S.V. R. K. Prabhakar

S.V. R. K. Prabhakar
Institute for Global Environmental Strategies | IGES · NRE

PhD

About

103
Publications
40,966
Reads
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583
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Introduction
Over 15 years of proven experience and expertise in climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and conservation agriculture with national and international research and development organizations. Led a range of research and development projects in Asia employing qualitative and quantitative analytical tools including participatory research and development and authored several peer reviewed and policy relevant publications including contribution to the IPCC AR5.
Additional affiliations
April 2013 - March 2016
Institute for Global Environmental Strategies
Position
  • Senior Policy Researcher
September 2005 - September 2007
Kyoto University
Position
  • JSPS Postdoctoral Fellow

Publications

Publications (103)
Article
Full-text available
External emergency assistance (EEA) provided in the aftermath of a disaster has costs and benefits to the donor and recipient countries. Donors benefit from quick recovery feedback effects from the trade and cultural links, and recipient countries have additional resources to manage the emergency. However, EEA costs could outweigh the benefits. Cos...
Chapter
Policies are the channels through which governments influence society and make course corrections for intended consequences. Institutions have the power to influence policy processes and outcomes and can determine the way governments engage with society. Policy formulation and implementation thus far have largely been based on populist assumptions...
Chapter
Climate-fragility risks are on the rise globally and developmental paths taken by countries could be attributed to this rise. To understand the link between development and climate-fragility risks, this chapter presents the findings of the survey conducted by the authors with development practitioners and experts from Asia. The purpose of the surve...
Article
This paper identifies major transformations in agricultural land both in terms of land use and land-use changes, analyses major drivers and impacts, and describes the major policy interventions to arrest negative trends. The rapidly growing population and their needs constitute one of the major drivers of land-use changes in the Asia region. Agricu...
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenon of regional and global integration has resulted in the natural hazards and climate change impacts in one country affecting people and countries far away. This phenomenon of globalization of local risks has long been known but has not received much attention. With greater regional integration and greater impacts of climate change, the...
Book
Full-text available
https://pub.iges.or.jp/system/files/publication_documents/pub/book/6911/NRE%20Flagship%20all_Web%20Final%20May2019.pdf The Asia-Pacific region faces a fundamental dilemma. Over recent decades the region has achieved tremendous economic growth that has lifted millions of its people out of poverty and raised living standards, but in many places the...
Chapter
To illuminate future uncertainties and inform strategic plans, this chapter presents three qualitative scenarios for the status of the HKH through 2080. The scenarios (Box 4.1) emerged from a participatory visioning exercise for scenario development (also see Sect. 4.1.2) conducted by the chapter team and HIMAP secretariat between January and Septe...
Chapter
To illuminate future uncertainties and inform strategic plans, this chapter presents three qualitative scenarios for the status of the HKH through 2080. The scenarios (Box 4.1) emerged from a participatory visioning exercise for scenario development (also see Sect. 4.1.2) conducted by the chapter team and HIMAP secretariat between January and Septe...
Chapter
Full-text available
To illuminate future uncertainties and inform strategic plans, this chapter presents three qualitative scenarios for the status of the HKH through 2080. The scenarios (Box 4.1) emerged from a participatory visioning exercise for scenario development (also see Sect. 4.1.2) conducted by the chapter team and HIMAP secretariat between January and Septe...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to identify and prioritize key non-economic loss and damages (NELDs) caused by the 2009 Cyclone Aila in Khulna District of Bangladesh and to identify appropriate practices to address the NELDs. Design/methodology/approach The analytic hierarchy process was applied to prioritize key criteria, NELD indicators and practices th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Global support for promoting adaptation, both in terms of technical and financial assistance is growing, though only a few countries have reached the stage of submitting their NAPs. Developing effective NAPs is a complicated process requiring a great deal of financial and technical resources, much akin to the implementation of environmental standar...
Poster
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Enhanced trade and investments have been one of the significant developments of regional integration in Asia during the recent decades. Countries that are successful in attracting global investments are also highly vulnerable to natural hazards and related losses. This has opened up doors to an important, inescapable and hidden phenomenon of ‘globa...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Global support for promoting adaptation, both in terms of technical and financial assistance is growing, though only a few countries have reached the stage of submitting their NAPs. Developing effective NAPs is a complicated process requiring a great deal of financial and technical resources, much akin to the implementation of environmental standar...
Article
Indicator-based approaches have been used extensively for measuring adaptation. Adopting participatory approaches helps in contextualizing the global level and generic indicators to suit the local-level conditions for measuring adaptation effectiveness. This paper discusses the application of a methodology for identifying a set of adaptation effect...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is an outcome of the research carried out in the second year of the APN-funded project on Assessing Community Risk Insurance Initiatives and Identifying Enabling Policy and Institutional Factors for Maximizing Climate Change adaptation and disaster risk reduction benefits from risk insurance. The report presents case studies from Austra...
Chapter
Lack of economic opportunity has been identified as one of the important bottlenecks for achieving development and empowerment as a result of which several financial inclusion projects and programs have been introduced globally in the past several decades. These financial inclusion programs have been introduced to buffer financial shocks emanating...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to assess climate change-related non-economic loss and damage (NELD) through case studies of Bangladesh and Japan, evaluate how NELD are addressed in these countries and provide the ways forward for further improvement. Design/methodology/approach This paper reviewed the literature to examine NELD and looked into currently...
Article
Full-text available
Climate-fragility risks are on the rise globally and developmental paths taken by countries can shape these risks. To understand the link between development and climate-fragility risks in Asia, this brief presents the findings of a survey conducted with development practitioners and experts from a range of developing and developed countries. To ex...
Article
This paper provides some initial reflections on climate-fragility risks for Japan. To complement this analysis, the paper also presents findings from a perception survey on climate-fragility risk conducted among Japanese professionals and practitioners outlining observations regarding the level of awareness around climate-fragility risks and the ef...
Article
Full-text available
Climate-fragility risks are a major security challenge for Japan and the Asia-Pacific region. Japan can build on important lessons learned from other G7 countries such as Germany and the USA as well as its own experiences and significant strengths in fields such as Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) to address these risks. Possible ways forward are cond...
Article
Full-text available
Various forms of sustainable agriculture have been promoted in the Asia and Pacific region, with organic agriculture constituting the single most important form. There is a commonality in the way sustainable agriculture has been defined, but often these definitions miss nuances such as its relation to climate change. Several sustainable agriculture...
Article
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This policy brief identifies approaches that could help achieve better synergies in implementing three major global frameworks dedicated to sustainable development (SD), disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) on the ground via programmatic integration, collaboration, capacity, and innovation. The salient messages from thi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Loss and damage (L&D) associated with climate change is inevitable due to a combination of factors operating in tangent with each other. These include the failure to achieve desired greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation levels by a set period of time beyond which there are high risks of the climate system entering into an irreversible phase, and failure...
Technical Report
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Adaptation to climate change has emerged as an important developmental concern for India. Adaptation finances are on the rise continuously, both from global and national sources. Therefore it is essential that the agencies engaged in the planning and execution of adaptation projects and programs have a set of tools made available for successful imp...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter looks at several risk insurance initiatives that have been implemented over the years at the grassroots level in Asia and the Pacific for reducing the vulnerability of communities to disasters. It outlines efforts to increase the penetration of risk insurance in developing countries in the region and considers barriers that this sector...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This presentation was prepared as a part of the online courseware for the course on "Integrating Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management in Plans and Investments Toward Inclusive and Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development' organized by the Faculty of Management and development studies of University of the Philippines Open Uni...
Presentation
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This is an online lecture delivered as a part of the training course on ’Integrating Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management in Plans and Investments Toward Inclusive and Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development’ implemented by SEARCA. The 4-part lecture on agricultural insurance can be watched by accessing these links: Part 1:...
Article
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The research has revealed that the traditional criteria employed to assess insurance effectiveness often doesn’t consider issues such as long-term risk reduction but rather are centered around administrative and operational aspects of the insurance delivery. There could be net fewer benefits of insurance based from the balance between number of acc...
Article
Full-text available
Non-economic L&D associated with climate events are not often considered in most risk assessments and post-disaster reports and databases. Issues such as lack of proper recognition among stakeholders engaged in DRR for value that society attaches to non-economic L&D is compounded by a lack of simple methods to quantify and report noneconomic L&D. P...
Technical Report
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Climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) have emerged as two most important disciplines out of our efforts of addressing the impacts associated with climate change and nature disasters. DRR has long history, took several years to emerge as a discipline out of centuries of responding to natural disasters and has received muc...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Agrarian and poor communities in general in the Asia-Pacific region are highly vulnerable to climate change. Effective reduction of vulnerabilities requires aligning sustainable development (SD), climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives. Insurance has been increasingly advocated as a risk management tool both by...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture is a major economic sector and a critical source of livelihood in many of the low and middle income countries in Asia. However, this sector is subject to a very wide range of risks related to natural hazards, climate change and variability, pest and diseases. This study review literatures that focus on disaster risks and disaster-relate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Insurance thus far has not gained its deserving attention as an effective post-disaster recovery tool though the actual role of insurance is always after the disaster. Several bottlenecks that hinder the efficiency and efficacy of insurance for long-term recovery are discussed including improper insurance price signals, contract design aspects and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Non-economic loss and damage have not been uniformly and sufficiently reported in various international and national disaster databases. There are challenges such as difficulty in estimating loss and damage and incorporating them in risk reduction decision making. The APN project aims to prioritize important non-economic loss and damage and incorpo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The presentation has two parts, the first part informs about the important lessons learned from the 2011 Tohoku disaster in Japan and the second part informs about the implications of loss and damage associated with climate change and adaptation in terms of the stakeholder perceptions and what they mean for knowledge networks.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present model of disaster management in the Asia Pacific region largely relies upon post disaster relief and rehabilitation which is ineffective and has put enormous financial burden upon governments and other stakeholders. In most ways, climate change has brought an additional dimension to the nexus between disaster risk reduction (DRR) and su...
Conference Paper
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The presentation discusses the synergies between climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction and introduces the discussion points for the round table session on the topic of harnessing synergies between disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.
Conference Paper
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There has been a growing consensus among scholars and practitioners on the synergies between disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA). IGES has begun scoping research on how best to operationalise this synergy in actual practices on the ground. To feed into the IGES research, the participants discussed the current conceptua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The presentation provides an overview on three questions that the APN funded project tries to address the poor penetration of risk insurance in the Asia Pacific region: Issue I: What are disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) benefits (and costs) and how to assess insurance approaches for these benefits? Issue II: Despite...
Conference Paper
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The presentation talks about the current state of crop insurance in Japan and presents the preliminary findings from the community consultations carried out to assess the barriers in implementing crop insurance in Japan. The presentation concludes the following: Farmers have reported the net benefit from crop insurance in questionnaire surveys (pad...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Water and sanitation play an important role in the sustainable development and are central to all activities of human beings and for the health of the natural ecosystems. Over the years, there has been growing recognition of strong feedback connections between water and sanitation sectors leading to addressing the issues in these two sectors in a c...
Technical Report
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Various consultations organized by IGES and its partners with policy makers and adaptation experts have revealed that the adaptation decision making in most of the Asia-Pacific countries and elsewhere is at nascent stages, due to various issues such as limited understanding on how adaptation decision making could be different from developmental dec...
Chapter
Full-text available
http://www.crcnetbase.com/doi/abs/10.1201/b16969-9?queryID
Conference Paper
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The presentation is about the background of the adaptation metrics, approaches to measuring the effectiveness of adaptation, developing local adaptation index and using analytical heirarchy process for prioritizing adaptation actions using a set of indicators and criteria.
Conference Paper
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Talks about employing AHP methodology for prioritizing adaptation actions at the community level. Full report is available at http://pub.iges.or.jp/modules/envirolib/view.php?docid=4969
Conference Paper
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The research carreid out analyzed how communities weight multiple criteria involved in adaptation decision making and using AHP methodology it prioritizes adaptation options.
Article
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Risk insurance can provide an effective means of catastrophic risk reduction and climate change adaptation in developing countries. Case studies from within and outside the Asia-Pacific region provide valuable lessons, which could be used for promoting risk insurance for future climate regimes. Issues such as high basis risk, lack of qualified hist...
Article
Full-text available
There is a lack of holistic frameworks to help climate change adaptation practitioners identify and implement CCA (climate change adaptation) actions. Keeping this in view, several frameworks for CCA decision making have evolved in recent years. Though these frameworks are still at nascent stages and are yet to be field tested, studies of these fra...
Article
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Addressing adaptation and loss and damage (L&D) associated with climate change has emerged as the linchpin of our collective efforts for effective adaptation to climate change in both short and long-term. To address this concern, the Conference of Parties (COP) 18 that met at Durban have clearly stressed the need to establish institutional arrangem...
Article
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Pot culture experiments were conducted to find out the effect of different cropping conditions, depth of burial and age of seeds on the survival of little seed canary grass (Phalaris minor Retz.) seeds. The results indicated that the soil temperature modifications through the flooding or filed capacity moisture status of the soil influenced the ger...
Chapter
Water resources play an important role in the sustainable development and are central to all activities of human beings and to the health of the natural ecosystems. For the past several decades, water resources have been subjected to two kinds of pressures, that is, developmental pressures and climate change-related pressures. Among the development...
Chapter
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In the on-going debate on climate change adaptation, much has been focused on the developing countries and little emphasis has been made on the need for adaptation in the developed countries. To fill this gap, this study aims to seek how far a developed country is responding to climate change by considering Japanese agriculture initiatives. The cha...
Conference Paper
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Cities have everything at their disposal: – Engines of economic growth – Better quality of life – Better infrastructure and communication facilities – Diversified livelihoods: You can be what you want to be! – Immense skill base – Better governance (well, most of the time) – Immediate response to address issues But there are a whole lot of things w...
Conference Paper
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The international community has progressively reached at a consensus that there will be residual impacts associated with climate change despite implementing adaptation and greenhouse gas mitigation and that there is a need to address these impacts in research and development efforts. Recognizing the importance of loss and damage, the COP18 that met...
Chapter
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The West Asia and North African (WANA) region is characterized by developmental diversity with high climate change vulnerability. Despite decades of developmental efforts, many countries in the region continue to suffer from a combination of issues such as lack of political stability and peace, poor agricultural production, malnutrition, poor acces...
Chapter
Agriculture plays an important role in Indonesia's economy. The country has made tremendous efforts to increase farm productivity in the past two decades with some noticeable increase in farm incomes and living standards in rural areas. While the country attained self-sufficiency in rice and maize in 2009 (GIEWS, 2010), it has a long way to achieve...
Data
Full-text available
Climate change has brought an additional dimension to disaster risks in the Asia-Pacific Region as it is projected to exacerbate the intensity and magnitude of various natural hazards such as storms, high-intensity rainfall events, heat waves, floods and droughts. Risk transfer has been widely advocated as one of the best means of risk mitigation a...
Chapter
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It has been widely regarded that policies and institutions that are adaptive in nature can deal with climate change adaptation. However, verifying the veracity of this hypothesis is difficult due to the absence of long experience in climate change adaptation in most countries. This chapter is based on reviews and questionnaire survey on evolution o...
Data
Measuring the effectiveness of adaptation to climate change has assumed significance for the reasons that huge amount of resources are being made available for climate change adaptation and it is important for various stakeholders to identify and prioritize adaptation actions before they are implemented on the ground so as to achieve adaptation eff...
Data
There is a growing consensus among development community that the risk insurance can provide an effective risk management tool for climatic and non-climatic disasters. Several risk insurance initiatives have been implemented at grassroots level for reducing the vulnerability of communities to disasters in most of the countries in Asia and the Pacif...
Article
Full-text available
The government of Indonesia has been promoting the system of rice intensification with emphasis on resource use efficiency and climate change adaptation benefits. One question remained to be seen is how the system of rice intensification compares with other technologies such as zero tillage, composting, and leaf color charts which have also been ad...
Conference Paper
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The session has revealed that the adaptation effectiveness indicators could significantly vary with the demographic background of the stakeholders participating in adaptation and hence indicated the difference of opinion on how effectiveness of a particular practice be quantified. This indicates the need for participatory to reflect the opinions of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The presentation draws the examples from the survey research done by the author for past several years to make the following points: Careful in considering bottom up opinions and options they provide Basis for opinion, Whose opinion, and Aggregation effects. Some times, there is also need for verification and shaping the opinions. Science must gene...
Conference Paper
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The presentation is based on the study conducted in APN project on adaptation barriers and adaptive policies. The presentation proves that a) Means to reach and address issues at the local level are still at nascent stages and there is a need to strengthen the channels that connect various stakeholders to local level. b) Channel resources for direc...
Article
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This paper reviews climate change impacts and the existing disaster risk management system in Japan and offers the results of a structured questionnaire survey of the community leaders and disaster risk management personnel of Saijo city of Japan that assesses their perceptions about dealing with the extreme disasters by the existing disaster risk...