Suzanne T. Bell

Suzanne T. Bell
DePaul University · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

34
Publications
108,791
Reads
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4,283
Citations
Introduction
I teach and research topics related to the strategic staffing of organizations, employee training and development, and team effectiveness. My primary area of research examined how team composition influences team functioning and performance. I am interested in how to determine the right mix of individuals for a given situation, and also how to effectively manage (e.g., train, lead) a team given their composition. My research is currently funded by NASA.
Additional affiliations
August 2004 - present
DePaul University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Teams are best positioned for success when certain enabling conditions are in place such as the right mix of individuals. Effective team staffing considers team member's knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (KSAOs) as well as the configuration of team member KSAOs and their relations, called team composition. In practice, however...
Article
Extreme teams complete their tasks in unconventional performance environments and have serious consequences associated with failure. Examples include disaster relief teams, special operations teams, and astronaut crews. The unconventional performance environments within which these teams operate require researchers to carefully consider the context...
Article
Full-text available
The authors revisited the demographic diversity variable and team performance relationship using meta-analysis and took a significant departure from previous meta-analyses by focusing on specific demographic variables (e.g., functional background, organizational tenure) rather than broad categories (e.g., highly job related, less job related). They...
Article
Full-text available
This study sought to unify the team composition literature by using meta-analytic techniques to estimate the relationships between specified deep-level team composition variables (i.e., personality factors, values, abilities) and team performance. The strength of the team composition variable and team performance relationships was moderated by the...
Article
Full-text available
Future space exploration, such as a mission to Mars, will require space crews to live and work in extreme environments unlike those of previous space missions. Extreme conditions such as prolonged confinement, isolation, and expected communication time delays will require that crews have a higher level of interpersonal compatibility and be able to...
Article
Full-text available
Future space exploration will require crews to live and work together for an extended period in an isolated, confined, and extreme (ICE) environment, with high levels of autonomy from Earth. Such circumstances increase the importance of interpersonal relationships and require team members to keep conflicts manageable and rely on one another for soc...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this chapter is to communicate key challenges, current solutions, and necessary developments for conducting research in space analog environments. We narrow our focus to a few key issues that are fairly unique to conducting research in space analog settings. We focus on issues related to identifying and selecting analogs; obtaining a...
Chapter
Full-text available
We demonstrate an approach to perform significance testing on the association between two different network-level properties, based on the observation of multiple networks over time. This approach may be applied, for instance, to evaluate how patterns of social relationships within teams are associated with team performance on different tasks. We a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To anticipate the dynamics of future long-distance space exploration mission (LDSEM) teams, research is conducted in analog environments (e.g., Antarctic expeditions, space chamber simulations), or environments that share key contextual features of LDSEM such as isolation and confinement. We conducted a systematic review of research con...
Article
Full-text available
Space crews venturing beyond low Earth orbit will experience unprecedented levels of autonomy and unpredictable challenges. Mission success will require effective teamwork. How do teamwork capabilities change over time in isolation and confinement? To explore this question, 4, 4-member crews who participated in the 30-day campaign of the National A...
Article
Full-text available
In teams, some combinations of people work together better than others. A large body of literature with a rich history suggests that the configuration of team member attributes, called team composition, has a fundamental influence on teamwork. Team composition shapes the emergence of affective states, behavioral processes, and cognitive states (the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Purpose - Team composition research considers how configurations (e.g., team-level diversity) of team members' attributes (e.g., personality, values, demographics) influence important outcomes. Our chapter describes key issues in understanding and effectively managing team composition over time. Methodology/approach - We discuss how context shapes...
Article
Twenty-first century organizations often rely on teams to enact their strategy and to enhance their flexibility in interacting with their external environment over time. Team composition, or the configuration of team member attributes, can influence team effectiveness and is an important consideration in the management of teams. To date, however, t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Team composition, the configuration of member attributes and their relationships, is a critical feature to enable effective teamwork and will play an important role in the success of future long-distance space exploration (LDSE). Research on team composition in LDSE is limited, and it is unclear how to optimize team composition to improve team perf...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Team composition, or the configuration of team member attributes and their relations, is a key enabling structure of effective teamwork. A large body of research supports the importance of team composition; however, much of it is based on teams that operate in traditional workplaces. Given the unique context within which long-distance space explora...
Article
Full-text available
Team mental models (TMMs) have received much attention as important drivers of effective team processes and performance. Less is known about the factors that give rise to these shared cognitive structures. We examined potential antecedents of TMMs, with a specific focus on team composition variables, including various facets of personality and surf...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the potential contribution of team viability to understanding the effectiveness of organizational teams, construct confusion and inconsistencies between researchers’ conceptualizations and operationalizations limit the usefulness of team viability. We sought to clarify team viability as a construct and (re)define it in terms that provide a...
Article
We examined the extent to which a trainee's gender interacts with the gender of the trainer, as well as the gender composition of the classroom, to influence the trainee's knowledge acquisition. Hypotheses based on asymmetrical relational demography arguments were tested with a multilevel model on data collected from 1,515 predominantly Hispanic ad...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the influences of different facets of psychological collectivism (Preference, Reliance, Concern, Norm Acceptance, and Goal Priority) on team functioning at 3 different performance depictions: initial team performance, end-state team performance, and team performance change over time. We also tested the extent to which team-member exchan...
Article
We investigated feedback acceptance by participants (N = 141) in an operational developmental assessment center (AC). Consistent with predictions based on self-enhancement theory and the Affective Infusion Model, results indicated that higher assessor ratings were associated with higher feedback acceptance, and this relationship was partially media...
Article
This study examined the relationship between job satisfaction and task and contextual performance. Specifically, it assessed this relationship for overall as well as facets of job satisfaction. Four hundred and forty-four employees in a manufacturing plant completed measures of job satisfaction and their supervisors completed measures of task and c...
Article
Using a longitudinal design, the authors examined the criterion-related validity of two operationalizations of task-specific team efficacy that differed in their approximation to the level of analysis of the criterion, team performance. Data were obtained from 85 highly interdependent dyadic teams trained over a 2-week period to perform a complex p...
Article
Because measures of person-organization (P-O) fit are accountable to the same psychometric and legal standards used for other employment tests when they are used for personnel decision making, the authors assessed the criterion-related validity of P-O fit as a predictor of job performance and turnover. Meta-analyses resulted in estimated true crite...
Article
This study examined the relationship between the similarity and accuracy of team mental models and compared the extent to which each predicted team performance. The relationship between team ability composition and team mental models was also investigated. Eighty-three dyadic teams worked on a complex skill task in a 2-week training protocol. Resul...
Article
Intelligence researchers traditionally focus their attention on the individual level and overlook the role of intelligence at the interindividual level. This research investigated the interplay of the effects of intelligence at the individual and interindividual levels by manipulating the intelligence-based composition of dyadic training teams. Usi...
Article
This paper presents initial information on the development and validation of three team task analysis scales. These scales were designed to quantitatively assess the extent to which a group of tasks or a job is team based. During a 2-week period, 52 male students working in 4-person teams were trained to perform a complex highly interdependent comp...
Article
This study constructively extends Arthur et al. (2001) by assessing the convergence of self-report and archival motor vehicle crash involvement and moving violations data in a 2-year longitudinal follow-up. The relationships among these criteria, conscientiousness, and driving speed were also assessed using both predictive and postdictive criterion...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we created homogeneous and heterogeneous dyadic training teams on the basis of g to examine how team composition affects the acquisition and performance of a complex skill at both team and individual levels. Specifically, 176 young adult males completed 10 hours of training on a complex skill involving strong cognitive and psychomoto...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the extent to which member ability and personality relate to differences in team performance and team efficacy in a task setting that simulated the high degree of role interdependence and human-technology interaction found in many military contexts. 168 male participants were assigned to dyadic teams and trained for two weeks to learn a...
Article
The authors used meta-analytic procedures to examine the relationship between specified training design and evaluation features and the effectiveness of training in organizations. Results of the meta-analysis revealed training effectiveness sample-weighted mean ds of 0.60 (k = 15, N = 936) for reaction criteria, 0.63 (k = 234, N = 15,014) for learn...
Article
Full-text available
Teams are pervasive in organizations and provide an important contribution to organizational productivity. Since Hackman's (1987) seminal work, the team research focus has shifted from describing teams to outlining how researchers might use points of leverage, such as team design, to increase team effectiveness. There has been a wealth of research...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Future space exploration missions (e.g., mission to Mars) will be characterized by extended periods of isolation and confinement with a small team living and working in a constrained environment. Due to communication constraints caused by the extreme distances involved, crews sent on these missions will need to operate under a much greater level of autonomy than current spaceflight crews on ISS missions. We are working to identify psychological and psychosocial factors, measures, and combinations thereof that can be used to compose highly effective crews for autonomous, long duration and/or long-distance exploration missions. This 3-year project (2015-2018) includes the creation of a predictive composition algorithm that can be used to inform the staffing of future space exploration crews, and be used to identify the training needs or countermeasures for a particular crew.