Susanne Petri

Susanne Petri
Hannover Medical School | MHH · Clinic for Neurology

Prof.

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343
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Publications

Publications (343)
Article
Objective: Remote self-assessment of the revised amyotrophic lateral sclerosis functional rating scale (ALSFRS-R) using digital data capture was investigated for its feasibility as an add-on to ALSFRS-R assessments during multidisciplinary clinic visits. Methods: From August 2017 to December 2021, at 12 ALS centers in Germany, an observational stud...
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Objective Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathogenesis is still unclear, its course is considerably variable, and prognosis is hard to determine. Despite much research, there is still a lack of easily accessible markers predicting prognosis. We investigated routine blood parameters in ALS patients regarding correlations with disease severity, p...
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Little is known about the early pathogenic events by which mutant superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This lack of mechanistic understanding is a major barrier to the development and evaluation of efficient therapies. Although protein aggregation is known to be involved, it is not understood how mutant SOD1 cau...
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Introduction Bulbar symptoms, including difficulty swallowing and speaking, are common in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and other neurological disorders, such as stroke. The presence of bulbar symptoms provides important information regarding clinical outcomes, such as survival time after diagnosis. Nevertheless, there are currently no easily...
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Objective: Fatigue is a common and burdensome symptom of spinal muscular atrophy. Given its complex interactions, different dimensions of fatigue need to be investigated. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory is a widely used instrument that captures five distinct dimensions. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability o...
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Background: Pediatric investigation plans (PIPs) describe how adult drugs can be studied in children. In 2015, PIPs for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) became mandatory for European marketing-authorization of adult treatments, unless a waiver is granted by the European Medicines Agency (EMA).Objective: To assess the feasibility of clinical stud...
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Background: Pain is a common symptom in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Coping plays a central role in adjustment to pain. Objective: This study evaluates the use of different pain coping strategies in patients with ALS and investigates the interplay of maladaptive coping, and the patient's affective state and pain. Methods:...
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Importance Intravenous edaravone is approved as a disease-modifying drug for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but evidence for efficacy is limited to short-term beneficial effects shown in the MCI186-ALS19 study in a subpopulation in which efficacy was expected. Objective To evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of intr...
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Background Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) issues from mutations in the survival of motor neuron (SMN) 1 gene. Loss or reduction of the SMN protein results in progressive muscle weakness. Whether this protein deficiency also affects cortical function remains unclear. While no data on adult patients exists so far, prior studies in children with SMA in...
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Background Studies regarding the impact of (neuro)inflammation and inflammatory response following repetitive, intrathecally administered antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) in 5q-associated spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) are sparse. Increased risk of hydrocephalus in untreated SMA patients and a marginal but significant increase of the serum/CSF album...
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Background Activated astroglia is involved in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases and has also been described in animal models of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Given the urgent need of biomarkers for treatment monitoring of new RNA-modifying and gene replacement therapies in SMA, we examined glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) con...
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressive disease leading to degeneration of motor neurons (MNs). Epigenetic modification of gene expression is increasingly recognized as potential disease mechanism. In the present study we generated motor neurons from induced pluripotent stem cells from ALS patients carrying a mutation in the fu...
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CRISPR prime-editors are emergent tools for genome editing and offer a versatile alternative approach to HDR-based genome engineering or DNA base-editors. However, sufficient prime-editor expression levels and availability of optimized transfection protocols may affect editing efficiencies, especially in hard-to-transfect cells like hiPSC. Here, we...
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Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with unsatisfactory treatment options. Best management and recruitment into clinical trials requires early diagnosis. However, diagnosis is often delayed. Analysis of the diagnostic pathway and identification of the causes of diagnostic delay are imperative....
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Background There is an urgent unmet need for new therapies in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In a clinical study with healthy volunteers, levosimendan, a calcium sensitiser, was shown to improve neuromechanical efficiency and contractile function of the human diaphragm. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral levosimendan in people wit...
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Objective Pain currently plays a subordinate role in the clinical care of patients with ALS. We aim to examine epidemiological and clinical characteristics of pain as well as its impact throughout the disease course. Methods During a longitudinal follow-up at three time points, 151 ALS patients from three German outpatient clinics completed the Br...
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Objective: To study disease characteristics, progression and outcome in a group of motor neuron disease (MND) patients beginning with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) by comparing them with patients with the typical motor-onset. Methods: 849 patients recruited from tertiary centers were studied according to FTD-onset and motor-onset. We studied clinic...
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Background: During the course of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), patients and their families are faced with existential decisions concerning life-prolonging and -shortening measures. Correct anticipation of patient’s well-being and preferences is a prerequisite for patient-centered surrogate decision making. Methods: In Germany (N = 84), Polan...
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that causes progressive autonomy loss and need for care. This does not only affect patients themselves, but also the patients’ informal caregivers (CGs) in their health, personal and professional lives. The big efforts of this multi-center study were not only to evaluate the c...
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Introduction Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease that causes progressive degeneration of neurons in motor and non-motor brain regions, affecting multiple cognitive domains such as memory. We performed a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study to explore working memory function in ALS. Methods T...
Preprint
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Background Studies regarding the impact of (neuro)inflammation and inflammatory response following repetitive, intrathecally administered antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) in 5q-associated spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) are sparse. Increased risk of hydrocephalus in untreated SMA patients and a marginal but significant increase of the serum / CSF alb...
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Objective: Investigation of treatment expectations and of the perception of therapy in adult patients with 5q-associated spinal muscular atrophy (5q-SMA) receiving nusinersen. Methods: A prospective, non-interventional observational study of nusinersen treatment in adult 5q-SMA patients was conducted at 9 SMA centers in Germany. The functional s...
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Adult neurogenesis is a target for brain rejuvenation as well as regeneration in aging and disease. Numerous approaches showed efficacy to elevate neurogenesis in rodents, yet translation into therapies has not been achieved. Here, we introduce a novel human TGFβ-RII (Transforming Growth Factor—Receptor Type II) specific LNA-antisense oligonucleoti...
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Objective To determine whether serum creatine kinase activity (CK) and serum creatinine concentration (Crn) are prognostic and predictive biomarkers for disease severity, disease progression, and nusinersen treatment effects in adult patients with 5q‐associated spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Methods Within this retrospective, multicenter observati...
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Improving quality of life (QoL) is central to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) treatment. This Germany-wide, multicenter cross-sectional study analyses the impact of different symptom-specific treatments and ALS variants on QoL. Health-related QoL (HRQoL) in 325 ALS patients was assessed using the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Assessment Questio...
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The antisense oligonucleotide nusinersen was the first drug treatment available for all types of 5q-spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). The dosing regime has been derived from pivotal clinical trials in infants and children. The efficacy of nusinersen in severely affected adult SMA patients is still questionable, as no placebo-controlled trials have bee...
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Background: Nusinersen was the first approved disease-modifying therapy for all 5q-spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) patients regardless of age or disease severity. Its efficacy in adults has recently been demonstrated in a large cohort by motor outcome measures, which were only partially suitable to detect changes in very mildly or severely affected...
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Background Efficacy of nusinersen in adult 5q-spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) patients regarding motor function has recently been demonstrated. However, additional outcome measures are needed to capture non-motor improvements. Fatigue is a common and disabling symptom in neurologic diseases, but little is known about its frequency, characteristics an...
Preprint
Objective: Levels of chitotriosidase (CHIT1) are increased in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients reflecting microglial activation. Here, we determine the diagnostic and prognostic potential of CHIT1 for early symptomatic ALS. Methods: Overall, 275 patients from 8 European neurological centers were examined...
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating, rapidly progressive, neurodegenerative disorder affecting upper and lower motor neurons. Approximately 10% of patients suffer from familial ALS (FALS) with mutations in different ubiquitously expressed genes including SOD1, C9ORF72, TARDBP, and FUS. There is compelling evidence for mitochondrial...
Preprint
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease that causes progressive degeneration of neurons in motor and non-motor regions, affecting multiple cognitive domains. In order to contribute to the growing research field that employs neuroimaging to investigate the effect of ALS on different working memory components, w...
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Motor neuron diseases, such as spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), share several clinical similarities while differing substantially in etiology, disease onset and progression. Cognitive dysfunction, a clinically relevant non-motor feature in a substantial proportion of ALS patients, has been less frequently inves...
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Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder. Consequently, patients undergo a multidisciplinary treatment that often requires intensive use of medical resources. This study provides an estimate on the cost of illness depending on the clinical severity while also analysing the patients' health-related quali...
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Memory impairment in motor neuron disease (MND) is still an underrecognized feature and has traditionally been attributed to executive dysfunction. Here, we investigate the rate of memory impairment in a longitudinal cohort of MND patients, its relationship to other cognitive functions and the underlying neuroanatomical correlates. 142 patients wit...
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Background The role of cardiovascular risk factors in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is controversial. A favourable profile has been found in ALS patients, but previous studies have not specifically considered the profile in different disease phenotypes. Methods Demographic data, smoking habits, lifetime exercise, and medical history includin...
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Objective: To test the hypothesis that monogenic neuropathies such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) contribute to frequent but often unexplained neuropathies in the elderly, we performed genetic analysis of 230 patients with unexplained axonal neuropathies and disease onset ≥35 years. Methods: We recruited patients, collected clinical data a...
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fast progressing neurodegenerative disease leading to quadriplegia, anarthria and respiratory insufficiency. A large variety of phenotypes and disability progression requires individually tailored management. Identification of predictors of poor prognosis may not only improve management, but also allow for m...
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Objective: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is one major disease in the group of neurodegenerative conditions. As with most other neurodegenerative diseases, clinical signs of the disease usually show among the elderly population, and most commonly around 60-65 years of age. Therefore the disease is not expected to impact the fertility of ALS patient...
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) are motor neuron diseases sharing clinical, pathological, and genetic similarities. While biallelic SPG7 mutations are known to cause recessively inherited HSP, heterozygous SPG7 mutations have repeatedly been identified in HSP and recently also in ALS cases. However, the f...
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Executive dysfunction is a well-documented, yet nonspecific corollary of various neurological diseases and psychiatric disorders. Here, we applied computational modeling of latent cognition for executive control in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. We utilized a parallel reinforcement learning model of trial-by-trial Wisconsin Card Sort...
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Background The antisense-oligonucleotide (ASO) nusinersen has recently been approved as the first genetically modifying therapy for 5q-associated spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) based on randomized sham-controlled trials in infants and children. The efficacy in adults with long disease history and advanced disease status is still widely unknown; the...
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IntroductionAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with loss of muscle function. The pathogenesis is still unclear and the heterogeneity of ALS phenotypes is huge. We investigated a large population of ALS patients and controls concerning comorbidities and medications to detect specific risk or protective fac...
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Objective To investigate disease spread in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and determine the influence of lower (LMN) and upper motor neuron (UMN) involvement. Methods We assessed disease spread in ALS in 1376 consecutively studied patients, from five European centers, applying an agreed proforma to assess LMN and UMN signs. We defined the pa...
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It may seem useless to propose preventive measures for a disease without established pathogenesis and successful therapy, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, we will show that ALS shares essential molecular mechanisms with aging and that established anti-aging strategies, such as healthy diet or individually adjusted exercise, may...
Preprint
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease primarily afflicting motor neurons (MNs) of the spinal cord, brainstem, and motor cortex, leading to paralysis and eventually death within 3 to 5 years of diagnosis. No cure or effective therapy to halt ALS progression is available. The role of chronic endoplasmic reticu...
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https://www.eanpages.org/2020/04/15/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-covid-19-recommendations-to-patients-and-caregivers/
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Background Nusinersen is approved for the treatment of 5q spinal muscular atrophy of all types and stages in patients of all ages. Although clinical trials have shown improvements in motor function in infants and children treated with the drug, data for adults are scarce. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of nusinersen in adults with 5q sp...
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Context: There is no evidence-based treatment for fatigue in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and identification of treatable causes determine management strategies. Although dyspnea is a key symptom of ALS and effectively treatable, it has not been sufficiently investigated whether dyspnea may be a fatigue-promoting factor. Objectives: To de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder. Consequently, patients undergo a multidisciplinary treatment that often requires intensive use of medical resources. This study provides an estimate on the cost of illness depending on the clinical severity while also analysing the patients’ health-related quality...
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Full-text available
A few systematic imaging studies employing ultrasound (HRUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have suggested tongue measures to aid in diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The relationship between structural tongue alterations and the ALS patients’ bulbar and overall motor function has not yet been elucidated. We here thus aimed to...