How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
see: https://kongress2020.soziologie.de/posterausstellung-digital Mit Arbeitslosigkeit werden meist negative Folgen für die spätere Karriere, z.B. weitere Stellenverlus-te, Einkommensverluste und Stigmatisierung, assoziiert. Diese „Narbeneffekte der Arbeitslosigkeit“ genannten Wirkungen sind vielfach untersucht (z.B. Gangl 2004; Gregg/Tominey 2005...
Universitäten sind mit der Aufgabe konfrontiert, im Kontext von ganz unterschiedlichen Disziplinen Entwurfspraktiken zu lehren und diese Lehre mit Forschung zu verbinden. Wir wollen mit unserem Beitrag zur Aufklärung der Varianz von Entwurfsprozessen beitragen, indem wir die Frage beantworten, in welchen Dimensionen sich Entwurfsprozesse unterschei...
The aim of this project is to ascertain the impact of pandemic-related disruptions of research on the careers of researchers. The project takes advantage of the fact that pandemic-related disruptions constitute an extreme case of changed conditions of action (a 'quasi-experiment'), as they near-simultaneously disrupted most research and communication practices of scientific communities. Studying the effects of these disruptions will therefore contribute to a deeper understanding of the complex system of conditions for individual knowledge production and of the relationship between knowledge production and academic careers.The empirical strategy of the project is based on comparative case studies of academic careers in which the cases are varied in four dimensions, namely characteristics of research fields, the position of interruptions relative to the sequences of events in research processes, career stage and contractual situation, and gender. A three-stage research design will be applied. In a first step, short interviews with professors will be conducted to ascertain the situation of their work with regard to the first two comparative dimensions. These short interviews will inform the selection of cases for the semi-structured research-biographical interviews that will form the core of the research project. The research-biographical interviews will reconstruct the connection between the interviewees’ research practices, their exposure to pandemic-related disruptions, and immediate and expected consequences for their careers. The research-biographical interviews will be conducted in two waves. The first wave will start in the third quarter of 2021 to assess the immediate consequences of the pandemic-related disruptions as soon as possible. Interviewees will be asked to participate in a follow-up interview the following year. The second wave of interviews can still only cover short-term consequences of pandemic-related disruptions. However, it will additionally provide preliminary information on the permanence of thematic changes triggered by pandemic interruptions, on the necessity, duration and consequences of work to restore research conditions destroyed by pandemic-related disruptions, and on changes in careers such as career breaks, exits from research, or unemployment.
The aim of the project is to explore the impact of researcher unemployment on the continuation of academic careers. The project identifies the specific 'fit' of unemployment with field-specific research practices, the ways in which research activities are continued during unemployment, and the resulting effects on the continuation of careers. These links between conditions, processes and effects of phases of unemployment in academic careers have not yet been investigated. They lie in a no man’s land between labor market research, which is only marginally interested in variation between occupations and neglects the specifics of research both conceptually and empirically, and research on academic careers, which is sensitive to specifics of research but neglects unemployment. Responding to this gap, our project identifies the conditions and mechanisms that enable a successful continuation of an academic career despite phases of unemployment. The empirical strategy of the project is a mixed-method approach that combines comparative cases studies with a quantitative analysis on which we co-operate with the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies. The core of the project is a series of case studies of researcher unemployment, which are based on semi-structured interviews with researchers who are currently unemployed or experienced phases of unemployment in the past. These case studies establish the links between field-specific research practices, the way in which researchers deal with phases of unemployment, and the effects of unemployment on further careers. In addition, the analysis of standardized data on phases of unemployment in academic careers will establish the extent of phases of unemployment in careers in different scientific fields and links between frequency, times of occurrence and duration of unemployment, on the one hand, and the further progression of careers, on the other hand.
Current higher education reforms in many OECD countries lead to an increased use of evaluations of teaching and research performance as management tools. From a sociology of professions perspective, this implies the redistribution of authority between management and scientists, which feeds on the difference between organizational and professional performance criteria for teaching and research. The research project "Professional and organizational performance criteria for research and teaching in the governance of universities" (POLGU) investigates the impact of evaluations on the teaching-research nexus. Semi-structured interviews with academics from eleven disciplines are conducted in order to identify discipline-specific teaching-research links, necessary and facilitating conditions for their occurrence and their susceptibility to asymmetric performance evaluations of teaching and research.