Syed Ishtiaque Ahmed

Syed Ishtiaque Ahmed
University of Toronto | U of T · Department of Computer Science

Doctor of Philosophy

About

157
Publications
44,844
Reads
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2,020
Citations
Citations since 2016
117 Research Items
1861 Citations
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (157)
Preprint
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While persuasion has often been considered an important design tool for achieving sustainable behavior, a growing scholarship is criticizing it for its narrow focus on individuals and an overarching economic worldview. This criticism is often based on the limitations of economic-rationales that many persuasive design efforts hold and cannot fully c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Migration, forced mobility, and refugee studies in ICTD and related disciplines have been predominantly focused on the victims' immediate needs, including shelter, food, healthcare, language, and information. This line of work has mostly been devoid of the political background of migration and the victims' future hopes and aspirations, and hence fa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Stigma, a critical challenge for social justice, has not received much attention in ICTD literature. Most existing designs that aim to combat stigma draw on an 'information and awareness' approach that is often inadequate to address stigma's deeper roots. To address this gap, we have conducted an interview and design study in five special needs sch...
Conference Paper
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While repair work has recently been getting increasing attention in HCI, recycling practices have still remained relatively understudied, especially in the context of the Global South. To this end, building on our eight-month-long ethnography, this paper reports the electronic waste (`e-waste', henceforth) recycling practices among the e-waste recy...
Conference Paper
While Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) research on health and well-being is increasingly becoming more aware and inclusive of its social and political dimensions, spiritual practices are still largely overlooked there. For a large number of people around the world, especially in the global south, witchcraft, sorcery, and other occult practices are...
Article
In this study, we have validated the aims of the NIH project mCARE (mobile-based care for monitoring the milestone and behavioral parameters for children with ASD) by data-driven techniques. This project was developed and deployed for remote monitoring of the data on the development of children with ASD in the remote setting in the Low-and-Middle-I...
Article
Financial technology (FinTech) platforms often exclude certain countries from their services due to global political conflicts. As a result, immigrants from these neglected countries struggle with transferring money to and from their homeland through formal mechanisms. Instead, they get involved in informal transnational transactions that, while fl...
Article
Emerging techniques developed by AI researchers promise to offer the capacity to support disaster risk management (DRM), through making data collection or analysis practices faster, less costly, or more accurate. However, in every socially consequential domain in which AI tools have been applied, these technologies have been demonstrated to have so...
Conference Paper
Through Facebook "Group" feature, users often sensitize communionships, join different Facebook groups, and establish imagined communities with known people and strangers. In our interview study with 32 admins and users of Facebook groups, we explored the influential factors of such communionships, the challenges the Facebook group admins face whil...
Article
Full-text available
Art therapy has been widely offered to reduce symptoms of psychological disturbance. Pooled evidence about its effectiveness in epidemic contexts, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic, has not been yet established. This study reviewed the effectiveness, feasibility, and acceptability of art therapy on children and adolescents during the COVID-...
Article
This is a forum for perspectives on designing for marginalized communities worldwide. Articles will discuss design methods, theoretical/conceptual contributions, and participatory interventions with underserved communities. --- Nithya Sambasivan, Editor
Conference Paper
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Efficacy of the traditional individualistic viewpoint towards mental health is questionable, particularly in the context of the Global South countries. Past works in psychology have rarely incorporated people's background and surroundings in dealing with mental health. In contrast, we argue that many mental health problems of people living in the G...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we study popular microcelebrities from the Global South to understand their strategies and practices on Facebook. Unlike traditional celebrities who gain their reputation through different types of physical performance, these microcelebrities attain their status by presenting themselves in a favorable way to their online followers. W...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Since the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, individuals of Asian descent have been the subject of stigma and hate speech in both offline and online communities. One of the major venues for encountering such unfair attacks is social networks such as Twitter. As the research community seeks to understand, analyze and implement detection tec...
Chapter
Currently, one out of 160 children have autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the world. This problem is observed in both developed and low-middle-income countries (LMICs) around the globe. Usually, in developed countries, the number can be estimated, but in LMICs, this number is largely unknown, and in some cases, many children with ASD are not treate...
Article
This article presents a thorough discussion of the trajectories of international migration research in HCI. We begin by reporting our survey findings of 282 HCI-related publications about migration from nine digital libraries between 2010-2019, summarizing how this research stream has evolved, the geographies and populations it encompasses, and the...
Article
Full-text available
Persuasive gamified systems for health are interventions that promote behaviour change using various persuasive strategies. While research has shown that these strategies are effective at motivating behaviour change, there is little knowledge on whether and how the effectiveness of these strategies vary across multiple domains for people of distinc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While the presence of religious content is rapidly increasing over digital media, the HCI literature on digital media production has remained mostly limited by its focus on secular contents and analyses. Hence, the production, politics, and impact of such religious videos from the Global South have remained understudied in HCI. In this paper, we sh...
Article
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Historically, Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) and Human-Computer Interaction for Development (HCI4D) researchers in the Global South have advocated for a community-based approach to technology design and development. However, even with this "bottom-up" emphasis, the sustainability and scalability of the resulting innovations remain major...
Conference Paper
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Research on public speaking has recently made fair progress within the CSCW scholarship that mostly focuses on training speakers to gain popularity. Core to this research is the idea of a universal set of skills that makes a public speech successful in terms of popularity. However, a strand of research has also shown skepticism to this simplistic c...
Article
With the continuing application of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies in decision-making, algorithmic decision-making is becoming more efficient, often even outperforming humans. Despite this superior performance, people often consciously or unconsciously display reluctance to rely on algorithms, a phenomenon known as algorithm aversion. Vie...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper describes the developmental process of a machine learning-based prediction system to evaluate autism Improvement level (MPredA), where the concerned user (parents or clinical professionals) can evaluate their children’s development through the web application. We have deployed our previous work (mCARE) data from Bangladesh for prediction...
Preprint
Full-text available
Online app search optimization (ASO) platforms that provide bulk installs and fake reviews for paying app developers in order to fraudulently boost their search rank in app stores, were shown to employ diverse and complex strategies that successfully evade state-of-the-art detection methods. In this paper we introduce RacketStore, a platform to col...
Article
Full-text available
Community-wide lockdowns in response to COVID-19 influenced many families, but the developmental cascade for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be especially detrimental. Our objective was to evaluate behavioral patterns of risk and resilience for children with ASD across parent-report assessments before (from November 2019 to Februar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a new approach to prevent transportation accidents and monitor driver’s behavior using a healthcare AI system that incorporates fairness and ethics. Dangerous medical cases and unusual behavior of the driver are detected. Fairness algorithm is approached in order to improve decision-making and address ethical issues such as priv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Online app search optimization (ASO) platforms that provide bulk installs and fake reviews for paying app developers in order to fraudulently boost their search rank in app stores, were shown to employ diverse and complex strategies that successfully evade state-of-the-art detection methods. In this paper we introduce RacketStore, a platform to col...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: This study aims to identify the social determinants of mental health among undergraduate students in Bangladesh, a developing nation in South Asia. Our goal is to identify the broader social determinants of mental health among this population, study the manifestation of these determinants in their day-to-day life, and explore the feasibi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Access and usage of computing technology among marginalized communities have long been a concern in the fields of HCI4D and social computing. Many works in this domain have often pointed that the challenges to access to ICT often go beyond the issues of limited computing resources and frequently include many other socio-cultural factors. In this pa...
Conference Paper
Inability to read and understand the information on medicine packaging is a problem for many people across the world, especially in the Global South. As a solution to this, many of them reportedly often memorize the names and looks of their medicines. However, they often fail to distinguish between registered and unregistered/duplicate medicines an...
Preprint
This paper presents a new approach to prevent transportation accidents and monitor driver's behavior using a healthcare AI system that incorporates fairness and ethics. Dangerous medical cases and unusual behavior of the driver are detected. Fairness algorithm is approached in order to improve decision-making and address ethical issues such as priv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
HCI research predominantly uses scientific rationality to explain users' behaviors, decisions, and interactions with statistical models based and data-driven systems. However, such interactions are often more diverse in real life, and may straddle beyond scientific and economic rationality. Building on a ten-month ethnography at seven Bangladeshi v...
Article
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India's #MeToo movement began in late-2018, and was largely a platform for some privileged women sharing their accounts of sexual harassment. Beyond issues of access to digital technology, our paper investigates why various sections of India's female and LGBTQ+ population chose not to engage with the #MeToo movement. Focusing on experiences with se...
Article
Full-text available
Most scholarly discussions around ridesharing applications center on the experiences of the drivers and the riders (passengers), and thus the role of the owners of the cars, if they are different from the drivers, remain understudied. However, in many countries in the Global South, the car owners are often different from the car drivers, and the te...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Care for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be challenging for families and medical care systems. This is especially true in Low-and-Middle-Income-countries (LMIC) like Bangladesh. To improve family-practitioner communication and developmental monitoring of children with ASD, [spell out] (mCARE) was developed. Within this s...
Preprint
Full-text available
With there being many technical and ethical issues with artificial intelligence (AI) that involve marginalized communities, there is a growing interest for design methods used with marginalized people that may be transferable to the design of AI technologies. Participatory design (PD) is a design method that is often used with marginalized communit...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Care for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be challenging for families and medical care systems. This is especially true in Low-and-Middle-Income-countries (LMIC) like Bangladesh. To improve family-practitioner communication and developmental monitoring of children with ASD, [spell out] (mCARE) was developed. Within this...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Mental health of the undergraduate students in Bangladesh is an understudied topic. The overall condition of mental health facilities and services in Bangladesh is very poor and demands serious attention. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to identify the social determinants of mental health of the undergraduate students in Bangla...
Article
Full-text available
Background The undergraduate student population has been actively studied in digital mental health research. However, the existing literature primarily focuses on students from high-income nations, and undergraduates from limited-income nations remain understudied. Objective This study aims to identify the broader social determinants of mental hea...
Article
There is a risk that modern practices of information communication and visualization in human-computer interaction can sideline communities due to their prioritization of scientific rationality. Such ideological hegemony can complicate interactions with data and computers, especially for low-literate communities in the global south. Through a six-m...
Article
Full-text available
In low- and middle-income countries, especially in Bangladesh, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be considered an anathema, and social-cultural-financial constraints mean that there are few facilities available for treatment for ASD children. The revolution in the use of the mobile phone (~80%) by the majority of people in Bangladesh in recent yea...
Article
Full-text available
The Interactions website (interactions.acm.org) hosts a stable of bloggers who share insights and observations on HCI, often challenging current practices. Each issue we'll publish selected posts from some of the leading and emerging voices in the field.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the shortage of physicians and surgeons and increase in demand worldwide due to situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a growing interest in finding solutions to help address the problem. A solution to this problem would be to use neurotechnology to provide them augmented cognition, senses and action for optimal diagnosis and treat...
Article
Full-text available
There has been a growing interest within CSCW community in understanding the characteristics of misinformation propagated through computational media, and the devising techniques to address the associated challenges. However, most work in this area has been concentrated on the cases in the western world leaving a major portion of this problem unadd...
Chapter
Full-text available
Mental health is a global epidemic, affecting close to half a billion people worldwide. Chronic shortage of resources hamper detection and recovery of affected people. Effective sensing technologies can help fight the epidemic through early detection, prediction, and resulting proper treatment. Existing and novel technologies for sensing mental hea...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mental health is a global epidemic, affecting close to half a billion people worldwide. Chronic shortage of resources hamper detection and recovery of affected people. Effective sensing technologies can help fight the epidemic through early detection, prediction, and resulting proper treatment. Existing and novel technologies for sensing mental hea...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes a mobile-based care system (mCARE), which is a novel tool to routinely and systematically collect behavior and developmental parameter children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) from the low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) like Bangladesh. It is the first clinical decision support system for the ASD children in LMICs that...
Preprint
There has been a growing interest within CSCW community in understanding the characteristics of misinformation propagated through computational media, and the devising techniques to address the associated challenges. However, most work in this area has been concentrated on the cases in the western world leaving a major portion of this problem unadd...
Article
Full-text available
Editorial for the Special Issue of the International Journal of Diversity, Information and Inclusion on Forced Migration: Making Sense of a Complex Ecosystem
Preprint
Full-text available
With the shortage of physicians and surgeons and increase in demand worldwide due to situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a growing interest in finding solutions to help address the problem. A solution to this problem would be to use neurotechnology to provide them augmented cognition, senses and action for optimal diagnosis and treat...