Svend Hansen

Svend Hansen
Deutsches Archäologisches Institut · Eurasien-Abteilung

Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c.

About

129
Publications
54,063
Reads
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1,001
Citations
Citations since 2016
92 Research Items
846 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
Neolithic and Bronze Age in Eurasia Technical and Social Innovations
Additional affiliations
August 2004 - present
Freie Universität Berlin
Position
  • Professor
October 2003 - present
Deutsches Archäologisches Institut
Position
  • Erster Direktor
January 2001 - September 2003
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Position
  • Hochschuldozent

Publications

Publications (129)
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological and archaeogenetic evidence points to the Pontic–Caspian steppe zone between the Caucasus and the Black Sea as the crucible from which the earliest steppe pastoralist societies arose and spread, ultimately influencing populations from Europe to Inner Asia. However, little is known about their economic foundations and the factors that...
Article
Full-text available
Significance The bacterium Yersinia pestis has caused numerous historically documented outbreaks of plague and research using ancient DNA could demonstrate that it already affected human populations during the Neolithic. However, the pathogen’s genetic diversity, geographic spread, and transmission dynamics during this early period of Y. pestis evo...
Article
Full-text available
A new palaeogenetic study by Ludovic Orlando and his team at the Centre for Anthropobiology and Genomics of Toulouse, CNRS / Université Toulouse III-Paul Sabatier, in which also scientists from the DAI were involved, has now shed new light on the horse domestication. The study published in Nature 2021, which was carried out within the framework of...
Article
Full-text available
Domestication of horses fundamentally transformed long-range mobility and warfare¹. However, modern domesticated breeds do not descend from the earliest domestic horse lineage associated with archaeological evidence of bridling, milking and corralling2–4 at Botai, Central Asia around 3500 bc³. Other longstanding candidate regions for horse domestic...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been infecting humans for millennia and remains a global health problem, but its past diversity and dispersal routes are largely unknown. We generated HBV genomic data from 137 Eurasians and Native Americans dated between ~10,500 and ~400 years ago. We date the most recent common ancestor of all HBV lineages to between ~...
Book
Full-text available
The diffusion of innovations from the Near East into the ‘static’ surrounding peripheries has become a well-known archaeological paradigm, often summed up as Ex Oriente Lux. While this conflicts with modern, scientifically controlled chronologies, it is difficult to explain as mere local developments and pure chance the appearance of large-scale co...
Book
Glas ist das erste von menschen hergestellte Material, das nicht in der Natur vorkommt. Als Endprodukt eines komplexen Herstellungsprozesses hat Glas auch keine Ähnlichkeit mit den Ausgangsmaterialien. Glas wird in der Bronzezeit im östlichen Mittelmeerraum erfunden und als künstlicher Edelstein u.a. für prachtvolle Schmuckgegenstände, Architekture...
Book
Full-text available
The Caucasus in the 4th and early 3rd millennium BC can be considered a hotspot of the first globalization. The 4th millennium BC saw the transfer of knowledge and technical innovations between East and West, of an unusually large number of innovations, such as the wheel and the wagon, new metals like silver, copper alloying, the domestication of t...
Article
Full-text available
Uniparentally-inherited markers on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and the non-recombining regions of the Y chromosome (NRY), have been used for the past 30 years to investigate the history of humans from a maternal and paternal perspective. Researchers have preferred mtDNA due to its abundance in the cells, and comparatively high substitution rate. Conv...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes permits a dietary reconstruction of humans and animals in the past. A large burial mound (kurgan) of ìburial mound group 3î was excavated near the town of Ipatovo, Stavropol region, Russia, in 1998/99. Of the 195 graves recorded in Kurgan 2, 34 date to the Bronze Age, i.e., to the time period from the...
Chapter
In the influential volume Trade and Market in the Early Empires. Economies in History and Theory edited by Karl Polanyi, Conrad M. Arensberg und Harry W. Pearson (Chicago 1957) Pearson published his provocative article “The Economy has No Surplus”. He rejected a mechanistic view of development in which surplus was considered as the precondition of...
Book
Glas ist das erste von menschen hergestellte Material, das nicht in der Natur vorkommt. Als Endprodukt eines komplexen Herstellungsprozesses hat Glas auch keine Ähnlichkeit mit den Ausgangsmaterialien. Glas wird in der Bronzezeit im östlichen Mittelmeerraum erfunden und als künstlicher Edelstein u.a. für prachtvolle Schmuckgegenstände, Architekture...
Preprint
Full-text available
Uniparentally-inherited markers on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and the non-recombining regions of the Y chromosome (NRY), have been used for the past 30 years to investigate the history of humans from a maternal and paternal perspective. Researchers have preferred mtDNA due to its abundance in the cells, and comparatively high substitution rate. Conv...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on technical innovations, new interregional networks, and social upheavals in the fourth millennium BCE . Similar trends in the iconography of the lion, the heraldic animal of power, can be observed in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Caucasus. This indicates that a process of concentration of power in the hands of strong rulers or...
Article
Full-text available
The spread of the Neolithic way of life from its centers of origins remains one of the central topics of archaeological research, with ongoing debates about the importance of economic, demographic, and cultural changes in the transition. The Southern Caucasus, while close to one area where agriculture emerged, has remained understudied regarding th...
Article
Full-text available
The flanks of the Caucasus Mountains and the steppe landscape to their north offered highly productive grasslands for Bronze Age herders and their flocks of sheep, goat, and cattle. While the archaeological evidence points to a largely pastoral lifestyle, knowledge regarding the general composition of human diets and their variation across landscap...
Book
Full-text available
Hansen· Studien zu den Metalldeponierungen wahrend der alteren Urnenfelderzeit zwischen Rhonetal und Karpatenbecken Teil 2
Book
Full-text available
For more than 150 years, the prehistoric civilizations of the East Mediterranean have fascinated and attracted numerous scholars interested both in the various manifestations of the respective social order within this geographical zone, and by the role and impact these civilizations may have had on the neighbouring regions. As one would expect, our...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Bronze and Early Iron Age graves of Europe can- not be socially classified based on number or weight of grave goods. More crucial here are concepts that vary ever so subtly. The small hair ornaments show the long lasting traditions of power representation. Recently, Christian Jeunesse drew a bold and well thought-out arc from the Neolithic to t...
Chapter
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􏱰􏱋􏱃 􏱑􏱒􏱋􏰰􏰲􏰺􏱑􏱋􏰺 􏱑􏱋􏰺􏰲􏰄􏰵􏰄􏱹 􏱙􏱒􏱋 􏱍􏱏􏰺􏱙􏰧􏱋􏰰􏱞􏰣􏱒􏱌􏱍􏱋􏰺 􏱭􏰪􏱐􏱑􏰣􏱒􏱌􏱍􏱃 􏱞􏱋􏱒􏰄􏱋􏰺 􏱙􏱋􏰰 􏱭􏱋􏰄􏱏􏰣􏰣􏱑􏱋􏰰􏱏􏱐􏰄􏱝􏰰􏰪􏱙􏰲􏱞􏰄􏱒􏰪􏰺 􏱶􏱭􏱋􏰄􏱏􏰣􏰣􏱑􏱋􏰆􏱏􏱐􏰚􏱋􏱹 􏱊􏰪􏰣􏱌􏱍􏱋􏱹 􏱛􏱌􏱍􏰧􏱋􏰰􏰄􏱋􏰰􏱸 􏰴􏱋􏰰􏱕􏱋􏰦􏰦􏱋􏰰􏰺 􏰦􏱒􏱌􏱍􏱥 􏱱􏱋􏰲􏱋 􏱡􏱏􏰆􏰆􏱋􏰺􏱹 􏱕􏱋􏰦􏰪􏰺􏱙􏱋􏰰􏰦 􏱊􏰪􏰣􏱌􏱍􏱋 􏰲􏰺􏱙 􏱛􏱌􏱍􏱏􏰆􏰄􏰣􏰪􏱌􏱍􏱃 􏱏􏱐􏰩􏰄􏱋􏱹 􏰴􏱋􏰰􏱕􏰰􏱋􏱒􏰄􏱋􏰄􏱋􏰺 􏰦􏱒􏱌􏱍 􏰦􏱌􏱍􏰺􏱋􏰣􏰣􏱥 􏱛􏱒􏱋 􏰧􏰲􏰰􏱙􏱋􏰺 􏰴􏰪􏰺 􏱋􏱒􏱃 􏰺􏱋􏱳 􏰺􏱋􏰲􏱋􏰺 􏱘􏰰􏱒􏱋􏱑􏱋􏰰􏰄􏰶􏱝 􏱕􏱋􏰺􏰲􏰄􏰵􏰄􏱹 􏱙􏱋􏰦􏰦􏱋􏰺 􏰦􏰪􏰵􏱒􏱏􏰣􏱋 􏱯􏱋􏱃 􏱝􏰰􏱏􏱐􏰦􏱋􏰺􏰄􏱏􏰄􏱒􏰪􏰺 􏱋􏱕􏱋􏰺􏰆􏱏􏰣􏰣􏰦 􏰺􏱋􏰲􏱏􏰰􏰄􏱒􏱑 􏱒􏰦􏰄􏱟 􏱙􏱋􏰰 􏱫􏰲􏱐􏱑􏱋􏰣 􏰲􏱐􏱕􏱋􏰰 􏱙􏱋􏱳 􏱔􏱒􏰺􏰵􏱋...
Article
Full-text available
Moscow 0 km 2000 N Study area The carved wooden object uncovered from the Shigir peat bog in the Sverdlovsk region towards the end of the nineteenth century remains one of the oldest, known examples of monumental anthropomorphic sculpture from anywhere in the world. Recent application of new analytical techniques has led to the discovery of new ima...
Article
Full-text available
It has been hypothesized that the Neolithic transition towards an agricultural and pastoralist economy facilitated the emergence of human-adapted pathogens. Here, we recovered eight Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica genomes from human skeletons of transitional foragers, pastoralists and agropastoralists in western Eurasia that were up to 6,500 yr...
Chapter
Full-text available
In diesem Beitrag werden die Konzepte des Gabentauschs und des kollektiven Gedächt- nisses für das Verständnis von Weihgaben und Votivdeponierungen diskutiert. Geben und Nehmen im Heiligtum war eingebettet in das Geben und Nehmen der Gesellschat. Im Tausch zwischen Menschen und Göttern sind weder der Votant noch die Gottheit gänz-lich frei, sondern...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the current debate about social inequal- ity, Prehistoric Archaeology should be able to contribute to the question if inequality has ever been the signature of societies or when inequality significantly increased. Indeed, the 4th millennium BCE seems to be a watershed in the development of social inequalities. In Egypt and Mesopotamia, kingship...
Article
The paper presents the results of the V International Symposium “Mobility and Migration: Concepts, Methods, Results” organized by the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Novosibirsk) and the German Archaeologi­cal Institute, its Eurasian Branch (Berlin). The event took place in August...
Article
The grand narrative of cultural developments claims that all technical achievements in prehistory stemmed from urban centres in Mesopotamia and Egypt. But current studies, for instance on the oldest wagons, have opened up space for alternative working hypotheses and models: modern radiocarbon dating of complexes that revealed the cited innovations,...
Article
Full-text available
Geophysical prospection and excavations show that the heavily fortified Teleac hillfort was densely occupied with a population reaching the low thousands. In this article it is argued that Teleac was a local political centre that acted as a hub for transportation and trade in a region that is rich in mineral resources. Recent investigations also re...
Book
Full-text available
We can now establish the fact that Brunn 2 is (currently) the oldest Linear Pottery culture site in Europe. It shows the formation of this culture, occurring at about 5670 – 5520 calBC, which was a part of the complicated process of the origin and spread of the Early Starčevo culture with red and dark painted pottery. The basis of Starčevo and Line...
Article
Full-text available
Eleven biconical vessels from the Copper Age sites Pietrele and Blejeşti (Romania) have been investigated using p-XRF. In most cases, traces of lead could be measured on their surfaces. Samples of slag-like material from two vessels and the clay of one vessel were investigated using laboratory methods, namely SEM, XRD, LIA and optical microscopy. T...
Data
Standard reference materials used for data quality evaluation of the p-XRF measurements with indications of their composition, amount of volatile components (loss on ignition, LOI) and Na2O, if specified (data according to: CanmetMINING 1995; Potts 2015; Potts et al. 2003; Thermo Scientific 2013; Webb et al. 2015; Wise–Watters 2009, 2012). (PDF)
Data
Coefficient of correlation (r2) intercept and slope according to biplots for the comparison of p-XRF and recommended values (CRM) for the oxides SiO2, TiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3(T), MnO, MgO, K2O P2O5 and the elements S, Pb, Cu, Zn. (PDF)
Data
Expected values, mean results of the p-XRF measurements, number of p-XRF measurements (n), standard deviation (1 σ SD), relative standard deviation (RSD), bias and relative bias for oxides (in wt%) and selected elements (in ppm) for certified reference materials (CRM data according to: CanmetMINING 1995; Potts 2015; Potts et al. 2003; Thermo Scient...
Data
Coefficient of correlation (r2) intercept and slope for oxides and elements by p-XRF. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Archaeogenetic studies have described the formation of Eurasian ‘steppe ancestry’ as a mixture of Eastern and Caucasus hunter-gatherers. However, it remains unclear when and where this ancestry arose and whether it was related to a horizon of cultural innovations in the 4th millennium BCE that subsequently facilitated the advance of pastoral societ...
Article
Geophysical prospection and excavations show that the heavily fortified Teleac hillfort was densely occupied with a population reaching the low thousands. In this article it is argued that Teleac was a local political centre that acted as a hub for transportation and trade in a region that is rich in mineral resources. Recent investigations also re...
Book
Full-text available
Der Katalog zur gleichnamigen Ausstellung stellt die herausragenden archäologischen Funde Georgiens vor und ermöglicht zusammen mit den neuesten Forschungsergebnissen ein umfassendes Bild der frühen kulturellen Entwicklungen des Landes vom Beginn der Landwirtschaft im Kaukasus ab 6000 v. Chr. bis zur Mittelbronzezeit um 2100-1700 v. Chr.
Book
The Digital Atlas of Innovations presents the many great as well as small technical and social innovations in the early history of humankind in dynamic maps. Where was the oldest evidence for the wheel and the wagon found? How did these and other major technologies occur and become widespread throughout Europe and Asia – Eurasia – during the follow...