Sy-Jye Leu

Sy-Jye Leu
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Department of microbiology and immunology

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87
Publications
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Publications

Publications (87)
Article
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Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) is one of the major causative agents of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). Children aged <5 years are the most affected by CA16 HFMD globally. Although clinical symptoms of CA16 infections are usually mild, severe complications, such as aseptic meningitis or even death, have been recorded. Currently, no vaccine or antiv...
Article
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Background: The venom of bamboo vipers (Trimeresurus stejnegeri - TS), commonly found in Taiwan, contains deadly hemotoxins that cause severe envenomation. Equine-derived antivenom is a specific treatment against snakebites, but its production costs are high and there are some inevitable side effects. The aim of the present work is to help in the d...
Article
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Peri-implantitis is the pathological condition of connective tissue inflammation and the progressive loss of supporting bone around dental implants. One of the primary causes of peri mucositis evolving into peri-implantitis is bacterial infection, including infection from Porphyromonas gingivalis. Enhancing the surface smoothness of implants helps...
Article
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Candida albicans (C. albicans) is an opportunistic human pathogen responsible for approximately a half of clinical candidemia. The emerging Candida spp. with resistance to azoles is a major challenge in clinic, suggesting an urgent demand for new drugs and therapeutic strategies. Alpha–enolase (Eno1) is a multifunctional protein and represents an i...
Article
The cover image is based on the Research Article Cardamonin induces immune responses and enhances survival rate in WEHI‐3 cell‐generated mouse leukemia in vivo by Nien‐Chieh Liao et al., https://doi.org/10.1002/tox.22881.
Article
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Porphyromonas gingivalis infection is one of the causes of implant failures, which can lead to peri-implantitis. Implant surface roughness is reportedly related strongly to P. gingivalis adhesion, which can lead to peri-implantitis and, later, cell adhesion. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of Er,Cr:YSGG laser on titanium (Ti) disc surfaces and...
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Zika virus (ZIKV) is a new and emerging virus that has caused outbreaks worldwide. The virus has been linked to congenital neurological malformations in neonates and Guillain–Barré syndrome in adults. Currently there are no effective vaccines available. As a result, there is a great need for ZIKV treatment. In this study, we developed single chain...
Article
Cardamonin, a monomeric alkaloid, is isolated from Alpinia conchigera Griff and other natural plants. Recently, it has been focused on its anticancer activities, and no information showing its immune effects on leukemia mice was reported. In this study, we investigated the immune effects of cardamonin on WEHI‐3 cell–generated leukemia mice. Forty B...
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Peri-implantitis has become a common complication, accompanied by soft tissue inflammation. Porphyromonas gingivalis infection is the major cause of inflammation and progressive bone loss in the jaws. The surface property of titanium implants is a key factor in the alteration of osseointegration and P. gingivalis adhesion. However, the interplay be...
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Bacterial meningitis is a severe disease that is fatal to one-third of patients. The major cause of meningitis in neonates is Escherichia coli (E. coli) K1. This bacterium synthesizes an outer membrane protein A (OmpA) that is responsible for the adhesion to (and invasion of) endothelial cells. Thus, the OmpA protein represents a potential target f...
Article
Cardamonin, the chalcone class, is one of the natural components from the spicy herbaceous plant (Alpinia conchigera Griff) and has anticancer activities in many human cancer cell lines. There is, however, no information to show that cardamonin induces cell apoptosis and alters apoptosis associated gene expressions in mouse leukemia cells. Thus, we...
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Traditional, horse-derived antivenin is currently the most efficient treatment against snake bites. However, it is costly and has unpredictable side effects. Thus, alternative, cost-effective strategies for producing antivenin are needed. In this study, we immunized hens with inactivated NNA venom proteins from the cobra Naja naja atra (NNA). Purif...
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Russell’s vipers containing hemotoxic and neurotoxic venom commonly cause snake envenomation. Horse-derived antivenom is a specific antidote, but its production is expensive and has side effects. Developing a cost-effective and more tolerable therapeutic strategy is favorable. In this study, using glutaraldehyde-attenuated Daboia russelii formosens...
Article
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells, and Notch ligand Delta-like-1 (DLL1) on DCs was implicated in type 1T helper (Th1) differentiation. In this study, we produced genetically engineered bone marrow-derived DCs that expressed DLL1 (DLL1-DCs) by adenoviral transduction. DLL1-DCs exerted a fully mature phenotype, and had p...
Article
High surface area mesoporous SiO2 sphere particles which were separately coated with Ag2O, Cu2O, CeO2, and NiO nanoparticles have been synthesized, characterized, and utilized for antibacterial application. The bactericidal effects of the composites were tested toward Staphylococcus aureus in dark or in LED light-illuminated conditions. The results...
Article
To broaden the application of antibacterial catalysts, ZnO/Ag2O composite thin films with different Ag2O contents have been successfully synthesized on non-woven fabric at room temperature by radio frequency (RF) sputtering with a single ceramic target formed by hot pressing ZnO/Ag2O nanocomposite powder in Ar atmosphere at 180 ᵒC for 30 min. The c...
Article
As peri-implantitis is associated with biofilm development, the characteristics of titanium implants may influence biofilm formation, and thereby increase the risk for inflammation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of titanium surface roughness induced by various debridement methods of peri-implants, such as the use of an ultr...
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Diabetic nephropathy is derived from long-term effects of high blood glucose on kidney function in type 2 diabetic patients. Several antidiabetic drugs and herbal medications have failed to prevent episodes of DN. Hence, this study aimed to further investigate the renal injury-reducing effect of antidiabetic CmNo1, a novel combination of powders of...
Article
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Importance: Snake envenomation is one of global medical issues in concern. Horse-derived antivenin is an effective way to treat snakebites but it is costly and occasionally causes severe side effects. In this study, we first generated and characterized IgY antibodies with neutralization activity in chickens. Subsequently, we generated a panel of m...
Article
Valproic acid (VPA), with inhibition activity mainly towards histone deacetylase (HDAC) and Glycogen Synthase Kinase (GSK)-3, and lithium, with inhibition activity mainly toward GSK-3, are both prescribed in clinical as mood-stabilizers and anticonvulsants for the control of bipolar disorder. This study aims to compare the immuno-modulation activit...
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This study investigated the immunomodulatory effects of ferulic acid (FA) on antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro and its antiallergic effects against ovalbumin- (OVA-) induced Th2-mediated allergic asthma in mice. The activation of FA-treated bone marrow-derived DCs by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation induced a high level of inter...
Article
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Snake venom protein from Deinagkistrodon acutus (DA), one of the major venomous species in Taiwan, causes hemorrhagic symptoms leading to death. Although horse-derived antivenin is a major treatment, relatively high and detrimental side effects are seen occasionally. In our study, yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) was purified from eggs, and DA protein was...
Data
DCs were treated with 5 to 5000 uM FA for 72 h and cell viability was detected by MTT assay. Because FA showed no cytotoxicity at concentrations up to 500 uM in DCs, we used up to 400 uM FA for the rest of the experiments.
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is currently ranked among leading causes of death worldwide in which type 2 DM is reaching an epidemic proportion. Hypoglycemic medications for type 2 DM have either proven inadequate or posed adverse effects; therefore, the Chinese herbal products are under investigation as an alternative treatment. In this study, a novel co...
Article
Tyrosinase, a key copper-containing enzyme involved in melanin biosynthesis, is closely associated with hyperpigmentation disorders, cancer, and neurodegenerative diseases, and as such, it is an essential target in medicine and cosmetics. Known tyrosinase inhibitors possess adverse side effects, and there are no safety regulations, so there is the...
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We have previously isolated several IgG rheumatoid factors (RFs) from patients with both rheumatoid arthritis and idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura using phage display system. To study IgG RFs in patients with other autoimmune diseases, phage display antibody libraries from a hepatitis C virus infected patient with Sjögren's syndrome were constru...
Article
Objective: We evaluated the relationship between polymorphisms of the paraoxonase (PON) gene and the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Taiwanese patients. Methods: Our sample set included 369 volunteers, classified into two groups: 162 healthy volunteers and 207 CAD patients aged 60.0 ± 9.7 and 64.3 ± 12.3 years, respectively. Polymorphis...
Article
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The Notch pathway plays a role in the processes of cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, which affect the development and function of various organs. Dendritic cells (DCs), as professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs), induce T cell activation and promote T cell differentiation by antigen stimulation. Research has shown that Notch...
Data
Preventive effects of Dll4-modulated dendritic cells on ovalbumin-induced asthmatic mice. (A) Brief protocol of animal sensitization and challenge. (B) Immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgG2a anti-ovalbumin (OVA) antibody expression from OVA-immunized mice were measured by ELISA. (C) One day after the final OVA challenge, airway resistance was measured us...
Article
Background: Platelet concentrate lysates (PCLs) are increasingly used in regenerative medicine. We have developed a solvent/detergent (S/D)-treated PCL. The functional properties of this preparation should be unveiled. We hypothesized that, due to transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) content, PCLs may exert immunosuppressive and anti-inflammator...
Article
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with an unknown cause, and as of yet there is no effective treatment. The neuropathological hallmarks of AD include amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) deposits. There is evidentiary support for amyloid deposition being the primary influence driving AD pathogenesis, c...
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Type II collagen is known to modulate chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In this study, MSCs from human bone marrow aspirates were used to study the modulating effects of type II collagen on MSC differentiation during the early stages of osteogenesis and adipogenesis. With osteogenic induction, MSCs cultured on the type II collagen-co...
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Many diseases occur when the immune system is weakened. Intracellular signals activate immuno-responsive cells to produce cytokines that modulate the immune response. Schisandra chinensis has been used traditionally to treat general fatigue, neurasthenia, and spontaneous sweating. In the present study, the effect of constituents of S. chinensis on...
Article
This study was conducted to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of Agaricus blazei Murrill extract (ABM) against experimentally induced carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) toxicity in male BALB/c mice. The experiments included a normal group (no induction by CCl(4)), CCl(4-)induction group (with hepatotoxicity by CCl(4) and without treatment) and experi...
Article
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Lithium has been used or explored to treat psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases that are frequently associated with an abnormal immune status. It is likely that lithium may work through modulation of immune responses in these patients. Because dendritic cells (DC) play a central role in regulating immune responses, this study investigated the...
Article
In this study, phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) at low concentrations (<10 nM; L-PMA) induces the differentiation of CD14(+) monocytes into monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) while PMA at high concentrations (>100 nM; H-PMA) causes the apoptosis of these cells. The pre-treatment with Go6976 (a PKC-α/β(1) selective inhibitor), not anilinemonoi...
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A 12-mer amino acid peptide SATTHYRLQAAN, denominated TK4, was isolated from a phage-display library with fibrosarcoma tumor-binding activity. In vivo biodistribution analysis of TK4-displaying phage showed a significant increased phage titer in implanted tumor up to 10-fold in comparison with normal tissues after systemic administration in mouse...
Article
 There are clear interactions between chronic alcohol consumption and circadian rhythmicity that is regulated by several circadian clock genes. The altered expressions of these genes have been mainly described in animals. The mammalian master clock in the suprachiasmatic nuclei orchestrates the biological rhythms in peripheral tissues. As periphera...
Article
It was previously reported that up-regulation of alpha-enolase protein was detected in 65% of patients with non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Moreover, a high titer of anti-alpha-enolase antibodies was developed in a smaller proportion (7.4%) of these patients than in non-tumor-associated patients and healthy subjects. In the present study, we c...
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The c-myc promoter-binding protein-1 (MBP-1) is a transcriptional suppressor of tumorigenesis and thought to be the product of alternative translation initiation of the α-enolase (ENO1) transcript. In the present study, we cloned a 2552-bp novel cDNA with a putative coding sequence of MBP-1 and functionally examined its ability to encode the MBP-1...
Article
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with alcohol addiction and withdrawal-related neurotoxicity. Delirium tremens (DT) is the most serious complication of alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). In this study, we explored the differences in serum BDNF levels, measured at baseline and 1 week after alcohol withdrawal among alcoholic pat...
Data
Fig. S1 RT-PCR analyses for ENO-1 in human breast carcinoma tissues. mRNA expression levels for ENO-1 and GUS were detected as specific single bands (403 and 165 bp, respectively) in both tumor and adjacent normal tissues. PCR was performed for 35 cycles. One hundred cases are represented in this agarose gel image
Article
Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by airway inflammation caused by the dysregulated production of cytokines secreted by allergen-specific type 2 T helper (Th2) cells. Although the Th1-promoting cytokine, interleukin (IL)-12, is capable of inhibiting Th2-driven allergen-induced airway changes in mice, IL-12 also aggravates the Th1-driven inf...
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Enolase-alpha (ENO-1) is a key glycolytic enzyme that has been used as a diagnostic marker to identify human lung cancers. To investigate the role of ENO-1 in breast cancer diagnosis and therapy, the mRNA levels of ENO-1 in 244 tumor and normal paired tissue samples and 20 laser capture-microdissected cell clusters were examined by quantitative rea...
Article
Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by airway inflammation caused by the dysregulated production of cytokines secreted by allergen-specific type 2 T helper (Th2) cells. Antrodia camphorata is a commonly used fungus in Asian folk medicine, and A. camphorata polysaccharides are reported to possess anti-cancer activities. In this study, the immu...
Article
Escherichia coli is the major Gram-negative bacterial pathogen in neonatal meningitis. Outer membrane protein A (OmpA) is a conserved major protein in the E. coli outer membrane and is involved in several host-cell interactions. To characterize the role of OmpA in the invasion of astrocytes by E. coli, we investigated OmpA-positive and OmpA-negativ...
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Medicinal plants have long been used as a source of therapeutic agents. They are thought to be important anti-aging ingredients in prophylactic medicines. The aim of this study was to screen extracts from Taiwanese plant materials for phenolic contents and measure the corresponding matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity. We extracted biologica...
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Atherosclerosis and its associated complications represent major causes of morbidity and mortality in the industrialized or Western countries. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is critical for the initiating and developing of atherosclerotic lesions. Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a CXC chemokine, stimulates neutrophil chemotaxis. Ticlopidine is on...
Article
The guidelines of MP treatment for acute SCI are still under debate. We examined the inflammatory mediators of CSF in patients with SCI and assessed the effect of MP treatment. We studied 7 patients with acute SCI at the cervical level and examined the mediators of CSF in patients by cytokine antibody array, ELISA and gelatin zymography. We found t...
Article
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in normal physiological functions and pathological processes. They are involved in normal skin functions as well as in the aging, healing, embryonic development, reproduction, and inflammatory responses of skin. Previous studies report that both high MMP-1 and MMP-2 activities were found in th...
Article
Patients with chronic ordinary urticaria (CU) are divided into two groups: 30-50% have chronic autoimmune urticaria, and the remainder have chronic idiopathic urticaria. CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells play critical roles in maintaining peripheral tolerance and preventing autoimmunity, but the characteristics of Treg cells have not yet been...
Article
Alcohol withdrawal-enhanced neurotoxicity contributes to the addictive process. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in neuronal plasticity and learning. In this study, we explored the changes of serum BDNF levels in alcoholic patients at baseline and after one-week alcohol withdrawal. Twenty-five alcoholic patients were...
Article
The major concern for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), caused by the SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV), is the lack of diagnostic and therapeutic agents. Using a phage display technology in a chicken system, high-affinity monoclonal antibody fragments against the SARS-CoV spike protein were characterized. Ten truncated spike protein g...
Article
Human peripheral CD14(+)monocytes have been known to differentiate into monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) or dendritic cells (MoDCs) upon suitable stimulation. However, the key intracellular molecule(s) associated with their differentiation towards specific cell types was(were) not fully understood. This study was designated to determine the asso...
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Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a newly emergent human disease, which requires rapid diagnosis and effective therapy. Among antibody sources, immunoglobulin Y (IgY) is the major antibody found in chicken eggs and can be used as an alternative to mammalian antibodies normally used in research and immunotherapy. In this study, phage-expre...