Svein Rotevatn

Svein Rotevatn
Haukeland University Hospital

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77
Publications
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Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
Background The burden of non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in the society is high, and there is currently limited evidence-based recommendation for risk stratification and treatment. Previous studies have demonstrated an association between increasing extent of non-obstructive CAD and cardiovascular events. Whether hypertension, a modif...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
On behalf of The CONCARD Investigators Funding Acknowledgement: Type of funding sources: Other. Main funding source(s): The Western Norway Health Authority Background: Generic medicines are bioequivalents to brand-name medicines, and compelling evidence for the safety and efficacy of generic medicines exists. However, negative perceptions about gen...
Article
Background: Drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce target lesion revascularization (TLR) with no effect on mortality or myocardial infarction (MI) compared to bare metal stents (BMS) in native vessels. Randomized stent studies in saphenous vein grafts (SVG) are few and the reported effects are ambiguous. The NORSTENT study is the first to randomize lesi...
Poster
Background: Patients need information on all aspects of prescribed drug therapy to make informed decisions about their treatment for autonomy. Purpose: This study assessed whether patients received information about potential adverse drug reactions (ADRs) from prescribed drug therapy before or after discharge following percutaneous coronary interve...
Article
Full-text available
Background The initial presentation to coronary angiography and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) vary greatly among patients, from ischemia with no obstructive CAD to myocardial infarction with 3‐vessel disease. Pain tolerance has been suggested as a potential mechanism for the variation in presentation of CAD. We aimed to investigate the as...
Article
Full-text available
Both cannabis and amphetamine are the most commonly used illegal substances worldwide and are associated with a number of adverse cardiovascular effects including transient coronary vasospasm. Here, we present the case of a 39-year-old male admitted to our institution with a 6-h history of severe chest pain and ST-segment elevation on the ECG. Coro...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Early treatment is crucial to successful therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Prehospital delay is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. There is little empirical evidence of patients’ reflections on prehospital symptoms of MI and timely treatment at the time of discharge from hospital. To explore patients’ r...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) aims to provide instant relief of symptoms, and improve functional capacity and prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease. Although patients may experience a quick recovery, continuity of care from hospital to home can be challenging. Within a short time span, patients must adjust the...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Complexity of care in patients with coronary artery disease is increasing, due to ageing, improved treatment, and more specialised care. Patients receive care from various healthcare providers in many settings. Still, few studies have evaluated continuity of care across primary and secondary care levels for patients after percutaneous corona...
Article
Full-text available
Background Continuity of cardiac care after hospital discharge is a priority, especially as healthcare systems become increasingly complex and fragmented. There are few available instruments to measure continuity of cardiac care, especially from the patient perspective. The aim of this study was (1) to translate and adapt the Heart Continuity of Ca...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although patients may experience a quick recovery followed by rapid discharge after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), continuity of care from hospital to home can be particularly challenging. Despite this fact, little is known about the experiences of care across the interface between secondary and primary healthcare systems...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical follow-up studies comparing left ventricular (LV) function and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) by high-field 3T cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) are of general interest due to the increased use of 3T scanners. In this study, the occurrence of LGE and LV regional wall remodeling (RWR) was assessed by 3T CMR in patients undergoing coronary...
Article
Objectives: This study sought to report the 5-year follow-up results of the Nordic Bifurcation Study. Background: Randomized clinical trials with short-term follow-up have indicated that coronary bifurcation lesions may be optimally treated using the optional side branch stenting strategy. Methods: A total of 413 patients with a coronary bifur...
Article
Objectives: Inflammation is involved in cell proliferation and collagen deposition causing vessel wall remodeling and restenosis after plain balloon angioplasty. Local drug delivery of bioactive agents that reduce the incidence of adverse wall remodeling is of considerable interest concerning treatment strategies for coronary vessel disease and co...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To investigate the impact of a reconstruction method incorporating corrections for scatter, attenuation, and distance dependent detector response on cardiac single emission computed tomography (SPECT) perfusion studies compared with filtered back projection (FBP). Materials and methods: A total of 20 patients underwent same-day, rest-str...
Article
Full-text available
Hypercoagulability leading to arterial or venous thrombosis and embolism in patients with cancer is a known phenomenon. We describe a 62 year old woman with a clinical course compatible with catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome but seronegative findings and mucinous lung cancer. The case is discussed with reference to literature from a non-system...
Article
A percutaneous left ventricular assist device has been shown to be able to perfuse cardiac and cerebral tissues during cardiac arrest and may be a useful supplement to current methods in resuscitation. We wished to assess device-assisted circulation during cardiac arrest with microspheres injections and continuous end-tidal CO(2) monitoring, and us...
Article
Ischemic cardiac arrest represents a challenge for optimal emergency revascularization therapy. A percutaneous left ventricular assist device (LVAD) may be beneficial. To determine the effect of a percutaneous LVAD during cardiac arrest without chest compressions and to assess the effect of fluid loading. Totally, 16 pigs randomized to either conve...
Article
The risk of stent thrombosis has been reported to increase with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) complexity. The present study reports the pre-specified secondary endpoint of a 14-month stent thrombosis and major adverse cardiac events in patients stented with a simple versus a complex bifurcation technique using sirolimus eluting stents (S...
Article
Background: The deployment of drug-eluting stents (DES) to treat bare-metal stent restenosis [in-stent restenosis (ISR)] has become routine practice, with a consequential decline in the use of intracoronary brachytherapy (ICBT). However, there are concerns as to the long-term safety profile of DES, particularly in terms of late stent thrombosis. I...
Article
The optimal stenting strategy in coronary artery bifurcation lesions is unknown. In the present study, a strategy of stenting both the main vessel and the side branch (MV+SB) was compared with a strategy of stenting the main vessel only, with optional stenting of the side branch (MV), with sirolimus-eluting stents. A total of 413 patients with a bi...
Article
The usefulness and safety of percutaneous myocardial laser therapy in selected patients have been identified in previous 1-year randomized trial reports, including that from a double-blind, sham-controlled trial we independently conducted. We aimed to determine whether the 1-year effects are maintained through a long-term, longitudinal follow-up. P...
Article
We tested the hypothesis that percutaneous myocardial laser may stimulate microvascular growth in areas surrounding the laser channels. We conducted a study of 24 domestic pigs, which underwent percutaneous myocardial laser to left ventricular myocardium using holmium:YAG laser. The pigs were sacrificed in groups of four after one day, 3-4 days, on...
Article
Adult skeletal muscle undergoes adaptation in response to endurance exercise, including fast-to-slow fiber type transformation and enhanced angiogenesis. The purpose of this study was to determine the temporal and spatial changes in fiber type composition and capillary density in a mouse model of endurance training. Long-term voluntary running (4 w...
Article
In a prospective study, the routine handling of psychotropic drugs in five nursing homes in Bergen, Norway, was examined in patients who were admitted to a permanent stay. A follow-up was performed after 3 months. Of the 83 patients who were admitted 64% consumed psychotropic drugs, at follow-up 68%. Both at admittance and after 3 months one-third...
Article
This prospective, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial was designed to control for patient and investigator bias in assessing symptomatic improvement after percutaneous myocardial laser revascularization (PMLR) therapy. Eighty-two patients with stable angina pectoris (class III or IV) not amenable to conventional revascularization and wi...
Article
This prospective, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial was designed to control for patient and investigator bias in assessing symptomatic improvement after percutaneous myocardial laser revascularization (PMLR) therapy. Eighty-two patients with stable angina pectoris (class III or IV) not amenable to conventional revascularization and wi...
Article
This prospective, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial was designed to control for patient and investigator bias in assessing symptomatic improvement after percutaneous myocardial laser revascularization (PMLR) therapy. Eighty-two patients with stable angina pectoris (class III or IV) not amenable to conventional revascularization and wi...
Article
This prospective, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial was designed to control for patient and investigator bias in assessing symptomatic improvement after percutaneous myocardial laser revascularization (PMLR) therapy. Eighty-two patients with stable angina pectoris (class III or IV) not amenable to conventional revascularization and wi...
Article
This prospective, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial was designed to control for patient and investigator bias in assessing symptomatic improvement after percutaneous myocardial laser revascularization (PMLR) therapy. Eighty-two patients with stable angina pectoris (class III or IV) not amenable to conventional revascularization and wi...
Article
Five nursing homes in Bergen participated in a study of drug consumption by patients admitted for a long-term stay. The investigation was performed on admission and again after three months. During the first six months of 1991, 83 patients were admitted for a long term stay. The median drug consumption was 3.0 drugs on both occasions. On admission...
Article
Distribution of ribosomes throughout the myocardium of normal and infarcted rat hearts was studied by immunofluorescence and laser confocal scanning microscopy. In addition, sections were labelled with peroxidase or immunogold particles for electron microscopic examination. Ligation of the proximal free left coronary artery produced severe myocardi...
Article
Distribution of ribosomes throughout the myocardium of normal and infarcted rat hearts was studied by immunofluorescence and laser confocal scanning microscopy. In addition, sections were labelled with peroxidase or immunogold particles for electron microscopic examination. Ligation of the proximal free left coronary artery produced severe myocardi...
Article
60 persons (13 men, 47 women, median age 80 years) who were admitted to a nursing home for rehabilitation were studied with respect to sleep-related problems and consumption of hypnotic drugs. 25 patients (42%) used hypnotics regularly. The median time of drug use was 72 months. More users than non-users reported difficulty in falling asleep (OR 3....
Article
The aim was to investigate whether cholesterol feeding of rats for only 10 d would result in lipid accumulation in myocardial cells and a change in the peroxisomal beta oxidation in the heart compared to the hearts of rats on standard feeds. Eight rats received a cholesterol diet (2%) and eight rats received a standard diet for 10 d. Lipids were me...
Article
The distribution of two non-collagenous glycoproteins of high molecular weight, fibronectin (FN) and laminin (LMN), was investigated in myocardial cells from the ventricle of rats, and from biopsies collected from the auricle of patients undergoing a coronary bypass operation. In order to elucidate the expression of FN and LMN across cells, non-inv...
Article
There is a growing awareness of the role hypomagnesemia plays in cardiovascular medicine. Recent experimental studies have also provided a new understanding og how Mg2+ ions influence various ion channels and transport mechanisms. Yet, the pathophysiological mechanisms that may be responsible for various phenomena associated with hypomagnesemia, ha...
Article
The effect of verapamil (+/- 2 mumol/l verapamil) on calcium paradox injuries, as well as on hearts subjected to calcium-free perfusion alone, was studied in isolated perfused rat hearts. Three different protocols for calcium depletion (5 min) were followed: 5 or 45 ml of nominally calcium-free solution (1 or 9 ml/min), or 45 ml of nominally calciu...
Article
Full-text available
The left descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded in 16 open-chest cats for 10, 20, 40, or 60 minutes (four cats in each group). In addition, four sham-operated cats served as controls. Specimens for electron microscopy were obtained from the normal and ischemic zones, guided by in vivo injection of fluorescein, and verified by blood flow meas...
Article
In the present study we have investigated isolated rat hearts perfused with oxygen radicals generated by xanthine oxidase and hypoxanthine. The influence of verapamil (1 mg.1(-1] pretreatment on oxygen radical-induced contracture development and decrease in contractility was examined. In addition, we have measured mitochondrial calcium and magnesiu...
Article
Information on six different habits (cigarette smoking, physical activity, frequency of alcohol and of fruit/vegetable consumption, and daily bread and potato consumption) was obtained by two postal surveys (1964 and 1967) among Norwegian men. The answers were related to mortality among 10,187 respondents ages 35-74 years at the start of the follow...
Article
Cytosolic free magnesium (Mgi) was measured in embryonic chick heart cells loaded with one of two newly developed 19F nuclear magnetic reasonance (NMR)-sensitive magnesium chelators, 4-methyl,5-fluoro-2-aminophenol-N,N,O-triacetate (MF-APTRA) and 5-fluoro-2-aminophenol-N,N,O-triacetate (5F-APTRA). The cells, embedded in strands of collagen, were su...
Article
In the regionally ischaemic heart lipid droplet accumulation is found in the ischaemic area and is most pronounced in the periphery. The purpose of the present study is to explore the potential effects of the calcium-channel-blocker verapamil on this accumulation. The drug is known to reduce the intensity of myocardial ischaemic injury. The myocard...
Article
The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was ligated for 3 h in six open chest cats. Six biopsies for electron microscopy were collected from the normal, the ischaemic and the border zones as defined by in vivo injection of fluorescein and as verified by blood flow measurements. Across the fluorescein demarcation line, we collected 3 mm l...
Article
In twenty-one anaesthetized open chest cats the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded for three hours. Seven cats were pretreated with a bolus injection of Verapamil, followed by a continuous infusion of Verapamil during the ischaemic period. Seven cats were pretreated with a bolus injection of Timolol to a heart rate reductio...
Article
The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded for three hours in seven anaesthetized open chest cats. Seven cats served as sham operated controls. Biopsies were collected from the mid-myocardium of the normal, border and ischaemic zones as defined by fluorescein staining and verified by blood flow measurements with radiolabelled m...
Article
In twenty-one anaesthetized open chest cats the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded for three hours. Seven cats were pretreated with a bolus injection of Verapamil, followed by a continuous infusion of Verapamil during the ischaemic period. Seven cats were pretreated with a bolus injection of Timolol to a heart rate reductio...
Article
The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded for three hours in seven anaesthetized open chest cats. Seven cats served as sham operated controls. Biopsies were collected from the mid-myocardium of the normal, border and ischaemic zones as defined by fluorescein staining and verified by blood flow measurements with radiolabelled m...
Article
In a graded model (minimal, subtotal, total) of the calcium paradox phenomenon induced by a progressive increase in the flow rate and volume (5 ml, 10 ml, 45 ml) of calcium-free perfusion (5 min) the severity of tissue injury on calcium repletion was related to a potential elevation of cAMP during calcium depletion. In the subtotal and total models...
Article
A dose-response study concerning the importance of the flow rate (0.5 to 12 ml/min) and volume (2.5 to 60 ml) of calcium-free coronary perfusion (duration 5 min) in the induction of a calcium paradox on reperfusion (duration 15 min) with calcium-containing medium has been performed in the isolated rat heart (37 degrees C). On the basis of enzymatic...
Article
The ultrastructure of intercalated disc separations were studied in isolated rat hearts subjected to 5 min of coronary perfusion with small volumes of a calcium-free solution (i.e., 10.0 ml, 5.0 ml, and 2.5 ml). The same groups of hearts were studied after 15 min of calcium repletion. A semiquantitative examination shows that after calcium depletio...
Article
The ultrastructure of the left ventricular wall was studied in mice given intraperitoneal injections of propranolol (5 mg or 20 mg.kg-1 b.w. twice a day for 48 h with an additional dose 3 h before death), and in saline injected controls. Injections of propranolol increase the number of lipid droplets in areas of the myocardium. Fractional volume of...
Article
Plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels and myocardial accumulation of lipid droplets were studied in mice receiving 85 mg isoproterenol (ISP)/kg b.wt. with and without pretreatment with nicotinic acid (NA) 30 min before ISP injection, and in saline-injected controls. The animals were killed 30 min after the ISP injection. Plasma FFA were determined by...
Article
Calcium level and lipid droplets accumulation is studied in the mouse myocardium of animals receiving a single injection of isoprenaline (ISP), of animals receiving ISP after 4-8 days of pretreatment with verapamil (Isoptin), and, of control animals. The animals are sacrificed 4h after the ISP-injection. Calcium is determined in isolated mitochondr...
Article
Conventionally fixed and plastic-embedded myocardial tissue from mice treated with 1 mg/kg body weight dexamethasone for 48 h was examined in the electron microscope. The dexamethasone-treated mice showed a marked increase in the accumulation of lipid droplets, as compared with control animals. The percent volume of lipid droplets, calculated by mo...
Article
Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg) are determined by atomic absorption flame spectrometry in isolated cardiac mitochondria from mice receiving subcutaneous injections of DL-isoproterenol HCl (ISO), and in mitochondria of untreated controls. In the controls, mitochondria were isolated in the presence or absence of ruthenium red. On the absence of ruthe...
Article
Atrial specific granules first appear in the human auricle by about 7 weeks of fetal development. They are rapidly formed between the 7 and 8 week stages. Granules are fairly evenly spread at the onset of their appearance. As they increase in number they soon aggregate in the juxtanuclear and subsarcolemmal positions. The electron dense matrix of g...
Article
The ultrastructure of atrial specific granules of the human auricle has been studied in myoblasts of 8-12 week embryos, in myoblasts cultured for 15 days, and in cells of the hypertrophied juvenile and adult atrium. The granules of young myoblasts and those of cultured cells are fairly evenly distributed throughout the sarcoplasm. Myocytes of the h...
Article
Following subcutaneous injections of isoproterenol hydrochloride (ISO), atrial cells present a large number of partly degranulated or completely clear specific granules enclosed by an intact membrane. Such profiles were never encountered in normal controls and might suggest ISO-induced release of a secretory product. Permeability of perigranular me...

Projects

Projects (3)