Susan McVie

Susan McVie
The University of Edinburgh | UoE · School of Law

About

42
Publications
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Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that youth justice contact is associated with criminal conviction in adulthood. What is less well understood is whether ‘cross-over’ children, who have contact with both child welfare and youth justice systems, experience relatively worse outcomes and, if so, whether these outcomes vary by important demographic factors, such as sex...
Article
An increase in the flow of drugs into the UK via international postal systems poses challenges for law enforcement. ‘Controlled delivery’ can be used to disrupt supply networks and secure intelligence for prosecution; however, critics argue that law enforcement should instead focus on reducing drug-related harm. In Scotland, national drugs strategy...
Article
Background The expansion of online drugs markets has widened opportunities to purchase drugs, for both personal use and wider distribution, thus creating new potential public health risks. However, there is little research on the motivation of online drug purchasers or the level of risk that such transactions pose to different communities. Greater...
Article
Full-text available
That parental offending acts as a strong risk factor for offending in children is well-established within criminology. Yet, research on maternal offending is relatively limited, even though many women take on a significantly higher share of childcare responsibilities, and as such, might reasonably be expected to exert an especially strong influence...
Article
Over the last three decades, an extensive body of research evidence has emerged on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and a range of negative outcomes, including offending. Using data from a Scottish child cohort study, this article seeks to better understand how both ACEs and material deprivation influence childhood offe...
Preprint
Tens of thousands of children and young people have adversarial contact with law enforcement agencies in the UK every year. Despite a large reduction in the prevalence of youth offending in recent years, available evidence shows that those who do come into contact with the police and other justice agencies are increasingly vulnerable and have compl...
Preprint
This report presents a high-level analysis of trends in overall confidence in the police in Scotland between 2012/13 and 2017/18 using data from four sweeps of the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey (SCJS) conducted in 2012/13, 2014/15, 2016/17 and 2017/18. The paper was prepared for the Scottish Police Authority Policing Performance Committee meeti...
Preprint
Cryptomarkets may open up the drugs supply in remote areas where access to drugs was expensive or patchy. However, using cryptomarkets relies on risk-limiting techniques to avoid detection which may be easier in urban areas. However, little is known about the geographical patterning of cryptomarket use, in part because data sources on the locations...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the international crime drop has predominantly focused on the nature and extent of overall crime or changes in specific crime types, but less attention has been paid to how equally the crime drop has been distributed across society. Applying a novel quasi-longitudinal approach to Scottish victimization data, this article examines change...
Article
The policing of young people, especially through stop-and-search, has been rigorously debated in the context of rising violence in the UK. While concepts based on procedural justice theory and perceptions of police fairness are directly relevant to these debates, these have rarely been tested on young people, nor have they taken account of the impa...
Article
Scotland has witnessed a remarkable reduction in violent crime in recent years. In part, the success of this reduction has been attributed to a ‘public health’ approach, which includes improvements in partnership working across multiple agencies – especially law enforcement and public health. Nevertheless, the emergency services continue to deal wi...
Article
Since the development of cryptomarkets, researchers have been interested in the effects of these platforms on the 'cyber geography' of the drugs market. To understand these effects researchers have often focused on national or continent-level drugs flows inferred from data scraped from cryptomarket vendor listings. In this paper we demonstrate the...
Chapter
Book synopsis: This book examines the processes for social integration and social cohesion among young people, drawing on data collected from the International Self-Report Delinquency (ISRD) study, which covered 35 studies.This report examines case studies from 5 selected countries (France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the Unit...
Chapter
Earlier sweeps of the International Self Report Delinquency Survey (ISRD) made no attempt to cover teenagers’ attitudes towards criminal justice institutions. ISRD3 goes a little way to filling this gap by including a short suite of questions on trust in the police and perceptions of police legitimacy, that sets out to see if well-established insig...
Article
Full-text available
Background The status of the Scottish Offenders Index (SOI) as a census (n=all) of conviction proceedings in Scotland allows the adoption of research designs that would be prohibitively costly and time consuming to implement with more traditional survey approaches. This paper argues that this flexibility, combined with the large time span covered b...
Chapter
The aim of every juvenile justice system should surely be to get it right for every child. It is poignant then that, after a very turbulent period of juvenile justice policy development in Scotland, which threatened to get it wrong for many children, the Scottish system is now predicated on a set of principles enshrined in law that are explicitly k...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When fitting multilevel models with random slopes on the terms of a polynomial time trend, interpreting the results is not always straightforward. It is not possible to answer directly from the parameter estimates and their standard errors questions such as whether any cases experience an increase between the beginning and end of the period of obse...
Research
Full-text available
Between January and December 2015, school children aged 12 to 16 in Glasgow and Edinburgh took part in the UPYC survey. The survey asked young people about their everyday lives and experiences of being a victim of crime and being involved in crime. This booklet presents some of the findings from the study. 841 pupils took part from 10 schools in Gl...
Research
Full-text available
Between September 2014 and December 2015, school children aged 12 to 15 in Birmingham and Sheffield took part in the UPYC survey. The survey asked young people about their everyday lives and experiences of being a victim of crime and being involved in crime. This booklet presents some of the findings from the study. 367 pupils took part from 11 sch...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The International Self-Report Delinquency study (ISRD3) is an international, comparative, self-report survey of school children's experiences of crime and victimisation. ISRD3 is a city-based survey targeting children aged 12 to 16 years. This technical report describes the study's research design and methods and the fieldwork procedures employed i...
Article
Purpose This article aims to improve our understanding of youth violence in the early teenage years by exploring the mediating effects of gender and poverty in the presence of various risk and protective factors. Methods The article draws on data from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, a prospective longitudinal study of 4300 youn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
(Similar presentations also given at the Festival of Social Science in Edinburgh, November 2014, and Eurocrim in Prague, September 2014; and my co-author Paul Norris gave a similar presentation using his own slides at the British Society of Criminology conference in Liverpool in July 2014) In common with many Western democracies, overall victimisa...
Article
This article examines the impact of bullying between age 13 and 16 years on negative outcomes at age 17 years, taking into account various resilience factors at the individual, family, and community level. Using longitudinal data from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, a prospective cohort study of around 4,300 young people in Scot...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the role which formal and informal regulatory orders play in the development of offender identity. Drawing on quantitative and qualitative data from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, it argues that the cultural practices of formal orders (such as those imposed by schools and the police) and informal orders (s...
Article
Purpose – Widespread criticism of the youth justice system in England and Wales has resulted in calls for it to adopt a restorative paradigm. This paper seeks to review the historical development of youth justice in neighbouring Scotland and Northern Ireland. Design/methodology/approach – The historical development of youth justice in Scotland and...
Article
Based on findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, this article challenges the evidence-base which policy-makers have drawn on to justify the evolving models of youth justice across the UK (both in Scotland and England/Wales). It argues that to deliver justice, systems need to address four key facts about youth crime: seriou...
Article
Draft Report for MOLS 2006 Conference Please do not cite or quote without permission. This paper is a summary of work that will be incorporated into a full paper after the conference. References to the literature (in particular) will need expanding and the detail of the method used will be shortened. Abstract The performance of weighting and imputa...
Article
Full-text available
This article assesses the effectiveness of the Scottish model of youth justice in the context of a growing body of international research that is challenging the `evidence base' of policy in many western jurisdictions. Drawing on findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, it shows how labelling processes within agency working...
Article
This article explores children's experience of policing. Drawing on findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, it argues that the police may be unfairly targeting certain categories of young people. Evidence is presented on the ways in which police working rules (relating to previous ‘form’ and suspiciousness) serve to constr...
Article
Full-text available
The high prevalence of delinquent behaviour in the teenage years is well documented. The phenomenon that is the age-crime curve, which tends to peak in the mid to late teens, is widely agreed to cross both jurisdictional and temporal boundaries. How- ever, analysis at such an aggregate level conceals important underlying differences between individ...
Article
Full-text available
This paper summarizes the purposes and methods of the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, a longitudinal study of 4,300 young people in the City of Edinburgh and the neighbourhoods where they live. The study is not concerned with early childhood influences, but with transitions and personal transformations during adolescence and early a...
Article
Full-text available
A report of findings from the first two years of this longitudinal study of 4300 young people starting secondary education in Edinburgh, Scotland in August 1998.

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