Sven Gudmund Hinderaker

Sven Gudmund Hinderaker
University of Bergen | UiB · Centre for International Health

Dr.Med. (PhD)

About

159
Publications
52,672
Reads
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3,051
Citations
Citations since 2016
46 Research Items
1853 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Additional affiliations
January 1995 - present
University of Bergen
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Education
January 1995 - February 2004
University of Bergen
Field of study
  • Perinatal mortality in Tanzania
August 1982 - June 1988
University of Bergen
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (159)
Article
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Introduction Birth weight is defined as the first weight of the newborn, ideally measured soon after birth. A recent Ethiopian survey estimated that 48% of births took place in health facilities. Data for women exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) may be lacking in official statistics because these women may prefer to deliver at home, where d...
Preprint
Full-text available
Maternal mortality studies conducted at national level do not provide subnational and local estimates useful for program planning and monitoring maternal mortality at lower administrative level. The aim of this study was to estimate lifetime risk (LTR) of maternal death and maternal mortality ratio (MMR), assess variations and reduction in MMR in S...
Article
BACKGROUND: In high TB burden countries, delayed diagnosis remains a big challenge in TB control. The objective of this study is to assess the role of distance between residence and healthcare facility (HCF) on care-seeking among individuals with symptoms associated with pulmonary TB in Tanzania.METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, using data fr...
Preprint
Introduction Maternal mortality studies conducted at national level do not provide information needed for planning and monitoring health programs at lower administrative levels. The aim of this study was to measure maternal mortality, identify risk factors and district level variations in Sidama Regional State, southern Ethiopia. Methods A cross s...
Article
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Background: It is important that health workers understand intimate partner violence (IPV) and its link with ill health. Increasing their awareness will help them play a stronger role in identifying survivors and providing appropriate health care. We assessed the knowledge and attitude of health workers towards IPV survivors taking into account th...
Article
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Background: Active tuberculosis (TB) case finding by 'extended contact screening' (ECS), was tested during 2013-15. Objectives: Our objective was to compare the characteristics of pulmonary TB patients detected by ECS with patients detected by routine passive case finding (PCF). Methods: This cross sectional study was based on data collected t...
Article
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Background: Tobacco use among young and adolescents is the biggest threat to public health globally. In Bangladesh, every one in 14 youth (13-15 years) uses tobacco in some form. While this problem is growing in the country, we estimate the underage initiation of tobacco use and present evidence that policy measures like increasing the age of purc...
Article
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Setting: Cholera can aggravate or precipitate malnutrition, and children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have a higher incidence and longer duration of diarrhoea. Objective: To describe 1) characteristics of and treatment outcomes in children aged 2-4 years with cholera, 2) the case fatality rate (CFR) in all children treated, and 3) the as...
Article
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Background: For control of childhood TB in Pakistan, NTP developed Pakistan pediatric scoring chart to aid in childhood TB diagnosis. This study compared the documented case management practices of private health care providers (PP) for diagnosis of child TB with NTP guidelines. Methods: This cross-sectional study on the diagnosis of the PP invo...
Article
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Background: Schistosomiasis is a tropical infectious disease in which early diagnosis and treatment can prevent serious illness. This study examined the incidence and diagnosis of schistosomiasis in Norwegian exchange students who had been exposed to freshwater in Africa. Material and method: Students (n = 318) from Bergen and Oslo who had trave...
Article
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Background Pakistan has implemented initiatives to detect tuberculosis (TB) patients through extended contact screening (ECS). It improved case detection, but treatment outcomes need assessment. Objectives To compare the treatment outcomes of pulmonary TB (PTB) patients detected by ECS with those detected by routine passive case finding (PCF). Me...
Article
Full-text available
Background In Pakistan, private providers provide a large portion of health care, including for tuberculosis (TB). All TB patients are supposed to be reported to the National Tuberculosis Program (NTP), which provides drugs free of charge in addition to monitoring, supervision, and support. However, diagnosis of TB in children is difficult. We aime...
Article
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Objective The aim of this study was to assess the caesarean section (CS) rates using Robson’s 10-Group Classification System among women who gave birth at Hawassa University Referral Hospital in southern Ethiopia. Design Cross-sectional study design to determine CS rate using Robson’s 10-Group Classification System. Setting Hawassa University Ref...
Article
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Objectives: Sexual violence can have a destructive impact on the lives of people. It is more common in unstable conditions such as during displacement or migration of people. On the Greek island of Lesvos, Médecins Sans Frontières provided medical care to survivors of sexual violence among the population of asylum seekers. This study describes the...
Article
Setting: Malawi committed to increase modern contraceptive prevalence rate to 60% for all women by 2020, but current use ranges from 37% to 59% among women of different ages and marital status. Objectives: To describe characteristics of first-time family planning (FP) users and associations between characteristics and methods used among women of ch...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Private providers provide a large portion of health care in Pakistan, including tuberculosis (TB). All TB patients are supposed to be reported to the National Tuberculosis Program (NTP), which provides drugs free of charge in addition to monitoring, supervision and support. It is difficult to confirm the diagnosis of TB in children. We...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Private providers provide a large portion of health care in Pakistan, including tuberculosis (TB). All TB patients are supposed to be reported to the National Tuberculosis Program (NTP), which provides drugs free of charge in addition to monitoring, supervision and support. Diagnosis of TB in children is difficult. We aimed to assess th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In Pakistan, private providers provide a large portion of health care, including for tuberculosis (TB). All TB patients are supposed to be reported to the National Tuberculosis Program (NTP), which provides drugs free of charge in addition to monitoring, supervision, and support. However, diagnosis of TB in children is difficult. We aim...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In Pakistan, private providers provide a large portion of health care, including for tuberculosis (TB). All TB patients are supposed to be reported to the National Tuberculosis Program (NTP), which provides drugs free of charge in addition to monitoring, supervision, and support. However, diagnosis of TB in children is difficult. We aim...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The objective of the study was to clarify the reasons why students who graduated from a Master's programme in international health were joining the programme. Another objective was to document how the Master's degree had influenced the careers of the graduates. Study design: An online survey of students who graduated from a Master's...
Article
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Introduction Tuberculosis in children may be difficult to diagnose and is often not reported to routine surveillance systems. Understanding and addressing the tuberculosis (TB) case detection and reporting gaps strengthens national routine TB surveillance systems. Objective The present study aimed to measure the percentage of childhood TB cases th...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is regarded an important public health and human rights issue, characterized by physical, sexual or emotional abuse. Globally more than one in three women report physical or sexual violence by their intimate partners. Though the association between IPV and depression is known, we found no study investi...
Article
BACKGROUND: In Russia, mass chest X-ray (CXR) screening for tuberculosis (TB) is mandatory.OBJECTIVE: To compare the yield and the cost per TB case detected and the total cost of CXR screening, passive case finding and contact tracing among adolescents and adults in the Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russian Federation, 2013-2017.DESIGN: This was an analysis...
Article
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Setting: Ten districts and three cities in Zimbabwe. Objective: To compare the yield and relative cost of identifying a case of tuberculosis (TB) using the three WHO-recommended algorithms (WHO2b, symptom inquiry only; WHO2d, chest X-ray [CXR] after a positive symptom inquiry; WHO3b, CXR only) and the Zimbabwe active case finding (ZimACF) algorithm...
Article
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People living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLHIV) are at high risk for tuberculosis (TB), and TB is a major cause of death in PLHIV. Preventing TB in PLHIV is therefore a key priority. Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in asymptomatic PLHIV has a potent TB preventive effect, with even more benefits in those with advan...
Article
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Background: For many years, operational research capacity has been a challenge and has remained a low priority for the health sector in Pakistan. Building research capacity for developing a critical mass of researchers in Pakistan was done through Structured Operational Research and Training Initiative (SORT IT) courses in Paris and Asia between 20...
Article
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Background: Ethiopia has achieved a high coverage of antiretroviral treatment (ART), but maintaining lifelong care is still a great challenge. Mental illnesses often co-exist with HIV/AIDS and may compromise the retention on ART. In order to improve prolonged retention in ART care, basic training in mental health care was introduced for ART provid...
Article
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Background It has been estimated that more than 200 million children under the age of five do not reach their full potential in cognitive development. Much of what we know about brain development is based on research from high-income countries. There is limited evidence on the determinants of early child development in low-income countries, especia...
Article
Setting: The National Tuberculosis Programme, Mauritania. Objective: To compare the diagnosis and treatment outcomes of childhood tuberculosis (TB) cases (aged <15 years) registered between 2010 and 2015 inside and outside Nouakchott, the capital city. Design: This was a retrospective comparative cohort study. Results: A total of 948 children with...
Chapter
Mycobacterium tuberculosis has two distinct stages in a human host: latent infection, where the bacteria do not actively reproduce and the host remains asymptomatic, and tuberculosis (TB) disease, where the bacteria actively reproduce causing the host to become ill. Latent infection may remain clinically silent and unrecognized for life or it may b...
Data
UTO_2006_10_Sputum_selected.rec (REC)
Article
Full-text available
Background In Uzbekistan, despite stable and relatively high tuberculosis treatment success rates, relatively high rates of recurrent tuberculosis have recently been reported. Recurrent tuberculosis is when a patient who was treated for pulmonary tuberculosis and cured, later develops the disease again. This requires closer analysis to identify pos...
Data
MSF Hepatitis C programme patients’ database from February–December 2015. (XLS)
Data
STROBE statement-checklist of items that should be included in reports of observational studies. (DOC)
Data
Primary health care management of chronic Hepatitis C in Karachi, Pakistan. (DOCX)
Article
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Background The burden of hepatitis C (HCV) infection in Pakistan is among the highest in the world, with a reported national HCV prevalence of 6.7% in 2014. In specific populations, such as in urban communities in Karachi, the prevalence is suspected to be higher. Interferon-free treatment for chronic HCV infection (CHC) could allow scale up, simpl...
Article
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Setting: Three public sector tertiary care hospitals in Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan, with anecdotal evidence of gaps between the diagnosis and treatment of patients with tuberculosis (TB). Objectives: To assess the proportion of pre-treatment loss to follow-up (LTFU), defined as no documented evidence of treatment initiation or referral in TB reg...
Article
Background: Among the 216 districts in Ghana, 98 were declared endemic for lymphatic filariasis in 1999 after mapping. Pursuing the goal of elimination, WHO recommends annual treatment using mass drugs administration (MDA) for at least 5 years. MDA was started in the country in 2001 and reached national coverage in 2006. By 2014, 69 districts had '...
Article
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SETTING: Tanzania has an estimated tuberculosis (TB) prevalence of 295 per 100 000 adult population. There is currently no nationally representative information on factors associated with TB in Tanzania. OBJECTIVE: To determine the demographic and clinical factors associated with bacteriologically confirmed TB in the adult general population of Tan...
Article
Setting: The first phase of the Fund for Innovative DOTS Expansion through Local Initiatives to Stop TB (FIDELIS) projects in China started in 2003. Objective: To determine whether the FIDELIS projects contributed to the increased case detection rate for new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in China. Methods: We compared the case notific...
Article
Setting: Tanzania is classified as one of the 22 high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries; however, the true burden of TB disease in the country remains unknown. Objective: To assess the prevalence of bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary TB (PTB) in the adult population. Design: This was a community-based cluster randomised survey with proport...
Article
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Setting: All health facilities providing tuberculosis (TB) care in Swaziland. Objective: To describe the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) interventions on the trend of TB treatment outcomes during 2010-2013 in Swaziland; and to describe the evolution in TB case notification, the uptake of HIV testing, antiretroviral therapy (ART) and...
Article
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Objective: To determine and describe clinical symptoms, demographic characteristics and environmental exposures as determinants of pulmonary mycobacterial diseases among patients examined for tuberculosis in agropastoral communities in Northern Tanzania. Methods: This was a cross sectional study. Sputum samples were collected from patients atten...
Article
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Setting: Khayelitsha, South Africa, with high burdens of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) and HIV co-infection. Objective: To describe time to antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation among HIV-infected RR-TB patients initiating RR-TB treatment and to assess the association between time to ART initiation and treatment outcomes. Design...
Article
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Aims: Among diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with poor glycemic control enrolled into a self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) program in Kenya, to assess the level of SMBG adherence, its associated factors and its relation to glycemic control (defined as HbA1c <7% and/or 2% absolute reduction relative to baseline). Methods: In this retrospectiv...
Article
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Background: Treatment adherence is critical for the success of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for people living with HIV. There is limited representative information on ART drug adherence and its associated factors from Southern Ethiopia. We aimed at estimating the level of adherence to ART among people living with HIV and factors associated with it...
Article
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Pakistan's National Tuberculosis Control Programme (NTP) is missing data on many tuberculosis (TB) cases who visit private providers. A survey on the incidence and under-reporting of TB in Pakistan provided a database for exploring the investigation and referral of presumptive TB cases by private health providers. The survey showed that private hea...
Article
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Determining interventions to address food insecurity and poverty, as well as setting targets to be achieved in a specific time period have been a persistent challenge for development practitioners and decision makers. The present study aimed to assess the changes in food access and consumption at the household level after one-year implementation of...
Article
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Aim: To determine knowledge and perceptions about tuberculosis in agropastoral communities in Northern Tanzania. Study Design: This was a cross sectional study on habits and attitudes to tuberculosis.
Conference Paper
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Background Spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions is critical for the post-marketing regulation of medications. We deployed a national tool for reporting suspected adverse drug reactions in Nigeria [NAFDAC YELLOW FORM] and reported wide spread adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in a national cohort of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) p...
Article
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The current study was conducted to assess experienced risk factors and perceptions of mycobacterial diseases in communities in northern Tanzania. We conducted a cross-sectional study in Arusha and Manyara regions in Northern Tanzania. We enrolled tuberculosis (TB) patients attending Mount Meru Hospital, Enduleni Hospital and Haydom Lutheran Hospita...
Article
Full-text available
TB is one of the main health priorities in Uzbekistan and relatively high rates of unfavorable treatment outcomes have recently been reported. This requires closer analysis to explain the reasons and recommend interventions to improve the situation. Thus, by using countrywide data this study sought to determine trends in unfavorable outcomes (lost-...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In 2010, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Guinea introduced a free emergency obstetric care policy in all the public health facilities of the country. This included antenatal checks, normal delivery and Caesarean section. Objective: This study aims at assessing the changes in coverage of obstetric care according to the Unmet Obstetr...