Sumeet R Patil

Sumeet R Patil
University of California, Berkeley | UCB

PhD

About

34
Publications
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Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Background The Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission (SBM) launched in October 2014 is the world’s largest sanitation campaign. Our aim was to estimate and compare major economic costs and benefits associated with sanitation improvement achieved during three years of SBM from households’ financial and economic perspectives and a broader societal pers...
Article
The authors examine whether high personal discount rates help explain why and which households in developing countries under-invest in seemingly low-cost options to avert environmental health threats, including bednets, clean cooking fuels, individual household latrines, water treatment and handwashing. First, the authors elicit personal discount r...
Poster
Presented during the session entitled ”Sanitation: protecting households, communities and environment”.
Article
Worldwide, over 2.5 billion people lack access to basic sanitation, a situation that contributes to 2 million annual diarrhea-related child deaths and substantial morbidity. Yet rigorous evaluations of sanitation behaviors and their health and welfare impacts are rare. This article uses a randomized sanitation promotion campaign in Orissa, India, t...
Article
Highly advanced, community-level drinking water treatment facilities are increasingly seen as water supply solutions in locations where piped in-house water systems are nonexistent or unreliable. These systems utilize combined technologies, such as advanced filtration plus ultraviolet disinfection or reverse osmosis, which are known to be highly ef...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Poor sanitation is thought to be a major cause of enteric infections among young children. However, there are no previously published randomized trials to measure the health impacts of large-scale sanitation programs. India's Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) is one such program that seeks to end the practice of open defecation by changi...
Article
This paper presents the results of a choice experiment study undertaken to value electricity service attributes in Madhya Pradesh, India. Primary data was collected from 2,083 households using stratified random sampling method. Results show that existing service is very poor and consumers have substantial willingness to pay (WTP) for changing the s...
Article
Full-text available
How does specific information about contamination in a household's drinking water affect water handling behavior? We randomly split a sample of households in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. The treatment group observed a contamination test of the drinking water in their own household storage vessel; while they were waiting for their results, they were...
Article
Over 5 billion people worldwide are exposed to unsafe water. Given the obstacles to ensuring sustainable improvements in water supply infrastructure and the unhygienic handling of water after collection, household water treatment and storage (HWTS) products have been viewed as important mechanisms for increasing access to safe water. Although studi...
Article
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and quantify the economic benefits attributable to improvements in water supply and sanitation in rural India. METHODS: We combined propensity-score “pre-matching” and rich pre-post panel data on 9500 households in 242 villages located in four geographically different districts to estimate the economic benefits of a large-sca...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate and quantify the economic benefits attributable to improvements in water supply and sanitation in rural India. We combined propensity-score "pre-matching" and rich pre-post panel data on 9500 households in 242 villages located in four geographically different districts to estimate the economic benefits of a large-scale community demand-...
Article
Nearly one billion people worldwide rely on unimproved sources of drinking water, which are not protected from outside contamination. Unhygienic handling of water after collection may further contaminate household drinking water. In recognition of these obstacles, usage of household water treatment and storage (HWTS) products (e.g., water filters,...
Article
Sustainable and equitable access to safe water and adequate sanitation are widely acknowledged as vital, yet neglected, development goals. Water supply and sanitation (WSS) policies are justified because of the usual efficiency criteria, but also major equity concerns. Yet, to date there are few scientific impact evaluations showing that WSS polici...
Article
Full-text available
To determine the effectiveness of a sanitation campaign that combines 'shaming' (i.e. emotional motivators) with subsidies for poor households in rural Orissa, an Indian state with a disproportionately high share of India's child mortality. Using a cluster-randomized design, we selected 20 treatment and 20 control villages in the coastal district o...
Article
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a sanitation campaign that combines "shaming" (i.e. emotional motivators) with subsidies for poor households in rural Orissa, an Indian state with a disproportionately high share of India's child mortality. METHODS: Using a cluster-randomized design, we selected 20 treatment and 20 control villages in th...
Article
Despite numerous studies (e.g., Fewtrell et al. 2005, Sobsey 2002, Quick et al. 2002, and Clasen et al. 2006) establishing the fact that household level safe water behaviors improve in-house drinking water quality and reduce diarrheal illness, there remain important gaps in our knowledge about the determinants of safe in-home drinking water. One of...
Conference Paper
To date, few rigorous impact evaluations demonstrate that water and sanitation (W&S) policies effectively improve health. This paucity of rigorous impact evaluations in the sector may reflect challenges inherent to W&S, including the sector's broad and varied services, decentralized service delivery, and the tendency to focus on engineering and fis...
Conference Paper
Inadequate water and sanitation infrastructure is a major problem in India and throughout the developing world, contributing to severe health problems that limit human and economic development. In order to effectively address these problems, policy makers need a better understanding of what works to improve sanitation and health outcomes. This pape...
Article
Full-text available
A subset of the Millennium Development Goals reflect the world's collective hope and resolve to reverse a particularly pernicious, pervasive, and persistent set of problems in much of the developing world: high rates of diarrhea (the number one killer of small children), insufficient water and sanitation services, and seemingly unsafe, inadequate,...
Article
Risk communication and consumer education to promote safer handling of food can be the best way of managing the risk of foodborne illness at the consumer end of the food chain. Thus, an understanding of the overall status of food handling knowledge and practices is needed. Although traditional qualitative reviews can be used for combining informati...
Article
Risk communication and consumer education to promote safer handling of food can be the best way of managing the risk of foodborne illness at the consumer end of the food chain. Thus, an understanding of the overall status of food handling knowledge and practices is needed. Although traditional qualitative reviews can be used for combining informati...
Article
Meta-analysis provides a structured method for combining results from several studies and accounting for and differentiating between study variables. Numerous food safety consumer research studies often focus on specific behaviors among different subpopulations but fail to provide a holistic picture of consumer behavior. Combining information from...
Article
Sensitivity analysis (SA) methods are a valuable tool for identifying critical control points (CCPs), which is one of the important steps in the hazard analysis and CCP approach that is used to ensure safe food. There are many SA methods used across various disciplines. Furthermore, food safety process risk models pose challenges because they often...
Article
Identification and qualitative comparison of sensitivity analysis methods that have been used across various disciplines, and that merit consideration for application to food-safety risk assessment models, are presented in this article. Sensitivity analysis can help in identifying critical control points, prioritizing additional data collection or...
Article
Full-text available
The Millennium Development Goals reflect the world's collective hope and resolve to reverse a particularly pernicious, pervasive, and persistent set of problems in much of the world: high rates of diarrhea (the number one killer of small children), insufficient water and sanitation, and seemingly unsafe and myopic behaviors. Environmental health po...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental policies can improve human health only if households cooperate. This is especially true for microbiological contamination of water that causes infections such as diarrhea, which kills over 1.5 million children annually and limits child growth. Rigorous econometric analyses of source water quality, household behaviors, and microbiologi...