Summer Marion

Summer Marion
Bentley University · Global Studies

Doctor of Philosophy

About

8
Publications
765
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Introduction
I research global governance, international organizations, philanthropy, and the politics of health security. My primary research agenda examines how private foundations engage with global health institutions. Other research areas include U.S. foreign policy, humanitarian response, and environmental politics.

Publications

Publications (8)
Article
Full-text available
Background The near universal adoption of cross-border health measures during the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide has prompted significant debate about their effectiveness and compliance with international law. The number of measures used, and the range of measures applied, have far exceeded previous public health emergencies of international concern....
Article
Isolationist behavior by powerful states has been accompanied by a rise in private philanthropic engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic. Private philanthropy constitutes twenty percent of development assistance for health, yet remains underexplored as an actor in international relations (IR). Over the past two decades, private foundations gained v...
Article
Under the World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR [2005]), member states agreed to follow WHO guidance with respect to outbreak-related travel and trade measures and, specifically, to refrain from imposing “additional health measures” that significantly interfere with international traffic and trade without ju...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To review the effectiveness of travel measures implemented during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic to inform changes on how evidence is incorporated in the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR). Design We used an abbreviated Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols to identify studies t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The near universal adoption of cross-border health measures during the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide has prompted significant debate about their effectiveness and compliance with international law. The number of measures used, and the range of measures applied, have far exceeded previous public health emergencies of international concern....
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective To review evidence of the effectiveness of travel measures implemented during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in order to recommend change on how evidence is incorporated in the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR). Design We used an abbreviated preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis protoco...
Article
Full-text available
While health and climate science recognize a clear linkage between infectious diseases and effects of climate change, outbreaks and disasters are frequently framed as standalone crises in public discourse. Drawing on public policy image framing literature, this paper examines effects of crossover in climate change and infectious disease discourse o...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project seeks to understand the nature and structure of philanthropic engagement in governing global outbreaks between the 2002 and 2019, with additional forthcoming research on how these patterns are playing out during the COVID-19 pandemic. Considering vectors of analysis beyond monetary donations, this work aims to theoretically contextualize philanthropic foundations as non-state actors in global health governance, generating hypotheses to be tested in other issue areas. Findings also inform ongoing policy debates about innovation and effectiveness of governance structures in preparation for future crises.
Project
We are analysing what restrictions have been adopted during COVID-19; what evidence exists of the impacts of these restrictions, not only in controlling the spread of the coronavirus, but wider economic and social impacts of these measures; and ultimately, how to support better decision making about when, where and how travel restrictions should be used during these kinds of public health emergencies.