Sunarto Sunarto

Sunarto Sunarto
University of Indonesia | UI

PhD

About

61
Publications
29,810
Reads
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872
Citations
Introduction
An ecologist, with a special interest in promoting stewardship and recovery of wildlife and nature through regenerative developments. Favorite approaches are collaboration and innovation. Recent works focus on the research, conservation, and restoration of biodiversity including wildlife and the ecosystem process within protected areas and in multi-use landscapes covering production forests and plantation areas. More info: https://www.linkedin.com/in/sunarto-wildlife-conservation
Additional affiliations
January 2021 - present
University of Indonesia
Position
  • Research Associate
July 2012 - December 2021
WWF Indonesia
Position
  • Wildlife Ecologist
Education
July 2005 - June 2012

Publications

Publications (61)
Article
Full-text available
The critically endangered Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae Pocock, 1929) is generally known as a forest-dependent animal. With large-scale conversion of forests into plantations, however, it is crucial for restoration efforts to understand to what extent tigers use modified habitats. We investigated tiger-habitat relationships at 2 spatial...
Article
Full-text available
Sumatran rhinos are the most threatened large terrestrial mammals. Uniquely hairy, they are the last survivor of an ancient genus. Sophisticated communicators, they sing as whales and whistle as dolphins. Their population and distribution range have declined sharply. Once spread widely across Southeast Asia, they are now only confirmed in three rem...
Article
At least six species of wild cats live in Sumatra. Many are globally threatened and yet their ecology is poorly understood. We investigated ecological characteristics and spatial and temporal overlap among cats in central Sumatra using data from systematic and opportunistic camera trapping in five major forest blocks. We developed occupancy models...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the effect of anthropogenic disturbance, and its interaction with carnivores and their prey, is crucial to support the conservation of threatened carnivores, particularly in rapidly changing landscapes. Based on systematic camera-trap sampling of four protected areas in Riau Province of central Sumatra, we assessed the habitat occupan...
Article
Full-text available
My analysis and reflection on the oil palm dilemma. I propose possible solutions for a more synergy between the industry and the environmental sector. Both should collaborate and strive for a more sustainable future, build upon robust economy that highly values and strengthens our natural capitals such as biodiversity. Sebuah analisis dan refleksi...
Article
Full-text available
Artikel ini akan fokus membahas tentang pentingnya menjaga kekayaan, keseimbangan dan keberlanjutan pemanfaatan kehati yang kita miliki. Berbagai tantangan, kekosongan serta peluang yang ada akan coba diurai. Namun sebelumnya, pertama-tama perlu kita pahami terlebih dahulu apa itu kehati dan mengapa Indonesia dapat dianugerahi kekayaan hayati yang...
Article
Full-text available
Siapa yang tidak tahu kerbau? Hewan bertanduk ini memang dekat dengan budaya masyarakat kita dan dunia. Salah satu bukti adalah kerbau dijadikan shio dalam sistem penanggalan lunar China (https://klasika.kompas.id/baca/sejarah-singkat-tahun-baru-imlek-hari-pertama-dalam-penanggalan-lunar/), sebagaimana tahun 2021 ini. Ya, kerbau dilambangkan sebaga...
Article
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Hampir setahun kita mengalami masa pandemi. Ini momen yang tepat untuk merefleksikan kembali hubungan kita dengan sesama manusia, juga terhadap satwa liar dan alam sekitar. Skala dan dampak pandemi COVID-19 sungguh nyata. Bukan hanya bagi kesehatan dan keselamatan jiwa, namun juga sosial dan ekonomi. Tanpa antisipasi memadai, peluang terjadinya kem...
Article
Full-text available
Indonesia memerlukan sistem jalan-setapak nasional untuk mengawinkan kepentingan ekonomi sekaligus meningkatkan kepedulian kepada alam yang kian rentan. Bagian kedua dari dua tulisan.
Article
Full-text available
ARTIKEL ini mencakup dua gagasan yang saling melengkapi terkait pengembangan kegiatan rekreasi alam di Indonesia. Pertama, pengembangan sistem jalur setapak nusantara (national trail system). Kedua, pembudayaan kegiatan rekreasi alam, khususnya hiking, yang bertanggung-jawab.
Article
Full-text available
Fundamental Shifts for the Recovery of Indonesia’s Biodiversity By Sunarto* Thanks to a unique combination of geographical location and geological formations, diversity of life is evolving for millions of years and thriving on the Indonesian archipelago. The region represents one of the world’s centers in the biological richness of flora and faun...
Article
Full-text available
Managing the critically endangered Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) needs accurate information on its abundance and availability of prey at the landscape level. Bukit Rimbang Bukit Baling Wildlife Reserve in central Sumatra represents an important area for tigers at local, regional and global levels. The area has been recognized as a long-...
Book
Full-text available
The history of three sub specieses of Indonesian tigers, what we should learn from losing 2 sub-species of tigers (bali tiger and javan tiger) and the strong effort of Indonesia's conservation warriors to save sumatran tigers.
Preprint
Full-text available
Dholes (Cuon alpinus) are categorised by IUCN as Endangered since 2004. Their global range is believed to have rapidly shrunk and their current distribution on Sumatra Island is greatly reduced. Despite the situation, dholes have received much less conservation attention than other charismatic carnivores. As a consequence, knowledge on their basic...
Article
Full-text available
Camera trapping was applied for assess the diversity and activity pattern of wild cats in Way Kambas National Park on May 2013 to May 2014. Fifty-seven cameras were systematically set within 480 km ² area covering a total of 4,610 trap nights. Of 4,017 recorded videos, four wild cats species were capture and identified, those are sumateran tiger (P...
Conference Paper
Observation of animal behavior is a major theme in zoology, often used as a baseline for other studies. To obtain accurate data, data collection process needs to be enhanced through the use of technology. BORIS (Behavioral observation research interactive software) is a digital ethogram software for data collection process in behavioral research. T...
Chapter
Full-text available
Perdebatan sistematika terbaru semakin menegaskan amanat konservasi harimau Sumatera
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Way Kambas National Park (WKNP) is one of conservation areas that support the lives of wild cats in Sumatra. Illegal activities, the isolated site of the park, and the lack of ecological knowledge of these species in their habitat have challenged the conservation of the cats. The overarching objective of this study is to collect ecological data of...
Article
Full-text available
The composition of local mammalian carnivore communities has far-reaching effects on terrestrial ecosystems worldwide. To better understand how carnivore communities are structured, we analysed camera trap data for 108 087 trap days across 12 countries spanning five continents. We estimate local probabilities of co-occurrence among 768 species pair...
Article
Full-text available
With less than 3200 wild tigers in 2010, the heads of 13 tiger-range countries committed to doubling the global population of wild tigers by 2022. This goal represents the highest level of ambition and commitment required to turn the tide for tigers in the wild. Yet, ensuring efficient and targeted implementation of conservation actions alongside s...
Chapter
Conservation and management planning of tigers and prey species requires basic information on the spatial distribution at regional and landscape levels, at an appropriate scale (Karanth and Nichols 2000).
Chapter
Early naturalists recorded descriptive accounts of tigers in tropical Asia during the past two to three centuries (Karanth 2001).
Chapter
This chapter sets the overall context by providing a brief overview of the historical and current status of wild tiger populations and social, cultural, and scientific perspectives on the tiger.
Poster
Low population size and genetic diversity also skewed sex ratio indicate the elephant population in WKNP and TNNP facing serious extinction threat. Conservation strategy such as translocation can be implemented to enhancing population size and genetic diversity, also balancing the sex ratio of population.
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity loss is a major driver of ecosystem change, yet the ecological data required to detect and mitigate losses are often lacking. Recently, camera trap surveys have been suggested as a method for sampling local wildlife communities, because these observations can be collated into a global monitoring network. To demonstrate the potential of...
Article
Full-text available
The Javan rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is one of the most threatened mammals on Earth. The only remaining individuals live as part of a small population isolated in a single protected area, Ujung Kulon National Park, Java, Indonesia. Despite almost a century of studies, little is known about the factors that affect Javan rhino demography and distri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ujung Kulon National Park (UKNP) is home to some threatened and iconic species including Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus,) and banteng(Bos javanicus). Based on anecdotal observations, some conservationists suggest that these species are competing over space in the relatively small area of the Park.There is a growing concern that managing the...
Article
Full-text available
Hutan tropis Indonesia yang sehat biasanya diramaikan dan diwarnai oleh beragam tingkah dan polah satwa yang hidup di dalamnya. Rangkong merupakan salah satu ciri khasnya. Namun itu bukan satu­satunya. Saat pagi belum merekahpun, berbagai jenis primata seperti owa (Hylobates sp), siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus) dan beberapa jenis primata sudah m...
Article
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Article
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TROPIKA INDONESIA M u s i m H u j a n (O k t o b e r -D e s e m b e r) 2 0 0 9 . V o l . 1 3 N O . 4 Spesies Oleh: Sunarto *) M ungkin tak banyak yang tahu bahwa selain memiliki harimau, Indonesia juga memiliki beberapa jenis kucing hutan alias kucing liar lain yang tak kalah menarik. Salah satunya adalah kucing bakau yang dikenal di dunia dengan d...
Article
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Article
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The loss and fragmentation of substantial areas of forest habitat, in combination with rampant hunting, has pushed many of Southeast Asia’s megafauna species to the verge of extinction. However, the extent of these declines is rarely quantified, thereby weakening lessons learned and species-based management. This need not be the case as a prolifera...
Article
Full-text available
Information on spatial and temporal variation in abundance is crucial for effective management of wildlife. Yet abundance estimates for the Critically Endangered Sumatran tiger Panthera tigris sumatrae are lacking from Riau, the province historically believed to hold the largest percentage of this subspecies. Recently, this area has had one of the...
Article
Full-text available
Past studies on tropical carnivores and other secretive animals relied on indirect evidence of animal presence such as tracks, scats, or scrapes. While such evidence can be useful for basic studies, using remotely-triggered camera traps offer researchers more reliable evidence of animal presence and, with appropriate study design and analysis, p...
Data
List of landscape variables derived from GIS, the original source, and treatments to the data. (DOC)
Data
List of habitat and environmental variables (manual covariates) collected in every 100-m segment along 1-km transects in forest and plantation landscapes of central Sumatra. (DOC)
Data
Additional environmental variables (manual plantation-specific covariates) collected in every 100-m segment along transects in plantation areas. (DOC)
Data
Pearson's correlation coefficients between landscape variables at the grid level (17×17 km). (DOC)
Data
Pearson's correlation coefficients between landscape variables at the transect level (extracted from 500 meter buffers surrounding the start- and end-points of each 1-km transect). (DOC)
Data
Pearson's correlation coefficients for manual plantation-specific covariates. (DOC)
Data
Pearson's correlation coefficients for manual covariates. (DOC)
Article
Full-text available
Large carnivores living in tropical rainforests are under immense pressure from the rapid conversion of their habitat. In response, millions of dollars are spent on conserving these species. However, the cost-effectiveness of such investments is poorly understood and this is largely because the requisite population estimates are difficult to achiev...
Article
Full-text available
In an unprecedented response to the rapid decline in wild tiger populations, the Heads of Government of the 13 tiger range countries endorsed the St. Petersburg Declaration in November 2010, pledging to double the wild tiger population. We conducted a landscape analysis of tiger habitat to determine if a recovery of such magnitude is possible. The...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This 2010 WWF report provides an overview and analysis of the state of natural resources in Sumatra and its eight mainland provinces. It includes data and information about the loss of natural forests from 1985 to 2009, loss of carbon stock in natural forests and peat, deforestation and eco-floristic diversity, as well as deforestation and mega-fau...
Article
Full-text available
Penemuan jenis baru selama ini mungkin identik dengan sebuah ekspedisi heroik ke tempat terpencil yang jauh dari peradaban. Jika itu yang Anda harapkan dari cerita 'penemuan' burung kacamata togian (Zosterops somadikartai), maka Anda mungkin akan kecewa. Meski demikian, bukan berarti Kepulauan Togian adalah tempat yang sangat mudah dijangkau, khusu...
Data
Summary of recent and historical records of the flat-headed cat Prionailurus planiceps. (0.04 MB XLS)
Data
Flat-headed cat from the Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary (ConCaSa). (7.56 MB MP4)
Article
Full-text available
Background: The flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps) is one of the world’s least known, highly threatened felids with a distribution restricted to tropical lowland rainforests in Peninsular Thailand/Malaysia, Borneo and Sumatra. Throughout its geographic range large-scale anthropogenic transformation processes, including the pollution of fresh-...
Article
Full-text available
We encountered white-eyes (Zosterops) that did not match any known species during ornithological field observations in the Togian Islands, Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Subsequently, we collected a specimen and made tape recordings. We consider the Zosterops of the Togian Islands to be a new species that differs most strikingly from the Blac...
Poster
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Despite its critical status[1], the distribution and population status of the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) remains unknown, especially in Riau Province. This largest province in Sumatra holds vast amount of forest that are currently disappearing at an alarming rate[2]. Many of those forests are unprotected and tigers have be...
Article
Full-text available
We carried out surveys on the Togian islands, situated between the northern and eastern peninsulas of Sulawesi, Indonesia, during 1996- 2002, visiting all but one of the seven largest islands and two offshore islets. A total of 72 species was previously known for the islands, based on collections in 1871 and 1939 and some observations from the 1980...

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