Sven Zea

Sven Zea
National University of Colombia | UNAL · CECIMAR - Centro de Estudios en Ciencias del Mar, Santa Marta

Ph.D.

About

172
Publications
62,197
Reads
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3,088
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - June 2014
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Position
  • Fulbright Visiting Professor
Description
  • Sabbatical year, working on the upgrading of The Sponge Guide (www.spongeguide.org).
August 1988 - present
National University of Colombia
Position
  • Taxonomy, ecology and biotechnology of marine sponges

Publications

Publications (172)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Chapter 12. Status and trends of coral reefs of the Caribbean region, pp. 1-25. In: Souter, D., Planes, S., Wicquart, J., Logan, M., Obura, D., & Staub, F. (Eds.) Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2020. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, International Coral Reef Iniciative, Australian Institute of Marine Science, & Australian Governement.
Book
Full-text available
El mar territorial colombiano, con costas en el mar Caribe y el océano Pacífico, comprende unos 2.070.408 km2, lo cual significa que cerca del 50% del territorio nacional es marítimo. A través de este libro se hace una invitación a las generaciones actuales y futuras a ejercer soberanía, defender y cuidar este bien, para conservar la biodiversidad...
Article
Full-text available
ecidos y en interacción directa con corales masivos, y se relacionó su complejidad estructural con la capacidad de retención de sedimentos. Para ello, se determinó la composición taxonómica y se cuantificaron la altura del dosel, la cobertura y densidad de filamentos y la biomasa algal de los céspedes que crecían sobre colonias vivas de cuatro espe...
Article
Full-text available
Compared to other groups of invertebrates, sponge (Porifera) taxonomy has been poorly developed in the Eastern Tropical Pacific (ETP) in general and in the Colombian Pacific in particular. This work aims to increase knowledge of the group’s biodiversity in the rocky reefs of northern Chocó. Sponge samples were collected by autonomous diving, which...
Article
Full-text available
Las lagunas costeras son foco de producción primaria y refugio de biodiversidad por su relativo confinamiento y baja profundidad. La Escollera es una laguna costera artificial situada en El Rodadero, Santa Marta (Caribe colombiano), excavada al inicio de la década de 1980 para albergar una marina y sus bordes sembrados con mangles. Para generar una...
Book
Full-text available
The book presents the results of the expeditions carried out by Invemar between 2011-2018 to the North Pacific of Chocó to study the biodiversity on the shallow portion (0-40 m deep) of the rocky reefs, locally named riscales and morros. In total, 33 sites were explored across around 200 km of coastline between Cabo Corrientes and Cabo Marzo. 59 sp...
Article
Full-text available
Esta investigación buscó determinar el papel de la herbivoría por parte del caracol Cittarium pica sobre el ensamblaje algal del litoral rocoso en el área de Santa Marta, Colombia. Se realizaron experimentos con jaulas en el mesolitoral superior entre diciembre de 2017 y junio de 2018, con tratamientos de inclusión (C. pica), exclusión (sin herbívo...
Article
Las ramas muertas de Acropora palmata colonizadas por la esponja excavadora Cliona tenuis son propensas al desplazamiento, la rotura y la translocación durante fuerte oleaje o mar de fondo de tormentas o huracanes, lo que favorece la dispersión de esta esponja. En las islas del Rosario (Colombia, Caribe), los adultos de C. tenuis transportados por...
Book
Full-text available
Digital version available in: https://editorial.unimagdalena.edu.co/Editorial/Publicacion/4142
Article
Full-text available
The Caribbean soft coral Erythropodium caribaeorum is a rich source of erythrolides—chlorinated briarane diterpenoids. These compounds have an ecological role as feeding deterrents, with a wide variation in their composition depending on the location where the sample is collected. In Colombia, this soft coral can be found at different locations in...
Article
Full-text available
In coral reefs, competition between sessile benthic organisms for access to space and other resources is a determining factor in community structuring. Recent coral mortality has favored the development of algal turfs, which are now competing with corals, often displacing them, although slowly. To determine the frequency of interactions between cor...
Article
Biofilm formation is an important process for marine bacterial communities because this mechanism favors adaptation to variations in environmental conditions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the biofilm formation of bacteria isolated from marine sediments under in vitro conditions. For this, biofilm quantification assays were performed...
Article
In coral reefs, competition between sessile benthic organisms for access to space and other resources is a determining factor in community structuring. Recent coral mortality has favored the development of algal turfs, which are now competing with corals, often displacing them,although slowly. To determine the frequency of interactions between cora...
Article
In deep‐sea environments, plant remains of several origins are found, including branches, twigs, leaves, and wood pieces, among others. As most of the deep‐sea bottoms are oligotrophic and nutrient‐limited, plant remains provide an oasis of localized organic enrichment and a substrate for colonization. Sunken wood was suggested to play an important...
Presentation
Full-text available
La Escollera, una laguna costera artificial, ubicada en el balneario turístico El Rodadero en Santa Marta. Se ha convertido en un laboratorio de investigación y está permitiendo realizar diferentes estudios en el ejercicio académico con el fin de propiciar la comprensión de estos ecosistemas. Hasta ahora no se había realizado ningún estudio sobre s...
Poster
Astrophorida is one of the most diverse (>820 species) and worldwide distributed orders of demosponges. These sponges are common colonizers of hard and soft-bottoms in a broad bathymetrical range. In hard-bottom habitats on the outer shelf and upper slope, astrophorids can dominate ecosystems in terms of abundance and biomass forming sponge grounds...
Article
Full-text available
In tropical seas there are submerged hard bottoms that harbor corals but that are not coralline in origin. This is the case for the “Banco de las Ánimas” sector in the continental shelf of the Gulf of Salamanca, Colombian Caribbean. In its upper portion (14–16 m in depth), there are low mounds of sandstone blocks and slabs, conforming reefs, coloni...
Article
Full-text available
Neopetrosia proxima (Porifera: Demospongiae: Haplosclerida) is described as a morphologically variable sponge common on shallow reefs of the Caribbean. However, the range of morphological and reproductive variation within putative N. proxima led us to hypothesize that such variability may be indicative of cryptic species rather than plasticity. Usi...
Article
Full-text available
Coral reefs are commonly associated with oligotrophic, well-illuminated waters. In 2013, a healthy coral reef was discovered in one of the least expected places within the Colombian Caribbean: at the entrance of Cartagena Bay, a highly-polluted system that receives industrial and sewage waste, as well as high sediment and freshwater loads from an o...
Data
Varadero and Barú coral species List of scleractinian and fire coral species in Varadero and Northern Barú Reefs. Data are the frequency of occurrence (average,%) or presence/absence (+∕ −, visual surveys).
Data
Varadero and Barú sponge species List of sponge species comparing two reef zones in Varadero and Northern Barú Reefs. Data are frequency of occurrence (%, 30 ×2-m2 transects, n = 7 and 4 at Varadero and Barú, respectively), or presence (+, visual surveys).
Data
Varadero and Barú fish species List of fish species observed at Varadero and Barú. Abundance values are mean (±S.D.) number of individuals per species observed in 30 ×2-m2 belt transects (n = 15 and 7 at Varadero and Barú, respectively). Species observed outside transects are indicated by an x.
Data
Fish species richness variation at Barú and Varadero Reefs Variation in fish species richness as a function of number of visual censuses (sample-based rarefaction curves) for the fish censuses made at Barú and Varadero Reefs.
Article
Full-text available
The macrolide (+)-discodermolide produced by the marine sponge Discodermia dissoluta shows promising antitumor, antimitotic, and immunosuppressive activity. However, the sustainable supply of any molecule requires much in situ and in vitro research to optimize and later obtain the molecule of interest. In this study, two culture systems—fixed and s...
Article
Changes in coral-sponge interactions can alter reef accretion/erosion balance and are important to predict trends on current algal-dominated Caribbean reefs. Although sponge abundance is increasing on some coral reefs, we lack information on how shifts from corals to bioeroding sponges occur, and how environmental factors such as anomalous seawater...
Preprint
Full-text available
Coral reefs supply millions of people with ecosystem goods and services, especially those living along tropical coastlines. Unfortunately, these ecosystems are disappearing at an alarming pace. In the Caribbean, the rate of coral loss is high (5.5 – 9.2% per year) and constant. In 2013, a healthy coral reef was discovered in one of the least expect...
Preprint
Full-text available
Coral reefs supply millions of people with ecosystem goods and services, especially those living along tropical coastlines. Unfortunately, these ecosystems are disappearing at an alarming pace. In the Caribbean, the rate of coral loss is high (5.5 – 9.2% per year) and constant. In 2013, a healthy coral reef was discovered in one of the least expect...
Article
Full-text available
Sponges (Porifera) are important constituents of littoral habitats in the Caribbean Sea. The knowledge of their biodiversity is fundamental to carry out ecological, managerial and utilitarian research. Their taxonomy is complex, but in the Caribbean in general, and in Colombia in particular, there are important advances. With this work, some sponge...
Article
Full-text available
El incremento en la frecuencia e intensidad de eventos oceánicos extremos limita la capacidad de recuperación de los ecosistemas, amenazando su subsistencia. Con el fin de entender la relación entre la estructura y salud arrecifal y los eventos extremos ambientales, se analizaron series de datos ambientales de las islas del Rosario (e.g., temperatu...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN. El incremento en la frecuencia e intensidad de eventos oceánicos extremos limita la capacidad de recuperación de los ecosistemas, amenazando su subsistencia. Con el fin de entender la relación entre la estructura y salud arrecifal y los eventos extremos ambientales, se analizaron series de datos ambientales de las islas del Ro-sario (e.g.,...
Article
Full-text available
Sponges (Porifera) are important constituents of littoral habitats in the Caribbean Sea. The knowledge of their biodiversity is fundamental to carry out ecological, managerial and utilitarian research. Their taxonomy is complex, but in the Caribbean in general, and in Colombia in particular, there are important advances. With this work, some sponge...
Article
Full-text available
Although sponges are important components of benthic ecosystems of the Caribbean Sea, their diversity remained poorly investigated in the Lesser Antilles. By organizing a training course in Martinique, we wanted both to promote taxonomy and to provide a first inventory of the sponge diversity on this island. The course was like a naturalist expedit...
Data
Waterproof plates presenting in situ pictures together with visual keys of identification of the most common sponges of the Caribbean Sea. (PDF)
Article
On Caribbean reefs, the excavating sponge Cliona tenuis opportunistically colonized dead skeletons of the elkhorn coral Acropora palmata after its massive die-off in the 1980s. Further C. tenuis population increase occurred by colonization of other coral species, causing coral tissue death through undermining of live tissue and lateral growth. To f...
Article
Full-text available
Identification of bioactive metabolite cell producers allow driving cell culture experiments for in vitro production, just as elucidation of the possible physiologic function of metabolites. The Caribbean marine sponge Discodermia dissoluta produces the polyketide (+)-discodermolide, a potent antitumoral that has reached clinic trials in humans. In...
Article
Sponges are sessile organisms capable of colonizing diverse substrata. In the Caribbean, coral reefs have suffered a drastic decline, and branching corals of the genus Acropora have been widely decimated. On dead coral skeletons and around surviving tissue the settling of sessile organisms can be observed, sponges being common. In order to investig...
Article
Several groups of sponges are able to excavate galleries and tunnels in calcareous substrata such as limestone rock, shells, calcareous algae and coral skeletons. Within the genus Cliona, some species share the common traits of being brown to olive-green in color, and harboring photosynthetic, unicellular dinoflagellates (zooxanthellae). These Clio...
Article
Full-text available
The new discovery by Vicente et al. (2014) of specialized epizoic symbioses between sponges of the genera Plakortis and Xestospongia revealed the obligate interaction of two new Plakortis spp. associating with Xestospongia deweerdtae and a new Xestospongia sp. In this study we formally describe the two new Plakortis spp. as Plakortis deweerdtaephil...
Article
Full-text available
Identification of bioactive metabolite cell producers allow driving cell culture experiments for in vitro production, just as elucidation of the possible physiologic function of metabolites. The Caribbean marine sponge Discodermia dissoluta produces the polyketide (+)-discodermolide, a potent antitumoral that has reached clinic trials in humans. In...
Article
Above-normal meteorological and oceanographic conditions that generate damage on coastal ecosystems and associated human communities are called extreme oceanic events. Accurate data are needed to predict their occurrence and to understand their effects. We analyzed available data from four localities in the Colombian Caribbean to study the effect o...
Article
Full-text available
Although there is a long history of taxonomic investigation in Caribbean sponges, there are still many undescribed species. Furthermore, field observations and corroborating morphological analyses are revealing that what was believed to be sin-gle, somewhat variable species, may consist of two or more species, often easier to distinguish once well...
Article
Day-night and between-day variation in surficial zooplankton composition and its relationship to environmental parameters were analyzed in the Santa Marta Bay, Colombian Caribbean, by Principal Components Analysis. Sampling was carried out every four hours in three different days between August and October 1989. The greatest variation in abundance...
Article
Full-text available
Temperaturas del agua de mar por encima del promedio durante 2005 en el Archipiélago de las Islas del Rosario (Caribe Colombiano) causaron un blanqueamiento coralino masivo en aguas someras (hasta 2-3 m de profundidad). Para confirmar resultados previos en los que el estrés inducido por calentamiento del agua en los corales puede acelerar la veloci...
Poster
Meiofaunal assemblages colonizing authigenic carbonates at Costa Rica cold seeps.
Article
Full-text available
Slattery & Lesser (2015; Mar Ecol Prog Ser 527:275–279) offer a Comment on our review of the literature for evidence of bottom-up control of sponge communities on Caribbean reefs. We briefly address the criticisms presented in the Comment and reiterate the lack of evidence for food limitation, including inter-oceanic comparisons of Caribbean reefs...
Article
Full-text available
The diversity and biomass of sponges on Caribbean reefs exceeds that of all other benthic organisms. Wilkinson & Cheshire (1990; Mar Ecol Prog Ser 67:285-294) summarized evidence that sponge communities on Caribbean reefs were different from those on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, reflecting food limitation of the latter, but not of the former....
Article
While sea surface temperature has been considered the environmental variable with the greatest impact on coral bleaching, other variables also modify the susceptibility of reefs and generate spatial differences of this phenomenon. In four locations in the Colombian Caribbean, sea surface temperature, chlorophyll, turbidity, flow of rivers, winds an...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: Aunque la temperatura superficial del mar se ha considerado como la variable ambiental con mayor incidencia en el blanqueamiento coralino, se ha encontrado que otras variables también intervienen en este fenómeno, modificando la susceptibilidad de los arrecifes y generando diferencias espaciales. En el Caribe colombiano se estudiaron las v...
Article
Full-text available
Three new cases of sponge symbiosis between species of Plakortis and Xestospongia were found in reef caves and mesophotic reef habitats of the Caribbean. Plakortis sp. 1 from the Bahamas associates exclusively with Xestospongia deweerdtae which was originally described living freely on the deep fore-reef and caves of Jamaica. In addition, we found...
Article
Full-text available
Thinly encrusting sponges are diverse and ecologically important, but their taxonomy is challenging. In the Greater Caribbean, the recognition of species of Clathria (Thalysias), most of which are encrusting, is still problematic. Here we describe and clarify the taxonomy of eight species, three new to science, from material collected mostly in Col...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Agelas comprises a group of tropical and subtropical reef sponges that contains large, long-lived, often brightly colored and conspicuous species, distributed throughout the tropical western Atlantic, temperate northern Atlantic (Mediterranean Sea), and western and central Indo-Pacific Realms. Among tropical sponge genera, Agelas is one w...
Article
Full-text available
Exploration of continental shelves may produce unexpected faunal records. In shelf waters of La Guajira peninsula, Colombia, in the northern tip of South America, southern Caribbean Sea, we found a new species of Rhaphidhistia (Demospongiae, Hadromerida, Trachycladidae) a genus previously thought to be restricted to the Indo-Pacific Ocean. Rhaphidh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background / Purpose: The Joint Regime Area (JRA) is an oceanic complex mostly conformed by deep seabed shared by Colombia and Jamaica in the Caribbean Sea. The marine environment and benthic communities of the JRA have until now received little attention. This is the first study to investigate the sponge diversity of this area, based on trawls c...
Poster
Methodological desing for the study of meio-epifaunal communities in Costa Rica.
Article
Full-text available
The North-West Gulf of Urabá, Colombia, harbors the southernmost Caribbean reefs, exposed to high turbulence and fluctuating turbidity and salinity. An annotated systematic check-list of sponges from this area is presented. A total of 77 demosponge species (class Demospongiae), 3 homoscleromorph species (class Homoscleromorpha) and 1 calcareous spe...
Article
Full-text available
Direct field observations often reveal distinct morphotypes within sponge species that had been described on the basis of preserved material from different locations. The genus Axinyssa von Lendefeld, 1897 was revised for the Caribbean by Diaz et al. (1993), defining a single species, Axinyssa ambrosia (de Laubenfels, 1936), with several junior syn...
Article
Full-text available
Biotechnological research on marine organisms, such as ex situ or in situ aquaculture and in vitro cell culture, is being conducted to produce bioactive metabolites for biomedical and industrial uses. The Caribbean marine sponge Discodermia dissoluta is the source of (+)-discodermolide, a potent antitumoural polyketide that has reached clinical tri...
Article
The parrotfish Sparisoma viride often grazes live coral from edges undermined by the Caribbean encrusting and excavating sponge Cliona tenuis. To test whether parrotfish biting action has an effect on the dynamics of the sponge–coral interaction, we manipulated access of parrotfishes to the sponge–coral border in two species of massive corals. When...