Susan Turner

Susan Turner
University of California, Irvine | UCI ·  Department of Criminology, Law and Society

About

74
Publications
11,387
Reads
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2,255
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
670 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
Introduction

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Increased interest in collaborative and inclusive approaches to healthcare improvement makes revisiting Elinor Ostrom’s ‘design principles’ for enabling collective management of common pool resources (CPR) in polycentric systems a timely endeavour. Theory and method: Ostrom proposed a generalisable set of eight core design principles...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Our study addresses the question: Does providing inmates with education while incarcerated reduce their chances of recidivism and improve their postrelease employment prospects? Methods We aggregated 37 years of research (1980–2017) on correctional education and applied meta-analytic techniques. As the basis for our meta-analysis, we ide...
Book
Politicians on both sides of the political spectrum want some variation of criminal justice reform. Liberals aim to dismantle policies that breed racial discrimination, end mass incarceration, reform mandatory minimum sentences, enhance the transition to reentry among released inmates, and prioritize treatment and rehabilitation for offenders. Cons...
Article
Full-text available
The supervision and monitoring of sex offenders has been one of the most hotly contested areas in corrections policy in recent years. The public has called for greater levels of offender scrutiny as the result of heinous acts perpetrated by sex offenders, while critics point to recent legislation with onerous housing restrictions coupled with publi...
Book
Full-text available
Assesses the effectiveness of correctional education for both incarcerated adults and juveniles, presents the results of a survey of U.S. state correctional education directors, and offers recommendations for improving correctional education.
Article
As part of correctional reform in California, the Division of Parole Operations implemented a structured decision-making tool for responding to violation of parole known as the Parole Violation Decision-Making Instrument (PVDMI). The tool considers both parolee risk, as measured by a validated risk assessment tool, and the severity of the parole vi...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the proximity of service providers to recently released parolees in California over a 2-year period (2005-2006). The addresses of parolee residences and service providers are geocoded, and the number of various types of service providers within 2 miles (3.2 km) of a parolee are measured. “Potential demand” is measured as the num...
Article
We studied a sample of reentering parolees in California in 2005–2006 to examine whether the social structural context of the census tract, as well as nearby tracts, along with the relative physical closeness of social service providers affects serious recidivism resulting in imprisonment. We found that a 1 standard deviation increase in the presen...
Article
This study focuses on the relationship between returning offender residential mobility and neighborhood structural factors characteristic of socially disorganized neighborhoods. It uses a unique data set that combines information on parolees released in the state of California during the 2005-2006 time period with their geocoded addresses to view t...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the use of community-based sentencing options within federal sentencing guidelines and offers specific recommendations for expanding the use of these sanctions. We begin by describing how the types of offenders and types of crimes prosecuted in our federal court system have changed since the passage of the Sentencing Reform Ac...
Conference Paper
This paper examines public health implications of prisoner reentry in California from a provider's perspective, including the re-entry population's specific healthcare needs, communities disproportionately affected, and healthcare system responses. Using survey data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, we first characterized the health care needs...
Conference Paper
Each year over 130,000 inmates are released onto parole in the state of California. The vast majority return to their home counties to begin reentry into society. Many return to neighborhoods that are disadvantaged, which can negatively impact their successful transition from prison. This paper examines key dimensions of the reentry process, both i...
Article
Over the past 15 years, research has identified a number of program models and strategies that are effective in reducing juvenile delinquency. This paper discusses four major ways in which effective programs and strategies are identified. A summary discussion of what works and what doesn't work in prevention, community-based interventions, and inst...
Article
We studied a sample of parolees and health service providers in the state of California in 2005-2006 to examine the relative physical closeness to health providers (and the potential demand of these providers) of parolees based on their demographic and prior offending characteristics. Although African-American and Latino parolees have more health p...
Conference Paper
The increasing numbers of ex-offenders released in California raises serious public health concerns. This reentry population is, on average, disproportionately sicker than the general population, with more infectious diseases (e.g., HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C), mental illness, substance abuse, and chronic conditions such as diabetes....
Article
In an effort to provide a wider range of services to youth and their families than is traditionally available in routine probation, the South Oxnard Challenge Project (SOCP) employed a team approach to service delivery of an intensive probation program. The researchers interviewed juveniles who were randomly assigned to either the SOCP experimental...
Article
In July 2008, RAND Corporation staff conducted Correctional Program Checklist (CPC) assessments of five home-based programs (Asian Youth Center, Communities in Schools, Inter-Agency Drug Abuse Recovery Programs, Soledad Enrichment Action, and Stars Behavioral Health Group) as part of its ongoing evaluation of Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act a...
Article
Full-text available
In the late 1990s Ventura County, California, USA, implemented the South Oxnard Challenge Project (SOCP), designed to provide intensive, multi-agency services to youth on probation. SOCP built their program guided by Clear’s “corrections of place” model, which argued that community corrections could decrease offender risk by focusing on restorative...
Article
Full-text available
Pilot findings on 137 California sex offenders followed up over 10 years after release from custody (excluding cases in which legal jurisdiction expired) are presented. The sexual recidivism rate, very likely inflated by sample selection, was 31 percent at five years and 40 percent at 10 years. Cumulatively, markers of sexual deviance (multiple vic...
Article
Restorative justice has recently become popular among practitioners, but there have been few rigorous evaluations of programs. For approximately 5 years, Ventura County, California, probation staff and other local organizations worked together on the South Oxnard Challenge Project (SOCP), a juvenile probation program designed to implement Clear’s “...
Article
Full-text available
The 1994 Crime Act authorized $10 billion through fiscal year 2000 to help states expand prison space for violent offenders, provided states had truth-in-sentencing (TIS) laws. Few states enacted new TIS statutes to qualify for funding; only $2.7 million actually reached the states. By the end of fiscal year 1999, more than 50,000 new beds had been...
Article
Research Summary: Oregon's Measure 11, a mandatory minimum sentencing policy passed in 1994, had fewer negative system impacts than had been anticipated by many state and local criminal justice administrators, due largely to the fact that prosecutors exercised the discretion provided them under the law to selectively prosecute cases. Consequently,...
Article
The Bay Area Services Network (BASN) provides case management, drug abuse treatment, and links to other health/social services for drug-involved parolees in the San Francisco Bay Area. In a quasi-experimental evaluation, the authors found no difference between BASN and comparison parolees in treatment duration, access to health/social services, dru...
Article
Over the past ten years, probation departments across the state of California have undertaken five major initiatives aimed at juvenile offenders and at-risk youths. Although these initiatives were concomitant with reductions in juvenile arrests and other positive outcomes, we cannot definitively attribute such observed statewide trends to these ini...
Article
The RAND Corporation was asked by the Los Angeles County Probation Department to provide assistance in the validation of a risk/needs assessment and Strength-Based Assessment Instrument to be used to objectively measure the risk and needs of minors in Los Angeles County referred to the Probation Department. RAND surveyed existing instruments, recom...
Article
In 1996, California provided funding to 14 county probation agencies to implement multiagency, comprehensive services to keep troubled youths from recommitting crime and progressing farther into the justice system. We report results of a randomized experiment used to evaluate Ventura County’s 4-year demonstration project called the South Oxnard Cha...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2002, the Cincinnati Police Department (CPD), the Fraternal Order of Police, and the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) entered into a collaborative agreement. This agreement pledges its signatories (the parties) to collaborate in efforts to resolve social conflict, improve community relations, and avoid litigation. The agreement requires the...
Article
Full-text available
As drug treatment courts have multiplied over the past decade, so too have research evaluations conducted on their implementation and effectiveness. This article explores the decade of drug treatment court research conducted at RAND, starting with the experimental field evaluation of Maricopa's drug testing and treatment options to the most current...
Article
Full-text available
THE SOUTH OXNARD CHALLENGE PROJECT (SOCP) The South Oxnard Challenge Project was developed as a demonstration project to test through a randomized experiment the practical applicability of Clear's restorative justice theory and to examine the results of the newly developed collaborative approach to juvenile justice in South Oxnard. The SOCP was a c...
Article
Full-text available
Structural and process characteristics of drug courts may have a major influence on offender outcomes. However, despite the existence of dozens of outcome evaluations in the drug court literature, it is impossible to draw clear conclusions regarding variability in outcomes in relation to drug court characteristics. We describe existing approaches t...
Article
There is striking overlap between the public health threats of drug abuse and crime. Crimes are often drug related, and drug abusers frequently encounter the criminal justice system. However, with few exceptions (e.g., Treatment Alternatives to Street Crime, TASC), the intersection of drug abusers with the courts has rarely addressed the defendants...
Article
There is striking overlap between the public health threats of drug abuse and crime. Crimes are often drug related, and drug abusers frequently encounter the criminal justice system. However, with few exceptions (e.g., Treatment Alternatives to Street Crime, TASC), the intersection of drug abusers with the courts has rarely addressed the defendants...
Article
In response to the increasing numbers of criminal offenders involved with drugs, the criminal justice system has sought more effective means of intervening with these offenders. One intervention approach is Treatment Alternatives to Street Crime (TASC), an offender management model that has been implemented in various forms since the early 1970s. T...
Article
In this study, the authors tested two hypotheses drawn from the general theory of crime. The first hypothesis is that low self-control is a major individual-level cause of crime. The second, that the effect of self-control is contingent on criminal opportunity. The measure of self-control used was a 23-item self-report index. To measure criminal op...
Article
Case management for crime-involved drug users is designed mainly to reduce further drug use and crime but may also promote reductions in HIV risk behavior. In a five-site evaluation, the authors examined the effects of a case-management protocol known as Treatment Alternatives to Street Crime (TASC) on drug users' frequency of unprotected sex and f...
Article
This article presents results from two studies of Washington State's prison work release program conducted between 1991 and 1994. The first study analyzed a cohort of all male prisoners released from Washington prisons in 1990 (N = 2,452) to describe how work release operates and how successfully inmates perform in the program. The second study com...
Article
Full-text available
In 1990, Minnesota enacted legislation to implement an intensive community supervision program as an alternative both to prison and to routine parole. The National Institute of Justice funded RAND to evaluate the program. This article reports on two randomized field experiments designed to measure the implementation and impact of the programs. Deta...
Article
The nationwide drug court movement represents one of the most recent innovations aimed at decreasing the number of drug-involved offenders by providing drug treatment and intensive court supervision. Although the majority of drug courts are diversion programs, the Maricopa County (Arizona) Drug Court is a postadjudication program for probationers w...
Article
A classic experimental design was used to determine the impact of a private agency's efforts to develop and present alternative sentencing recommendations for serious juvenile offenders whom the Los Angeles Probation Department had recommended for placement in California Youth Authority (CYA) institutions. Follow-up data showed that these efforts r...
Article
This article reports results from a recently completed randomized field experiment testing the effects of intensive supervision probation/parole (ISP) for drug-involved offenders. The ISP demonstration project, funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, included five jurisdictions: Contra Costa, California; Seattle, Washington; Des Moines, Iowa; S...
Article
This article presents the results of a randomized experiment conducted to assess the effects of Intensive Supervision Parole (ISP), a Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles program whose primary objective was to help alleviate prison crowding. The evaluation assessed program implementation, as well as the program's impact on offenders and system costs....
Article
Data were analyzed for 11,553 California offenders who in 1980 were convicted of assault, robbery, burglary, theft, forgery, or drug crimes. Whether an offender was given probation or sentenced to prison for such crimes could be predicted with about 80 percent accuracy from a combination of variables that described defendant and crime characteristi...
Article
This article reports on the six-month outcomes of a randomized experiment testing the effects of Intensive Supervision Programs (ISPs) in three California Counties (Contra Costa, Ventura, and Los Angeles). The findings show that ISP officers were able to intensify the monitoring of ISP offenders but were less successful at increasing services (e.g....
Article
Although blacks compose only 12 percent of the national population, they account for almost 50 percent of the prison population. Many states have adopted the use of guidelines for sentencing, parole, and decisions concerning the level of probationer supervision. Some argue that use of certain factors in guidelines systematically adversely affects m...
Article
This article summarizes the major findings of a recent Rand study designed to discover whether felony probation presents unacceptable risks for public safety and, if so, what the system could do to overcome those risks. To this end, it sought to establish how effective probation has been for a sample of felony probationers, identify the criteria co...

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