Sunil Nautiyal

Sunil Nautiyal
Institute for Social and Economic Change · Centre for Ecological Economics and Natural Resources

Doctor of Philosophy
Professor at CEENR, Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), MSc., PhD

About

165
Publications
180,355
Reads
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3,006
Citations
Citations since 2016
68 Research Items
1549 Citations
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Introduction
Prof. Dr. Sunil Nautiyal (AvHF, FNIE, ZALFF, JSPSF) Professor and Head Centre for Ecological Economics and Natural Resources (CEENR) Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC) Dr. V.K.R.V. Rao Road, Nagarabhavi, Bangalore - 560 072, India
Additional affiliations
May 2014 - present
Institute for Social and Economic Change
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Socio-ecology of rural landscapes, Restoration of socio-ecological systems, Production system analysis, Climate change and impacts, RS-GIS in ecosystem dynamics
June 2008 - May 2014
Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC)
Position
  • Associate Professor
Description
  • Involved in research and development for sustaining socio-ecological systems. Worked on livelihood development, biodiversity - mapping and monitoring, traditional ecological knowledge and ecosystem rehabilitation
May 2006 - May 2008
Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)
Position
  • Humboldt Fellow
Description
  • Socio-economic and Ecological Approaches for Sustainable Development, Ecological Modeling

Publications

Publications (165)
Article
With homogenisation of various cultural groups due to outside forces and the effect of globalisation, many traditional foods, as developed by various cultural groups, have been lost or on the verge of elimination. In this context, the present study aims to examine and document the traditional food knowledge of local people in Uttarakhand State of I...
Preprint
Full-text available
Globally, the agricultural landscape is the most exposed landscape due to urbanisation. Therefore, finding spatial and temporal patterns of changes in the agricultural landscape is essential for sustainable development. To address this information gap, this study developed a workflow to determine spatial patterns and characteristics in an agricultu...
Article
Full-text available
Impacts of climate change on snow cover, permafrost and glaciers at varied elevations are wide ranging and well-known. Melting water from glaciers forms glacial lakes; where, under the changing climate and accelerating glacial retreats have been a prime cause of glacial lake growth and outbursts. Indian Himalayan Region has also witnessed those imp...
Article
Full-text available
All the countries in the world are now experiencing the challenges of climate change through higher average temperatures, variability in precipitation, rise in sea level, and more frequent climatic extremes. Climate change is emerging as a major threat to the livelihood and food security of millions worldwide. It directly affects the natural resour...
Chapter
Agriculture and protected areas are generally perceived as poles apart; however, agriculture has been primary livelihoods for forest dwelling and forest fringe communities of several protected areas of India. Population growth has been exerting tremendous pressure on the agricultural sector to increase productivity with new crops. On the other hand...
Article
Herpetofauna, both amphibians and reptiles have been dealt with at length by biodiversity studies as part of studying animal groups. Among all animal groups, herpetofauna is a flagship group in both the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and play an important role in the food chain. In this context, a study was conducted in the semi-arid Chitradurg...
Article
Field Margin Vegetation (FMV) is an important part of agrobiodiversity which provides a range of ecological and economic benefits. Those services are mostly unaccounted in spite of having potential contribution to biodiversity conservation, well-being of farming households, climate change, mitigation etc. The structure and composition of FMV and so...
Article
Full-text available
Spiders are one of the most diverse and numerically abundant arthropods. They have a wide distribution and inhabit different types of habitats. Their occurrence and distribution function as a bio-indicator of that area and their presence is influenced greatly by the corresponding habitat and vegetation types. In this study the spider fauna was surv...
Article
Full-text available
Although India has succeeded in creation of 868 Protected Areas (PA) covering its 5.02 percent of the total geographical area; it comes with a social cost. With high population pressure and livelihood based on nature and natural resources, India is yet to find a pragmatic win-win solution for solving the problem of Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) in...
Technical Report
The report provides a conceptual understanding of the current situation pertaining to climate change and adaptation in the agricultural sector in India. It also provides an overview of extant production and adaptation practices in the country and with special reference to Karnataka. It Primarily encompasses the assessment of agricultural productivi...
Chapter
Field margins are areas of natural or semi-natural vegetation located adjacent to agricultural fields. They form the interface between different crops and to other land use and land cover types. In most analyses of cropping patterns field margin vegetation (FMV) is neither accounted for nor is it a part of so-called natural ecosystems. Nevertheless...
Article
Full-text available
The Indian Sundarbans with its unique bio-geographical composition is prone to hazards like cyclones, storms and floods, making its socio-ecological systems vulnerable to environmental stresses. Moreover, its structural aspects appear to be a significant factor in pushing the systems towards vulnerability. A landscape analysis was done in four vill...
Article
Potential of community participation and non‐timber forest species in forest restoration has been widely discussed but rarely demonstrated through long‐term empirical studies. An attempt was made to restore the communal forest in temperate Indian Himalaya by mixed planting of multipurpose broad‐leaved trees, bamboo, and medicinal herbs chosen by lo...
Chapter
Pongamia is a multipurpose tree containing non-edible oil and high percentage of plant nutrients in flowers and seeds.
Chapter
In recent years, ecosystems have been dramatically disrupted by increasing human activities and their service functions have been seriously compromised.
Chapter
Field margin vegetation (FMV) lies between an agricultural field and another land use land cover type, which is an interface of immense socioecological significance. This research has made an attempt to develop a three-step framework that distinguish FMV from other features or vegetation, which was found to be almost impossible using available clas...
Chapter
The biodiversity in an agroecosystem has a wide range of roles to play.
Chapter
Agroecosystems are managed ecosystems where human has intentionally and selectively altered the natural composition of living organisms for food, fodder, fiber or other economic benefits. Thus, such ecosystems have significant social, economic and ecological dimensions.
Article
The strategies to contain the spread of COVID-19 pandemic, including restricted human movement and economic activities, have shown positive impacts on the environment. Present research analysed the effects of COVID-19 led lockdown on air quality with special reference to major pollutants, namely nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), sulphur...
Chapter
It is understandable that anthropogenic land use land cover change is an inevitable worldwide phenomenon with increasing intensity.
Chapter
Among the most significant anthropogenic changes, urbanization occurs when large numbers of people start living permanently concentrated in relatively small areas resulting in urban areas, which are characterised by high level of economic activities, predominantly of non-agricultural nature.
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of COVID-19 has engendered a global health crisis along with diverse impacts on economy, society and environment.Effortsto combat this pandemic have also significantly shot-up the quantity of Bio-medical Waste (BMW) generation.Safe disposal of large quantity of BMW has been graduallyposinga major challenge.BMW management is mostly impl...
Book
This book has been produced as a part of the project ‘Social-Ecological Systems at the Indian Rural-Urban Interface: Functions, Scales, and Dynamics of Transition’. It addresses transition processes in agriculture and society triggered by urbanization, focusing on Bengaluru as an example of a rapidly growing megacity in India. Adopting a holistic,...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is believed to have severe impacts on different sectors of an economy especially the agricultural sector. The adverse impact of climate change, however, can be mitigated if farmers have awareness and better level of adaptive responses. This study examines the perception of farmers belong to indigenous communities in the state of Naga...
Article
Full-text available
Remote sensing (RS) has been an effective tool to monitor agricultural production systems, but for vegetable crops, precision agriculture has received less interest to date. The objective of this study was to test the predictive performance of two types of RS data—crop height information derived from point clouds based on RGB UAV data, and reflecta...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian of the fauna of semi-arid Chitradurga district has been studied to understand their abundance and occurrence in the unfavourable habitat
Article
Full-text available
Field margin vegetation (FMV) refers to the plant community in the interface between agriculture and natural environments. Substantial work has been carried out on the management of field margins in European countries with the aim of conserving field-level biodiversity and enhancing agronomic benefits. India, instead, is lagging behind in the asses...
Book
The protection of our environment is one of the most important challenges facing today’s society. At the focus of efforts to solve environmental problems are strategies to determine the actual damage, to manage problems in a viable manner, and to provide technical protection. Similar to the companion subseries Environmental Engineering, Environment...
Article
Full-text available
The tropical regions of the world are highly vulnerable to the loss of biodiversity and the biodiversity of various ecologically important ecosystems in the tropics seems to be in jeopardy. The protected areas alone cannot conserve all the species and, hence, there is the need to expand the conservation approach beyond the boundaries of the protect...
Article
Although several studies have been done to understand climate change in India, state wise analysis on trend of climatic variables particularly of rainfall is lacking in northeast India. The paper analyses the behaviour of annual and seasonal rainfall in Northeaster region of India looking for trends in long historical data series. We have used Sen’...
Article
Full-text available
North-east India is constituted of highly diverse ecosystems with unique characteristics with high dependency on primary sector income (86% on agriculture). It is very crucial to look into the issues like agriculture, ecosystem services and sociocultural aspects of endemic population, while urban areas are expanding. This paper examines the issues...
Article
Full-text available
India has the second largest population in the world and is characterized by a broad diversity in climate, topography, flora, fauna, land use, and socioeconomic conditions. To help ensure food security in the future, agricultural systems will have to respond to global change drivers such as population growth, changing dietary habits, and climate ch...
Chapter
India’s rich biodiversity is distributed across its ecological regions. Traditional medicinal plants are recognised for their value and they constitute source of livelihood and food security for large Indian population. Cultivation of medicinal plants is also a source of income; thereby improve the standard of living for local communities and reduc...
Chapter
Overexploitation of natural resources coupled with anthropogenic climatic variations has put the ecosystem services under enormous pressure not only at macro levels but also at micro levels thereby presenting challenges in social, economic, ecological and biological fronts. Sustainable use of natural resources and their conservation strategies requ...
Chapter
Forest resources have both economic and ecological significance. However, rapid expansion of non-forest activities at the expense of natural forests has become a serious threat to forest resource all over the world. This paper makes an attempt to understand livelihood strategies, cultivation method and perception about climate change in Khonoma Vil...
Chapter
Use of natural resources largely determines the standard of living that human societies enjoy. Steady increase in worldwide use of biotic and abiotic resources (such as water, air, soil, biodiversity, land as habitat etc.) for a range of societal purposes (such as wind power, solar power, tidal flows etc.) have been linked with rapid population gro...
Chapter
Peri-urban landscapes are highly dynamic with regard to their land use, social, economic and ecological constructs. Urbanization has its impact outside its boundary and is determined by the types of services and resources provided by the peripheral areas to the city. Increasing pressure on the natural resources to meet the urban and peri-urban need...
Chapter
Wildlife conservation perspective generally refers to the attitude of local people living in and around protected areas towards conservation of wild animals and plant species in their natural habitat. Socio-economic dependency of rural communities on natural resources very often for livelihood purposes leads to negative attitudes towards conservati...
Article
Full-text available
Birds are highly diverse and perceptible biota of the ecosystem. They are the potential bioindicators in each and every ecosystem. The populations of birds presently are decreasing rapidly in semi-arid regions due to several factors such as unplanned development activities, climate change and urbanization. With this regard, documentation of the bir...
Chapter
In the field of computational intelligence research, “modelling” has emerged as important tool when integrated with traditional interdisciplinary methods to address complexities involved in land-use planning at landscape scale. This paper examines the existing spatio-temporal models in Indian context to look into their suitability to be used in mic...
Article
Full-text available
Article first published in: DEB MITRAJIT, ROYCHOUDHURY SHUBHADEEP, BHATTACHARJEE PARIMAL C., SHARMA INDU, NAUTIYAL SUNIL, SLÁMA PETR. 2019. Distribution of Western Hoolock Gibbons and Nutritional Status of Food Plants in Cachar District of Assam, India: Reaching out to Local Communities for Conservation. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silvicult...
Article
Full-text available
Hyperspectral remote sensing is considered to be an effective tool in crop monitoring and estimation of biomass. Many of the previous approaches are from single year or single date measurements, even though the complete crop growth with multiple years would be required for an appropriate estimation of biomass. The aim of this study was to estimate...
Article
Full-text available
The present study explored the motivation of rural-urban migrants who moved from the Himalaya foothills of Uttarakhand to its capital city, Dehradun. A survey of 100 migrant families reported their socio-economic profile before and after migration, personal and general reasons for migration, problems in the village and in the city, and perception o...
Data
Participant information for obtaining oral consent. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Western hoolock gibbon ( Hoolock hoolock ) is listed as an endangered mammal in IUCN Red List. It is also listed in CITES Appendix I and in the Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. In the present work the status and distribution of Western hoolock gibbons in Cachar district of Assam, India was explored by conducting field studi...
Article
Full-text available
The North Eastern region of India consisted of eight states. The region is home to over 200 indigenous tribal communities of India. The hills constituted about 70 percent of the total land area, where shifting agriculture, locally called ‘Jhum” is the chief land use. The main sources of agricultural land in the hills constitute Common Property Reso...
Article
Full-text available
3D point cloud analysis of imagery collected by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) has been shown to be a valuable tool for estimation of crop phenotypic traits, such as plant height, in several species. Spatial information about these phenotypic traits can be used to derive information about other important crop characteristics, like fresh biomass yie...
Research
Biodiversity in semi-arid regions has immense ecological, socio-economic and cultural value. Arid and semi-arid regions cover around 40% of the terrestrial area of planet earth and support the livelihoods of two billion people, with 90% people living in developing countries. Dryland ecosystems support a variety of native flora and fauna that have i...
Article
Full-text available
The main source of water to the peri-urban areas of Bengaluru is groundwater. Access to groundwater is through tankers, private borewells, Bruhat Bengaluru MahanagaraPalike (Urban Local Body) borewells, and public stand posts. All modes other than tankers provide water to the community free of charge. Reclaimed water from sewage treatment plants (S...
Article
Studies on dynamics of land use change still rely on survey questionnaires to collect the data. This study was undertaken to explore the possibility of an appropriate method for estimating land use land cover (LULC) changes for temporal periods for which there is no direct evidence of change spatially explicit.
Chapter
Interactions between humans and ecosystems can have socio-economic and ecological consequences. This chapter aims to develop a new modeling approach for the complex system analysis by considering an example of the Himalayan landscape. It provides framework to integrate natural resource management model using the existing data sets, and tests the ef...
Article
Full-text available
This study was carried out to understand the ecological and economic sustainability of floriculture and other main crops in Indian agro-ecosystems. The cultivation practices of four major flower crops, namely Jasminum multiflorum, Crossandra infundibuliformis, Chrysanthemum and Tagetes erecta, were studied in detail. The production cost of flowers...
Article
Anthropogenic activities such as the use of pesticides in agriculture field, intensive grazing, and human interferences can affect spider populations and assemblages. The Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL), a Government of India enterprise under the Department of Atomic Energyhas setup uranium ore mining site at Gogi, Yadgir District of Karnat...
Chapter
Since their beginning, human societies and their ecosystems have been inter-dependent. While the early hunting-gathering way of life relied on the provisioning of wild animals and plants, with the emergence of agriculture and permanent settlements humans began to actively shape the land surface of the Earth in order to produce biomass for food, mat...
Chapter
This article contains the methodological and theoretical approaches related to assessing the impacts of various driving forces including climate on the diverse socio-ecological systems. The detailed description is given to formulate the appropriate approach in interdisciplinary/transdisciplinary research for producing successful outcome that can be...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study presents the development and evaluation of a conceptual model for landscape management in the Himalayas of India following several years’ research in the region. Data were gathered through empirical studies and remote sensing in space and time and subsequently analyzed, and some examples are presented. The theory is described and the res...
Chapter
Full-text available
Sandalwood (Santalum album Linn.) is an important tree species in peninsular India because of its high economic value and is the best endemic tree in the world. Past regulations and policies have been identified as the main cause for the decrease in Sandalwood population, particularly in southern parts of India. Stringent regulations and policies w...
Chapter
Climate change is arguably the single most dominant environmental threat facing humanity. Its manifestations, particularly through rising temperatures, changing rainfall, sea-level rise and increasing droughts and floods have the potential to adversely impact natural ecosystems (such as forests, grasslands, rivers and oceans) and socioeconomic syst...
Article
The Biligiriranga Swamy Temple Tiger Reserve (BRTTR) is a chain of hills and important ecosystems, which forms the biogeographic ridge between two biodiversity rich areas namely the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats of India. The hills are being resided by the Soliga tribal community for the centuries and accorded with a status of Tiger reserve i...
Article
Full-text available
Zooplanktons are microscopic organisms that have a criticcal role in aquatic ecosystems. Zooplanktons are indicators of water quality and purity of aquatic ecosystems. The present study was carried out to study the species diversity and their seasonal changes in fresh water lake ecosystem located in semi-arid region of Karnataka. The study was cond...
Book
This book is the outcome of two International Conferences held at the ISEC in Bangalore, India: the international conference on “Climate Change and Social-Ecological-Economical Interface-Building: Modelling Approach to Exploring Potential Adaptation Strategies for Bio-resource Conservation and Livelihood Development” held during 20–21 May 2015 and...
Article
Full-text available
Northeast India is amongst most bio-diverse ecological communities although recent developmental activities marred the environment to a great extent. Assam University campus in Silchar is situated in Barak valley of Assam, boasting a variety of habitats supporting invertebrate diversity. Heavy rainfall during monsoon increases vegetation and in tur...
Chapter
Full-text available
For enumeration and quantification of plant biodiversity, in-depth studies are to be conducted in the region. Considering the potential impact of development on biodiversity, this need to be assessed from a biodiversity viewpoint to indicate the extent to which the disturbance will have impact on biodiversity. Several field studies were undertaken...
Chapter
Full-text available