Sudha Warrier

Sudha Warrier
Manipal Academy of Higher Education | MAHE ·  School of Regenerative Medicine

Ph.D.,

About

47
Publications
10,527
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1,561
Citations
Citations since 2017
28 Research Items
1254 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Aims: One of the hallmarks of cancer stem cells (CSC) is hyperactive Wnt β-catenin signaling due to the decreased presence of Wnt antagonists such as secreted frizzled related protein 4 (SFRP4). Cysteine-rich domain (CRD) and netrin-like domain (NLD) are the two functional domains of SFRP4 having anti-tumor properties. In this study, we have explo...
Article
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Oncotherapeutics research is progressing at a rapid pace, however, not many drugs complete the successful clinical trial because of severe off-target toxicity to cardiomyocytes which ultimately leads to cardiac dysfunction. It is thus important to emphasize the need for early testing for possible cardiotoxicity of emerging oncotherapeutics. In this...
Article
Full-text available
Human nuclear receptors (NRs) are a family of forty-eight transcription factors that modulate gene expression both spatially and temporally. Numerous biochemical, physiological, and pathological processes including cell survival, proliferation, differentiation, metabolism, immune modulation, development, reproduction, and aging are extensively orch...
Article
Oxidation-reduction reactions played a significant role in the chemical evolution of life forms on oxygenated earth. Cellular respiration is dependent on such redox reactions, and any imbalance leads to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), resulting in both chronic and acute illnesses. According to the International Agency for Researc...
Article
Ovarian cancer is a fatal malignancy in women with a low survival rate that demands new therapeutic paradigms. Cancer cells acquire various exclusive alterations to proliferate, invade, metastasize, and escape cell death, acting independently of growth-inducing or growth-inhibiting signals. The nature of cellular signaling in tumorigenesis is inter...
Article
The emergence of COVID-19 has created a major health crisis across the globe. Invasion of SARS-CoV-2 into the lungs causes acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) that result in the damage of lung alveolar epithelial cells. Currently, there is no standard treatment available to treat the disease and the resultant lung scarring is irreversible ev...
Article
Rapid proliferation, high stemness potential, high invasiveness and apoptotic evasion are the distinctive hallmarks of glioma malignancy. The dysregulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway is the key factor regulating glioma malignancy. Wnt antagonist, secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (sFRP4), which has a prominent pro-apoptotic role in glioma stem...
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Full-text available
Gemcitabine (GEM) is the first-line chemotherapy drug for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Moringa oleifera (MO) exhibited various biological activities, including anticancer effects. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of their combination against pancreatic cancer has not yet been explored. This study evaluates the effect of MO and GEM again...
Article
Several signaling pathways have been identified as important for developmental processes. One of such important cascades is the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which can regulate various physiological processes such as embryonic development, tissue homeostasis, and tissue regeneration; while its dysregulation is implicated in several pathological...
Chapter
The development of cancer is a complex phenomenon driven by various extrinsic as well as intrinsic risk factors including epigenetic modifications. These post-translational modifications are encountered in diverse cancer cells and appear for a relatively short span of time. These changes can significantly affect various oncogenic genes and proteins...
Article
Cancer is one amongst the major causes of death today and cancer biology is one of the most well researched fields in medicine. The driving force behind cancer is considered to be a minor subpopulation of cells, the cancer stem cells (CSCs). Similar to other stem cells, these cells are self-renewing and proliferating but CSCs are also difficult to...
Article
Breast cancer, one of the leading causes of death in the world, has been largely considered to be drug resistant because of a small population of drug refractory cells, the cancer stem cells (CSCs). The CSCs are tightly regulated by self-renewal pathways such as the Wnt pathway, which is further regulated by a gamut of microRNAs. In this study, we...
Article
Full-text available
The recent seemingly uncontrollable pandemic caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been able to spread quickly due to the non-availability of effective antivirals or vaccines. The virus has structural and non-structural proteins that are considered as possible targets. Receptor recognition is t...
Article
Emerging evidences in cancer metabolomics have identified reprogrammed metabolic pathways to be a major hallmark of cancer, amongst which deregulated lipid metabolism is a prominent field receiving increasing attention. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) comprise <0.1% of the tumour bulk and possess high self-renewal, tumour initiating properties, and are re...
Article
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a novel class of gene regulators playing multifaceted roles in physiological processes as well as pathological conditions such as cancer. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a small subset of tumor cells that constitute the origin and development of various malignant tumors. CSCs have been identified in a wide spectrum o...
Article
Breast cancer is a leading cause of mortality in women across the globe. The major reason for its recurrence and high mortality is due to the presence of a drug refractory and self-renewing population of cells, the cancer stem cells (CSCs). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have recently emerged as a promising cell-based therapeutic agent for the treat...
Article
Background-Chemotherapeutic resistance of glioblastoma has been attributed to a self-renewing subpopulation, the glioma stem cells (GSCs), which is known to be maintained by the Wnt β−catenin pathway. Our previous findings demonstrated that exogeneous addition of the Wnt antagonist, secreted fizzled-related protein 4 (sFRP4) hampered stem cell prop...
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Full-text available
Novel and alternative options are being adopted to combat the initiation and progression of human cancers. One of the approaches is the use of molecules isolated from traditional medicinal herbs, edible dietary plants and seeds that play a pivotal role in the prevention/treatment of cancer, either alone or in combination with existing chemotherapeu...
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.23356.].
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The development of cancer is a multistep processes mediated by a variety of factors including epigenetic modifications. Global epigenetic post-translational modifications have been detected in almost all cancers types. Epigenetic changes appear for a short span of time and they rarely make permanent changes to the primary DNA sequence itself. These...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are hypothesized to be the pathological counterpart of normal somatic tissue stem cells. The CSC model proposes that tumours are hierarchically organised with a subset of tumour cells at their apex, which possess self-renewal and multilineage differentiation potential. Cancer stem cells, unlike the bulk of the cells within...
Article
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Background Lineage commitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to cardiac differentiation is controlled by transcription factors that are regulated by epigenetic events, mainly histone deacetylation and promoter DNA methylation. Here, we studied the differentiation of human Wharton’s jelly MSCs (WJMSCs) into the cardiomyocyte lineage via epigenetic...
Article
Recent discoveries in the non-coding genome have challenged the original central dogma of molecular biology, as non-coding RNAs and related processes have been found to be important in regulating gene expression. MicroRNAs and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are among those that have gained attention recently in human diseases, including cancer, wit...
Article
BACKGROUND: Neovascularization, also known as angiogenesis, is the process of capillary sprouting from pre-existing blood vessels. This physiological process is a hallmark event in normal embryonic development as blood vessels generally supply both oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body. Any disruption in this process can lead to the develop...
Article
Background: Identification of breast cancer stem cells as the chemo-resistant and tumor-initiating population represents an important milestone in approaching anticancer therapies. Targeting this minor subpopulation of chemo- and radio-resistant stem-like cells, termed as the cancer stem cells (CSCs) and their eradication could significantly enhanc...
Article
The extracellular ligand, Wnt, and its receptors are involved in signal transduction and play an important role in axis formation and neural development. In neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), a decrease of the intracellular Wnt effector, β-catenin, has been linked to amyloid-β-peptide-induced neurotoxicity. Despite this k...
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Full-text available
The Wnt pathway is integrally involved in regulating self-renewal, proliferation, and maintenance of cancer stem cells (CSCs). We explored the effect of the Wnt antagonist, secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (sFRP4), in modulating epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in CSCs from human glioblastoma cells lines, U87 and U373. sFRP4 chemo-sens...
Article
Full-text available
To explore a novel source for the derivation of islets, we examined the differentiation potential of human non-pancreatic cancer cell lines, HeLa (cervical carcinoma cell line) and MCF-7 (breast cancer cell line). These cells were subjected to a serum-free, three-step sequential differentiation protocol which gave two distinct cell populations: sin...
Article
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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are defined by high self-renewal and drug refractory potential. Involvement of Wnt/β-catenin signaling has been implicated in rapidly cycling cells such as CSCs, and inhibition of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway is a novel approach to target CSCs from HNSCC. In this study, we found...
Article
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are intracranial tumors of the central nervous system and the most lethal among solid tumors. Current therapy is palliative and is limited to surgical resection followed by radiation therapy and temozolomide treatment. Aberrant WNT pathway activation mediates not only cancer cell proliferation but also promotes radiati...
Article
The chick embryo represents an accessible and economical in vivo model, which has long been used in developmental biology, gene expression analysis, and loss/gain of function experiments. In the present study, we assessed and characterized bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells from prenatal day 13 chicken embryos (chBMMSCs) and determined some...
Article
The Wnt (wingless-type) signalling pathway plays an important role in embryonic development, tissue homeostasis, and tumour progression because of its effect on cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) are extracellular inhibitors of Wnt signalling that act by binding directly to Wnt ligands or...
Article
Malignant gliomas have a highly tumorigenic subpopulation, termed cancer stem cells (CSCs), that drives tumor formation and proliferation. CSCs possess inherent resistance mechanisms against radiation- and chemotherapy-induced cancer cell death, enabling them to survive and initiate tumor recurrence. We examined the effect of secreted frizzled-rela...
Article
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from post-natal tissues offer a suitable source of MSCs for cellular therapy. Limitation of the use of MSCs for therapeutic purposes is attributed to the onset of senescence and slowing down of proliferation upon repeated passaging. Dhanwantram kashaya (DK), a synthetic herbal formulation, is widely used in Ayu...
Article
One of the most pressing problems in injury is wound healing and blood vessel formation. The amniotic membrane is important in clinical applications as it is pro-angiogenic, anti-fibrotic and anti-scarring and has low immunogenicity. In this study, we characterized amniotic membrane mesenchymal stem cells (AMMSCs) by their trademark mesenchymal ste...
Article
Glioblastoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in adults with an average life expectancy of less than a year. The high mortality of glioblastomas is attributed to its resistance to conventional chemotherapeutic agents. Numerous studies in the past have established the presence of cancer stem population within glioblastomas. These cancer st...
Article
Vitellogenesis is the process of accumulation of vitellogenin (Vg) in rapidly growing oocytes of oviparous animals and its' subsequent transformation into lipovitellin (Lv). Lipovitellin, which forms the major yolk protein, serves as a principal nutrient reserve for the developing embryo. In the present study, Vg and Lv were purified from the hemol...
Article
The receptor-mediated uptake of major yolk protein precursor, vitellogenin (Vg) is crucial for oocyte growth in egg laying animals. In the present study plasma membrane receptor for Vg was isolated from the oocyte of the red mud crab, Scylla serrata. Vitellogenin receptor (VgR) protein was visualized by ligand blotting using labeled crab Vg ((125)I...
Article
In crustaceans, vitellogenesis is known to be controlled by eyestalk neuropeptides, biogenic amines, ecdysteroids and a juvenile hormone-like compound, methyl farnesoate. In recent years, the occurrence of vertebrate steroid hormones, estradiol 17beta (E2) and progesterone (PG) has also been reported in a few decapods, although their precise role i...
Article
Full-text available
Summary Insects and crustaceans offer excellent model systems to study vitellogenesis in invertebrates. This paper gives a comprehensive account of the receptor-mediated yolk protein uptake in a lepidopteran insect Spodoptera litura and a decapod crustacean Scylla serrata. The vitellogenin (Vg) of both these arthropods has been characterized using...

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Project (1)
Project
Antiviral Research