Suzana J. Camargo

Suzana J. Camargo
Columbia University | CU · Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

PhD

About

185
Publications
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10,742
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Publications

Publications (185)
Article
Full-text available
Assessing the role of anthropogenic warming from temporally inhomogeneous historical data in the presence of large natural variability is difficult and has caused conflicting conclusions on detection and attribution of tropical cyclone (TC) trends. Here, using a reconstructed long-term proxy of annual TC numbers together with high-resolution climat...
Article
This paper assesses the skill of the Saudi-King Abdulaziz University coupled ocean–atmosphere Global Climate Model, namely Saudi-KAU CGCM, in forecasting the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-related sea surface temperature. The model performance is evaluated based on a reforecast of 38 years from 1982 to 2019, with 20 ensemble members of 12-mont...
Article
This study addresses hurricane hazard to the state of New York in past, present, and future, using synthetic storms generated by the Columbia HAZard model (CHAZ) and climate inputs from the fifth coupled model intercomparison project (CMIP5), in conjunction with historical observations. The projected influence of anthropogenic climate change on fut...
Article
Extreme weather events have devastating impacts on human health, economic activities, ecosys tems, and infrastructure. It is therefore crucial to anticipate extremes and their impacts to allow for preparedness and emergency measures. There is indeed potential for probabilistic subseasonal prediction on timescales of several weeks for many extreme e...
Article
Full-text available
The next‐generation global climate model from the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, GISS‐E3, contains many improvements to resolution and physics that allow for improved representation of tropical cyclones (TCs) in the model. This study examines the properties of TCs in two different versions of E3 at different points in its development cyc...
Article
Full-text available
The frequency with which tropical cyclones (TCs) occur controls all other aspects of tropical cyclone risk since a storm that does not occur can do no harm. Yet this frequency is poorly understood. There is no accepted theory that explains the average number of TCs that occur each year on the Earth, nor how that number will change with global warmi...
Article
Within the North Indian Ocean basin, tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the Bay of Bengal (BoB) is substantially greater than over the Arabian Sea (AS). The authors attempt to quantify the roles of specific environmental factors in order to understand the reasons for this difference between the two basins. Environmental variables are considered in...
Article
In this paper we analyze Atlantic hurricane activity in the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Monthly hindcasts for the period 1998–2017. The main climatological characteristics of Atlantic tropical cyclone (TC) activity are considered at different lead times and across the entire ECMWF ensemble using three diagnostic varia...
Article
Full-text available
We use a high-resolution regional climate model to investigate the changes in Atlantic tropical cyclone (TC) activity during the period of the mid-Holocene (MH: 6000 years BP) with a larger amplitude of the seasonal cycle relative to today. This period was characterized by increased boreal summer insolation over the Northern Hemisphere, a vegetated...
Article
The synoptic low-pressure systems (LPSs) formed over the downwind side of the Tibetan Plateau explain a substantial portion of summer rainfall extremes along their paths. Recent studies have found that the total extreme rainfall trend over the East Asian landmass, which features the “south flood-north drought” pattern, can be understood to a great...
Article
Abstract This study evaluates the tropical cyclone (TC) activity in two high‐resolution data sets—MERRA‐2 Reanalysis (Modern‐Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2) and MERRA‐2 AMIP (Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project). These data sets use the same atmospheric model, the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Vers...
Article
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A recent study has presented compelling new evidence suggesting that the observed Eurasian warming in the winter following the 1992 Pinatubo eruption was, in all likelihood, unrelated to the presence of volcanic aerosols in the stratosphere. Building on that study, we turn our attention to the only other low-latitude eruption in the instrumental pe...
Chapter
Full-text available
One of ENSO’s most important influences is its worldwide modulation of tropical cyclone (TC) activity. TCs impact millions of people annually and can devastate life and property. Because TC attributes (e.g., genesis, track and landfall locations, intensity) are largely controlled by large-scale environmental conditions, TC activity can be substanti...
Preprint
Full-text available
We use a high-resolution regional climate model to investigate the changes in Atlantic tropical cyclone (TC) activity during a warm climate state, the mid-Holocene (MH: 6,000 yrs BP). This period was characterized by increased boreal summer insolation, a vegetated Sahara, and reduced airborne dust concentrations. A set of sensitivity experiments we...
Article
Full-text available
The movement of tropical cyclones (TCs), particularly around the time of landfall, can substantially affect the resulting damage. Recently, trends in TC translation speed and the likelihood of stalled TCs such as Harvey have received significant attention, but findings have remained inconclusive. Here, we examine how the June-September steering win...
Preprint
Full-text available
A recent study has presented compelling new evidence suggesting that the observed Eurasian warming in the winter following the 1992 Pinatubo eruption was, in all likelihood, unrelated to the presence of volcanic aerosols in the stratosphere. Building on that study, we here turn our attention to the only other low-latitude eruption in the instrument...
Article
Full-text available
A new method to construct a horizontal resolution-dependent wind speed adjustment factor for evaluating tropical cyclones (TCs) in global climate models (GCMs) is presented. In contrast to the previous studies that used idealized axisymmetric wind fields, this study analyzes 48 hr of 10-s surface wind fields from 1-km TC simulations. The adjustment...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The authors analyze the global statistics of tropical cyclones undergoing extratropical transition (ET) in the Forecast‐oriented Low Ocean Resolution version of CM2.5 with Flux Adjustment (FLOR‐FA). The cyclone phase space (CPS) is used to diagnose ET. A simulation of the recent historical climate is analyzed and compared with data from th...
Article
Full-text available
Demands are growing rapidly in the operational prediction and applications communities for forecasts that fill the gap between daily weather forecasts and seasonal climate outlooks. Recent scientific advances have identified sources of predictability on this time range, and modeling advances are leading to better forecasts. However, much remains to...
Article
Full-text available
Probabilistic tropical cyclone (TC) occurrence, at lead times of week 1 to 4, in the Subseasonal to Seasonal (S2S) dataset are examined here. Forecasts are defined over 15° in latitude × 20° in longitude regions, and the prediction skill is measured using the Brier skill score with reference to climatological reference forecasts. Two types of refer...
Article
Here we explore the relationship between the global climatological characteristics of tropical cyclones (TCs) in climate models and the modeled large-scale environment across a large number of models. We consider the climatology of TCs in 30 climate models with a wide range of horizontal resolutions. We examine if there is a systematic relationship...
Article
Tropical cyclone (TC) activity is examined using the Columbia HAZard model (CHAZ), a statistical-dynamical downscaling system, with environmental conditions taken from simulations from the Fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) for both the historical period and a future scenario under the Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5. Proj...
Article
This paper introduces a logistic regression model for the extratropical transition (ET) of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the Western North Pacific, using elastic net regularization to select predictors and estimate coefficients. Predictors are chosen from the 1979-2017 best track and reanalysis datasets, and verification is done again...
Article
Full-text available
Past volcanic eruptions did not reduce the intensity or number of tropical cyclones globally. Volcanic aerosols cool sea surface temperatures and warm the lower stratosphere, thereby weakening the vertical temperature gradient that, in theory, governs the development and intensification of tropical cyclones. Suzana Camargo and Lorenzo Polvani from...
Article
Full-text available
Since the Eighth International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones (IWTC-8), held in December 2014, progress has been made in our understanding of the relationship between tropical cyclone (TC) characteristics, climate and climate change. New analysis of observations has revealed trends in the latitude of maximum TC intensity and in TC translation speed....
Article
Characteristics of tropical cyclones (TCs) in global climate models (GCMs) are known to be influenced by details of the model configurations, including horizontal resolution and parameterization schemes. Understanding model-to-model differences in TC characteristics is a prerequisite for reducing uncertainty in future TC activity projections by GCM...
Article
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Here we discuss recent progress in understanding tropical cyclone (TC) subseasonal variability and its prediction. There has been a concerted effort to understand the sources of predictability at subseasonal time-scales, and this effort has continued to make progress in recent years. Besides the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), other modes of varia...
Article
Aerosol cooling reduces tropical cyclone (TC) potential intensity (PI) more strongly, by about a factor of 2 per degree of sea surface temperature change, than greenhouse gas warming increases it. This study analyzes single-forcing and historical experiments from phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, aiming to understand the physica...
Article
Past studies have shown that tropical cyclone (TC) projection results can be sensitive to different types of TC tracking schemes, and that the relative adjustments of detection criteria to accommodate different models may not necessarily provide a consistent platform for comparison of projection results. Here, future climate projections of TC activ...
Article
Full-text available
Model projections of tropical cyclone (TC) activity response to anthropogenic warming in climate models are assessed. Observations, theory, and models, with increasing robustness, indicate rising global TC risk for some metrics that are projected to impact multiple regions. A 2°C anthropogenic global warming is projected to impact TC activity as fo...
Article
Tropical cyclone intensification processes are explored in six high-resolution climate models. The analysis framework employs process-oriented diagnostics that focus on how convection, moisture, clouds, and related processes are coupled. These diagnostics include budgets of column moist static energy and the spatial variance of column moist static...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review Knowledge of how monsoons will respond to external forcings through the twenty-first century has been confounded by incomplete theories of tropical climate and insufficient representation in climate models. This review highlights recent insights from past warm climates and historical trends that can inform our understanding of mon...
Article
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An assessment was made of whether detectable changes in tropical cyclone (TC) activity are identifiable in observations and whether any changes can be attributed to anthropogenic climate change. Overall, historical data suggest detectable TC activity changes in some regions associated with TC track changes, while data quality and quantity issues cr...
Article
Full-text available
The ocean and atmosphere in the North Atlantic are coupled through a feedback mechanism that excites a dipole pattern in vertical wind shear (VWS), a metric that strongly controls Atlantic hurricanes. In particular, when tropical VWS is under the weakening phase and thus favorable for increased hurricane activity in the Main Development Region (MDR...
Article
Full-text available
Outcomes of NOAA MAPP Model Diagnostics Task Force activities to promote process-oriented diagnosis of models to accelerate development are described. Realistic climate and weather prediction models are necessary to produce confidence in projections of future climate over many decades and predictions for days to seasons. These models must be physi...
Article
The hazard to the city of Mumbai, India, from a possible severe tropical cyclone under the recent historical climate is considered. The authors first determine, based on a review of primary sources, that the Bombay Cyclone of 1882, documented in a number of print and Internet sources and claimed to have caused 100 000 or more deaths, did not occur....
Article
Full-text available
Volcanic eruptions can affect global climate through changes in atmospheric and ocean circulation, and therefore could impact tropical cyclone (TC) activity. Here, we use ensemble simulations performed with an Earth System Model to investigate the impact of strong volcanic eruptions occurring in the tropical Northern (NH) and Southern (SH) Hemisphe...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary Observed temperature has been steadily increasing over the last century and much of this warming can be attributed to greenhouse gas emissions. Theoretically, the maximum intensity (or potential intensity) a hurricane can achieve depends strongly upon sea surface temperature, with warmer temperatures producing stronger storms...
Article
The authors present a global climatology of tropical cyclones (TCs) that undergo extratropical transition (ET). ET is objectively defined based on a TC’s trajectory through the cyclone phase space (CPS), which is calculated using storm tracks from 1979–2017 best track data and geopotential height fields from reanalysis datasets. Two reanalyses are...
Article
This study analyzes the differences between an objective, automated identification of tropical cyclones (TCs) that undergo extratropical transition (ET), and the designation of ET determined subjectively by human forecasters in best track data in all basins globally. The objective identification of ET is based on the cyclone phase space (CPS), calc...
Article
Reliable projections of future changes in tropical cyclone (TC) characteristics are highly dependent on the ability of global climate models (GCMs) to simulate the observed characteristics of TCs (i.e., their frequency, genesis locations, movement, and intensity). Here, we investigate the performance of a suite of GCMs from the U.S. CLIVAR Working...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to simulate tropical cyclones (TCs) realistically is an important factor in the performance evaluation of climate models. In previous studies, indirect evaluation methods have been proposed that are based on the comparison of TC-related background circulation between model results and observations. Direct model evaluation methods, in mo...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a Gaussian fuzzy set-based evolving modeling method, FBeM-G, to predict tropical cyclone tracks 6 hours in advance. FBeM-G summarizes similar data into Gaussian granules evolved from a sequence of data. It uses a recursive learning algorithm to update its parameters and structure over time and therefore is able to cope with nons...
Article
Full-text available
In 2017, the dominant greenhouse gases released into Earth's atmosphere-carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide-reached new record highs. The annual global average carbon dioxide concentration at Earth's surface for 2017 was 405.0 ± 0.1 ppm, 2.2 ppm greater than for 2016 and the highest in the modern atmospheric measurement record and in ice cor...
Article
Subseasonal probabilistic prediction of tropical cyclone (TC) genesis is investigated here using models from the Seasonal to Subseasonal (S2S) Prediction dataset. Forecasts are produced for basin-wide TC occurrence at weekly temporal resolution. Forecast skill is measured using the Brier skill score relative to a seasonal climatology that varies mo...
Article
Full-text available
El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a major source of seasonal western North Pacific (WNP) tropical cyclone (TC) predictability. However, the spatial characteristics of ENSO have changed in recent decades, from warming more typically in the eastern equatorial Pacific during canonical or cold tongue El Niño to warming more typically in the centra...
Article
The spectrum of ambient seismic noise shows strong signals associated with tropical cyclones, yet a detailed understanding of these signals and the relationship between them and the storms is currently lacking. Through the analysis of more than a decade of seismic data recorded at several stations located in and adjacent to the northwest Pacific Oc...
Article
Full-text available
A new statistical-dynamical model is developed for estimating the long-term hazard of rare, high impact tropical cyclones events globally. There are three components representing the complete storm lifetime: an environmental index-based genesis model, a beta-advection track model and an autoregressive intensity model. All three components depend up...
Article
Full-text available
A recent study showed that the global average latitude where tropical cyclones achieve their lifetime-maximum intensity has been migrating poleward at a rate of about one-half degree of latitude per decade over the last 30 years in each hemisphere. However, it does not answer a critical question: is the poleward migration of tropical cyclone lifeti...
Article
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Abstract This paper provides a summary of the Workshop on Sub-Seasonal to Seasonal (S2S) Predictability of Extreme Weather and Climate, held at Columbia University, December 6–7, 2016. The 2-day workshop was attended by over 100 people and took stock of recent developments in Sub-seasonal to Seasonal predictability, S2S extreme weather phenomena, a...
Article
This study proposes a set of process-oriented diagnostics with the aim of understanding how model physics and numerics control the representation of tropical cyclones (TCs), especially their intensity distribution, in GCMs. Three simulations are made using two 50-km GCMs developed at NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory. The two models are...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of ocean warming on tropical cyclone (TC) track over the western North Pacific is an open issue. Relatively little is known about possible changes in TC tracks under ocean warming conditions due to both inhomogeneous observation networks and large natural variability over a relatively short observational period. A suite of semi-idealized...
Article
Western North Pacific tropical cyclone (TC) model tracks are analyzed in two large multi-model ensembles, spanning a large variety of models and multiple future climate scenarios. Two methodologies are used to synthesize the properties of TC tracks in this large dataset: cluster analysis and mass moments ellipses. First, the models' TC tracks are c...
Article
Full-text available
Ch 7. Regional Climates: f. Europe and the Middle East
Article
We analyze, using Poisson regressions, the main climate influences on North Atlantic tropical cyclone activity. The analysis is performed using various time series of basin-wide storm counts, but also various series of regional clusters, taking into account shortcomings of the hurricane database through estimates of missing storms. The analysis con...
Article
The authors analyze how modifications of the convective scheme modify the initiation of tropical depression vortices (TDVs) and their intensification into stronger warm-cored tropical cyclone–like vortices (TCs) in global climate model (GCM) simulations. The model’s original convection scheme has entrainment and cloud-base mass flux closures based...
Article
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During the second half of 2014, the tropical Pacific was in a state marginally consistent with El Niño. While oceanic indicators were indicative of a weak El Niño event, a number of atmospheric indicators were not, and a number of forecast centers did not declare an El Niño. Nonetheless, the most active tropical cyclone basins of the northern hemis...
Article
Full-text available
With the rise in temperature due to anthropogenic climate change, the occurrence of hot summers, temperature extremes and heat waves is increasing globally. Projections for the coming decades to century indicate increases in the occurrence, magnitude and duration of these events. In a recent paper, Mueller et al (2016 Environ. Res. Lett. 11 044011)...