Susanna Louhimies

Susanna Louhimies
European Commission | ec · Environment (ENV)

About

9
Publications
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237
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (9)
Article
EU regulations call for the use of alternative methods to animal testing. During the last decade, an increasing number of alternative approaches have been formally adopted. In parallel, new 3Rs-relevant technologies and mechanistic approaches have increasingly contributed to hazard identification and risk assessment evolution. In this changing land...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on practical aspects of conducting prospective in vitro validation studies, and in particular, by laboratories that are members of the European Union Network of Laboratories for the Validation of Alternative Methods (EU-NETVAL) that is coordinated by the EU Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing (EURL ECVAM). P...
Article
Full-text available
The European Partnership for Alternative Approaches to Animal Testing (EPAA) is a joint initiative of the European Commission and a number of companies and trade federations active in various industrial sectors. The Partnership was launched on 7 November 2005, at a major conference entitled Europe Goes Alternative, by Commissioners Verheugen and Po...
Article
Directive 86/609/EEC regulates the use of animals for experimental and other scientific purposes in the EU. The Directive seeks to improve the controls on the use of laboratory animals, and to set minimum standards for housing and care, and for the training of personnel handling these animals and supervising the experiments. It also aims to reduce...
Article
Full-text available
The mission of the European Food Safety Authority -EFSA -is to provide scientific opinions and technical support in all fields which have a direct or indirect impact on food and feed safety. The Authority shall also "contribute to a high level of protection of human life and health, and in this respect take account of animal health and welfare". In...