Sylvain Charlebois

Sylvain Charlebois
Dalhousie University | Dal · Faculty of Management

PhD

About

146
Publications
77,054
Reads
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1,317
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2010 - May 2016
University of Guelph
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 2009 - June 2010
University of Saskatchewan
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2004 - June 2009
University of Regina
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (146)
Article
Full-text available
Food safety data segmentation and limitations hamper the world’s ability to select, build up, monitor and evaluate food safety performance. Currently, there is no metric that captures the entire food safety system, and performance data are not collected strategically on a global scale. Therefore, food safety benchmarking is essential not only to he...
Article
Full-text available
The recall that plagued Canada’s XL Foods in 2012, tied to E. coli casesfoundingroundbeef,wasthelargestfoodrecallinCanadian history. As a result of the outbreak, 18 consumers allegedly became ill and XL Foods launched a voluntary recall of all packaged meats from the plant, and the plant underwent intense sanitation for weeks. This study aims to un...
Article
It is important for the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and other food regulatory bodies to recognize that risk communication is a key component of the quality risk assessment process for which problems of subjectivity and uncertainty may arise. This paper develops a core risk communication strategy, motivated by a risk communication model,...
Article
Full-text available
The food traceability regulations of 21 Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) countries were examined with attention to whether these regulations are comprehensive for all food commodities and processed foods. The countries were evaluated based on responses to a series of questions that were developed to allow assessment of...
Article
During the first quarter of 2020, the global COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the lives of Canadians, changing the way they worked, studied, and shopped. In addition to restrictions on freedom of movement and gathering, there was confusion spread on social media platforms about points and rates of transmission. Inconsistent messaging from public health...
Article
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In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada, home food gardening articles have saturated popular media outlets. Home food gardening is more popular than ever, and community gardens and community greenhouses are at capacity with long waiting lists for plots. Several local governments across the country are also participating in the food gardening...
Article
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It is well known that many consumers believe local foods are more expensive than comparative products coming from other markets. The aim of this study was to measure the price competitiveness of products certified by the Aliments du Québec program, a well-known program in the Canadian province of Quebec. Using machine-learning, artificial intellige...
Article
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The past two years have been challenging for the restaurant industry in Canada and countries worldwide. This has led many casual and fine dining restaurants to adapt their business models to overcome the immediate and long-term impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper aims to understand how COVID-19 has impacted Canadian consumers’ on- and off-...
Article
This exploratory study examines the perception of gratuity behaviours in Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using a nationwide survey, results were analyzed using statistical and cross tabulation analysis and interpreted through a prosocial spending framework to understand consumer behaviour in which food service patrons perceive emotional benefi...
Article
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While plastics play an important role in the safety, shelf‐life, and affordability of many foods, their mismanagement as waste presents a serious environmental problem. In 2019, governments in Canada and globally were poised to take legislative action to curb the use of single‐use plastics, with strong public support. However, the COVID‐19 pandemic...
Article
Background During the fall of 2020, consumers began to question the consistency of Canadian butter. Many consumers expressed their dissatisfaction on social media the following winter. For months, Canadian dairy industry stakeholders debated the on-farm practices and processing of dairy products on social media. International media amplified the co...
Article
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While food innovation is heavily influenced by the myriad of policies, regulations and other environmental factors within a country, globalization means that food innovation is also a matter of international competitiveness. This benchmarking exercise uses 24 variables to compare the different innovation environments across ten countries: Canada, t...
Article
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Historically, the food industry has had a complicated affiliation with the single-use plastic overuse and packaging. In food innovation, industry-driven needs such as safety and consumer convenience, will typically trump policy. Yet, with environmental concerns, the opposite holds true. Environmental policy in the Western world has driven some mode...
Technical Report
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12th Edition of Canada's Food Price Report which predicts food prices for 2022
Article
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Telecommuting has become a dominant professional experience for many Canadian business and workers due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Telecommuting has several benefits that are separate from COVID-19. Two prevalent changes have been in regard to telecommuting and online food buying habits, both of which impact social wellbeing as a dimension of social...
Article
The physical properties of butter are impacted by the fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition of the milkfat. Increased butter hardness and melting temperature results in decreased consumer satisfaction since these affect the culinary performance and spreadability. During the winter of 2021, consumers reported anecdotal evidence of an increase i...
Article
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The era of the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a variety of individual lifestyle and behavioural changes, and could, therefore, potentially involve a shift towards more sustainable food systems. This research was conducted through an online survey of cross-sectional design. We surveyed 8272 Canadians in August of 2020. Participants answered quest...
Article
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The objective of this study was to investigate Canadian’s awareness and use of Canada’s Food Guide and to explore barriers to adopting the recommendations. We also conducted a cost analysis to measure the affordability of the 2019 Food Guide compared to the previous version. Although 74% of Canadians were aware of the new Food Guide, it ranked low...
Article
This viewpoint examines citizen empowerment by gardening in times of crisis, namely, the adoption of the idea of Victory Gardens as a means of resistance to COVID-19. Fear of the collapse of the Canadian food chain supply at the beginning of the pandemic led to an increase in urban gardening. The government-created Victory Garden program of the Sec...
Article
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The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has created enormous societal disruptions in the Western world, including Canada, with serious implications for food safety. Since the start of the pandemic, many scholars have investigated the issue of food safety through different lenses. In this review, two research thrusts were identified, the epidemiology of the virus a...
Article
In January 2019, the Safe Food for Canadians Act/Safe Food for Canadians regulations (heretofore identified as SFCR) came into force across Canada and brought a more streamlined process to food safety practice in Canada. Food trade and production processes have evolved rapidly in recent decades, as Canada imports and exports food products; therefor...
Article
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More than 90% of the money spent on food in the Canadian province of New Brunswick was spent on food that was imported to the province from either other provinces or out of the country. The feasibility of controlled environment agriculture in the Canadian province of New Brunswick depends on a large variety of factors, some of which have no availab...
Article
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The focus of this study looks at the motivations and rationale from a national survey of over 7200 Canadians in November 2020 into why they use online services to purchase food. As a result of the global COVID-19 pandemic, food supply chains have been significantly altered. Consumers are purchasing foods with different dynamics, including when they...
Article
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The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis for both food safety and especially the economic sustainability of food production in Canada and around the globe are explored. A full analysis is made of the nature of the virus, and it is spread as they relate to the forces of globalization which have created a global food supply chain, with a focu...
Article
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Several studies of food literacy emphasise the acquisition of critical knowledge over context. This evaluation looks at how COVID-19 impacted food literacy in a country affected by the global pandemic. To our knowledge, there has been no systematic research that would allow a better understanding of the impact of uncertainty or enhanced perceived r...
Article
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Many believe the current Canadian Dairy supply management system is outdated. Examining a recent consumer survey suggests consumers, especially among the younger generations, have mixed feelings about how the Canadian dairy industry is good for the environment or whether animals in the sector are humanely treated. The general Canadian public strong...
Article
Full-text available
While plastics play an important role in the safety, shelf-life, and affordability of many foods, their mismanagement as waste presents a serious environmental problem. In 2019, governments in Canada and globally were poised to take legislative action to curb the use of single-use plastics, with strong public support. However, the COVID-19 pandemic...
Article
Full-text available
Single-use plastic food packaging is a major contributor to the global solid waste problem. Although the food industry is developing strategies to reduce single-use plastic packaging, it needs to better understand consumer awareness and attitudes about the issue. As consumer awareness about single-use plastic waste outpaces private sector practices...
Article
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The lack of academic attention that home food gardening has received in Canada and the United States is surprising, given the many demonstrated benefits of community gardening programs, including increased community cohesion and resilience. The aim of the exploratory study is to explore the current surge in home food gardening and its relationship...
Technical Report
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This is the 11th edition of Canada’s Food Price Report, published annually by Dalhousie University and the University of Guelph. In 2021, for the first time, Canada’s Food Price Report welcomes the University of Saskatchewan and the University of British Columbia to the team. This year, the report faces unusual challenges due to the unexpected and...
Article
Background Consumers' trust in food control system has been shaken down by multiple food fraud events in the last decade. Initiatives have been taken to restore this trust starting with the adoption of new laws and new management methods, based on risk analysis. Little is known about consumers' knowledge and application regarding this methodology....
Technical Report
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If supply management is not fundamentally changed, Canada could see half of its current dairy farms disappear by 2030. Throughout the value chain, however, there are signs of restructuring. Dairy processor Saputo announced two plant closures in recent months, which indicates how the sector is adjusting to more fragmented demand. More closures and r...
Article
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Veganism/vegetarianism is gaining popularity as a food trend, which may generate a high interest in animal welfare. This paper analyzes the motives behind veganism/vegetarianism and its potential impacts on animal welfare policies. It also examines various policy options attempting to improve animal welfare. A qualitative analysis was conducted for...
Article
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Studies have shown the impact of climate change on the ocean ecosystem and the fishing and aquaculture sectors. As global warming intensifies, this will impact communities and communities as the populations of some fish species decline or increase. Research on the impacts of climate change to fisheries will facilitate the development of policies, h...
Article
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Structured Abstract: Purpose: This study associated consumers’ food choice motives and socio-demographic characteristics with their attitudes and consumptions towards food shopping with four e-commerce modes: Business-To-Consumer (B2C), Online-To-Offline Delivery (O2O Delivery), Online-To-Offline In-store (O2O In-store) and New Retail. It also exp...
Article
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While meat consumption is increasing in the developing world, it has plateaued in many developed economies. Optimal for health and projected trends suggest global meat consumption is set to rise further into this century, but not everywhere, especially in the Western world. Plant-based dieting appears to be taking a larger place in how consumers vi...
Article
Background Canada is one of the few countries in the world to have legalized Cannabis. Cannabis was legalized in October 2018, but not cannabis-infused food products, also known as edibles. These products will be legalized by October 2019. This study examines how consumers view the legalization of cannabis-infused food products, when cannabis becam...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is the tenth edition of Canada’s Food Price Report, published annually by Dalhousie University and the University of Guelph. In 2019, of the major food category predictions were met with the exception of meat, seafood and vegetables. In 2019, our models predicted Canadian families would spend up to $12,157 on food. Based on the 2019 inflation...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to measure Canadian attitudes towards genetic engineering in food, for both plant-based and livestock, assess trust towards food safety and overall regulatory system in Canada. Design/methodology/approach This exploratory study is derived from an inductive, quantitative analysis of primary data obtained from an...
Article
This study examined the Canadian food recall system from the consumer perspective through an online survey to determine whether recall fatigue is a problem among consumers. Recall fatigue occurs when consumers are inundated with such an excess of information on food recalls that it causes apathy toward food safety. Optimistic bias, the belief that...
Presentation
Full-text available
Single-use plastics—or SUPs—are a very hot topic for Canadians. SUPs are used only once, then discarded or recycled. They include most food and product packaging, plastic bags, straws, coffee stirrers, and beverage bottles. Reduction of SUPs has emerged as a key environmental concern in Canada and around the world. The Agri-Food Analytics Lab at Da...
Article
Decreasing the health burden caused by foodborne pathogens is challenging and it depends on the identification of the most significant hazards and food sources causing illnesses, so adequate mitigation strategies can be implemented. In this regard, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has developed the Establishment-based Risk Assessment (ERA...
Article
This study examines the shifting patterns in meal consumption practices among Canadians and the sources of disruption of meal habits. It analyses the notion of breakfast, lunch, dinner, out-of-household consumption of food, cooking, and snacking which could be considered as disrupting eating habits. Meal skipping, primarily breakfast and lunch was...
Article
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Cannabis-infused consumables may become a fact of life in Canada by the end of 2019 and, according to this study, food companies are already seriously considering their options for entering the cannabis-infused consumables market. Food and beverage businesses continuously search for growth; new products using cannabis as an ingredient are seen by m...
Article
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The socio-economic significance of independent grocers has been, for the most part, underappreciated and overlooked for several decades in the Western world. Few studies have been looked at the field in recent years and even less so in Canada. Retail studies have highlighted the sector’s evolution, particularly the emergence of multiple channel des...
Article
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This study explores the value chain structure and chain activities of the imported shellfish industry in China. Data were collected from face-to-face semi-structured interviews in Guangzhou (n=30) and Shanghai (n=23) and a face-to-face survey in Shanghai (n=71). Data analysis employed both content and descriptive analyses. Results show that the val...
Article
Cannabis-infused consumables may become a fact of life in Canada by the end of 2019 and, according to this study, food companies are already seriously considering their options for entering the cannabis-infused consumables market. Food and beverage businesses continuously search for growth; new products using cannabis as an ingredient are seen by m...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Dalhousie University and the University of Guelph present herein Canada’s Food Price Report for 2019, the ninth edition of this report. In 2018, all of our major expectations were realized with the exception of one food category. This past year, the price of fruit did not increase as forecast by our models. For the other eight food categories, expe...
Article
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The legalization of cannabis in Canada has been a controversial issue. Over the last few years most of the attention has been on the production and distribution of cannabis. As the public discourse on cannabis matured, the drug and inherent benefits remained misunderstood by industry, policymakers, and consumers alike. Lexaria Bioscience, a British...
Article
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Food prices in Canada have reached uncharacteristic highs in the last two years. Seven-dollar heads of cauliflower in 2016 became the poster-vegetable of the costs of food prices and questions arose about how Canadian consumers were assessing and mitigating their vulnerability. This study surveyed just over 1000 Canadians in all regions of Canada,...
Article
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is developing a risk assessment model aimed at quantifying the food safety risk associated with food establishments under its jurisdiction. To support the development of this model, the current study was undertaken to quantify the relative importance of selected criteria considered for inclusion in the mod...
Article
Full-text available
https://theconversation.com/the-battle-to-ban-plastic-bags-94350
Article
Microgreens are considered as an emerging superfood, which are young seedlings of vegetables and herbs, produced in seven to fourteen days. Known as “vegetable confetti”, they gained popularity in upscale restaurants. But microgreens’ nutritional value is only starting to be identified through scientific research. Microgreens are nutrient-dense and...
Technical Report
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Consumer trust in food industry declining in 2018 Dalhousie study finds that Canadians rate Loblaws as less trustworthy since November 2017. Tuesday, March 20, 2018 (Halifax, NS) – A new study from Dalhousie University's Faculty of Management finds that consumers are less likely to trust national food retailers than they were in November 2017, bef...
Article
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), as part of the modernization of its inspection system, is developing a risk assessment model with the goal of evaluating the most important food safety-related risk factors associated with the various types of food establishments under its jurisdiction. Ultimately, this new risk assessment model will assi...
Article
Our case study analyses 3D Printing and its contribution to food innovation. Our examination uses strategic foresight as a knowledge transfer tool for food industry planning. As a force for change, customization is a leading characteristic of 3D food printing in user-centred design. Broader societal and economic pressures for sustainability, human...
Article
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The use of live case studies in business education is growing. Mixing realism entices students to think critically in an unpredictable environment. Live cases are often deemed appropriate for international business and strategic cases. This study reflects on an experience in which a live case study was used as a mechanism to invite students, unpred...
Article
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is developing a risk assessment model for food establishments. Previous research on the significance of food safety risk factors determined by literature review and expert advice served as the bases for the current study, to further refine, discriminate and select the most important criteria to be included...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is modernizing its risk-based approach to oversight by developing the establishment-based risk assessment model to enhance a more effective and efficient allocation of inspection activities to highest risk areas. Its initial developmental stages involved the selection/refinement of key risk f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Submitted abstract available at https://www.conference-service.com/sraelisbon2017/download/aip6bwhh/detailed_program_3.html
Article
During the past few years, food fraud has become a source of concern for consumers in many parts of the world. Major cases of food fraud have been found in Canada in recent months, including the Mucci case, in which Mexican tomatoes were sold as Canadian, as well as the case of a poultry farmer selling nonorganic chicken as organic. The authors aim...
Article
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Nutrition security has been studied but rarely in the context of a developed economy. Furthermore, few studies have looked at how fluctuating produce process may influence nutrition security and how consumers cope with abrupt macro-economic changes. Between 2014 and 2015, Canadian consumers saw produce prices jump by more than 25% in a year in some...
Article
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The purpose of the study is to gain insights from studies in industries other than food into the issue of social license to operate. The intention is to coalesce knowledge about the lessons learned and critical factors to consider with regards to strengthening mutual trust among stakeholders and achieving a social license to operate. The intention...