sung-kyun Ko

sung-kyun Ko
Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology KRIBB | KRIBB · Chemical Biology Research Center

Doctor of Philosophy

About

93
Publications
6,031
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2,946
Citations
Citations since 2017
65 Research Items
1352 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
A new secondary metabolite, ulleungdolin (1), was isolated from the co-culture of an actinomycete, Streptomyces sp. 13F051, and a fungus, Leohumicola minima 15S071. Based on the NMR, UV, and MS data, it was deduced that the planar structure of 1 comprised an isoindolinone (IsoID) with an octanoic acid, a tripeptide, and a sugar. The tripeptide has...
Article
Full-text available
Six ansamycin derivatives were isolated from the culture broth of Streptomyces sp. KCB17JA11, including four new hygrolansamycins A-D (1-4) and known congeners divergolide O (5) and hygrocin C (6). Compounds 1-5 featured an unusual six-membered O-heterocyclic moiety. The isolation workflow was guided by a Molecular Networking-based dereplication st...
Article
Full-text available
Two new polyketide glycosides jejuketomycins A (1) and B (2), were isolated from a culture of Streptomyces sp. KCB15JA151. Their chemical structures including the absolute configurations were determined by detailed analyses of the NMR and HRMS data and ECD calculations and spectral data. Compounds 1 and 2 possess an unusual 6/6/8 tricyclic ring sys...
Article
Kurarinone (KR), a naturally occurring flavonoid in Sophora flavescens Aiton and a traditional herbal medicine, reportedly has anti-cancer activity against various cancer types both in vitro and in vivo. However, the cellular mechanism of KR remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the mechanism of cell cycle arrest induced by KR in human...
Article
Phenalenone derivatives sourced from fungi are polyketides that have attracted significant interest because of their diverse chemical structures and potential bioactivities. As part of our ongoing quest to discover novel natural products with biological properties from diverse natural resources, three unreported phenalenone derivatives (1-3), named...
Article
A chemical investigation of a culture extract from Streptomyces sp. RK85-270 led to the isolation and characterization of two new oxindoles, RK-270D (1) and E (2). The structures of 1 and 2 were determined by analyzing spectroscopic and spectrometric data from 1D and 2D NMR and High-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESIMS) exp...
Article
Two new fusicoccane-type diterpenoids, streptooctatins A (1) and B (2), together with a known compound cyclooctatin (3) were isolated from Streptomyces sp. KCB17JA11. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined by analyzing spectroscopic and spectrometric data from 1D and 2D NMR and HRESIMS experiments. Compounds 1 and 2 induced EGFP-LC3 puncta indic...
Article
A new homocysteine thiolactone derivative, thiolactomide (1), was isolated along with a known compound, N-acetyl homocysteine thiolactone (2), from a culture extract of soil-derived Streptomyces sp. RK88-1441. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by detailed NMR and MS spectroscopic analyses with literature study. Biological evaluation...
Article
Three new trichostatin analogues, ulleunganilines A-C (1-3), and seven known trichostatins (4-10) were isolated from cultures of Streptomyces sp. 13F051. NMR, UV, and MS data indicated that the planar structures of 1-3 consisted of modified side chains in the trichostatic acid moiety. The absolute configuration of the 2,4-dimethyl-branched carbon c...
Article
A novel autophagy inhibitor (autophazole, Atz), identified by cell‐based high‐content screening of an imidazole library, is reported. Autophazole is mainly internalized into lysosomes and disrupts their function, thereby leading to inhibition of autophagy. In addition, Atz induces LMP‐mediated caspase‐dependent apoptosis of cancer cells. We anticip...
Article
A novel autophagy inhibitor, autophazole (Atz), which promoted cancer cell death via caspase activation, was described. This substance was identified from cell‐based high‐content screening of an imidazole library. The results showed that Atz was internalized into lysosomes of cells where it induced lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP). This pr...
Article
Two angucyclines, pseudonocardones D (1) and E (2), were isolated from Streptomyces sp. KCB15JA151. The planar structure was elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configuration of the sugar unit was determined based on the basis of coupling constants, ROESY, chemical derivatization and HPLC analysis. The biological activi...
Article
Full-text available
A bioassay-guided investigation led to the isolation of three new carbazole glycosides, jejucarbazoles A-C (1-3), fromStreptomycessp. KCB15JA151. Their planar structures were elucidated by detailed NMR and MS spectroscopic analysis with a literature study. Their relative and absolute configurations were established by ROESY correlations, coupling c...
Article
Autophagy plays an important role in maintaining tumor cell progression and survival in response to metabolic stress. Thus, the regulation of autophagy can be used as a strategy for anticancer therapy. Here, we report dutomycin (DTM) as a novel autophagy enhancer that eventually induces apoptosis due to excessive autophagy. Also, human serine prote...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on ethanol-induced stress and acetaldehyde toxicity are actively being conducted, owing to an increase in alcohol consumption in modern society. In this study, ent-peniciherqueinone (EPQ) isolated from a Hawaiian volcanic soil-associated fungus Penicillium herquei FT729 was found to reduce the acetaldehyde-induced cytotoxicity and oxidative...
Article
The study of a Hawaiian volcanic soil-associated fungal strain Penicillium herquei FT729 led to the isolation of one unprecedented benzoquinone-chromanone, herqueilenone A (1) and two phenalenone derivatives (2 and 3). Their structures were determined through extensive analysis of NMR spectroscopic data and gauge-including atomic orbital (GIAO) NMR...
Article
In this study, screening by LC–MS and cytotoxicity-guided isolation led to the identification of ulleungamide C (1), a previously unknown pipecolic acid-rich branched cyclic depsipeptide, from a soil actinobacterium Streptomyces sp. KCB13F003. The structure of 1 was determined by interpretation of spectroscopic and spectrometric data from 1D and 2D...
Article
LC/MS-based chemical screening of culture extract led to a new highly oxygenated angucycline derivative, grecocycline D (1), from Streptomyces sp. KCB15JA014, isolated from a soil sample of Oedolgae in Jeju Island, Korea. The planar structure was determined on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR techniques as well as HRESIM...
Article
Xylaria species are prolific natural product producers. Here, we report the characterization of a new glycosylated incisterol derivative, called xyloneside A ( 1 ) and two known lignans ( 2 and 3 ) from the ascomycetous Xylaria sp. FB. The structure of xyloneside A ( 1 ) was determined by 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, high‐resolutio...
Article
Two new macrolide metabolites of the hygrolidin family, catenulisporidins A and B (1 and 2), together with a known compound hygrolidin (3), were isolated from the culture broth of the rare actinobacterium Catenulispora sp. KCB13F192. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of HRESIMS spectrometric and NMR spectroscopic analyses. Catenulispori...
Article
Autophagy plays a major role in cell survival and has therefore been exploited as an important strategy in cancer therapy. In this study, we evaluated the autophagy-regulatory effects of kushenol E (KE), a bi-prenylated flavonoid isolated from Sophora flavescens and found that KE increased LC3B-II levels while inducing the formation of autophagic v...
Article
Full-text available
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1), a tryptophan catabolising enzyme, is known as a tumour cell survival factor that causes immune escape in several types of cancer. Flavonoids of Sophora flavescens have a variety of biological benefits for humans; however, cancer immunotherapy effect has not been fully investigated. The flavonoids (1–6) isolated...
Article
Full-text available
A LC-MS-guided screening led to the isolation of two new streptimidone derivatives (2 and 3) containing a glutarimide ring and two glutarimide ring-opened compounds (4 and 5) along with a known glutarimide-containing polyketide, streptimidone (1) from Streptomyces sp. W3002 strain. Their structures were elucidated by MS and NMR spectroscopic analys...
Article
Previously we identified a new heparinase inhibitor fungal metabolite, named CRM646-A which showed inhibition of heparinase and telomerase activities in an in vitro enzyme assay and antimetastatic activity in a cell-based assay. In this study, we elucidated the mechanism by which CRM646-A rapidly induced nucleus condensation, disruption of plasma m...
Article
Bone homeostasis is regulated by a balance of bone formation and bone resorption; dysregulation of bone homeostasis may cause bone-related diseases (e.g., osteoporosis, osteopetrosis, bone fracture). Members of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) family of transcription factors play crucial roles in the regulation of immune system, infla...
Article
LC/MS-based chemical screening of fungal extract fraction library led to identification of three 2,3-aryl substituted furanone metabolites (1–3), including one known butenolide glycoside (1) whose stereochemistry remained unsolved and two new compounds gotjawaside and gotjawalide (2 and 3), from Auxarthron sp. KCB15F070, a fungus isolated from a so...
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Full-text available
The initiation of centrosome duplication is regulated by the Plk4/STIL/hsSAS-6 axis; however, the involvement of other centrosomal proteins in this process remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that Cep131 physically interacts with Plk4 following phosphorylation of residues S21 and T205. Localizing at the centriole, phosphorylated Cep131 h...
Article
Full-text available
A synthetic analog of a chemical found in fruit suppresses tumor growth by targeting an RNA-binding protein (hnRNPA2B1) and preventing the production of a pro-cancer regulatory factor. Nak-Kyun Soung from the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Cheongju, South Korea, and coworkers built on their previous discovery that a compo...
Article
As part of ongoing research on natural products derived from medicinal plants for enzyme inhibition, known dibenzoyl derivatives (1-3, 11 and 20), pterocarpans (4, 15 and 19), flavanones (5, 7, 10, 12-14, 18, 21-24, 26, 27, 29, 31-33, 35, 36, and 38-46), flavones (6, 16, 28, 30 and 37), isoflavones (8 and 17), furocoumarins (9), and chalcones (25 a...
Article
New glycosylated 26-membered triene macrolides catenulisporolides, the first polyketide metabolites from Catenulispora species, were obtained by targeting slow-forming colonies on selection agar plates and applying long-term cultivation. Their structures, including the full stereochemistry, were defined by comprehensive spectroscopic and chemical m...
Article
Three cyclic lipopeptides, including one known (1) and two new (2 and 3) compounds, that possess the rare enamide linkage group were discovered from Streptomyces sp. KCB14A132, an actinobacterium isolated from a soil sample collected from Jeung Island, Korea. The NMR and MS-based characterization showed that they differed in the amino acid residues...
Article
The advances of genomic sequence analyses and genome mining tools have enabled the exploration of untapped microbial natural products. Through genome mining studies to discover cryptic natural products, we found biosynthetic genes encoding a new lasso peptide in the genome sequence of a soil bacterium, Streptomyces sp. KCB13F003 isolated from Ulleu...
Article
A chemical investigation of a culture extract from a soil-derived Streptomyces sp. RK88-1441 led to the isolation and characterization of two new glycosylated anthraquinones, aturanosides A (1) and B (2), and a new anthraquinone derivative, aturanocin (3). The structures of these compounds were elucidated by detailed NMR and MS spectroscopic analys...
Article
Four new compounds, phomalichenones A–D (1–4), and seven known compounds (5–11) were isolated from the cultures of an endolichenic fungus Phoma sp. EL002650. Their structures were determined by the analysis of their spectroscopic data (NMR and MS). Compounds 1 and 6 inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW26...
Article
Two new α-pyrones, dothideopyrones E (1) and F (2), were isolated from a culture of the endolichenic fungus Dothideomycetes sp. EL003334. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis. Their absolute configurations were established by the modified Mosher's method. Compound 2 inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production with IC50values o...
Article
Two new cyclic peptides, pentaminomycins A (1) and B (2), were isolated from cultures of Streptomyces sp. RK88-1441. Based on the interpretation of the NMR, UV, IR, and MS data, the planar structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated as cyclic pentapeptides with a modified amino acid residue, N⁵-hydroxyarginine (N5-OH-Arg). The absolute configurations of...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial studies of soil samples collected at Ochang, Korea led to the isolation of the actinobacterium Streptomyces sp. KCB16C001. Subsequent LC/MS analysis of the culture extract for dereplication purposes enabled the identification of a new metabolite ochangoside (1), whose chemical structure was determined to be 1-(α-L-rhamnosyl)-lumichrome by...
Article
Full-text available
Elevated expression of human enhancer filamentation 1 (HEF1; also known as NEDD9 or Cas-L) is an essential stimulus for the metastatic process of various solid tumors. This process requires HEF1 localization to focal adhesions (FAs). Although the association of HEF1 with FAs is considered to play a role in cancer cell migration, the mechanism targe...
Article
Analysis of the genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. KCB13F003 showed the presence of a cryptic gene cluster encoding flavin-dependent halogenase and nonribosomal peptide synthetase. Pleiotropic approaches using multiple culture media followed by LC-MS-guided isolation and spectroscopic analysis enabled the identification of two new chlorinated cycl...
Article
Full-text available
In the course of searching for angiogenesis inhibitors from microorganisms, two cyclic peptides, PF1171A (1) and PF1171C (2) were isolated from the soil fungus Penicillium sp. FN070315. In the present study, we investigated the antiangiogenic efficacy and associated mechanisms of 1 and 2 in vitro using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs...
Data
HRESIMS spectrum of compound 2. (TIF)
Data
LC/MS analysis of the FDLA derivatives of compound 2. (TIF)
Data
13C NMR spectrum (125 MHz) of compound 1 in CDCl3. (TIF)
Data
HRESIMS spectrum of compound 1. (TIF)
Data
1H NMR spectrum (500 MHz) of compound 2 in CDCl3. (TIF)
Data
LC/MS analysis of the FDLA derivatives of compound 1. (TIF)
Data
13C NMR spectrum (125 MHz) of compound 2 in CDCl3. (TIF)
Data
1H NMR spectrum (500 MHz) of compound 1 in CDCl3. (TIF)
Data
Physico-chemical properties of compounds 1 and 2. (PDF)
Article
A bioassay-guided investigation in conjunction with chemical screening led to the isolation of three new glycosides, ulleungoside (1), 2-methylaminobenzoyl 6-deoxy-α-l-talopyranoside (2), and naphthomycinoside (3), along with three known secondary metabolites (5-7) from Streptomyces sp. KCB13F030. Their structures were elucidated by detailed NMR an...
Article
Two new phenylspirodrimane derivatives, stachybotrysin (1) and stachybotrylactone B (2), were isolated from the cultures of the marine-derived fungus Stachybotrys sp. KCB13F013. The structures were determined by analyzing the spectroscopic data (1D and 2D NMR and MS) and chemical transformation, including the modified Mosher's method and single-cry...
Article
Full-text available
Salterns, one of the most extreme natural hypersaline environments, are a rich source of halophilic and halotolerant microorganisms, but they remain largely underexplored ecological niches in the discovery of bioactive secondary metabolites. In continued efforts to investigate the metabolic potential of microbial populations from chemically underex...
Article
Twelve metabolites, including five highly oxygenated azaphilones, geumsanols A-E, along with seven known analogues were isolated from Penicillium sp. KCB11A109, a fungus derived from a ginseng field. Their structures were assigned by spectroscopic means (NMR and MS), and stereochemistries were determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses ((1)H-(1...
Article
During the chemical investigation of marine-derived fungus, an unusual diketopiperazine (DKP) alkaloid, haenamindole (1), was isolated from a culture of the marine-derived fungus Penicillium sp. KCB12F005. The structure of 1, which possesses benzyl-hydroxypiperazindione and phenyl-pyrimidoindole rings system in the molecule, was elucidated by analy...
Article
Two novel cyclic depsipeptides, ulleungamides A (1) and B (2), were isolated from cultures of terrestrial Streptomyces sp. Their structures were determined by analyses of spectroscopic data and various chemical transformations, including modified Mosher's method, advanced Marfey's method, PGME, GITC derivatizations, and Snatzke's method. Ulleungami...
Article
Full-text available
Alternaria brassicicola causes black spot disease of Brassica species. The functional importance of pectin digestion enzymes and unidentified phytotoxins in fungal pathogenesis has been suspected but not verified in A. brassicicola. The fungal transcription factor AbPf2 is essential for pathogenicity and induces 106 genes during early pathogenesis,...
Article
Full-text available
The heat shock protein HSP70 plays antiapoptotic and oncogenic roles, and thus its inhibition has been recognized as a potential avenue for anticancer therapy. Here we describe the small molecule, apoptozole (Az), which inhibits the ATPase activity of HSP70 by binding to its ATPase domain and, as a result, induces an array of apoptotic phenotypes i...
Article
Full-text available
Two new azaphilone derivatives containing 1,3-dioxolane moiety, penidioxolanes A (1) and B (2), were isolated from marine-derived fungus Penicillium sp. KCB12C078, together with four known compounds (3-6) by chemical investigation. Compounds 1 - 6 were isolated by combination of silica gel, ODS column chromatography and preparative HPLC. Their stru...
Article
Anion transporters based on small molecules have received attention as therapeutic agents because of their potential to disrupt cellular ion homeostasis. However, a direct correlation between a change in cellular chloride anion concentration and cytotoxicity has not been established for synthetic ion carriers. Here we show that two pyridine diamide...
Article
A new rhodamine fluorescent probe for monitoring ˙OH has been developed based on the oxidative C-H abstraction reaction of rhodamine cyclic hydrazide. The probe exhibits excellent selectivity for ˙OH with virtually no interference by other ROS/RNS species. Fluorescent imaging of A549 and RAW264.7 cells is also successfully demonstrated to detect in...
Article
Heart development is a complicated and elaborate biological process. To study this and similar complicated process and diseases, the discovery and use of small molecules for probing biological events is invaluable. As part of such an investigation, we have identified cardiosulfa, a small molecule that induces severely impaired heart morphology and...
Article
Dendrimers crosslinked with a photochromic diarylethene (blue in picture) were labeled with the fluorescent dye Cy3 (red) for reversible fluorescence photoswitching. If the obtained nanoclusters are irradiated with UV light, the Cy3 fluorescence is quenched by the diarylethene in its ring-closed form, whereas upon irradiation with visible light, th...
Article
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cell-surface anion channel that permeates chloride and bicarbonate ions. The most frequent mutation of CFTR that causes cystic fibrosis is the deletion of phenylalanine at position 508 (ΔF508), which leads to defects in protein folding and cellular trafficking to the plasma membrane. T...
Article
A facile and efficient solid-phase synthesis of linear peptide-based glycoclusters with various valences and different spatial arrangements of the sugar ligands is described. The synthetic strategy includes 1) solid-phase synthesis of fluorophore-labeled, alkyne-containing peptides, 2) coupling of azide-linked, unprotected mono-, di-, and trisaccha...
Article
Fluorescent probes have been used extensively to monitor biomolecules and biologically relevant species in vitro and in vivo. A new trend in this area that has been stimulated by the desire to obtain more detailed information about the biological effects of analytes is the change from live cell to whole animal fluorescent imaging. Zebrafish has rec...
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A fluorescein-based fluorescent probe displays fluorescence enhancement for palladium species in the typical oxidation states of 0, +2 and +4 and is applied to monitor accumulated palladium in living organisms.
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A fluorescent probe based on fluorescein displays an excellent selectivity and sensitivity for thiols and its application for bioimaging is described.
Article
Exposure to methylmercury causes severe damage to various tissues and organs in humans. Although a variety of fluorescent chemosensors have been exploited, only few biological monitoring systems for organomercury species have been described to date. In this report, we describe an irreversible rhodamine chemosensor for the detection of methylmercury...