novel BS concerns the determination of the BS's...
Conference Paper
As business process optimization and innovation are the only means to survive in such a dynamic business world, organizations are now combining BPM technologies with service-orientation so as to achieve them. Business processes are now considered as business services (BSs) that span the organizational boundaries and have to satisfy cross-organizati...