Subhendu Adhikari

Subhendu Adhikari
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture | CIFA · Soil and water chemistry section, aquaculture production and environment

M.Sc., Ph D

About

72
Publications
44,146
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Introduction
Subhendu Adhikari currently works at the Soil and water chemistry section, aquaculture production and environment, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture. Subhendu does research in Fish pond Fertilization, water quality and management , water productivity and water budgeting for aquaculture practices. Their current project is '1. Carbon footprint and carbon sequestration in aquaculture systems..'
Additional affiliations
May 1993 - present
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with Livelihood improvement through Aquaculture of Scheduled Caste Farmers of Kultali Block of West Bengal ,India
Preprint
Hilsa, Tenualosa ilisha , is a commercially important high valued food fish in South Asian countries. Recently, much attention of this species has been paid for its conservation through captive culture due to its declining trend of population. Insufficient number of Hilsa seeds is the major bottleneck for its captive culture. This study aimed at de...
Preprint
Climate change and temperature variations are of paramount importance to aquaculture. Here, we investigated the thermal stress response of five life stages of tilapia viz. spawn, fry, fingerling, juveniles and adults exposed to different temperatures (28°C to 40°C). Stress response was assessed in terms of survival/mortality, thermal shock, changes...
Article
Full-text available
The Indian butter catfish, Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch, 1794), is a high-value catfish that has gained immense consumer preference in South-East Asia. However, information on the nutritional requirements of this species is scanty. Hence, an experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of varying dietary lipid levels on growth, body composition, an...
Article
The Indian butter catfish, Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch, 1794), is a high-value catfish that has gained immense consumer preference in South-East Asia. However, information on the nutritional requirements of this species is scanty. Hence, an experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of varying dietary lipid levels on growth, body composition, an...
Article
Full-text available
Sailfin armoured catfish (Pterygoplichthys spp.), an alien invasive species of family Loricariidae has invaded extensively in wastewater-fed large aquaculture ponds (locally called 'bheries') of East Kolkata Wetlands (EKW), West Bengal, India. As there is no viable controlling method at present, commonly these fishes are removed by different physic...
Article
Full-text available
A 22 d experiment was carried out to study the protein requirement of Ompok bimaculatus larvae (weight 0.11±0.01 g; length 20.49±0.70 mm). Three different formulated feeds were prepared with graded levels of crude protein i.e., with low (35% CP; LP), medium (40% CP; MP) and high (45% CP; HP) crude protein levels. The water quality parameters were o...
Article
Full-text available
The proximate and fatty acid composition of Ompok bimaculatus (pabda) brood fish, egg and larvae were assayed to have an insight of the nutrient metamorphosis during early life of the species visa -vis parental nutrient composition. The collected brood fish, eggs and larvae were analyzed for proximate and fatty acid composition. The data revealed t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Tenualosa ilisha popularly known as 'Hilsa' - a commercially important high valued food fish for its delicious taste, immense nutritional values for human health and high preference to the consumers across the South Asia, has received much attention for culture in confined waters and as a component under species diversification in aquaculture, sinc...
Article
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The Green House Gas Emission (GHGs) from the carp culture ponds (n = 12) of West Godavari, Krishna, and Guntur districts of Andhra Pradesh and from the ponds (n = 4) of Moyna, East Medinipur district of West Bengal, India was assessed through carbon storage and carbon footprint analysis. The average inputs as Carbon Equivalent (CE) were 14407 ± 265...
Article
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The problem of sewage disposal has received great attention worldwide. The raw sewage contains a variety of high inorganic and organic matters that affect natural water environment. To mitigate such problem, sewage may be recycled through aquaculture practice. Sewage recycling in aquaculture enhances water productivity through nutrients input. Prop...
Article
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Portable Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) pabda hatchery consisting of three incubation pools and three rearing tanks having capacity to accommodate about 45,000 - 50,000 nos. fertilized eggs and to produce about 10,000 – 15,000 nos. of early fry of Ompok bimaculatus (pabda) in a single cycle was developed, established and operated at Kalyani Fi...
Article
Full-text available
In the present work, the salinity tolerance level of Indian major carp, Catla catla, genetically improved Labeo rohita (Jayanti rohu) and Cirrhinus mrigala were ascertained in terms of weight gain and mortality by exposing the fishes gradually to different levels of salinities for 45 days. Overall analysis of the result showed that, the severity of...
Book
Full-text available
This communication has been designed for readers to understand the activities undertaken in the project and how CIFABROOD can be used for quality seed production with a bonus of it's act as to produce seeds during off season (premonsoon/Postmonsoon). The demonstration of this feed in seven states of India including hatchery owner's comments is pres...
Article
Full-text available
The world's appetite for fish is growing steadily. Aquaculture has bridged that gap between the growing demand for fish and the almost stagnated wild fish catch, contributing at present nearly 47% of the world's total fish production of 171 million tonnes. Global aquaculture production has almost doubled between 2000 and 2016, it is estimated that,...
Preprint
Full-text available
The world's appetite for fish is growing steadily. Aquaculture has bridged that gap between the growing demand for fish and the almost stagnated wild fish catch, contributing at present nearly 47% of the world's total fish production of 171 million tonnes. Global aquaculture production has almost doubled between 2000 and 2016, it is estimated that,...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrological data were collected from the six ponds of 0.05 ha size in the farm of the Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar, India. Data on rainfall, run-off, evaporation, and seepage were collected from these ponds for the years 2013 and 2014. The rainfall was 175 ± 3.0 and 202 ± 5.0 cm in 2013 and 2014, respectively. The run-o...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid spread and population increase of suckermouth armoured catfishes belonging to the genus Pterygoplichthys (Loricariidae) in the East Kolkata Wetlands (EKW) in recent times is of increasing concern, because of the notable possibility that these non-native catfishes are adversely affecting fish germplasm and commercial fishery of this unique eco...
Chapter
Full-text available
Higher water temperature, sea-level rise and lower precipitation are the manifestations of climate change. Higher temperatures of water and changes in extreme events, like floods and droughts, are responsible for affecting water quality. These extreme events can also pollute water from different sources, like sediments, nutrients, pathogens, pestic...
Article
Full-text available
The excessive and indiscriminate uses of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) through feed, fertilizers and manures in aquaculture ponds could play a vital role in the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO 2), methane (CH 4), and nitrous oxide (N 2 O). Therefore, it is important to know about the distributions of N and C in the aquaculture...
Article
Full-text available
Unauthorized introduction of South American suckermouth armoured catfishes (Loricariidae) of the genus Pterygoplichthys into the waste water bheries of East Kolkata Wetland, West Bengal has led to their noticeable naturalization in this ecosystem. A total of 439 specimens collected during this study were externally evaluated for affirming the speci...
Article
Unauthorized introduction of South American suckermouth armoured catfishes (Loricariidae) of the genus Pterygoplichthys into the waste water bheries of East Kolkata Wetland, West Bengal has led to their noticeable naturalization in this ecosystem. A total of 439 specimens collected during this study were externally evaluated for affirming the speci...
Chapter
Full-text available
The presence of various inorganic and organic pollutants in aquatic streams has readily increased as a result of industrialization and urbanization. Among the technologies available, adsorption has widely been used for the removal of various contaminants from aqueous media, and accordingly different adsorbents have already been prepared over the ye...
Article
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We surveyed the fish farmers of five states, viz. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Odisha and West Bengal of India for adaptation and mitigation strategies of climate change impact in freshwater aquaculture. In monsoon period especially when the cyclone occurred, overall 9% fish farmers responded regarding fish migration from one pond to another...
Article
Full-text available
Experiments were conducted to study the effect of sodium arsenite (As III) on survival, growth, and feeding of Indian River prawn Macrobrachium mal-colmsonii. Significant differences (p< 0.05) in prawn survival were observed between 0.10 and 0.50mg/l of arsenic levels. Arsenic had a significant (p<0.05) effect on prawn growth as the prawns grew fas...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we aimed to study the trend of the annual and seasonal mean rainfall and temperature of India over the period of 1901–2014. The long-term trend of rainfall and temperature was evaluated by linear regression and Mann–Kendall test. The magnitude of the trend was assessed by Sen’s Slope. In the last 30 years, the annual and summer rainfa...
Chapter
Full-text available
Freshwater aquaculture sector constitutes an important component of Indian fisheries contributing to more than 50% of the total fish production of the country. Fish being a protein rich crop, this high level of production demands transformation of good amount of nitrogen into fish flesh. It has been grossly estimated that 0.15 million ton of nitrog...
Article
The water budgets for some aquaculture systems in three states viz. Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal were determined in the present study. The average evaporation and seepage loss from the aquaculture ponds throughout the year in Cuttack, Kendrapara, Jajpur, and Puri districts of Orissa were 164 ± 8.3 and 73 ± 16.5 cm, respectively; 152 ± 10...
Article
Full-text available
A fifteen days experiment was conducted with the application of different agrochemicals such as lime, dolomite and gypsum in two levels to find out the phosphorous reduction potential of these chemicals at laboratory. Among the 3 agrochemicals gypsum showed better phosphorous reduction at the dose of 40 mg/L followed by dolomite had comparatively h...
Article
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The contribution of aquaculture and allied activities to the emission of green house gases and consequently to global warming is an emerging concern among environmentalists in the recent past. However, there exists ample scope for aquaculture activities to sequester carbon and thus compensate for the carbon emissions linked to aquaculture. This art...
Article
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Community based aquaculture, a subset of the rural aquaculture, is characterised with low fish production level. Sustainable improvement of productivity levels in such resources has remained a challenge. The study adopted a novel approach of technology transfer through aquaculture field school which involves provision of technical advices and no ph...
Article
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A nutrient budget was quantified for six polyculture ponds of giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) and Indian major carps (Catla catla, Labeo rohita, and Cirrhinus mrigala). The initial stocking size of prawn postlarva was 16.50 ± 0.54 mm with a body weight of 0.05 ± 0.001 g. Body weight of major carps was 9.0 ± 0.89 g. The duration o...
Article
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Phosphorus (P) is the most limiting nutrient element in the inland aquatic ecosystems. In Indian context also, many water bodies are deficient in the readily available form of the nutrient. The present effort was to understand the P-dynamics in relation to fish production. While feed and fertilizer are the main inputs of P for the culture systems,...
Article
Full-text available
It is important to understand nutrient budgets of aquaculture practices for efficiency of input resources and to utilize all output nutrient sources. The aim of the present study was to develop a nutrient budget for giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) culture ponds. The study was conducted in farmer's ponds (0.25-0.5 ha) of Odisha, I...
Article
The present study demonstrated the phytoremediation potential of water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes, for the removal of copper (Cu) and Cadmium (cd). Young plants of equal size were grown in tap water and supplemented with 0.35, 0.70 and 1.05 mg/L of Cu and 0.27, 0.54 and 0.81 mg/L of Cd individually for 25 days. The experiment showed that both Cu...
Article
The present study was conducted to determine the carbon (C) footprint of different aquaculture production systems in India. The total input (kg CE/ha) in different cultures, respectively, was 1,811 to 4,144 for scampi, 4,417 to 5,913 for polyculture, 4,090 to 8,873 for shrimp and 2,417 to 2,786 for carp. Of the total inputs, feed accounts for aroun...
Article
A short term histological study was conducted to determine the impacts of technical grade synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, cypermethrin and carbamate pesticide, carbofuran on different phases of ovarian maturation of freshwater indigenous carp, Labeo rohita. Adult females of L. rohita were exposed to sublethal doses of carbofuran (0.06, 0.15 mg/L)...
Article
Soil samples were collected from four aquaculture ponds (yellow perch culture), a control pond (without aquaculture activities, fallow pond), crop land (under corn), and forest land to estimate the carbon (C) sequestration potential in the Piketon county, Ohio, USA. The averaged total of C was 6.5 ± 2, 8.8 ± 2, 8.53 ± 0.2 and 10.49 ± 1.1 Mg/ha (Mg=...
Article
Experiments were conducted for the study of nutrient budget in ten farmer's ponds (0.2-0.5 ha) in Orissa, India with a mean water depth of 1.0-1.2 m. Scampi (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) were stocked in these ponds at stocking density of 3.75-5.0/m(2). The average initial body weight of scampi was 0.02 mg. The culture period was for 4 months. Feed wa...
Article
Full-text available
Experiments were conducted for the study of nutrient budget in farmers' ponds (0.4-0.6 ha) in Orissa, India, at stocking densities of 0.30-0.38/m(2) for scampi (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) and 0.60-0.70/m(2) for Indian major carps (Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala). The average initial body weights of scampi and the major carps were 0...
Article
The effect of either boron (B) or molybdenum (Mo) on survival, growth and feed intake of Indian major carp, Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton), advanced fry was studied in two separate experiments. Survival rates of C. mrigala fry (2.78±0.14 g) following 50 days’ exposure to B at 0.01 (control), 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0 mg·L were 100% at all concentrat...
Article
Full-text available
Nutrient budget for shrimp (Penaeus monodon) culture was performed in ten culture ponds (0.4–1.0 ha) in Orissa, India, at stocking density of 10.0–22.10/m2. The average initial body weight of shrimps was 0.02 g. The culture period was for 4 months. Feed was the main input of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and organic carbon (OC). The FCR varied from...
Article
Survival rate, growth and feed intake were determined for late juveniles (4.31 ± 0.18 g) of river prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in freshwater with total ammonia-N (NH3-N+NH4-N) concentrations of 0.015 (control), 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mg L−1 for 60 days at pH 7.53 ± 0.04 and temperature 24.0 ± 2.5°C. Survival rate was significantly (P<0.05) lower (54 ±...
Article
Full-text available
: Survivability of juvenile giant freshwater prawns Macrobrachium rosenbergii exposed to 0.1 (control), 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mg F/L for 60 days with static renewal of fresh water at pH 7.5±0.1 and a temperature of 24±4ºC was 100, 70, 50, and 50%, respectively. Growth of the prawns exposed to 1.0 and 1.5 mg F/L was significantly lower (P<0.05) than tha...
Article
The culture of giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) is fast expanding in Asia including India. Copper sulfate is extensively used in freshwater prawn culture ponds to control diseases and filamentous algae. In the present investigation, bioaccumulation of copper was studied in post-larvae (10 ± 1 mm; 0.008 ± 0.002 g) and juveni...
Article
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The present investigation deals with the interaction between accumulation of waterborne lead, cadmium and chromium with different calcium concentration (1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 mM L-1) in Cirrhina mrigala fingerlings in the laboratory. There was no mortality occurred in metal alone and metal treated with calcium. At the beginning there was no signifi...
Article
Sublethal effects of cypermethrin and carbofuran on hematological parameters and their complete recovery were studied in Labeo rohita as a function of exposure time. Exposure of Labeo rohita to sublethal levels of cypermethrin and carbofuran resulted in significantly (P<0.05) lower values for erythrocyte count (RBC), hemoglobin content (Hb), and he...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of native copper fractions in freshwater pond soils of Orissa and their relationship to important soil properties were studied. Total Cu and diethylene triamine penta acetic acid (DTPA) extractable Cu ranged 7.0-24.0 and 2.0-4.9 mg/kg soil, respectively, with mean values of 12.7 and 3.1 mg/kg. The amounts of exchangeable, weakly ad...
Article
Full-text available
The use of cobalt as a micro-nutrient fertilizer in the culture of the freshwater Labeo rohita was evaluated in terms of primary productivity, Chlorophyll a production, plankton volume and fish growth. Three cobalt doses (5, 10 and 15 kg CoCl2/ha) were tested. In the 5 and 10 kg CoCl2/ha treatments, primary productivity, Chlorophyll a production, p...
Article
The quality of sewage effluent of Dry Weather Flow Channel, Calcutta in respect of salinity, sodicity, chlorides, sulphate and bicarbonate toxicity and heavy metal hazards was assessed in order to utilize it for irrigation. Although raw sewage in the winter season was toxic in respect of chlorides, sulphates, bicarbonate, BOD, COD; its dilution in...