Sven Thoms

Sven Thoms
Bielefeld University · Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

Professor

About

67
Publications
8,442
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,759
Citations
Introduction
Research interest: Peroxisome biology, Dysferlin & T-tubule system, Translational readthrough
Additional affiliations
January 2021 - present
Bielefeld University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
June 2013 - present
Universitätsmedizin Göttingen
Position
  • Group Leader
April 2007 - June 2013
Universitätsmedizin Göttingen
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
October 1994 - September 1997
Universität Witten/Herdecke
Field of study
  • Biochemistry
May 1993 - June 1994
University of Sussex
Field of study
  • Chemistry and Biochemistry
October 1991 - April 1993
Universität Konstanz
Field of study
  • Chemistry

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
A 4-year-old boy presented with subacute onset of cerebellar ataxia. Neuroimaging revealed cerebellar atrophy. Metabolic screening tests aiming to detect potentially treatable ataxias showed an increased value (fourfold upper limit of normal) for phytanic acid and elevated very-long-chain fatty acid (VLCFA) ratios (C24:0/C22:0 and C26:0/C22:0), whi...
Article
Full-text available
DNA point accumulation for imaging in nanoscale topography (DNA-PAINT) is a powerful super-resolution technique highly suitable for multi-target (multiplexing) bio-imaging. However, multiplexed imaging of cells is still challenging due to the dense and sticky environment inside a cell. Here, we combine fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisomes communicate with other cellular compartments by transfer of various metabolites. However, whether peroxisomes are sites for calcium handling and exchange has remained contentious. Here we generated sensors for assessment of peroxisomal calcium and applied them for single cell-based calcium imaging in HeLa cells and cardiomyocytes. We fo...
Article
Full-text available
Premature termination codon (PTC) mutations account for approximately 10% of pathogenic variants in monogenic diseases. Stimulation of translational readthrough, also known as stop codon suppression, using translational readthrough-inducing drugs (TRIDs) may serve as a possible therapeutic strategy for the treatment of genetic PTC diseases. One imp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Peroxisomes communicate with other cellular compartments by transfer of various metabolites. However, whether peroxisomes are sites for calcium handling and exchange has remained contentious. Here we generated sensors for assessment of peroxisomal calcium and applied them for single cell-based calcium imaging in HeLa cells and cardiomyocytes. We fo...
Article
Aims: The multi-C2 domain protein dysferlin localizes to the T-Tubule system of skeletal and heart muscles. In skeletal muscle, dysferlin is known to play a role in membrane repair and in T-tubule biogenesis and maintenance. Dysferlin deficiency manifests as muscular dystrophy of proximal and distal muscles. Cardiomyopathies have been also reporte...
Article
Full-text available
Ferlins are multiple-C2-domain proteins involved in Ca2+-triggered membrane dynamics within the secretory, endocytic and lysosomal pathways. In bony vertebrates there are six ferlin genes encoding, in humans, dysferlin, otoferlin, myoferlin, Fer1L5 and 6 and the long noncoding RNA Fer1L4. Mutations in DYSF (dysferlin) can cause a range of muscle di...
Article
Peroxisomes share extensive metabolic connections with other cell organelles. Membrane contact sites (MCSs) establish and maintain such interactions, and they are vital for organelle positioning and motility. In the past few years peroxisome interactions and MCSs with other cellular organelles have been explored extensively, resulting in the identi...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisomes are ubiquitous cell organelles involved in many metabolic and signaling functions. Their assembly requires peroxins, encoded by PEX genes. Mutations in PEX genes are the cause of Zellweger Syndrome spectrum (ZSS), a heterogeneous group of peroxisomal biogenesis disorders (PBD). The size and morphological features of peroxisomes are belo...
Chapter
Full-text available
In a compartmentalized cell, correct protein localization is crucial for function of virtually all cellular processes. From the cytoplasm as a starting point, proteins are imported into organelles by specific targeting signals. Many proteins, however, act in more than one cellular compartment. In this chapter, we discuss mechanisms by which protein...
Article
Full-text available
Malate and lactate dehydrogenase (MDH and LDH) are linked to a new and unusual class of proteins in mammals: proteins with an extension generated by translational readthrough and with a functional peroxisomal targeting signal in the extension. The presence of MDH and LDH in the peroxisome suggests a solution to an old question, that is how peroxiso...
Chapter
N-glycosylation is a process occurring in the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) in nearly every organism. Proteins containing a glycosylation site are quickly glycosylated by oligosaccharyltransferases once the glycosylation site is exposed to the ER lumen. The oligosaccharide tree is then modified and proteins are targeted to specific organelles or subco...
Chapter
Translational readthrough, the decoding of stop codons as sense codons, leads to C-terminal extension of proteins which may lead to the formation of protein isoforms with distinct properties from the original protein. Two proteins have recently been identified that are targeted to the peroxisome via hidden peroxisomal targeting signals in their rea...
Article
Full-text available
Munc13 proteins are essential regulators of neurotransmitter release at nerve cell synapses. They mediate the priming step that renders synaptic vesicles fusion-competent, and their genetic elimination causes a complete block of synaptic transmission. Here we have described a patient displaying a disorder characterized by a dyskinetic movement diso...
Chapter
Full-text available
Autophagy and Cancer
Article
Full-text available
The multi-C2 domain protein dysferlin localizes to the plasma membrane and the T-tubule system in skeletal muscle, however, its physiological mode of action is unknown. Mutations in the DYSF gene lead to autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B and Miyoshi myopathy. Here we show that dysferlin has membrane tubulating capacity and...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisomes are cellular organelles with vital functions in lipid, amino acid, and redox metabolism. The cellular formation and dynamics of peroxisomes are governed by PEX genes, however, the regulation of peroxisome abundance is yet poorly understood. Here we use a high-content microscopy screen to identify novel regulators of peroxisome size and...
Article
Full-text available
Translational readthrough gives rise to C-terminally extended proteins, thereby providing the cell with new protein isoforms. These may have different properties from the parental proteins if the extensions contain functional domains. While for most genes amino acid incorporation at the stop codon is far lower than 0.1%, about 4% of malate dehydrog...
Article
Full-text available
Translational readthrough (TR) has come into renewed focus because systems biology approaches have identified the first human genes undergoing functional translational readthrough (FTR). FTR creates functional extensions to proteins by continuing translation of the mRNA downstream of the stop codon. Here we review recent developments in TR research...
Article
Full-text available
The peroxisomal targeting signal type 1 (PTS1) is a seemingly simple peptide sequence at the C-terminal end of most peroxisomal matrix proteins. PTS1 can be described as a tripeptide with the consensus motif [S/A/C] [K/R/H] L. However, this description is neither necessary nor sufficient. It does not cover all cases of PTS1 proteins, and some prote...
Article
Full-text available
The targeting signals and mechanisms of soluble peroxisomal proteins are well understood, whereas less is known about the signals and targeting routes of peroxisomal membrane proteins (PMP). Pex15 and PEX26, tail-anchored proteins in yeast and mammals, respectively, exert a similar cellular function in the recruitment of AAA peroxins at the peroxis...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisomes are capable of importing folded and oligomeric proteins. However, it is a matter of dispute whether oligomer import by peroxisomes is the exception or the rule. Here, I argue for a clear distinction between homo-oligomeric proteins that are essentially peroxisomal, and dually localized hetero-oligomers that access the peroxisome by pigg...
Conference Paper
Dysferlin is a protein of the ferlin family predominantly expressed in heart and skeletal muscle. The 230 kDa type II transmembrane protein contains seven C2 domains and localizes to the T-tubule system and the plasma membrane in skeletal muscle. Mutations in the dysferlin gene lead to LGMD2B and Miyoshi Myopathy. Dysferlin is involved in skeletal...
Data
Plasmids used in this study. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.03640.025
Data
Oligonucleotides used in this study. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.03640.026
Article
Full-text available
Translational readthrough gives rise to low abundance proteins with C-terminal extensions beyond the stop codon. To identify functional translational readthrough, we estimated the readthrough propensity (RTP) of all stop codon contexts of the human genome by a new regression model in silico, identified a nucleotide consensus motif for high RTP by u...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisomes are ubiquitous and dynamic organelles that house many important pathways of cellular metabolism. In recent years it has been demonstrated that mitochondria are tightly connected with peroxisomes and are defective in several peroxisomal diseases. Indeed, these two organelles share metabolic routes as well as resident proteins and, at lea...
Article
Full-text available
Pex11p and related proteins, collectively termed PPPs for Pex11p-type peroxisome proliferators, constitute an unusual group of proteins among the other Pex proteins. PPPs are genuine peroxisome proliferators, although they are not directly involved in matrix and membrane protein import. PPPs directly shape the peroxisomal membrane, but they also co...
Article
Among the human PEX genes associated with peroxisome biogenesis disorders, only the PEX11 family genes had not previously been associated with human disease. A new study identifies the first patient with a mutation in PEX11β. The patient presents with symptoms atypical for peroxisome biogenesis disorders. Peroxisomes in cells derived from this pati...
Article
During budding of yeast cells peroxisomes are distributed over mother cell and bud, a process that involves the myosin motor protein Myo2p and the peroxisomal membrane protein Inp2p. Here, we show that Pex19p, a peroxin implicated in targeting and complex formation of peroxisomal membrane proteins, also plays a role in peroxisome partitioning. Bind...
Article
In peroxisome formation, models of near-autonomous peroxisome biogenesis with membrane protein integration directly from the cytosol into the peroxisomal membrane are in direct conflict with models whereby peroxisomes bud from the endoplasmic reticulum and receive their membrane proteins through a branch of the secretory pathway. We therefore reinv...
Article
Full-text available
Endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling (ERSS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetes and heart disease. The latter is a common comorbidity of diabetes and worsens patient outcome. Results from clinical studies suggest beneficial effects of metformin - a widely used oral drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes - on the heart of di...
Article
Mitochondria accumulate at neuronal and immunological synapses and yeast bud tips and associate with the ER during phospholipid biosynthesis, calcium homeostasis, and mitochondrial fission. Here we show that mitochondria are associated with cortical ER (cER) sheets underlying the plasma membrane in the bud tip and confirm that a deletion in YPT11,...
Article
The yeast peroxisomal hydrolase Lpx1 belongs to the α/β-hydrolase superfamily. In the absence of Lpx1, yeast peroxisomes show an aberrant vacuolated morphology similar to what is found in peroxisomal disorder patients. Here, we present the crystal structure of Lpx1 determined at a resolution of 1.9 Å. The structure reveals the complete catalytic tr...
Data
Full-text available
Primers used in this study. Table with list of oligonucleotide primers used in this study.
Data
Transcription factor binding sites in the PEX1 5' upstream region from c.-500 to c.-1. Table with results of an in silico analysis of transcription factor binding sites in the PEX1 5' region.
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in PEX1 are the most common primary cause of Zellweger syndrome. In addition to exonic mutations, deletions and splice site mutations two 5' polymorphisms at c.-137 and c.-53 with a potential influence on PEX1 protein levels have been described in the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of the PEX1 gene. We used RACE and in silico promoter predi...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisomal matrix protein import is facilitated by cycling receptors shuttling between the cytosol and the peroxisomal membrane. One crucial step in this cycle is the ATP-dependent release of the receptors from the peroxisomal membrane. This step is facilitated by the peroxisomal AAA (ATPases associated with various cellular activities) proteins P...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we report the identification of a novel hydrolase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Ldh1p (systematic name, Ybr204cp) comprises the typical GXSXG-type lipase motif of members of the α/β-hydrolase family and shares some features with the peroxisomal lipase Lpx1p. Both proteins carry a putative peroxisomal targeting signal type1 (PTS1) and can be al...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we report the functional characterization of the newly identified lipid droplet hydrolase Ldh1p. Recombinant Ldh1p exhibits esterase and triacylglycerol lipase activities. Mutation of the serine in the hydrolase/lipase motif GXSXG completely abolished esterase activity. Ldh1p is required for the maintenance of a steady-state level of the nonp...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisomal testis-specific 1 gene (Pxt1) is the only male germ cell-specific gene that encodes a peroxisomal protein known to date. To elucidate the role of Pxt1 in spermatogenesis, we generated transgenic mice expressing a c-MYC-PXT1 fusion protein under the control of the PGK2 promoter. Overexpression of Pxt1 resulted in induction of male germ c...
Article
Congenital cytomegalovirus brain infection without symptoms at birth can cause a static encephalopathy with characteristic patterns of brain abnormalities. Here we show that loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding the RNASET2 glycoprotein lead to cystic leukoencephalopathy, an autosomal recessive disorder with an indistinguishable clinical...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisomes are no longer regarded as autonomous organelles because evidence for their interplay with other cellular organelles is emerging. Peroxisomes interact with mitochondria in several metabolic pathways, including beta-oxidation of fatty acids and the metabolism of reactive oxygen species. Both organelles are in close contact with the endopl...
Article
Full-text available
The conserved CaaX box peroxin Pex19p is known to be modified by farnesylation. The possible involvement of this lipid modification in peroxisome biogenesis, the degree to which Pex19p is farnesylated, and its molecular function are unknown or controversial. We resolve these issues by first showing that the complete pool of Pex19p is processed by f...
Article
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the most potent mitogenic factors stimulating both prostate endothelial and prostate epithelial cells. Recently, some studies reported on the endothelial secretion of a soluble VEGF receptor 2 (sVEGFR-2) that modifies the free VEGF concentration by binding VEGF. For the first time in this study, w...
Article
Lpx1p (systematic name: Yor084wp) is a peroxisomal protein from Saccharomyces cerevisiae with a peroxisomal targeting signal type 1 (PTS1) and a lipase motif. Using mass spectrometry, we have identified Lpx1p as present in peroxisomes, and show that Lpx1p import is dependent on the PTS1 receptor Pex5p. We provide evidence that Lpx1p is piggyback-tr...
Article
This chapter discusses the enzymatically catalyzed mechanisms underlying the transport of matrix proteins across the peroxisomal membrane into the lumen of the organelle, a process that involves most of the known peroxins. The chapter focuses on the basic experimental evidence concerning the functional roles of Pex4p and AAA peroxins in Pex5p recyc...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the enzymatically catalyzed mechanisms underlying the transport of matrix proteins across the peroxisomal membrane into the lumen of the organelle, a process that involves most of the known peroxins. The chapter focuses on the basic experimental evidence concerning the functional roles of Pex4p and AAA peroxins in Pex5p recyc...
Chapter
Peroxisomes are organelles equipped with enzymes for lipid metabolism and hydrogen-peroxide-based respiration. Though many details of their metabolism are understood today, basic aspects concerning their biogenesis, including translocation of peroxisomal proteins into and through the peroxisomal membrane, still remain unknown. Nevertheless, the pas...
Article
The peroxisomal targeting signal type1 (PTS1) receptor Pex5 is required for the peroxisomal targeting of most matrix proteins. Pex5 recognises target proteins in the cytosol and directs them to the peroxisomal membrane where cargo is released into the matrix, and the receptor shuttles back to the cytosol. Recently, it has become evident that the me...
Article
The abundance and size of cellular organelles vary depending on the cell type and metabolic needs. Peroxisomes constitute a class of cellular organelles renowned for their ability to adapt to cellular and environmental conditions. Together with transcriptional regulators, two groups of peroxisomal proteins have a pronounced influence on peroxisome...
Article
The ATPase Cdc48 is required for membrane fusion and protein degradation. Recently it has been suggested that Cdc48 in a complex with Ufd1 and Npl4 acts as an ubiquitin-dependent chaperone. Here it is shown that recombinant Cdc48 alone can distinguish between the native and the non-native conformation of model substrates. First, Cdc48 prevents luci...
Article
Full-text available
The OLE pathway of yeast regulates the abundance of the ER-bound enzyme Delta-9 fatty acid desaturase OLE1, thereby controlling unsaturated fatty acid pools and membrane fluidity. Previously, we showed that this pathway is exquisitely regulated by the ubiquitin/proteasome system. Activation of the pathway involves proteasomal processing of a membra...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)