Sven Schade

Sven Schade
European Commission | ec · Joint Research Centre (JRC)

PhD in Geoinformatics

About

157
Publications
40,369
Reads
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2,238
Citations
Introduction
My professional career focuses on knowledge extraction from (big) data by using geospatial analytics capabilities, multi-disciplinary interoperability, and open innovation. The underlying interests are threefold; they include (i) research on Digital Earth and Citizen Science, (ii) policy, especially Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS), Digital Single Market, and Open Science; and (iii) technology, including Observation Web and Linked Data.
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - present
European Commission
Position
  • Research Officer
November 2012 - September 2013
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Position
  • Project Manager
March 2011 - September 2012
European Commission
Position
  • ENVIROFI - The Environmental Observation Web and its Service Applications within the Future Internet
Description
  • ENVIROFI consolidates the Future Internet requirements from the Environmental Usage Area perspective and provides important specifications and prototypes of interoperable geospatial Environmental Enablers.
Education
January 2005 - June 2009
University of Münster
Field of study
  • Geoinformatics
October 1999 - August 2004
University of Münster
Field of study
  • Geoinformatics

Publications

Publications (157)
Article
This article explores to what extent a European approach can be identified in the COVID-19 mobile apps landscape that surfaced in the initial stages of the crisis. Based on information collected from the two most prominent app stores (Google Play for Android-powered devices and Apple’s App Store for iOS-powered devices) between April and August 202...
Preprint
Invasive alien species (IAS) are a key driver of global biodiversity loss. Reducing their spread and impact is a target of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG target 15.8) and of the EU IAS Regulation 1143/2014. The use of citizen science offers various benefits to alien species (AS) decision making and to society, since public participation in...
Book
Full-text available
Europe’s digital transformation of the economy and society is one of the priorities of the current Commission and is framed by the European strategy for data. This strategy aims at creating a single market for data through the establishment of a common European data space, based in turn on domain-specific data spaces in strategic sectors such as en...
Article
Full-text available
The present pilot study tested and validated the use of the 'Invasive Alien Species in Eu-rope' smartphone app (IASapp) in the Lower Danube Region. The study was conducted in three stages: (1) Testing the effectiveness of the app in Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia by organizing information and field testing campaigns; (2) Improving and extending the f...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic led to a multi-faceted global crisis, which triggered the diverse and quickly emerging use of old and new digital tools. We have developed a multi-channel approach for the monitoring and analysis of a subset of such tools, the COVID-19 related mobile applications (apps). Our approach builds on the information available in the...
Article
This special issue editorial of Human Computation on the topic "Crowd AI for Good" motivates explorations at the intersection of artificial intelligence and citizen science, and introduces a set of papers that exemplify related community activities and new directions in the field.
Article
Responding to the continued and accelerating rise of Machine Learning (ML) in citizen science, we organized a discussion panel at the 3rd European Citizen Science 2020 Conference to initiate a dialogue on how citizen scientists interact and collaborate with algorithms. This brief summarizes a presentation about two Zooniverse projects which illustr...
Article
Full-text available
Projects producing citizen-generating data (CGD) to provide evidence and to drive change have increased considerably in the last decade. Many of these initiatives build on multi-actor collaboration and are often supported by non-governmental organisations (NGOs), the public sector, businesses or community-based organisations. The joint efforts of t...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we explore the landscape of citizen science across Europe, how networks have developed, and how the science of citizen science has evolved. In addition to carrying out a literature review, we analysed publicly available data from the European Commission’s Community Research and Development Information Service (Cordis). We also extr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Interest in the formal representation of citizen science comes from portals, platforms, and catalogues of citizen science projects; scientists using citizen science data for their research; and funding agencies and governments interested in the impact of citizen science initiatives. Having a common understanding and representation of citizen scienc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Citizen science has manifold relationships to policy, which is understood as sets of ideas or plans for action followed by a government, business, political party, or group of people. In this chapter, we focus on the relationship between citizen science, government policies, and the related notions of politics and polity. We discuss two core areas...
Article
Full-text available
Interest in the formal representation of citizen science comes from portals, platforms, and catalogues of citizen science projects; scientists using citizen science data for their research; and funding agencies and governments interested in the impact of citizen science initiatives. Having a common understanding and representation of citizen scienc...
Technical Report
Full-text available
COVID-19 emerged as a pandemic and lead to a multi-faceted global crisis. Among others, it triggered the collection and integration of data – not only about infections and their distribution but also about human behaviour. At the same time, we witnessed the diverse and quickly emerging use of old and new digital tools. The work presented in this te...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental Protection Agencies (EPAs) have been involved in citizen science initiatives for decades, engaging with citizens with the goal of protecting and restoring our environment. Yet the data and knowledge generated and the possibilities for engaging citizens have grown significantly in the last decades thanks to the recent developments in m...
Article
Full-text available
The Digital Earth vision stimulates thinking on how to benefit from new data sources and technologies. In this contribution, we particularly focus on the application of machine learning algorithms on data that has been collected with mobile devices. We present experiences from Copernicus and the identification of (alien) species in order to open a...
Article
Full-text available
The digital transformation of our society coupled with the increasing exploitation of natural resources makes sustainability challenges more complex and dynamic than ever before. These changes will unlikely stop or even decelerate in the near future. There is an urgent need for a new scientific approach and an advanced form of evidence-based decisi...
Article
Full-text available
This article details a correction to the article: Turbé, A., Barba, J., Pelacho, M., Mugdal, S., Robinson, L.D., Serrano-Sanz, F., Sanz, F., Tsinaraki, C., Rubio, J.-M. and Schade, S., 2019. Understanding the Citizen Science Landscape for European Environmental Policy: An Assessment and Recommendations. 'Citizen Science: Theory and Practice', 4(1),...
Chapter
Full-text available
Geospatial information infrastructures (GIIs) provide the technological, semantic, organizational and legal structure that allow for the discovery, sharing, and use of geospatial information (GI). In this chapter, we introduce the overall concept and surrounding notions such as geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial data infrastructures (...
Article
Full-text available
Issues related to the evolving role of citizen science and open science are reviewed and discussed in this article. We focus on the changing approaches to science, research and development related to the turn to openness and transparency, which has made science more open and inclusive, even for non-researchers. Reproducible and collaborative resear...
Article
Full-text available
The articles in this issue frame challenges and opportunities for citizen science, crowdsourcing, and policy development, and provide relevant case studies in local, regional, national, and international contexts. Topics span from local invasive species management to global sustainable development, and provide both frameworks and recommendations fo...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen science is increasingly upheld with the potential to underpin all aspects of the environmental policy process. However, to date, contributions of citizen science to environmental decision-making remain sparse and not well understood. Evidence points to a gap between the potential relevance of citizen science for policy and its actual implem...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen science and crowdsourcing enable the public to make meaningful contributions to scientific and engineering research and monitoring. These approaches also produce accurate data to inform a wide range of management and public policy issues, encourage civic partnerships with government at all levels, and impact governance through: - local sca...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional data sources are not sufficient for measuring the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. New and non-traditional sources of data are required. Citizen science is an emerging example of a non-traditional data source that is already making a contribution. In this Perspective, we present a roadmap that outlines how citizen science c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Citizen science can be thought of as a tremendous catalyst for making Digital Earth a participation model of our world. This chapter presents a wide overview of the concept and practice of citizen science in terms of the technologies and social impact. Definitions of citizen science and various existing approaches to citizen involvement are describ...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in technology and the proliferation of data are providing new opportunities for monitoring and tracking the progress of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 1. As the latest framework for assessing and monitoring the alleviation of poverty, inequalities and environmental degradation, progress on meeting the 17 SDGs...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster shows the results of a research project that was executed at the iDiv Summer School 2019. The authors assessed 500 Citizen Science projects reported in an EU inventory and conducted an in-depth analysis of 25 case studies. The study aimed at determining the impact of citizen science projects on the policy cycle.
Article
Full-text available
Amplified by the phenomenon of globalisation, such as increased human mobility and the worldwide shipping of goods, we observe an increasing spread of animals and plants outside their native habitats. A few of these 'aliens' have negative impacts on their environment, including threats to local biodiversity, agricultural productivity, and human hea...
Article
Full-text available
Low-cost air quality sensors continue to spread. While their measurement quality does not compete with high-end instrumentation deployed in official air quality monitoring stations, they have a great potential to complement existing air quality assessments. However, we still see challenges related to data quality, data interoperability, and for col...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is an initiative of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the science and knowledge service of the European Commission (EC), supported by the Commission’s Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy (DG REGIO). It highlights drivers shaping the urban future, identifying both the key challenges cities will have to address and the streng...
Article
Full-text available
Low-cost air quality sensors continue to spread. While their measurement quality does not compete with high-end instrumentation deployed in official air quality monitoring stations, they have a great potential to complement existing air quality assessments. However, we still see challenges related to data quality, data interoperability, and for col...
Article
Full-text available
There is no sign of saturation in accumulation of alien species (AS) introductions worldwide, additionally the rate of spread for some species has also been shown to be increasing. However, the challenges of gathering information on AS are recognized. Recent developments in citizen science (CS) provide an opportunity to improve data flow and knowle...
Chapter
Citizen science, the active participation of the public in scientific research projects, is a rapidly expanding field in open science and open innovation. It provides an integrated model of public knowledge production and engagement with science. As a growing worldwide phenomenon, it is invigorated by evolving new technologies that connect people e...
Chapter
Full-text available
Citizen science, the active participation of the public in scientific research projects, is a rapidly expanding field in open science and open innovation. It provides an integrated model of public knowledge production and engagement with science. As a growing worldwide phenomenon, it is invigorated by evolving new technologies that connect people e...
Chapter
Full-text available
The functionality available on modern ‘smartphone’ mobile devices, along with mobile application software and access to the mobile web, have opened up a wide range of ways for volunteers to participate in environmental and biodiversity research by contributing wildlife and environmental observations, geospatial information, and other context-specif...
Article
Full-text available
Apps for mobile devices and web-based platforms are increasingly used in citizen science projects. While extensive research has been done in multiple areas of studies, from Human-Computer Interaction to public engagement in science, we are not aware of a collection of recommendations specific for citizen science that provides support and advice for...
Research
Full-text available
Apps for mobile devices and web-based platforms are increasingly used in citizen science projects. While extensive research has been done in multiple areas of studies, from Human-Computer Interaction to public engagement in science, we are not aware of a collection of recommendations specific for citizen science that provides support and advice for...
Chapter
In the face of an exploding range of volunteered data initiatives, it is important to maintain good metadata and quality information in order to ensure the appropriate combination and reuse of the resulting data sets. At the same time, there is increasing evidence that validation and quality assessment of data (whether that data be volunteered or ‘...
Article
Full-text available
Mobile apps and web-based platforms are increasingly used in citizen science projects. While extensive research has been done in multiple areas of studies, from Human-Computer Interaction to public engagement in science, we are not aware of a collection of recommendations specific for citizen science that provides support and advice for planning, d...
Chapter
The rapid expansion of citizen science projects and crowdsourcing applications is yielding a huge and varied pool of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) on a wide variety of themes. This VGI may be of huge value for institutions, individuals and decision-makers, but only if it can be discovered, evaluated for quality and fitness-for-purpose an...
Article
Full-text available
Although data is increasingly shared online and accessible for re-use, we still witness heterogeneous coverage of thematic areas and geographic regions. This especially becomes an issue when data is needed for large territories and including different nations, as, for example, required to support macro-regional development policies. Once identified...
Article
Powered by advances of technology, today’s Citizen Science projects cover a wide range of thematic areas and are carried out from local to global levels. This wealth of activities creates an abundance of data, for example, in the forms of observations submitted by mobile phones; readings of low-cost sensors; or more general information about people...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive Alien Species (IAS) are a growing threat to Europe's biodiversity. The implementation of European Union Regulation on IAS can benefit from the involvement of the public in IAS recording and management through Citizen Science (CS) initiatives. Aiming to tackle issues related with the use of CS projects on IAS topics, a dedicated workshop ti...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Tackling alien species (AS) demands international collaboration, harmonization and sharing of data. The European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN) is committed to this aim, as the official information system assisting the European Commission and the European Union (EU) Member States with the implementation of the EU Regulation 1143/2014 on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This short paper 1 provides an overview of our activities in establishing the AirSensEUR open software/hardware multi-sensor platform for measuring ambient air quality. Particular emphasis is put on the experiences and lessons learned in the implementation of our platform from the point of view of interoperable data management. Following an overvie...
Article
Pushed by the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm modern sensor networks monitor a wide range of phenomena, in areas such as environmental monitoring, health care, industrial processes, and smart cities. These networks provide a continuous pulse of the almost infinite activities that are happening in the physical space and are thus, key enablers for...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Citizen Science and Smart City Summit, organised by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) in 2014, identified the management of citizen-collected data as a major barrier to the re-usability and integration of these contributions into other data-sharing infrastructures across borders. We followed-up on these findings with a surve...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the usability of Future Internet technologies (aka "Generic Enablers of the Future Internet") in the context of environmental applications. The paper incorporates the best aspects of the state-of-the-art in environmental informatics with geospatial solutions and scalable processing capabilities of Internet-based tools. It sp...
Article
Full-text available
The widespread diffusion of sensors, mobile devices, social media and open data are reconfiguring the way data underpinning policy and science are being produced and consumed. This in turn is creating both opportunities and challenges for policy-making and science. There can be major benefits from the deployment of the IoT in smart cities and envir...
Article
Full-text available
The globally hyped notion of Big Data has increasingly influenced scientific and technical debates about the handling and management of geospatial information. Accordingly, we see a need to recall what has happened over the past years, to present the recent Big Data landscape from an infrastructural perspective and to outline the major implications...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most data sets and streams have a geospatial component. Some people even claim that about 80% of all data is related to location. In the era of Big Data this number might even be underestimated, as data sets interrelate and initially non-spatial data becomes indirectly geo-referenced. The optimal treatment of Big Data thus requires advanced methods...
Chapter
Full-text available
Modern sensor networks monitor a wide range of phenomena. They are 5 applied in environmental monitoring, health care, optimization of industrial pro-6 cesses, social media, smart city solutions, and many other domains. All in all, they 7 provide a continuously pulse of the almost infinite activities that are happening in 8 the physical space—and i...
Article
Full-text available
Recent technological advancements have led to the production of arrays of miniaturized sensors, often embedded in existing multitasking devices (e.g., smartphones, tablets) and using a wide range of radio standards (e.g., Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, 4G cellular networks). Altogether, these technological evolutions coupled with the diffusion of ubiquitous Int...
Article
Full-text available
Digital replicas (or 'mirror worlds') of complex entities and systems are now routine in many fields such as aerospace engineering; archaeology; medicine; or even fashion design. The Digital Earth (DE) concept as a digital replica of the entire planet occurs in Al Gore's 1992 book Earth in the Balance and was popularized in his speech at the Califo...
Book
This book collects innovative research presented at the 17th Conference of the Association of Geographic Information Laboratories for Europe (AGILE) on Geographic Information Science, held in 2014 in Castellón, Spain. The scientific papers cover a variety of fundamental research topics as well as applied research in Geospatial Information Science,...